|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Gorakhpur, Bansgaon|
|• Commissioner||Jayant Narlikar IAS|
|• D.M||Sh. Vijay Kiran Anand IAS|
|• SSP||Sh. Dinesh Kumar P. IPS |
|• Total||3,448 km2 (1,331 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,287.9/km2 (3,336/sq mi)|
|• Urban||673,500 approx|
|• Sex ratio||950|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
|Major highways||NH 28, NH 233B, NH 29|
Gorakhpur district is a district of Uttar Pradesh in India. Gorakhpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.
The district was ceded by the Nawab of Awadh to the British East India Company in 1801. It was the location of the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922. It was earlier expanded to the north till Nepal border but the northern part was carved out to form a new Maharajganj district in 1989.
Gorakhpur district lies between latitude 26°46'N and longitude 83°2'E. The district covers an area of 3,483.8 square kilometres (1,345.1 sq mi). The district lies in the Purvanchal region of Uttar Pradesh. The district is situated about 270 kilometers east of Lucknow and about 102 kilometers from Nepal Border.It is situated on the banks of the Rapti River. The district is part of Gorakhpur division.
The economy of the district in early 2000s was comparatively low to other major districts in the state, but since 2014 Gorakhpur district is developing on a good rate and its economy is also increased. The Gorakhpur Development Authority handles all the development projects in the District.
According to the 2011 census, Gorakhpur district has a population of 4,440,895, roughly equal to the nation of Croatia or the US state of Kentucky. This gives it a ranking of 40th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,337 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,460/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.81%. Gorakhpur has a sex ratio of 944 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 70.83%.
The official language of the district is Hindi and additional official language is Urdu.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 71.31% of the population in the district identified as Bhojpuri speakers, 26.48% as Hindi speakers and 2.02% Urdu speakers.
Vernaculars spoken in Gorakhpur include the Hindi language with almost 4,000,000 speakers, and Bhojpuri, written in the Devanagari scripts.
Croatia 4,440,895 July 2011 est.