Chief Minister of Bihar
Incumbent
Nitish Kumar
since 22 February 2015
Government of Bihar
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr./Mrs. Chief Minister (Informal)
TypeHead of Government
StatusLeader of the Executive
AbbreviationCM
Member of
Reports to
Residence1, Aney Marg, Patna
SeatPatna Secretariat
NominatorMembers of the Government of Bihar in Bihar Legislative Assembly
AppointerGovernor of Bihar by convention based on appointees ability to command confidence in the Bihar Legislative Assembly
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for 5 years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
PrecursorPremier of Bihar
Inaugural holderShri Krishna Sinha
Formation26 January 1950 (74 years ago) (1950-01-26)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Bihar
Salary
  • 215,000 (US$2,700)/monthly
  • 2,580,000 (US$32,000)/annually
Websitecm.bihar.gov.in

The chief minister of Bihar is the chief executive of the Indian state of Bihar. As per the Constitution of India, the Governor of Bihar is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Bihar Legislative Assembly, the governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

From 1946, 23 people have been Chief Minister of Bihar. The current incumbent is Nitish Kumar who is having incumbency since 22 February 2015. He holds the longest incumbency as Chief Minister of Bihar, he also holds 8th longest incumbency as a Chief Minister of a state in India.

Prime Ministers of Bihar

The province of Bihar headquartered in Patna then comprised the present-day states Bihar and Jharkhand. On 1 April 1936, Bihar and Orissa became separate provinces by the partition of the province of Bihar and Orissa. Under the Government of India Act 1935, a bicameral legislature was set up with a legislative assembly and a legislative council with a government headed by the Premier.[2][3]

No.[a] Portrait Name Term of Office Party
Took office Left office Tenure
1 Mohammad Yunus 1 April 1937 19 July 1937 109 days Muslim Independent Party
2 Shri Krishna Sinha 20 July 1937 31 October 1939 2 years, 103 days Indian National Congress
(2) Shri Krishna Sinha 23 March 1946 26 January 1950 3 years, 309 days Indian National Congress

