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Deoria district
Shyam Mandir in Deoria
Shyam Mandir in Deoria
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Deoria district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
HeadquartersDeoria
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDeoria, Salempur, Bansgaon
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesDeoria, Rampur Karkhana, Barhaj, Rudrapur, Bhatpar Rani, Salempur, Pathardeva.
Area
 • Total2,500 km2 (1,000 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,100,946
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
316,803
Demographics
 • Literacy73.53%
 • Sex ratioM:F 1000:1013
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH28, NH 221A, NH 441A
Average annual precipitation864.38 mm
Websitedeoria.nic.in

Deoria district, one of the districts of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India has its headquarters located at Deoria and is a part of Gorakhpur division. It came into existence on 16 March 1946 from Gorakhpur district.

History

Ancient

The area now known as the Deoria District was once a part of the Kosala Kingdom - a prime centre of ancient Aryan culture surrounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Shyandika river in the south, the Panchala Kingdom in the west and the Magadh Kingdom in Bihar to the east. Apart from the many legends told about this area, archaeological remains, such as statues, coins, bricks, Temples. Most of the People using surname Rao belong to the Kshatriya caste in Deoria Dist,.

The ancient history of the district is related with the Ramayana times when the Lord of Kosala, Ram, appointed his elder son Kusha the king of Kushwati, which is present-day Kushinagar. Before the Mahabharata era, this area had been related with Chakravorty Samrat Mahasudtsan Malla and his kingdom. Kushinagar was well developed and prosperous. Close to the border of his kingdom was the thick forested area called the Mahavan. This area was under the control of the Maurya rulers, the Gupta rulers, the Bihar rulers, and then the Garhwal ruler Govinda Chandra from 1114 AD until 1154 AD.

Modern

The Deoria district came into existence on 16 March 1946, being separated from the Gorakhpur District. It is believed that the name Deoria is derived from Devaranya or possibly Devpuria. According to official gazetteers, the district was named "Deoria" after its headquarters in Deoria, and the term Deoria generally means a place where there are temples. The name Deoria probably developed because of the existence of important temples in the area. The famous temples & places in Deoria to see are Devraha baba ashram and Dugdheswarnath Mandir.[1] During British rule the district was under the control of Majhauli Royal family and prominent landlords of Kayastha community,[2] with their descendants still owning major chunks of land (Munshi Gorakhnath).[3] Some other families had their impact on various part of the district in which Dubey's of Badkagaon are quite famous. During Freedom struggle of India the district joined struggle under the leadership of Pandit Bibhuti Mani Tripathi of village Dehrauli, Rudrapur.

Geography

Deoria district is located between 26 ° 6' and 26° 48' north latitude to 83° 23' and 84° 16' east longitude. It is surrounded by Kushinagar district in the north, Gopalganj and Siwan districts of Bihar in the east, Mau and Ballia districts in the south and Gorakhpur district in the west.[4] The district has two Nagar Palika Parishad- Deoria and Gaura Barhaj . It has nine Nagar Panchayats which are Baitalpur, Hetimpur, Rudrapur, Rampur Karkhana, Bariyarpur, Bhatni Bazar, Bhatpar Rani, Gauri Bazar, Lar, Majhauli Raj and Salempur.[5] Hetimpur is a newly created nagar panchayat located at the banks of Chhoti Gandak river near the NH 27.[6]

Ghaghara, Rapti and Chhoti Gandak are the main rivers in the district.[4]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901749,486—    
1911816,191+0.86%
1921833,199+0.21%
1931889,726+0.66%
1941992,352+1.10%
19511,059,208+0.65%
19611,190,803+1.18%
19711,410,868+1.71%
19811,749,946+2.18%
19912,184,904+2.24%
20012,714,179+2.19%
20113,100,946+1.34%
source:[7]

Religion

Religions in Deoria district (2011)[8]
Religion Percent
Hindus
88.07%
Muslims
11.56%
Other or not stated
0.37%

According to the 2011 census Deoria district has a population of 3,100,946.[9] This gives it a ranking of 114th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 1,220 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,200/sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.23%.[9] Deoria has a sex ratio of 1013 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 73.53%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 15.11% and 3.54% of the population respectively.[9]

Languages

Languages in Deoria district (2011)[10]

  Bhojpuri (85.80%)
  Hindi (12.67%)
  Urdu (1.40%)
  Others (0.13%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 85.80% of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri, 12.67% Hindi and 1.40% Urdu as their first language.[10]

Bhojpuri is the native language of Deoria.[11] The Bhojpuri variant of Kaithi is the indigenous script of Bhojpuri language.[12]

Notable people

Colleges

References

  1. ^ "Places of Interest | District Deoria, Government Of Uttar Pradesh | India". Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  2. ^ (PDF) https://rlda.indianrailways.gov.in/works/uploads/File/Gorakhpur.pdf. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help); |first1= missing |last1= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ nppdeoria.in http://nppdeoria.in/elected-wing/index.html. Retrieved 29 November 2022. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ a b "Deoria". Deoria district administration. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  5. ^ "Municipalities | District Deoria, Government Of Uttar Pradesh | India". Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  6. ^ "नगर पालिका देवरिया सीमा का विस्तार, हेतिमपुर को नगर पंचायत का दर्जा". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 6 January 2023.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Deoria" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  12. ^ Grierson, George Abraham (1881). A handbook to the Kayathi character. The Library of Congress. Calcutta, Thacker, Spink, and co.

Coordinates: 26°30′36″N 83°46′48″E / 26.51000°N 83.78000°E / 26.51000; 83.78000