A Thangal tribal old woman of Thangal Surung village, presenting gifts, including Yongchaak (Meitei for 'Parkia speciosa'), to Khaidem Pramodini, a Meitei author from Imphal

The Thangal people, also known as the Thangal Naga, are a Tibeto-Burman ethnic group inhabiting Senapati district in the Northeast Indian state of Manipur. They speak the Thangal language, which resembles Maram, and Rongmei.[1] They use Meitei language as their second language (L2) according to the Ethnologue.[2]

Presently there are 13 Thangal villages. They are found in eleven hill villages of the Senapati District: Angkailongdi, Katomei Makeng, Makeng Cheijinba, Ngaihang, Mapao Thangal, Mayangkhang, Ningthoupham, Thangal Surung, Tumnoupokpi, Yaikongpao and Takaimei.[3]

Society

Traditionally, the Thangals are both horticulturalists and agriculturalists.[3]

13 August is celebrated as Thangal Day. This is to commemorate the martyrdom of Lungthoubu Thangal,[4] better known as Thangal Menjor, or popularly as Thangal general in the year 1891.

References

  1. ^ "Thangal language". Ethnologue.
  2. ^ "Meitei | Ethnologue". Ethnologue. Archived from the original on 24 July 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2023.
  3. ^ a b Pampuinath, Babina; Meitei, Maibam Dhanaraj (10 March 2021). "Traditional Knowledge of Medicinal Plants among the Thangal–Naga Ethnic Group of Manipur, India" (PDF). Current Science. 120 (5): 945. doi:10.18520/cs/v120/i5/945-950. ISSN 0011-3891. S2CID 238954104.
  4. ^ "Thangal General descendant of the hills". Manipur Online.