Chief ministers of Bihar

Key

Colour key for political parties

  Indian National Congress
  Janata Dal (United)
  Rashtriya Janata Dal
  Janata Dal
  Samata Party
  Socialist Party
  Indian National Congress (O)
  N/A (President's rule)
# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Deputy Chief Minister(s)
(Term in office)
Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Shri Krishna Sinha
(1887–1961)
Member, Interim Assembly (until 1952)
MLA for Basantpur (1952–1957)
MLA Sheikhpura (from 1957)
26 January
1950
31 January
1961[†]
11 years, 5 days 1946
(Interim)
Indian National Congress Anugrah Narayan Sinha
(26 Jan. 1950 – 5 Jul. 1957)
Position vacant
(5 Jul. 1957 – 31 Jan. 1961)
Shri Krishna I Jairamdas Daulatram
1952
(1st)
Shri Krishna II Madhav Shrihari Aney
1957
(3rd)
Shri Krishna III R. R. Diwakar
2 Deep Narayan Singh
(1894–1977)
MLA for Hajipur
1 February
1961
18 February
1961
17 days Position vacant
(31 Jan. 1961 – 5 Mar. 1967)
Deep Narayan Zakir Husain
3 Binodanand Jha
(1900–1971)
MLA for Rajmahal
18 February
1961
2 October
1963
2 years, 226 days Jha I
1962
(3rd)
Jha II
4 Krishna Ballabh Sahay
(1898–1974)
MLA for Patna West
2 October
1963
5 March
1967
3 years, 154 days Sahay M. A. Ayyangar
5 Mahamaya Prasad Sinha
(1909–1987)
MLA for Patna West
5 March
1967
28 January
1968
329 days 1967
(4th)
Jana Kranti Dal Karpoori Thakur
(5 Mar. 1967 – 28 Jan. 1968)
Mahamaya
6 Satish Prasad Singh
(1936–2020)
MLA for Parbatta
28 January
1968
1 February
1968
4 days Shoshit Dal Jagdeo Prasad
(28 Jan. 1968 – 1 Feb. 1968)
Satish Prasad Nityanand Kanungo
7 B. P. Mandal
(1918–1982)
MLC
1 February
1968
22 March
1968
50 days Position vacant
(1 Feb. 1968 – 29 Jun. 1968)
Mandal
8 Bhola Paswan Shastri
(1914–1984)
MLA for Korha
22 March
1968
29 June
1968
99 days Indian National Congress Shastri I
President's rule was imposed in during the period (29 June 1968 – 26 February 1969)
9 Harihar Singh
(1925–1994)
MLA for Nayagram
26 February
1969
22 June
1969
116 days 1969
(5th)
Indian National Congress Position vacant
(26 Feb. 1969 – 4 Jul. 1969)
Harihar Nityanand Kanungo
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri
(1914–1984)
MLA for Korha
22 June
1969
4 July
1969
12 days Indian National Congress (O) Shastri II
President's rule was imposed in during the period (6 July 1969 – 16 February 1970)
10 Daroga Prasad Rai
(1922–1981)
MLA for Parsa
16 February
1970
22 December
1970
309 days
(5th)
Indian National Congress (R) Position vacant
(16 Feb. 1970 – 2 Jun. 1971)
Rai Nityanand Kanungo
11 Karpoori Thakur
(1924–1988)
MLA for Samastipur
22 December
1970
2 June
1971
162 days Socialist Party Thakur I
(8) Bhola Paswan Shastri
(1914–1984)
MLA for Korha
2 June
1971
9 January
1972
221 days Indian National Congress (R) Ram Jaipal Singh Yadav
(2 Jun. 1971 – 9 Jan. 1972)
Shastri III D. K. Barooah
President's rule was imposed in during the period (9 January – 19 March 1972)
12 Kedar Pandey
(1920–1982)
MLA for Nautan
19 March
1972
2 July
1973
1 year, 105 days 1972
(6th)
Indian National Congress (R) Position vacant
(19 Mar. 1972 – 30 Apr. 1977)
Pandey D. K. Barooah
13 Abdul Ghafoor
(1918–2004)
MLC
2 July
1973
11 April
1975
1 year, 283 days Ghafoor R. D. Bhandare
14 Jagannath Mishra
(1937–2019)
MLA for Jhanjharpur
11 April
1975
30 April
1977
