Katihar District
Fields in Katihar district
Fields in Katihar district
Location of Katihar district in Bihar
Location of Katihar district in Bihar
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKatihar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesKatihar, Kadwa, Balrampur, Pranpur, Manihari, Barari Korha
 • Total3,056 km2 (1,180 sq mi)
 • Total3,071,029
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
 • Sex ratio916
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationBR-39
Major highwaysNH-31, NH-81, NH-131A

Katihar district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in India, and Katihar city is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district is a part of Purnia Division. It is prominently known for its Katihar Junction Railway Station, which is a Category A station on the Barauni–Guwahati line. It has been included in the Aspirational Districts Program of the Government of India since 2018, to improve its socio-economic indicators.[1]

Katihar is the largest maize producing district of Bihar in 2022.[2]


Katihar district is a part of the Mithila region.[3] Mithila first gained prominence after the establishment of the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[4] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajjika League, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[5]

Later it was dominated by Chaudhary family who were the biggest landlords of Katihar district. Khan Bahadur Mohammad Baksh was the founder of the Chaudhary family. They held 15000 acres of land in Katihar district and 8500 acres of land in Purnia district. His great grandsons Chaudhary Mohammad Ashraf and Chaudhary Taj Mohammad live in a haveli known as Taj Dehori. Katihar became a district when it was split from Purnia in 1973.[6]


Katihar district occupies an area of 3,057 square kilometres (1,180 sq mi),[7] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Akimiski Island.[8]

Rivers: Mahananda, Ganges, Koshi, Righa

Katihar district is situated in the plains of North Eastern part of Bihar State, surrounded by Purnia district (Bihar) in the north and the west, Bhagalpur district (Bihar) and Sahebganj district (Jharkhand) in the south and Malda district and Uttar Dinajpur district (Paschim Bengal) in the east.


This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Katihar 63 Katihar Tarkishore Prasad BJP NDA
64 Kadwa Shakeel Ahmad Khan INC MGB
65 Balrampur Mahbub Alam CPI(ML)L MGB
66 Pranpur Nisha Singh BJP NDA
67 Manihari Manohar Prasad Singh INC MGB
68 Barari Bijay Singh JD(U) NDA
69 Korha Kavita Devi BJP NDA


In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Katihar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[9] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[9] It has also been included in the Aspirational Districts Program of the Government of India since 2018, to improve its socio-economic indicators.[1]

The main source of economy in Katihar is agriculture, and most of its industries are agro-based. Rice is the main crop, while banana, jute and maize are the chief cash crops of the district. Makhana Phodi, an agro-industry where edible makhana (foxnuts) is produced from raw makhana, is a rapidly-rising industry in Katihar.[10]

Katihar was once known as the "jute capital" of Bihar and boasted of two major jute mills, Sunbio Manufacturing Private Limited (also known as Old Jute Mill) and Rai Bahadur Hardutroy Motilal Chamria (RBHM) Jute Mill (also known as New Jute Mill).[11]

Political history

The district has seen immense activity during freedom struggle. There has been renowned freedom fighters like Alhaj Azhar Ali after whose name there is a village called Ajhrail. The busiest market square, Shaheed Chowk, has been named so in the memory of martyrs of 1942 Quit India Movement.[13] Among notable freedom fighters from Katihar are, Dhrub Kundu, his father Dr Kishori Lal Kundu, Nakshtra Malakar (known as Robinhood of the Kosi belt).

The Katihar Lok Sabha constituency has been represented by politicians like Sitaram Kesri former Teasurer and President of AICC, Tariq Anwar, Nikhil Choudhary, Mohammad Yunus Saleem. Kashmiri veteran politician Mufti Mohammad Sayeed also unsuccessfully tried his luck in 1996 Lok Sabha elections.


Katihar District comprises 3 Sub-divisions:

Katihar sub-division is further divided into 10 blocks: Katihar, Korha, Falka, Sameli, Barari, Kursela, Pranpur, Hasanganj, Dandkhora and Mansahi. Barsoi sub-division consists 4 blocks: Barsoi, Kadwa, Azamnagar and Balrampur. Manihari sub-division has 2 blocks: Manihari and Amdabad.

Hasanganj being the largest block which was under Zamindari rule with acres of land under the possession of then Late Shri Jogendranarayan Roy Choudhury. The entire landmass with school, temple and market has been donated to the people from the predecessors who remain in Katihar now with little of the possession under the Paul Choudhury fame. Mansahi was also very active Zamindari estate which was at par with Kursela and Falka.


