Kohima District
From Top (left to right): Kohima City, the headquarters of Kohima District, Road to Kohima, Viswema, Teyozwü Hill, Kohima War Cemetery
Kohima District in Nagaland
Country India
State Nagaland
HeadquartersKohima
Government
 • Lok Sabha ConstituencyNagaland
 • MP[1]Tokheho Yepthomi, NDPP
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies7 constituences
 • Deputy Commissioner[2]Gregory Thejawelie, (NCS)
Area
 • Total1,207 km2 (466 sq mi)
Elevation
1,444 m (4,738 ft)
Population
 (2011[3])
 • Total267,988
 • Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy[3]85.23%
 • Sex ratio[3]928 / 1000
Languages
 • OfficialEnglish
 • Indigenous dialect[4]Angami
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-NL-KO
Major highways AH1
AH2
NH 2
NH 29
Websitekohima.nic.in

Kohima District (pron:/ˈkəʊhɪˌmɑː or kəʊˈhiːmə/) is a district of Nagaland state in India. It is the home of the Angami Nagas. As of 2011, it is the second most populous district of Nagaland (out of 12), after Dimapur with a population of 267,988, 45% of which is urban. It is home to 13.55% of Nagaland's entire population.[3] The district headquarters is at Kohima City. Kohima District is also the seventh-largest district in Nagaland with an area of 1,207 square kilometres (466 sq mi).[3]

History

Prior to India's independence, the area was part of Naga Hills District, with Kohima as the district headquarters.[5]

Kohima District was created as one of the three districts of the newly inaugurated of Nagaland state on 1 December 1961.[3] In 1973 the new districts of Phek, Wokha were created out of Kohima district, as in 1997 Dimapur district was similarly carved out.[6][7] The 2003 creation of Peren district left Kohima in its current form.[8]

Geography

Kohima District has a hilly landscape - Kohima urban area, typical of the area, is stretched along the top of a mountain.[3] It is bounded by Tseminyü in the north, Zünheboto and Phek district in the east, Manipur in the south and Chümoukedima and Peren districts in the east. It is headquartered at Kohima, which is at an altitude of 1,444 metres (4,738 ft) above sea level. The highest peak in the district is Japfü 3,014 metres (9,888 ft) in the Southern part of the district.[9]

Flora and fauna

In 1980, Kohima District became home to the Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 9.2 km2 (3.6 sq mi).[10] It is a natural habitat for Blyth’s Tragopan.[11]

Climate

Climate data for Kohima
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.6
(61.9)
17.9
(64.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.1
(75.4)
24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
25.4
(77.7)
25.0
(77.0)
23.4
(74.1)
20.6
(69.1)
17.7
(63.9)
22.2
(72.0)
Average low °C (°F) 8.1
(46.6)
9.3
(48.7)
12.7
(54.9)
15.6
(60.1)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
18.8
(65.8)
18.9
(66.0)
18.1
(64.6)
16.6
(61.9)
13.1
(55.6)
9.4
(48.9)
14.6
(58.3)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.7
(0.46)
35.4
(1.39)
47.6
(1.87)
88.7
(3.49)
159.2
(6.27)
333.8
(13.14)
371.8
(14.64)
364.0
(14.33)
250.1
(9.85)
126.0
(4.96)
35.2
(1.39)
7.8
(0.31)
1,831.3
(72.1)
Average rainy days 2 3.9 5.8 12.2 16.9 23.1 24.6 22.9 19.1 10.7 3.6 1.4 146.2
Source: WMO [12]

Administration

Kohima District is administered by a deputy commissioner, who has a number of additional deputy commissioners and sub-division officers (SDOs) with responsibilities for each of the administrative circles.[13] There exists also a District Urban Development Agency for Kohima.[14] The current Deputy Commissioner of Kohima district is Gregory Thejawelie.[2]

