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Jalaun district
Tomb of Lodhi Shah Badshah in Kalpi
Tomb of Lodhi Shah Badshah in Kalpi
Location of Jalaun district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Jalaun district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionJhansi
HeadquartersOrai
Tehsils5
Government
 • District MagistrateMr. Rajesh Kumar Pandey IAS
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesJalaun (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies3
Area
 • Total4,565 km2 (1,763 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,689,974
 • Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
 • Urban
418,900
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways1
Websitehttp://jalaun.nic.in/

Jalaun district is a district of Uttar Pradesh, India. The district is named after the town of Jalaun, which was the former headquarters of a Maratha governor, but the administrative headquarters of the district is at Orai.

Geography

Map of Jalaun

Jalaun District is a part of the Jhansi Division. The district has an area of 4,565 km², and a population of 1,689,974 (2011 census), and a population density of 370 persons per km².

The district lies entirely within the level plains of Bundelkhand, north of the hill country, and is almost surrounded by the Yamuna River, which forms the northern boundary of the district, and its tributaries the Betwa, which forms the southern boundary of the district, and the Pahuj, which forms the western boundary. The central region thus enclosed is a dead level of cultivated land, almost destitute of trees, and dotted with villages. The southern portion presents an almost unbroken sheet of cultivation. The Non River flows through the centre of the district, which it drains by numerous small ravines.[1]

The districts of Etawah and Kanpur lie to the north across the Yamuna, while Hamirpur District lies to the east and southeast, Jhansi District lies to the southeast, and Bhind District of Madhya Pradesh lies to the west cross the Pahuj.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named the district of Jalaun as one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901424,017—    
1911431,158+0.17%
1921431,164+0.00%
1931452,074+0.47%
1941515,476+1.32%
1951553,572+0.72%
1961663,168+1.82%
1971813,490+2.06%
1981986,238+1.94%
19911,219,377+2.14%
20011,454,452+1.78%
20111,689,974+1.51%
source:[3]
Religions in Jalaun district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
89.33%
Islam
10.15%
Other or not stated
0.52%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Jalaun district has a population of 1,689,974,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[6] or the US state of Idaho.[7] This gives it a ranking of 296th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 366 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 14.87%.[5] Jalaun has a sex ratio of 865 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 75.16%. 24.79% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes made up 27.70% of the population.[5] The largest city in the district is Orai, followed by Konch.

Languages of Jalaun district (2011)[8]

  Hindi (96.64%)
  Bundeli (2.01%)
  Urdu (1.30%)
  Others (0.05%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.64% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 2.01% Bundeli and 1.30% Urdu as their first language.[8] Bundeli is the local dialect.

Medical College

Villages

See also

References

  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Jalaun s.v. District of Jalaun". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 131.
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Jalaun" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

26°00′N 79°30′E / 26.000°N 79.500°E / 26.000; 79.500