Amethi district
Location of Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Amethi district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionFaizabad division
HeadquartersGauriganj
Tehsils4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAmethi (Lok Sabha constituency)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
 • District magistrateRakesh Kumar Mishra, IAS[2]
Area
 • Total2,329.11 km2 (899.27 sq mi)
Population
 • Total2,050,133
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
WebsiteOfficial website

Amethi district is the 72nd district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. This district is a part of Faizabad division (officially Ayodhya division) in the Awadh region of the Uttar Pradesh. It covers an area of 2329.11 km².[3] Gauriganj is the administrative headquarters of the district.[4]

It is better known due to being the seat of power of the Indian Nehru-Gandhi political dynasty since 1980. The former prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, his grandsons Sanjay and Rajiv Gandhi (the sons of Indira Gandhi), Rajiv Gandhi's widow Sonia Gandhi and son Rahul Gandhi, have at one time or the other, represented its constituency.[5] However, this changed in 2019 when Rahul Gandhi was defeated in the Lok Sabha elections by Smriti Irani, a former TV actress.[6]

Overview

Amethi was the 72nd district of Uttar Pradesh which came into existence on 1 July 2010 by merging three tehsils of the erstwhile Sultanpur district namely Amethi, Gauriganj and Musafirkhana and two tehsils of the erstwhile Raebareli district, namely, Salon and Tiloi.[7] In 2013, however, it was proposed that the Salon sub-district be moved from Amethi district back to Rae Bareli district in Lucknow division.[8] This was done by 2019.

Amethi is a major town of district and also a municipal board.[7]

History

Amethi lies on the Raebareli-Amethi-Sultanpur road about 40 km south-west of Sultanpur city. Also called as Raipur-Amethi, of which Raipur belonged to the Raja of Amethi who lived at Ram Nagar. His ancestors used to live in Raipur-Phulwari where the old fort is still found. Here is also a temple called Hanumangarhi and a mosque both built about hundred years ago. About three kilometres north of Ram Nagar there is a tomb of the famous poet Malik Muhammad Jayasi (best remembered for his epic composition Padmavat) where he died, and the fort was built by Bachghoti Rajas.[9]

Location

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District Amethi lies at the latitude 26°9’ north and longitude 81°49’ east at an average elevation of 101 metres(331 feet) from mean sea level. The total geographic area of the districts is about 3063 km2. The surface is generally level, being broken only by ravines in the neighbourhood of the rivers. The principal river is Gomti, which passes through the centre of the district. North side of this district is bounded by Faizabad District; South side is bounded by Pratapgarh District. West side is bounded by Bara-Banki District and Rai Baeilly District and the East side is bounded by Sultanpur district.

Topography

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The land of Amethi district is generally plane except some regions around the Gomti River which drains almost the whole district. It may be called an agrarian area as agriculture is the main occupation of the people. Amethi district has a wet and dry climate with average temperatures ranging between 23 °C to 28 °C. Amethi experiences three distinct seasons: summer, monsoon and a mild autumn. Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 36° to 44 °C. The rainy season in the districts falls between June and September and July being the wettest month of the year. Winter starts from November. The daytime temperature hovers around 22 °C while night temperature is below 8 °C during December and January, often dropping to 2°to 3 °C.

Change of status and name

Chief minister Mayawati had ordered formation of Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar district on 21 May 2003 but following a change of guard her arch political rival Mulayam Singh Yadav had scrapped it on 23 November the same year. The Chatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar district included within it five tehsils of Sultanpur and Rae Bareli districts which form part of Amethi constituency. In December 2003, a lawyer of Amethi, Uma Shankar Pandey, had challenged the order scrapping the formation of the district in the High Court.[10]

BSP won the 2007 Uttar Pradesh state legislative assembly election and Chief Minister Mayawati ordered the formation of the district again. The district came into existence on 1 July 2010 by merging three  tehsils of the erstwhile Sultanpur district, namely, Amethi, Gauriganj and Musafirkhana and two tehsils of the erstwhile Raebareli district, namely, Salon and Tiloi and was named as Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar.[7]

However the name of the district was changed to Amethi after Samajwadi Party came into power in the 2012 state legislative assembly election.

In Lucknow on 7 October 2013,the State Cabinet revoked the earlier notification regarding renaming of Amethi as Chhatrapati Shahu Ji Maharaj Nagar. Now the Amethi will be known as its previous name, told Chief Secretary Mr. Akhand Pratap Singh in a media. Amethi contains a hospital (Sanjay Gandhi Hospital) at Munshiganj. The NGO, Society for Animal Health Agriculture Science and Humanity is located at Munshiganj.

