Kom
(Kom Rem)
"Kom" written in Meitei script.jpg
Kom written in Meitei script
Total population
14000
Regions with significant populations
India
(Manipur)
Languages
Kom
Religion
Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Hmar · Chiru · Mizo · Kuki

The Kom are one of the oldest among tribes who had settled in Manipur alongside the Meiteis (with reference to the Khamba Thoibi epic folklore) and they are defined later by British Indian government as Naga in their land records (administratively) but later after the entry of kuki from Burma during 1847, the anthropologist and historian considered them linguistically a kin to chin-kuki-mizo group. They are mainly found in Manipur of North-East India. [1] Koms belong to kindred Chin - Kuki Mizo tribes. Even though they are referred as "Kom", among themselves they refer to themselves as Kakom. Kom-rem consist of six subtribes: Chiru, Aimol, Kharam, Purum, Koireng and Kom. Kom-rem are found in the Northeastern states of Manipur and Tripura. The majority of the Kom population reside in Manipur. They are found in almost all the districts of Manipur and concentrated mainly in the districts of Churachandpur, Bishnupur, Chandel, Kangpokpi, Tengnoupal, Thoubal, Kakching and Senapati.

According to the 2001 Census of India, the population of Kom is 14,602.[2]

Origins

Their origin is unclear as they have settled in manipur from time and memorable since many decades. Kom myth holds that the people emerged from a cave (khurpui) believed to be under world. Karong (referred to also as Puvom), Leivon, Serto, Hmangte, Telen/Thingpui, and Mirem were the names of the major clans who formed the kom tribe. The names of these clans represent the social stratification and roles played by the leaders of the Kom people during the time of emerging from the cave.

Clan names

The clan names are as follows:[citation needed]

clan name karong
Saiche Serto
leivon Leivon
lupheng Lupheng
Telien
Mangte

Although the clan names have been retained through decades and since the genealogy of khurpui(cave) story. The majority of this community are Christian. Their stories - folklore and legends - are passed down through generations by oral/verbal forms or word of mouth.[citation needed]

Gallery

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References

  1. ^ Politics and Culture. Bookwell. 2013. p. 90. ISBN 978-9380574448.
  2. ^ 2001 Census of India. "Population of Schedule Tribes of Manipur"