2 years, 19 days Mishra I
President's rule was imposed in during the period (30 April – 24 June 1977)
(11) Karpoori Thakur
(1924–1988)
MLA for Phulparas
24 June
1977
21 April
1979
1 year, 301 days 1977
(7th)
Janata Party Position vacant
(24 Jun. 1977 – 17 Feb. 1980)
Thakur II Jagannath Kaushal
15 Ram Sundar Das
(1921–2015)
MLA for Sonpur
21 April
1979
17 February
1980
302 days Das
President's rule was imposed in during the period (14 February – 8 June 1980)
(14) Jagannath Mishra
(1937–2019)
MLA for Jhanjharpur
8 June
1980
14 August
1983
3 years, 67 days 1980
(8th)
Indian National Congress (I) Position vacant
(8 Jun. 1980 – 28 Mar. 1995)
Mishra II A. R. Kidwai
16 Chandrashekhar Singh
(1927–1986)
MLC
14 August
1983
12 March
1985
1 year, 210 days Chandrashekhar
17 Bindeshwari Dubey
(1921–1993)
MLA for Shahpur
12 March
1985
13 February
1988
2 years, 338 days 1985
(9th)
Dubey
18 Bhagwat Jha Azad
(1922–2011)
MLC
13 February
1988
10 March
1989
1 year, 25 days Azad P. Venkatasubbaiah
19 Satyendra Narayan Sinha
(1917–2006)
MLC
11 March
1989
6 December
1989
270 days Satyendra Jagannath Pahadia
(14) Jagannath Mishra
(1937–2019)
MLA for Jhanjharpur
6 December
1989
10 March
1990
94 days Mishra III
20 Lalu Prasad Yadav
(born 1948)
MLC
10 March
1990
28 March
1995
5 years, 18 days 1990
(10th)
Janata Dal Yadav I Mohammad Yunus Saleem
President's rule was imposed in during the period (28 March – 4 April 1995)
(20) Lalu Prasad Yadav
(born 1948)
MLA for Raghopur
4 April
1995
25 July
1997
2 years, 112 days 1995
(11th)
Janata Dal Position vacant
(4 Apr. 1995 – 11 Feb. 1999)
Yadav II A. R. Kidwai
Rashtriya Janata Dal
21 Rabri Devi
(born 1955)
MLC
25 July
1997
11 February
1999
1 year, 201 days Rabri I
President's rule was imposed in during the period (11 February – 9 March 1999)
(21) Rabri Devi
(born 1955)
MLC
9 March
1999
2 March
2000
359 days
(11th)
Rashtriya Janata Dal Position vacant
(9 Mar. 1999 – 6 Mar. 2005)
Rabri II Sunder Singh Bhandari
22 Nitish Kumar
(born 1951)
MLC
3 March
2000
10 March
2000
7 days 2000
(12th)
Samata Party Kumar I V. C. Pande
(21) Rabri Devi
(born 1955)
MLC
11 March
2000
6 March
2005
4 years, 360 days Rashtriya Janata Dal Rabri III
President's rule was imposed in during the period (7 March – 24 November 2005)
Elections were held to elect the 13th Assembly in February 2005, but no government was formed.
(22) Nitish Kumar
(born 1951)
MLC
24 November
2005
20 May
2014
8 years, 177 days Oct. 2005
(14th)
Janata Dal (United) Sushil Kumar Modi
(24 Nov. 2005 – 16 Jun. 2013)
Position vacant
(16 Jun. 2013 – 20 May. 2014)
Kumar II Buta Singh
2010
(15th)
Kumar III Devanand Konwar
23 Jitan Ram Manjhi
(born 1944)
MLA for Makdumpur
20 May
2014
22 February
2015
278 days Position vacant
(20 May. 2014 – 20 Nov. 2015)
Manjhi D. Y. Patil
(22) Nitish Kumar
(born 1951)
MLC
22 February
2015
Incumbent 8 years, 359 days Kumar IV Keshari Nath Tripathi
2015
(16th)
Tejashwi Yadav
(24 Nov. 2015 – 26 Jul. 2017)
Kumar V Ram Nath Kovind
Sushil Kumar Modi
(27 Jul. 2017 – 16 Nov. 2020)
Kumar VI Keshari Nath Tripathi
2020
(17th)
Tarkishore Prasad and
Renu Devi
(16 Nov. 2020 – 9 Aug. 2022)
Kumar VII Phagu Chauhan
Tejashwi Yadav
(10 Aug. 2022 – 28 Jan. 2024)
Kumar VIII
Vijay Kumar Sinha and
Samrat Choudhary
(since 28 Jan. 2024)
Kumar IX Rajendra Arlekar