Demographics

Religions in Amethi District[11]
Religion Percent
Hindus
79.26%
Muslims
20.06%
Others
0.68%

In the 2011 Indian census used the old district definitions, and so did not list Amethi district.[12] The sub-districts (tehsils) that form Amethi district had the following populations:

Population of the subdistricts that form Amethi district i the 2011 census.[12]
Sub-district name Population in 2011 census District at the time of the 2011 census Division at the time of the 2011 census
Amethi 447,330 Sultanpur Faizabad
Gauriganj 390,935 Sultanpur Faizabad
Musafirkhana 709,816 Sultanpur Faizabad
Tiloi 502,052 Rae Bareli Lucknow
Total 2,050,133

Languages

Languages in Amethi district (2011)[12]

  Hindi (81.32%)
  Awadhi (17.16%)
  Urdu (1.28%)
  Others (0.24%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 81.32% of the population spoke Hindi, 17.16% Awadhi and 1.28% Urdu as their first language. The main language in the district is Awadhi but most people return their language as 'Hindi' on the census.[12]

Transport

Amethi is connected to the major cities in Uttar Pradesh and North-Eastern India via Indian Railways and roads. It has direct trains connecting with major cities like Delhi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Dehradun, Haridwar, Allahabad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Puri, Bhopal, Mumbai and Bangalore. The closest airport is Allahabad Airport which is 95 kilometers (59 miles) from Amethi.

A number of Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation buses ply from Amethi.[13]

Education

University and colleges

Main page: Category:Universities and colleges in Amethi district

Basic education

Amethi district contains 1,431 government primary schools, 433 government upper primary schools, 33 government-aided primary schools, 42 madrasas and 15 intermediate schools, including one government inter-college.[citation needed]

Industries

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Divisions

The district comprises 4 tehsils, 13 development blocks, 14 police stations and 401 lekhpal areas.[19] These tehsils are: Gauriganj, Amethi, Musafirkhana and Tiloi. Amethi is the largest city in this district.

The district comprises four Vidhan Sabha constituencies, namely, Gauriganj, Jagdishpur, Amethi and Tiloi. All of these are part of Amethi Lok Sabha constituency.[20] It is surrounded by the constituency districts of Faizabad, Sultanpur and Barabanki.

The district magistrate is Arun Kumar.[2]

References

  1. ^ "District wise assembly seats of Uttar Pradesh". Myneta.info. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b "District Amethi,Government of Uttar Pradesh | Famous for Moonj Production | India". amethi.nic.in. Retrieved 5 September 2020.
  3. ^ "District Amethi,Government of Uttar Pradesh | Famous for Moonj Production | India". Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  4. ^ "About District | District Amethi,Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  5. ^ "Rahul Gandhi says will change face of Amethi, dangles jobs carrot". The Indian Express. PTI. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Smriti Irani defeats Rahul Gandhi in his bastion of Amethi by 55,000 votes". India Today. 24 May 2019. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b c "History - District Amethi". amethi.nic.in. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  8. ^ Verma, Lalmani (7 June 2013). "Amethi to remain district, but with one less tehsil". The Indian Express. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  9. ^ "About Amethi". Archived from the original on 4 September 2019. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  10. ^ Mahapatra, Dhananjay (1 September 2010). "Victory for Mayawati, can rename Amethi as Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Nagar". The Times of India. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  11. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community - Amethi district religion". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  12. ^ a b c d C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Rahul Gandhi never raised Amethi's problems in Parl: Kumar Vishwas". One India News. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  14. ^ N, Manish (19 March 2020). "अमेठी में बनेगा मेडिकल कॉलेज, स्मृति ईरानी ने सीएम योगी को कहा धन्यवाद". ABP (in Hindi). Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  15. ^ "आखिरकार अमेठी में बंद हुई ट्रिपल आईटी". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). 3 August 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  16. ^ "Rajarshi Rananjay Singh College Of Pharmacy, Sultanpur". AKTU. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  17. ^ a b "Government Girlas Polytechnic, Amethi". bteup.ac.in. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Rajarshi Rananjay Sinh Institute of Management & Technology, Sultanpur". AKTU. Retrieved 15 March 2022.
  19. ^ Khan, Atiq (1 July 2010). "Uttar Pradesh gets one more district". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 20 October 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2010.
  20. ^ "Constituencies of Amethi". Retrieved 6 December 2018.

Coordinates: 26°10′08″N 81°47′58″E / 26.16889°N 81.79944°E / 26.16889; 81.79944