Siddharthnagar district
Stupa at Piprahwa
Stupa at Piprahwa
Location of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Siddharthnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates (Siddharthnagar): 27°0′N 82°45′E / 27.000°N 82.750°E / 27.000; 82.750 - 27°28′N 83°10′E / 27.467°N 83.167°E / 27.467; 83.167
StateUttar Pradesh
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDomariyaganj
 • District MagistrateMr. Pavan Agarwal (IAS)[1]
 • Total2,895 km2 (1,118 sq mi)
 • Total2,559,297
 • Density882/km2 (2,280/sq mi)
 • Literacy59.2%
 • Sex ratio976
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-55
LanguagesHindi, Bhojpuri, Awadhi

Siddharthnagar district is one of the 75 districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Siddharthnagar is the district headquarters. Siddharthnagar district is a part of Basti division. It was under the ancient Kosala kingdom and also the Shakya kingdoms.

Administrative divisions


Siddharthnagar district comprises five tehsils or sub-divisions each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM):

  1. Naugarh
  2. Bansi
  3. Domariyaganj
  4. Itwa
  5. Shohratgarh


These Tehsils are further divided into 14 Blocks, each headed by a Block Development Officer (BDO):[2]

  1. Naugarh
  2. Barhani Bazar
  3. Shohratgarh
  4. Birdpur
  5. Jogia
  6. Uska Bazar
  7. Bansi
  8. Methwal
  9. Khesraha
  10. Bhanwapur
  11. Itwa
  12. Khuniyaon
  13. Domariaganj
  14. Lotan


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


Religions in Siddharthnagar district (2011)[4]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census, Siddharthnagar district has a population of 2,559,297,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[6] or the US state of Nevada.[7] This gives it a ranking of 164th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 882 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,280/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.17%.[5] Siddharthnagar has a sex ratio of 970 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 67.81%. 6.28% of the population lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 15.97% and 0.47% of the population respectively.[5]


Languages of Siddharthnagar district (2011)[8]

  Hindi (80.51%)
  Bhojpuri (10.06%)
  Urdu (4.73%)
  Awadhi (4.61%)
  Others (0.09%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 80.51% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 10.06% Bhojpuri, 4.73% Urdu and 4.61% Awadhi as their first language.[8]

The minority population is about 27% of the total population of the district. Siddharthnagar is a category "A" district; that is, it has socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below the national average.[9]


Some scholars have suggested that modern-day Piprahwa-Ganwaria was the site of the ancient city of Kapilavastu, the capital of the Shakya kingdom,[10][11][12][13] where Siddhartha Gautama spent the first 29 years of his life, referring to Buddhist texts such as the Pāli Canon.[14] Others suggest that the original site of Kapilavastu is located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) to the northwest, at Tilaurakot, in what is currently Kapilvastu District in Nepal.[11][15][16]

Chetia Estate

Chetia Estate or riyasat of Chetia is a zamindari of Tripathi Brahmins, their seat was at Chetia, village in Siddharthnagar, constitute many villages.[17]

Haveli of Tripathi zamindars


Siddharthnagar district lies between 27°N to 27°28'N and 82°45'E to 83°10'E. It is part of Purvanchal. The district borders Nepal's Kapilvastu district on the north and Rupandehi district on the northeast. Otherwise, it is surrounded by other districts of Uttar Pradesh: Maharajganj on the east, Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar on the south, and Balrampur on the west. Siddharthnagar's area is 2,895 km2.


In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Siddharthnagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[18] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[18]

Kalanamak rice is grown in Siddharthnagar[19]


University and Colleges

Notable people

Notable people from the district include:


  1. ^ "about - who is who". Siddharthnagar NIC Official Website. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  2. ^ "सिद्धार्थनगर ब्लॉक प्रमुख चुनाव: बवाल के बीच सात ब्लॉकों में भाजपा, दो सपा और एक निर्दल विजयी". Amar Ujala (in Hindi). Retrieved 1 September 2022.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Siddharthnagar" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ [Archived 30 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS
  10. ^ "The story of neglected birthplace of Gautam Buddha, Siddharth Nagar". Maverick Times. 6 February 2019. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  11. ^ a b Peppe, WC (July 1898), "The Piprahwa Stupa, containing relics of Buddha", With a Note by V.A. Smith. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Article XXIII): 573–88, JSTOR 25208010 – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  12. ^ Bühler, Georg (April 1898), "Preliminary note on a recently discovered Sakya inscription", Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (Correspondence: Note 14): 387–389, JSTOR 25207982 – via JSTOR (subscription required)
  13. ^ Srivastava, KM (1980), "Archaeological Excavations at Piprāhwā and Ganwaria and the Identification of Kapilavastu", The Journal of the International Association of Buddhist Studies, 13 (1): 103–10
  14. ^ Trainor, K (2010). "Kapilavastu". In Keown, D; Prebish, CS (eds.). Encyclopedia of Buddhism. Milton Park, UK: Routledge. pp. 436–7. ISBN 978-0-415-55624-8.
  15. ^ Tuladhar, Swoyambhu D. (November 2002), "The Ancient City of Kapilvastu - Revisited" (PDF), Ancient Nepal (151): 1–7
  16. ^ Sharda, Shailvee (4 May 2015), "UP's Piprahwa is Buddha's Kapilvastu?", The Times of India
  17. ^ "Proceedings. Official Report"
  18. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  19. ^ "Kala Namak rice ready for International market". Maverick Times. 31 July 2020. Retrieved 16 April 2021.