Statistics

No. Name Party Length of term
Longest continuous term Total years of premiership
1 Nitish Kumar JD(U) 8 years, 359 days 17 years, 181 days
2 Shri Krishna Sinha INC 14 years, 314 days 17 years, 51 days
3 Rabri Devi RJD 4 years, 360 days 7 year, 190 days
4 Lalu Prasad Yadav JD 5 years, 18 days 7 years, 130 days
5 Jagannath Mishra INC 3 years, 67 days 5 years, 180 days
6 Krishna Ballabh Sahay INC 3 years, 154 days 3 years, 154 days
7 Bindeshwari Dubey INC 2 years, 338 days 2 years, 338 days
8 Binodanand Jha INC 2 years, 226 days 2 years, 226 days
9 Karpoori Thakur SP 1 year, 301 days 2 years, 98 days
10 Abdul Ghafoor INC 1 year, 283 days 1 year, 283 days
11 Chandrashekhar Singh INC 1 year, 210 days 1 year, 210 days
12 Kedar Pandey INC 1 year, 105 days 1 year, 105 days
13 Bhagwat Jha Azad INC 1 year, 24 days 1 year, 24 days
14 Mahamaya Prasad Sinha JKD 329 days 329 days
15 Daroga Prasad Rai INC 310 days 310 days
16 Ram Sundar Das JP 302 days 302 days
17 Jitan Ram Manjhi JD(U) 278 days 278 days
18 Satyendra Narayan Sinha INC 270 days 270 days
19 Harihar Singh INC 117 days 117 days
20 Bhola Paswan Shastri INC 99 days 112 days
21 Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal SSP 51 days 51 days
22 Deep Narayan Singh INC 17 days 17 days
23 Satish Prasad Singh SSP 5 days 5 days
Timeline
Jitan Ram ManjhiNitish KumarRabri DeviLalu Prasad YadavSatyendra Narayan SinhaBhagwat Jha AzadBindeshwari DubeyChandrashekhar SinghRam Sundar DasJagannath MishraAbdul GafoorKedar PandeyKarpoori ThakurDaroga Prasad RaiHarihar SinghBhola Paswan ShastriBhindeshwar Prasad MandalSatish Prasad SinghMahamaya Prasad SinhaKrishna Ballabh SahayBinodanand JhaDeep Narayan SinghShri Krishna SinhaMohammad Yunus (politician)

Political Party

Governing Political Party by term's length (As of 23 February 2022 )
Political Party Chief Ministers Term
Shortest Longest Total
Indian National Congress Sri Krishna Sinha

Deep Narayan Singh

Binodanand Jha

Krishna Ballabh Sahay

Bhola Paswan Shastri (3)

Harihar Singh

Daroga Prasad Rai

Kedar Pandey

Abdul Gafoor

Jagannath Mishra (3)

Chandrashekhar Singh

Bindeshwari Dubey

Bhagwat Jha Azad

Satyendra Narayan Sinha

0 years, 17 days 13 years, 169 days 33 years, 148 days
Samata Party

Janata Dal (United)

Nitish Kumar (3)

Jitan Ram Manjhi

0 years, 7 days 8 years, 320 days 18 years, 52days
Rashtriya Janata Dal Rabri Devi 0 years, 359 days 4 years, 360 days 7 year, 190 days
Janata Dal Lalu Prasad Yadav 2 years, 112 days 5 years, 18 days 7 years, 130 days
President's rule None 0 years, 7 days 0 years, 291 days 4 years, 49 days
Janata Party Karpoori Thakur

Ram Sundar Das

2 years, 238 days 2 years, 238 days 2 years, 238 days
Jana Kranti Dal Mahamaya Prasad Sinha 0 years, 329 days 0 years, 329 days 0 years, 329 days
Socialist Party Karpoori Thakur 0 years, 163 days 0 years, 163 days 0 years, 163 days
Indian National Congress (O) Bhola Paswan Shastri 0 years, 13 days 0 years, 13 days 0 years, 13 days
Samyukta Socialist Party Satish Prasad Singh

Bindheshwari Prasad Mandal

0 years, 5 days 0 years, 51 days 0 years, 56 days

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.

One of the achievements of the Bihar Government is that they have launched a Medhasoft Application for the students so that deserving students in the state get scholarships and the amount will be directly transferred to their account. However, in order to get this, school authorities have to upload all their student's details in the Medhasoft web portal.

Citations

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Karnataka as well.
  2. ^ "How Bihar was carved out of the Bengal Presidency in 1912". www.indianexpress.com. 22 March 2023. Retrieved 23 June 2023.
  3. ^ "Nitish Kumar's government in Bihar not outvoted as much as outmanoeuvred by Laloo Yadav".