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Gangte/Gangte Kuki
Total population
40,000 (approx) worldwide[1]
Regions with significant populations
Northeast India, Bangladesh, Burma
Gangte language (L1)
Related ethnic groups
 · Chin  · Thadou  · Hmar  · Mizo  · Simte  · Vaiphei  · Zou  · Paite

Gangte is an ethnic group mainly living in the Indian state of Manipur. They belong to the Zo people and are parts of the Kuki or under Mizo tribe and are recognised a tribe of Manipur, India. They are also indigenous inhabitants of Mizoram, Assam and Myanmar, and a recognised tribe under the Indian Constitution.[3] With a population of approximately 40,000 worldwide (as of 2018),[4] they primarily live in Manipur's southern Churachandpur district and neighbouring states of Meghalaya, Mizoram and Assam. (L2) according to the Ethnologue.[5]

Gangte also live in Chin State and Kabaw Valley of Myanmar.

Other clans or ethnic people in this group are the Thadou, Lushei, Paite, Vaiphei, Simte, Zou and any other Chin-Kuki-Mizo tribes.

Gangte is also the name of the language spoken by the Gangte people of northeast India and Burma, one of the northern Chin, Kuki and Mizo languages of the Tibeto-Burman family.

Naming system

The Gangtes do not have written history so to know their history and ancestry and to trace their lineage a unique method of naming was used and still in use today. The grandparents named their grandchildren from the last syllable of their name for instance Thangmang = Manglun = Lunkholal = Lalminlun and so on. The grandfather named the grandson and the grandmother the granddaughter. The firstborn son and daughter were named after the paternal grandparents and the secondborn son and daughter after the maternal grandparents. This naming system is also used by most of the Zo peoples

Notes and references

  1. ^ "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  2. ^ Ethnologue |url= |access-date=2023-05-03 |website=Ethnologue |language=en))
  3. ^ "List of notified Scheduled Tribes" (PDF). Census India. pp. 7–8. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 November 2013. Retrieved 15 December 2013.
  4. ^ Distribution of the 100 non-scheduled languages
  5. ^ "Meitei | Ethnologue". Ethnologue. Retrieved 3 May 2023.