Harnathpur Bhaisbandha Sonapur


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census, Katihar district has a population of 3,071,029,[16] roughly equal to the nation of Oman[17] or the US state of Iowa.[18] This gives it a ranking of 117th in India (out of a total of 640).[16] The district has a population density of 1,004 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,600/sq mi).[16] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 28.23%.[16] Katihar has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[16] and a literacy rate of 53.56%. 8.92% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 8.57% and 5.86% of the population respectively.[16]


Religions in Katihar district (2011)[19]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
CD block Hinduism Islam Others
Falka 69.94% 29.38% 0.68%
Korha 59.16% 39.78% 1.06%
Hasanganj 62.91% 36.66% 0.43%
Kadwa 47.33% 52.27% 0.40%
Balrampur 45.67% 53.45% 0.88%
Barsoi 27.61% 72.06% 0.33%
Azamnagar 43.48% 56.21% 0.31%
Pranpur 61.37% 38.17% 0.46%
Dandkhora 85.89% 12.76% 1.35%
Katihar 70.91% 28.08% 1.01%
Mansahi 55.87% 43.79% 0.34%
Barari 52.28% 46.70% 1.02%
Sameli 91.30% 8.57% 0.13%
Kursela 92.25% 7.51% 0.24%
Manihari 62.86% 35.67% 1.47%
Amdabad 45.57% 54.13% 0.30%

Hinduism is the majority religion, although in rural areas Hindus and Muslims are in equal numbers. In the eastern part of the district Muslims are in majority.[19]

Tourist Places

Katihar is a district in the state of Bihar, India, and while it may not be as well-known as some other tourist destinations, it does have a few places of interest for visitors. Here are some tourist places in and around Katihar:

1. **Kosi River Katihar is located near the Kosi River, which is known as the "Sorrow of Bihar" due to its history of flooding. The river offers scenic views, and there are some spots along its banks where you can enjoy a peaceful time.

2. **Manihari Ghat Manihari is a town near Katihar and is known for its historical significance as a trade center during the British colonial period. Manihari Ghat is a popular spot for taking a boat ride on the Ganges River.

3. **Kali Mandir**: This is a well-known temple dedicated to Goddess Kali. It's a place of religious importance and is often visited by locals and tourists alike.

4. **Barari Park**: Located in the neighboring town of Bhagalpur, Barari Park is a beautiful park with lush green lawns, a lake, and walking paths. It's a pleasant place for a family outing.

5. **Sikarganj Wildlife Sanctuary**: Situated about 60 kilometers from Katihar, this sanctuary is home to various species of wildlife, including deer, tigers, and various bird species

6. **Kashtaharni Ghat**: This ghat on the Ganges River is believed to have the power to relieve people of their sufferings and sins. It's a place of religious importance and tranquility.

7. Durga Mandir: Katihar is famous for its Durga Puja Celebration. The Best celebration of Puja in whole Bihar. During the Puja whole Katihar is decorated as best can be seen different types of pandals at each other step. Each year Pandals are created using different types of materials and with different themes.

8. **Bhagalpur**: This nearby city has attractions like the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, the Bhagalpur Museum, and the Vikramshila University ruins.

Please note that Katihar is primarily a transit city for travelers heading to other destinations in Bihar, and it may not offer as many tourist attractions as some other cities in the state. However, it can still provide a glimpse into the culture and landscapes of Bihar.


Languages in Katihar district (2011)[20]

  Surjapuri (25.86%)
  'Other' Hindi (25.46%)
  Hindi (19.73%)
  Bengali (12.04%)
  Urdu (9.11%)
  Santali (2.97%)
  Bhojpuri (2.29%)
  Others (2.54%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 25.86% of the population in the district spoke Surjapuri, 19.73% Hindi, 12.04% Bengali, 9.11% Urdu, 2.97% Santali and 2.29% Bhojpuri as their first language. 25.46% spoke languages recorded as 'Others' under Hindi on the census. Surjapuri speakers are largely concentrated in Kadwa, Azamnagar, Barsoi and Balrampur blocks bordering West Bengal, while Bengali is nearly in majority in Amdabad block.[20]


  1. ^ a b "vikaspedia Domains". vikaspedia.in. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  2. ^ "Bihar Economic Survey 2022-23". state.bihar.gov.in. Retrieved 2023-05-07.
  3. ^ "Bihar assembly elections 2020: BJP eyes winning push from Mithila | Bihar Assembly Elections 2020 Election News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  4. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. (ed.). Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  5. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  6. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  7. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  8. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Akimiski Island 3,001km2
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  10. ^ "Economy | Katihar | India". Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  11. ^ a b "Katihar Jute Mills' Closure Pushes Workers, Farmers to a Dead-End". NewsClick. 2020-09-07. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  12. ^ Sanjay Ojha (Nov 2, 2015). "Closed mills, not caste, on Katihar priority list | Patna News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  13. ^ "ध्रुव कुंडू की शहादत पर टाक शो, ताजा हुई स्वतंत्रता संग्राम की कहानियां". Dainik Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  14. ^ "BHARRI Pin Code - 855105, Katihar All Post Office Areas PIN Codes, Search KATIHAR Post Office Address". news.abplive.com. ABP Network Private Limited. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  15. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  16. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Katihar" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  17. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Oman 3,027,959
  18. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Iowa 3,046,355
  19. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  20. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.

Official Website of Katihar can be used more clarification and references

25°33′00″N 87°34′12″E / 25.55000°N 87.57000°E / 25.55000; 87.57000