Chief Minister of Manipur
Incumbent
Nongthombam Biren Singh
since 15 March 2017
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofManipur Legislative Assembly
Reports toGovernor of Manipur
AppointerGovernor of Manipur
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holderMairembam Koireng Singh
Formation1 July 1963
(60 years ago)
 (1963-07-01)
DeputyList of deputy chief ministers of Manipur

The chief minister of Manipur is the chief executive of the Indian state of Manipur. As per the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Manipur Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1963, twelve people have served as Chief Minister of Manipur. Five of these belonged to the Indian National Congress, including the inaugural officeholder Mairembam Koireng Singh. The current incumbent Nongthombam Biren Singh is the first Chief Minister belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party.

List

No[a] Portrait Name Constituency Term of office Assembly

(election)

Party[b]
1 Mairembam Koireng Singh Thanga 1 July 1963 11 January 1967 3 years, 194 days Interim Indian National Congress
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 12 January 1967 19 March 1967 66 days N/A
(1) Mairembam Koireng Singh Thanga 20 March 1967 4 October 1967 198 days 1st

(1967)

Indian National Congress
2 Longjam Thambou Singh Keishamthong 13 October 1967 24 October 1967 11 days Manipur United Front
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 25 October 1967 18 February 1968 116 days N/A
(1) Mairembam Koireng Singh Thanga 19 February 1968 16 October 1969 1 year, 239 days
(5 years, 266 days)
Indian National Congress
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 17 October 1969 22 March 1972 2 years, 157 days N/A
3 Mohammed Alimuddin Lilong 23 March 1972 27 March 1973 1 year, 4 days 2nd

(1972)

Manipur Peoples Party
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 28 March 1973 3 March 1974 340 days N/A
(3) Mohammed Alimuddin Lilong 4 March 1974 9 July 1974 127 days
(1 year, 131 days)
3rd

(1974)

Manipur Peoples Party
4 Yangmaso Shaiza Ukhrul 10 July 1974 5 December 1974 148 days Manipur Hills Union
5 Rajkumar Dorendra Singh Yaiskul 6 December 1974 15 May 1977 2 years, 160 days Indian National Congress
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 16 May 1977 28 June 1977 43 days N/A
(4) Yangmaso Shaiza Ukhrul 29 June 1977 13 November 1979 2 years, 137 days
(2 years, 285 days)
Janata Party
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 14 November 1979 13 January 1980 60 days N/A
(5) Rajkumar Dorendra Singh Yaiskul 14 January 1980 26 November 1980 317 days 4th

(1980)

Indian National Congress
6 Rishang Keishing Phungyar 27 November 1980 27 February 1981 92 days
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 28 February 1981 18 June 1981 110 days N/A
(6) Rishang Keishing Phungyar 19 June 1981 3 March 1988 6 years, 258 days Indian National Congress
5th

(1984)

7 Rajkumar Jaichandra Singh Sagolband 4 March 1988 22 February 1990 1 year, 355 days
8 Rajkumar Ranbir Singh Keishamthong 23 February 1990 6 January 1992 1 year, 317 days 6th

(1990)

Manipur Peoples Party
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 7 January 1992 7 April 1992 91 days N/A
(5) Rajkumar Dorendra Singh Yaiskul 8 April 1992 10 April 1993 1 year, 2 days
(4 years, 114 days)
Indian National Congress
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 31 December 1993 13 December 1994 347 days N/A
(6) Rishang Keishing Phungyar 14 December 1994 15 December 1997 3 years, 1 day
(9 years, 351 days)
Indian National Congress
7th

(1995)

9 Wahengbam Nipamacha Singh Wangoi 16 December 1997 14 February 2001 3 years, 60 days
8th

(2000)

Manipur State Congress Party
10 Radhabinod Koijam Thangmeiband 15 February 2001 1 June 2001 106 days Samata Party
Vacant[c]
(President's rule)
N/A 2 June 2001 6 March 2002 277 days N/A
11 Okram Ibobi Singh Thoubal 7 March 2002 1 March 2007 15 years, 11 days 9th

(2002)

Indian National Congress
2 March 2007 5 March 2012 10th

(2007)

6 March 2012 14 March 2017 11th

(2012)

12 N. Biren Singh Heignang 15 March 2017 21 March 2022 6 years, 158 days 12th

(2017)

Bharatiya Janata Party
21 March 2022 Incumbent 13th
(2022)

Timeline

N. Biren SinghOkram Ibobi SinghRadhabinod KoijamWahengbam Nipamacha SinghRajkumar Ranbir SinghRajkumar Jaichandra SinghRishang KeishingRajkumar Dorendra SinghYangmaso ShaizaMohammed AlimuddinLongjam Thambou SinghMairembam Koireng Singh

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ A number inside brackets indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[2]
References
  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Manipur as well.
  2. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.