Kohima District is subdivided into the five administrative circles of Chiephobozou, Botsa, Kezocha, Jakhama, Kohima Sadar and Sechu-Zubza. These administrative circles are grouped into three Rural Development Blocks, which are Kohima (for Kohima Sadar and Sechu-Zubza), Chiephobozou (for Chiephobozou, Botsa and some of Kezocha) and Jakhama (for Jakhama and the rest of Kezocha).[3]

Demographics

Religion in Kohima district (2011)[15]

  Christianity (87.67%)
  Hinduism (9.51%)
  Islam (1.64%)
  Buddhism (0.57%)
  Jainism (0.03%)
  Sikhism (0.37%)
  Others (0.13%)
  Not stated (0.08%)
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1901 21,968—    
1911 32,750+49.1%
1921 33,797+3.2%
1931 37,785+11.8%
1941 37,601−0.5%
1951 37,339−0.7%
1961 41,501+11.1%
1971 63,077+52.0%
1981 97,169+54.0%
1991 154,145+58.6%
2001 220,168+42.8%
2011 267,988+21.7%
Source: [16]

According to the 2011 census of India Kohima District has a population of 267,988, of which 121,088 or 45% lived in urban areas. This gives it a ranking of 576th in India (out of a total of 640). Kohima district has a sex ratio of 928 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 85%.[3]

The main indigenous inhabitants of Kohima District are the Angami Nagas.

Religion

Christianity is the largest religion in the district, followed by 87% of the people. Hinduism is the second-largest religion with 9.51% adherents. Islam and Buddhism form 1.64% and 0.57% of the population respectively.[15]

Languages

The following languages are spoken in Kohima District:[4]

Towns and villages

Kohima Sadar circle comprises two towns:

Jakhama circle comprises ten towns and villages :

Chiephobozou circle comprises eighteen villages :

Sechu-Zubza circle comprises sixteen villages :

Kezocha circle comprises ten villages :

Botsa circle comprises ten villages :

Government and Politics

Voters standing in a queue during Nagaland Assembly Elections in Kohima district
Voters standing in a queue during Nagaland Assembly Elections in Kohima district

The district has seven vidhan sabha constituences, namely, Western Angami, Northern Angami-I, Northern Angami II, Kohima Town, Southern Angami-I and Southern Angami-II. The last elections were held in 2018. The next legislative assembly election will be held in 2023.

As part of the Lok Sabha, Kohima District is part of the Nagaland Lok Sabha constituency. In the 2019 Indian general election, Tokheho Yepthomi of the NDPP won by 16,000 votes over his rival K.L. Chishi of the Indian National Congress.[1] The next general election is in 2024.

Economy

Agriculture

Agriculture forms the major economic activity in the district. Most of the agriculturists in the district practice Shifting cultivation or Jhum cultivation. The main crop in the district is Paddy. Maize is another cereal produced in the district. Other major crops grown in the district are Potatoes, Ginger, Soybean and Ricebean.[9] Among vegetables and fruits, Pineapples, Oranges, Cabbages, Tomatoes, Papayas, etc. are grown throughout the district.

Animal husbandry

Animal husbandry acts as a supplementary income for the people in Kohima district. The sector also provides employment to small and marginal farmers. As per the Livestock Census in 2007, the most prevalent type of livestock in the district are Fowls, Cattles and Pigs.[9]

Industry

There are no large industries in the district. However, there are numerous Small and medium-sized enterprises. The number of MSMEs registered in the district till 2009-10 numbered to 52 which employed around 571 persons. The Angami Nagas in the district are skilled artisans and craftsmen.[9]

Education

As per the 2011 Census of India, Kohima District as a literacy rate of 85.23%.[3] Literacy among the Scheduled Tribes stands at 83.86% with male literacy at 79.6% and female literacy at 88.45%.[3] There are numerous colleges in the district.[17]

Colleges

Universities

Sports

Football

Kohima District is home to Kohima Komets, a professional football club that plays in the Nagaland Premier League. The Indira Gandhi Stadium, Kohima is a multipurpose stadium mainly used for football. It has an artificial turf.

