Bahraich district
Qadam e Rasul Dargah Bahraich.jpg
Leaving the cold desolation.jpg
Top: Qadam-e-Rasul Dargah, Bahraich
Bottom: Birds in Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary
Location of Bahraich district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Bahraich district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionDevipatan
HeadquartersBahraich
Tehsils6
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesBahraich
Area
 • Total4,696.8 km2 (1,813.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,487,731
 • Density666/km2 (1,720/sq mi)
 • Urban
186,223
Demographics
 • Literacy49.32 per cent
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH28C, SH96
Average annual precipitation1710 mm
Websitebahraich.nic.in

Bahraich district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Bahraich town is the district headquarters. Bahraich District is a part of Devipatan Division.

History

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According to some other historians in the middle age this place was the capital of “Bhar” dynasty. Therefore, it was called as “Bharaich”. Which later come to be known as “Bahraich”.

Famous Chinese visitors Hwaintsang and Feighyaan visited this place. The famous Arab visitor Ibne-ba-tuta visited Bahraich and wrote that Bahraich is a beautiful city situated at the bank of holy river Saryu.

According to Puraans King Luv, the son of God Ram and King Prasenjit ruled Bahraich. Also during the period of exile Pandavas and along with mother Kunti visited this place.

The guru of Maharaja Janak, Rishi Ashtwakra used to live here. Rishi Valmiki and Rishi Balark also used to live here .

Bahraich district is a part of Devipatan division consist of districts Bahraich, Gonda, Shravasti, Balrampur. You can find more than 50 famous Hindu Temple in bahraich district.

Geography

Bahraich borders Nepal districts Bardiya to the northwest and Banke to the northeast. The rest of Bahraich is surrounded by following districts in Uttar Pradesh: Lakhimpur and Sitapur on the west, Barabanki to the southwest, Gonda to the southeast, and Shravasti to the east.

District Jail

District Jail Bahraich situated beside Indira Stadium on Jail Road, also known as Police Line Road. This jail is operated since year 1848.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Bahraich one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[1] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[1]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901764,477—    
1911761,611−0.04%
1921774,317+0.17%
1931825,923+0.65%
1941901,675+0.88%
1951978,553+0.82%
19611,098,695+1.16%
19711,282,218+1.56%
19811,672,410+2.69%
19912,090,852+2.26%
20012,701,478+2.60%
20113,487,731+2.59%
source:[2]

According to the 2011 census Bahraich district has a population of 3,487,731,[3] This gives it a ranking of 89th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 706 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,830/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 46.08%.[3] Bahraich has a sex ratio of 891 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 49.32%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 14.60% and 0.32% of the population respectively.[3]

Bahraich is a category "A" district i.e. having socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below the national average.[4]

Religions in Bahraich district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hindus
65.71%
Muslims
33.53%
Other or not stated
0.76%
Distribution of religions

Hindus are the majority population, but Muslims are a large minority. In urban areas Muslims are the majority.[5]

Languages of Bahraich district (2011)[6]

  Hindi (89.36%)
  Urdu (7.02%)
  Awadhi (1.82%)
  Bhojpuri (1.49%)
  Others (0.31%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 89.36% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 7.02% Urdu, 1.82% Awadhi and 1.49% Bhojpuri as their first language.[6]

Tehsil

Bahraich district comprises 6 tehsils or sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM):[7]

  1. Bahraich
  2. Kaisarganj
  3. Nanpara
  4. Payagpur
  5. Motipur (Mihinpurwa)
  6. Mahsi

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  2. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. ^ a b c d e "District Census Handbook: Bahraich" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFAR NAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 Archived 30 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS
  5. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Blocks | Administrative Setup | District Bahraich Official Site". District Bahraich. Retrieved 29 December 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)