|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Bahraich, Kaiserganj|
|• Total||4,696.8 km2 (1,813.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||666/km2 (1,720/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||49.32 per cent|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH28C, SH96|
|Average annual precipitation||1710 mm|
Bahraich district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Bahraich town is the district headquarters. Bahraich District is a part of Devipatan Division.
Bahraich is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It has a rich history that spans several centuries. Here's an overview of the history of Bahraich:
Ancient and Medieval Periods: The region around Bahraich has a history dating back to ancient times. It was part of the kingdom of Kosala, which was mentioned in ancient Indian texts such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The area saw the rule of various dynasties, including the Mauryas, Guptas, and the Palas.
During the medieval period, Bahraich came under the control of the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. It later passed into the hands of the Mughal Empire. Bahraich served as an important administrative center during the Mughal era.
British Rule and Independence: In the 18th century, Bahraich came under the control of the Nawabs of Awadh. With the decline of the Mughal Empire, the British East India Company gradually established its influence in the region. The city became a part of British India in the 19th century and was administered as a part of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.
During the Indian independence movement, Bahraich played an active role. It witnessed several protests and movements against British colonial rule. After India gained independence in 1947, Bahraich became a part of the newly formed state of Uttar Pradesh.
Modern Development: In the post-independence period, Bahraich has undergone significant development and growth. It has become an important center for trade, commerce, and agriculture. The city has witnessed the establishment of educational institutions, hospitals, and other infrastructure.
Bahraich is known for its diverse cultural heritage, with a blend of Hindu, Muslim, and other religious traditions. The city is also home to several historical landmarks and monuments, such as the Dargah of Sayyed Salar Masud, a renowned Sufi saint.
Today, Bahraich continues to develop as a thriving urban center, contributing to the socio-economic growth of Uttar Pradesh and India as a whole.
Bahraich district is a part of Devipatan division consist of districts Bahraich, Gonda, Shravasti, Balrampur. You can find more than 50 famous Hindu Temple in bahraich district.
Bahraich District is situated in the northern part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It lies between the Gomti and Saryu rivers and is bordered by Nepal to the north. Here's an overview of the geography of Bahraich District:
Location: Bahraich District is located at approximate coordinates of 27.58°N latitude and 81.59°E longitude.
Topography: The district's terrain is characterized by a mix of plain and hilly areas. The northern part of the district, bordering Nepal, is mountainous and forms a part of the foothills of the Himalayas. The southern part is predominantly plain, formed by the Gangetic alluvial plains.
Rivers: The district is blessed with two major rivers, the Gomti and the Saryu, which flow through its territory. The Gomti River forms the eastern boundary of the district, while the Saryu River runs through the western part.
Natural Features: Bahraich District has several natural features, including forests and wetlands. The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, located in the district, is an important protected area known for its rich biodiversity. It is home to various species of flora and fauna, including tigers, elephants, and reptiles.
Climate: The climate of Bahraich is characterized as subtropical, with hot summers and cool winters. Summers, from April to June, are hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 40°C (104°F). Monsoon season, from July to September, brings moderate to heavy rainfall. Winters, from November to February, are relatively cool, with temperatures ranging from 8°C to 20°C (46°F to 68°F).
Vegetation: The district's vegetation mainly consists of agricultural fields, forests, and grasslands. The plains are primarily used for agriculture, with crops such as wheat, rice, sugarcane, and pulses being grown. The hilly regions are covered with dense forests, including sal, teak, and bamboo.
Overall, Bahraich District boasts a diverse geographical landscape, ranging from plains to hills, and is characterized by its rivers, forests, and agricultural lands.
Bahraich District has an economy primarily driven by agriculture, trade, and small-scale industries. Here are some key details about the economic aspects of Bahraich District:
It's important to note that Bahraich, like many other regions in India, faces economic challenges such as poverty, lack of infrastructure, and limited access to resources. However, efforts are being made to promote economic growth and development in the district through various government initiatives and programs.
According to the 2011 census Bahraich district has a population of 3,487,731, This gives it a ranking of 89th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 706 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,830/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 46.08%. Bahraich has a sex ratio of 891 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 49.32%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 14.60% and 0.32% of the population respectively.
Bahraich is a category "A" district i.e. having socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below the national average.
Hindus are the majority population, but Muslims are a large minority. In urban areas Muslims are the majority.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 89.36% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 7.02% Urdu, 1.82% Awadhi and 1.49% Bhojpuri as their first language.
Bahraich district comprises 6 tehsils or sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM):
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