Wrestling

Kene or Naga Wrestling is the most popular traditional sport in the region. The Naga Wrestling Championship held biennially at the Khuochiezhie Local Ground in Kohima.[18]

Tourism

Japfu Peak view from Kigwema, Nagaland
Japfu Peak view from Kigwema, Nagaland
Dzukou Valley, Nagaland
Dzukou Valley, Nagaland
Khonoma Green Village
Khonoma Green Village
Kohima State Museum
Kohima State Museum

Kohima District has various tourist places to visit. Below are few of the tourist attractions in the district:[9][19]

Transportation

Air

The nearest airport is Dimapur Airport, located 65 kilometres from the district headquarters Kohima. There are several helipads in Kohima District. Kohima Chiethu Airport is a planned airport to be built in Kohima. The Ministry of Defence gave the No-Objection Certificate (NOC) to construct the civil airport.[24] It will be the second airport in Nagaland after Dimapur Airport.

Rail

The nearest railway station is Dimapur railway station located 70 kilometres from district headquarters Kohima. The Dhansiri–Zubza line is an under-construction railway line which will connect Kohima with Dimapur via railways. The Kohima Zubza railway station in Zubza, 17 kilometres from Kohima City is currently under-construction. The Government of India has set 2023 as the deadline to connect all Northeastern state capitals with railways.[25]

Road

The district is well-connected with roads and highways. The NH 2 and NH 29 pass through the district alongside other intra-district roads. Nagaland State Transport buses are available from Dimapur for Kohima. Private taxis can be availed as well.[26]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Lok Sabha Members". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 12 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Kohima DC". Kiphire district website. Retrieved 18 July 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "District Census Handbook" (PDF). Census of India 2011. 22 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b "Nagaland Languages Census 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  5. ^ "Brief industrial profile of Kohima district, Nagaland state" (PDF). Government of India Ministry of MSME. 18 February 2015.
  6. ^ "Know Your Districts: Phek - The Morung Express". The Morung Express. 8 June 2016. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  7. ^ "About Wokha". Wokha Dist Administration. 2010.
  8. ^ "Nagaland: Know Your Districts - An overview -III - The Morung Express". The Morung Express. 17 October 2017. Archived from the original on 20 May 2019. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Kohima district 2011 Part A" (PDF). Govt of India Census Handbook. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  10. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Nagaland". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  11. ^ "Wildlife". Archived from the original on 14 October 2018. Retrieved 22 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Kohima". World Meteorological Organisation. Retrieved 1 December 2011.
  13. ^ "Hierarchy of administrative officers at deputy commissioner's office, Kohima". National Informatics Centre, Kohima District Centre. July 2017. Archived from the original on 9 August 2018. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Kohima CDP Revised" (PDF). Government of Nagaland. July 2006. p. 67. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Kohima district religion". Census India 2011. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  16. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901" (PDF). Govt of India. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  17. ^ "Colleges/Universities in Kohima district". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  18. ^ "Naga Wrestling: The highest grossing sport in Nagaland". The Morung Express. 13 February 2020. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  19. ^ "Tourist places in Kohima district". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  20. ^ "Tuophema Tourist Village". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  21. ^ "Kisama Heritage Village". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  22. ^ a b "Places of Interest in Kohima district". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  23. ^ "Kohima Museum". IncredibleIndia.org. Retrieved 22 July 2021.
  24. ^ "Nagaland: Defence Ministry Issues 'No Objection' Certificate For Chiethu Airport". Northeast Today. Retrieved 15 July 2021.
  25. ^ "Railways sets target to complete projects in Northeast by 2023". NENow. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  26. ^ "Kohima Transport". Kohima district website. Retrieved 22 July 2021.

Coordinates: 25°40′N 94°07′E / 25.667°N 94.117°E / 25.667; 94.117