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Chandel district
Nickname(s): 
Kankhupam
Chandel district
Location in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983Coordinates: 24°19′N 93°59′E / 24.317°N 93.983°E / 24.317; 93.983
Country India
State Manipur
Founded byPakan tribes
HeadquartersChandel
Area
 • Total2,100 km2 (800 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total85,072
 • Density40.51/km2 (104.9/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialEnglish, Anal (Pakan) Lamkang (Pakan), Moyon and Monshang languages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MN-BI
Vehicle registrationMN
Websitechandel.nic.in

Chandel district (Pron:/ˌtʃænˈdɛl/) is one of the 16 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. As of 2011 it was the second least populous district in the state, after Tamenglong.[1]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Chandel as one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It was then one of the three districts in Manipur receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demographics

Religions in Chandel District
Religion Percent
Christianity
93.20%
Hinduism
5.75%
Islam
0.66%
Buddhism
0.19%
Not Stated
0.09%
Sikhism
0.07%
Jainism
0.04%

According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 85,072.[1] This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.72%.[1] Chandel has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.85%.[1]

Languages

Languages spoken include Pakan, Thadou, Vaiphei, Zou, Lamkang and Meitei. In addition there is Aimol, a Sino-Tibetan tongue with fewer than 2500 speakers, written in the Latin script;[3] and Anal, which is also Sino-Tibetan and spoken by approximately 14,000 Indians.[4]

Language in Chandel district (2011)[5]

  Thadou (37.69%)
  Anal (30.26%)
  Zou (4.71%)
  Hindi (3.08%)
  Ao (2.77%)
  Maring (2.26%)
  Kom (1.93%)
  Others (17.30%)

Flora and fauna

In 1989, Chandel [originally Tengnoupal district] became home to the Yangoupokpi-Lokchao Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 185 km2 (71.4 sq mi).[6]

Autonomous district council

At the district level there is the Chandel Autonomous District Council.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Anal: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  5. ^ "C-1 Population By Linguistic Community". Census. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  6. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Manipur". Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.