Siddharthnagar district
Stupa at Piprahwa
Stupa at Piprahwa
Location of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates (Siddharthnagar): 27°0′N 82°45′E / 27.000°N 82.750°E / 27.000; 82.750 - 27°28′N 83°10′E / 27.467°N 83.167°E / 27.467; 83.167
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionBasti Division
HeadquartersSiddharthnagar
Tehsils1.Siddharthnagar(Naugarh)
2.Shohratgarh
3.Bansi
4.Itwa
5.Domariyaganj
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDomariyaganj
Area
 • Total2,895 km2 (1,118 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,559,297
 • Density882/km2 (2,280/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy59.2%
 • Sex ratio976
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-55
LanguagesHindi, Bhojpuri, Awadhi
Websitesiddharthnagar.nic.in

Siddharthnagar district is one of the 75 districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh also known as the birthplace of Gautama Buddha. Siddharthnagar is the district headquarters. Siddharthnagar district is a part of Basti division. It was under Kosala kingdom and also the Shakya Kingdom in ancient times.

Kalanamak rice is notable[1] rice of Siddharthnagar, it is one of the finest and highest selling price rice. Presently its market selling price is 12000 rupee per quintal.[2] Kalanamak rice farming boost the local economy which expended to 5000 hectare.[3] Now Kalanamak rice is categorised under ODOP scheme.[4]

Administrative divisions

Tehsils

Siddharthnagar district comprises of 5 tehsils or Sub-divisions each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM):

  1. Naugarh
  2. Bansi
  3. Domariyaganj
  4. Itwa
  5. Shohratgarh

Blocks

These Tehsils are further divided into 14 Blocks, each headed by a Block Development Officer (BDO):[5]

  1. Naugarh
  2. Barhani Bazar
  3. Shohratgarh
  4. Birdpur
  5. Jogia
  6. Uska Bazar
  7. Bansi
  8. Methwal
  9. Khesraha
  10. Bhanwapur
  11. Itwa
  12. Khuniyaon
  13. Domariaganj
  14. Lotan

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901701,884—    
1911695,902−0.09%
1921731,947+0.51%
1931790,038+0.77%
1941830,952+0.51%
1951907,736+0.89%
1961962,262+0.59%
19711,089,054+1.25%
19811,300,583+1.79%
19911,607,964+2.14%
20012,040,085+2.41%
20112,559,297+2.29%
source:[6]

Religion

Religions in Siddharthnagar district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
69.93%
Muslims
29.23%
Buddhists
0.47%
Other or not stated
0.37%

According to the 2011 census, Siddharthnagar district has a population of 2,559,297,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[9] or the US state of Nevada.[10] This gives it a ranking of 164th in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 882 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,280/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.17%.[8] Siddharthnagar has a sex ratio of 970 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 67.81%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 15.97% and 0.47% of the population respectively.[8]

Languages

Languages of Siddharthnagar district (2011)[11]

  Hindi (80.51%)
  Bhojpuri (10.06%)
  Urdu (4.73%)
  Awadhi (4.61%)
  Others (0.09%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 80.51% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 10.06% Bhojpuri, 4.73% Urdu and 4.61% Awadhi as their first language.[11]

The minority population is about 27% of the total population of the district. Siddharthnagar is a category "A" district; that is, it has socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below the national average.[12]

History

Some scholars have suggested that modern-day Piprahwa-Ganwaria was the site of the ancient city of Kapilavastu, the capital of the Shakya kingdom,[13][14][15][16] where Siddhartha Gautama spent the first 29 years of his life, referring to Buddhist texts such as the Pāli Canon.[17] Others suggest that the original site of Kapilavastu is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) to the northwest, at Tilaurakot, in what is currently Kapilvastu District in Nepal.[14][18][19]

Geography

Siddharthnagar district lies between 27°N to 27°28'N and 82°45'E to 83°10'E. It is part of Purvanchal. The district borders Nepal's Kapilvastu district on the north and Rupandehi district on the northeast. Otherwise, it is surrounded by other districts of Uttar Pradesh: Maharajganj on the east, Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar on the south, and Balrampur on the west. Siddharthnagar's area is 2,895 km2.

Economy

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Siddharthnagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[20] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[20]

Education

University

Notable people

Notable people from the district include:

References

  1. ^ "Kala Namak rice ready for International market". Maverick Times. 31 July 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  2. ^ "तीन गुना अधिक मिलती है इस धान की कीमत, जानिए काला नमक के बारे में सबकुछ". News18 India. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  3. ^ "CM योगी ने सिद्धार्थनगर में काला नमक चावल महोत्‍सव का किया शुभारंभ, बोले- ODOP ने दिलाई अंतरराष्ट्रीय पहचान". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  4. ^ "ODOP: यूपी के काला पानी चावल को मिली नई पहचान, सिद्धार्थनगर से निकलकर देश में महक रही खुशबू". Zee Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand (in Hindi). 13 March 2021. Retrieved 15 April 2021.
  5. ^ "सिद्धार्थनगर ब्लॉक प्रमुख चुनाव: बवाल के बीच सात ब्लॉकों में भाजपा, दो सपा और एक निर्दल विजयी". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Siddharthnagar" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ [Archived 30 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS
  13. ^ "The story of neglected birthplace of Gautam Buddha, Siddharth Nagar". Maverick Times. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  14. ^ a b Peppe, WC (July 1898), "The Piprahwa Stupa, containing relics of Buddha", With a Note by V.A. Smith. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Article XXIII): 573–88, JSTOR 25208010 – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  15. ^ Bühler, Georg (April 1898), "Preliminary note on a recently discovered Sakya inscription", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Correspondence: Note 14): 387–389, JSTOR 25207982 – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  16. ^ Srivastava, KM (1980), "Archaeological Excavations at Piprāhwā and Ganwaria and the Identification of Kapilavastu", The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 13 (1): 103–10
  17. ^ Trainor, K (2010). "Kapilavastu". In Keown, D; Prebish, CS (eds.). Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Milton Park, UK: Routledge. pp. 436–7. ISBN 978-0-415-55624-8.
  18. ^ Tuladhar, Swoyambhu D. (November 2002), "The Ancient City of Kapilvastu - Revisited" (PDF), Ancient Nepal (151): 1–7
  19. ^ Sharda, Shailvee (4 May 2015), "UP's Piprahwa is Buddha's Kapilvastu?", The Times of India
  20. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.