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Senapati district
Location in Manipur
Location in Manipur
Country India
StateManipur
HeadquartersTahamzam
Tehsils1. Purul, 2. Paomata, 3. Mao-Maram,[1]
Government
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies6: Saikul, Karong, Mao, Tadubi, Kangpokpi and Saitu
Area
 • Total1,573 km2 (607 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total285,404
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy74.13%[2]
 • Sex ratio923[2]
Language(s)
 • OfficialEnglish
 • RegionalMao
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationMN03[3]
Websitesenapati.nic.in

Senapati (Meitei pronunciation:/se.na.pə.ti/[a][4]), is one of the 16 districts of the Indian state of Manipur. The present Senapati district was formed in December 2016, after spawning off the Sadar Hills region in the south into a separate Kangpokpi district.[5] The district headquarter is located in the municipality of Tahamzam.

Geography

2011 district map of Manipur; the Senapati district was divided into the present Senapati district and Kangpokpi district in 2016

Senapati District is located between 93.29° and 94.15° East Longitude and 24.37° and 25.37° North Latitude and is in the northern part of Manipur state. The District is bounded on the south by Kangpokpi District, on the east by Ukhrul district, on the west by Tamenglong district and on the north by Kohima District and Phek district of Nagaland state. The district lies at an altitude between 1061 meter to 1788 meters above sea level.

The Dzuko Valley (Meitei: Dzuko Tampak),[6][7][a] is one of the tourist attractions in Manipur, renowned for natural sites, seasonal flowering plants and wild life,[8] including but not limited to the endemic Dzuko lily (Lilium chitrangadae), which is closely related to the Shirui lily (Lilium mackliniae) of the neighboring Ukhrul district.[9][10]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1951 46,608—    
1961 70,792+51.9%
1971 102,291+44.5%
1981 153,091+49.7%
1991 208,406+36.1%
2001 283,621+36.1%
2011 479,148+68.9%
† 2011 Senapati district (includes the present Kangpokpi district)
Source: Census of India[11]

According to the 2011 census Senapati district has a population of 479,148[2] roughly equal to the nation of Belize.[12] This gives it a ranking of 565th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 109 inhabitants per square kilometre (280/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.16%.[2][page needed] Senapati has a sex ratio of 939 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 75%.[2] Its population composition as per the 2011 census is as below:

Population[13] Percentage

of Total Pop.

All Scheduled Tribes 419,210 87.5%
Kuki-Zo tribes[b] 110,314 23.0%
Naga tribes[c] 282,007 58.9%
Old Kuki/Naga[d] 19,244 4.0%
Religions in Senapati district (2011)[15]
Religion Percent
Christianity
95.31%
Hinduism
3.36%
Other or not stated
1.33%

Languages in Senapati district (2011)[16]

  Poumai (46.99%)
  Mao (29.89%)
  Maram (10.67%)
  Nepali (2.84%)
  Zemi (2.65%)
  Khezha (1.75%)
  Liangmai (1.55%)
  Zeilang (0.95%)
  Others (2.71%)

After the separation of the Kangpokpi district in 2016, the residual district has a population of 285,404 as per 2011 census, all of which lives in rural areas. it has a sex ratio of 923 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 0.10% and 92.74% of the population respectively.[2]

Religion

Christianity is the majority, religion, practiced by 95.31% of the population. Hinduism is the second-largest religion, practiced by 3.36% of the population. Small numbers practice other religions, such as Islam, Buddhism, and Heraka. Nearly all tribals are Christians, with only a small minority of the Zeilang practicing Heraka.

Languages

At the time of the 2011 census, 46.99% of the population spoke Poumai, 29.89% Mao, 10.67% Maram, 2.84% Nepali, 2.65% Zemi, 1.75% Khezha, 1.55% Liangmai and 0.95% Zeilang as their first language.[16]

Villages

View of Senapati

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b Meitei language (officially known as Manipuri language) is the official language of Manipur. Other regional languages of different places in Manipur may either be predominantly spoken or not in their respective places but "Meitei" is always officially used.
  2. ^ The Kuki-Zo tribes include Gangte, Hmar, Paite, Simte, Sukte, Thadou, Vaiphei, Zou, and some smaller tribes designated as "Any Kuki" and "Any Lushai (Mizo)".
  3. ^ The Naga tribes include Angami, Kabui, Kacha Naga, Mao, Maram, Poumai, Sema and Tangkhul.
  4. ^ The Old Kuki tribes retaining the Kuki classification include: Aimol, Chiru, Kom, Koireng, Kharam, and Ralte. The tribes under the Naga umbrella include: Anal, Chothe, Koirao, Lamkang, Maring, Moyon, Monsang, Purum and Tarao.[14]

References

  1. ^ "Official Website of Senapati District Manipur-District Profile". Archived from the original on 15 July 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Census Hand Book - Senapati" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  3. ^ "娱乐是一种态度".
  4. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 47th report (July 2008 to June 2010)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 78. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  5. ^ "7 new districts formed in Manipur amid opposition by Nagas". India Today. 9 December 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  6. ^ "Why Should There Be A Separate Land Law For The Hills of Manipur? » Imphal Review of Arts and Politics". imphalreviews.in. 9 July 2022. Retrieved 23 March 2023. There are many well-known valleys which make the hills like Khoupum Tampak, (Tampak means valley in Manipuri), Khuga Tampak, Sajik Tampak, Dzuko Tampak, Moreh and Jiribam beisdes other vast river basins like Barak River basin in the north.
  7. ^ Sharma, H. Surmangol (2006). "Learners' Manipuri-English dictionary". dsal.uchicago.edu (in Manipuri and English). University of Chicago. p. 75. Retrieved 23 March 2023. tampāk ꯇꯝꯄꯥꯛ /təm.pak/ n. valley. Morph: tam‑pāk [valley‑to be broad].
  8. ^ Nimai, R. K. (10 July 2019). NE Scholar : Emerging The Lost Civilization of The Manipur Valley. NE Brothers Pvt Limited. p. 40. The Dzükou/Dzüko Valley is a valley located at the border of the states of Manipur and Nagaland in northeast India. This valley is well known for its natural environment, seasonal flowers and flora and fauna.
  9. ^ "Dzukou Lily". www.flowersofindia.net. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  10. ^ "Lilium mackliniae - Shirui Lily". www.flowersofindia.net. Retrieved 24 March 2023.
  11. ^ "A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Censusindia.gov.in. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014.
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Belize 321,115 July 2011 est.
  13. ^ A-11 Appendix: District wise scheduled tribe population (Appendix), Manipur - 2011, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Government of India, 2011
  14. ^ Kom, Ch. Sekholal (June 2015). "Ethno-nationalism: Competing Micro-nationalist Dissents in Manipur". Social Change. 45 (2): 289–307. doi:10.1177/0049085715574192. ISSN 0049-0857. S2CID 147919896.
  15. ^ "Table C-01 Population by religious community: Manipur". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  16. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by mother tongue: Manipur". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.