This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article may be in need of reorganization to comply with Wikipedia's layout guidelines. Please help by editing the article to make improvements to the overall structure. (September 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Etah district" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: Remove unreferenced text per WP:VERIFY. Please help improve this article if you can. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Etah district
Location of Etah district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionAligarh
HeadquartersEtah
TehsilsSadar Etah, Aliganj, Awagarh, Jalesar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesEtah
Area
 • Total2,651 km2 (1,024 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,774,480
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy75.27%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP 82
Major highwaysNH 91,SH 31,33,85
Websitehttp://etah.nic.in/

Etah district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, since 1854. Etah City is the district headquarters. Etah district is a part of Aligarh Division.

About

According to the 2011 census Etah district has a population of 1,761,152. This gives it a ranking of 272nd in India (out of a total of 640 Districts). The district has a population density of 717 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,860 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.77%. Etah has a sex ratio of 863 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.27%.

History

The city lies in the cultural region of Braj and was a part of the Surasena Mahajanapada during the Vedic Age. It was subsequently ruled by the bigger kingdoms like the Mauryas, Guptas, Scythians, Kushans, Indo-greeks before falling into the hands of local Rajput and Jat rulers.[1]

It is the midpoint on the Kanpur-Delhi Highway. Historically, it is also known for being a centre of the Revolt of 1857. In ancient times, Etah was called “Aintha” which means ‘to respond aggressively’ because of the people of the yadav community, who are very aggressive. It was when the king of Awagarh went hunting in the forest along with his 2 dogs. The dogs saw a fox and started barking and chasing it. The fox kept on running away trying to protect itself from the king's dogs but when it reached Etah, the fox responded very aggressively to the king's dogs. The King was surprised by the behavioural change in the fox. So, he thought that this place must have something which made the fleeing fox change attitude.

Therefore, the place was called Aintha, which later was mispronounced as Etah.

Geography

Eta is located at 27.63 ° N 78.67 ° E. [4] It has an average elevation of 170 m (557 ft). The Eisen River flows behind the village Ghazipur Pahor. Etah is a district in the Aligarh division of Uttar Pradesh province, India. It is bounded by Kasganj in the north, Mainpuri and Firozabad in the south, Farrakhabad in the east and Aligarh, Hathras, Mathura and Agra districts in the west. Which come in Uttar Pradesh. The district does not have a border with any other state.

Climate

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The weather in Etah is similar to Mathura and Vrindavan.

Festival and events

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This is a land of west UP festivals. So here are celebrating all festivals like Holi, Diwali, dashara.

Demographics

Religions in Etah District
Religion Percent
Hindus
90.79%
Muslims
8.25%

According to the 2011 census Etah district has a population of 1,774,480. This gives it a ranking of 272nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 717 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,860/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.77%. Etah has a sex ratio of 863 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.27%.

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.25% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.71% Urdu as their first language.[2]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901467,166—    
1911471,233+0.09%
1921448,730−0.49%
1931465,371+0.36%
1941532,585+1.36%
1951608,080+1.33%
1961696,873+1.37%
1971853,095+2.04%
19811,011,479+1.72%
19911,229,949+1.97%
20011,531,645+2.22%
20111,774,480+1.48%
source:[3]

Language

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Hindi is most spoken language here.

Civic administration

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This section is in list format but may read better as prose. You can help by converting this section, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (October 2020)

Etah is one of the 75 administrative Districts of Uttar Pradesh with its headquarters located at Etah. As in the case of all other Districts of the country, the Collector and District Magistrate is the administrative head of Etah District. As per provisional population figures of 2011 Census: Area: 4,446 km2

No. of municipal bodies: 9

No. of Nyay Panchayats: 72

No. of Tehsils: 4

No. of Parliamentary Constituency: 3

Division: ALIGARH Division

Jalesar, Awagarh Come Under Agra Division

No. of Blocks: 8

No. of Gram Panchayats: 576

No. of Villages: 892

No. of Assembly: 4.

No. of Police station: 18.

Transport

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

District has 8 Railway Station/Halt. Length of Railway Line in the district is 55 km. and it comes under North Central Railway zone.

Towns and villages are well equipped with a web of roads as it is the major way of transportation in the region. National Highway 91 (Delhi-Kolkata) pass from the middle of the district. Etah Bus Station is situated on National Highway 91. Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates buses to all cities in Uttar Pradesh.

Etah is well connected by road. It is located on National Highway 91. You can reach it easily here. Uttar Pradesh Roadways bus is directly available from here to Agra, Aligarh, Delhi, Noida, Aliganj, Farrukhabad, Awagarh, Jalesar, Kasganj, Tundla, Shikohabad, Mainpuri, Etawah, Kanpur and Lucknow.

Economy

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

There are no large industries here, but there are some factories here. Hindustan Unilever Ltd. Brass casting work is going on at Jalesar on a large scale. Etah is an agricultural region. Farming is one of the main employments of the people of Etah. The land of Etah is very fertile Economy of Etah District is agrarian in character. The geography and the climate are favourable for production of crops like paddy, sugarcane, sunflower, oilseeds, etc. This town behaves as a nodal point for accumulation and marketing of such products. Except a few agro palaceprocessing.

Tourist places

Historical Places

Development

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Work is under construction on the Jawaharpur super thermal power project ultra mega power plant here, work on the Tundla-Etah-Malawan new rail route is going on, Etah-Kasganj new track approved by the Railways in budget 2017–2018, work on Etah Medical College is underway, work on Etah Sewerage Work is underway on Etah-Aligarh bypass, most of all main roads are under construction, some of Etah roads have recently been added to the national highway. Agra-Bareilly National Highway, Etah-Farrukhabad Highway.

Nearby districts

References

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  2. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901