Chief Minister of Union Territory/State of Jammu and Kashmir and prime ministers
Incumbent
vacant
since 31 October 2019
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCM
Member ofJammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
Reports toLt. Governor of Jammu and Kashmir
AppointerLt. Governor of Jammu and Kashmir
Inaugural holderMehr Chand Mahajan (as Prime Minister)
Formation30 March 1965
(59 years ago)
 (1965-03-30)

The chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir was the title given to the head of government of Jammu and Kashmir. As per the Constitution of India, the lieutenant governor is the state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, the lieutenant governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The lieutenant governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.

The post was established after the 6th amendment to the state's constitution (effective 6 June 1965) abolished the title of Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.[1][2][3] Subsequently, the ruling prime minister, Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq, was sworn in as the first chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir. The State of Jammu and Kashmir was reorganised into a union territory on 31 October 2019.

The office of Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir has been vacant since 20 June 2018. Until 19 December 2018 the state was under the governor's rule, and then under the president's rule until 30 October 2019. After the state was reorganised into a Union territory in October 2019, the president's rule was discharged via the lieutenant governor. Currently, the Lieutenant Governor of Jammu and Kashmir serves as the head of government of union territory of Jammu and Kashmir until a new chief minister is in place following the next Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly election.

Prime ministers of state of Jammu and Kashmir (1947–1965)

Colour key for parties

  Indian National Congress
  National Conference
  Independent
Prime Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir
No.[a] Portrait Name Constituency Tenure[4] Assembly Appointer

(Sadr-e-Riyasat)

Party[b]
From To Days in office
1 Mehr Chand Mahajan  – 15 October 1947 5 March 1948 142 days Interim

Government

Maharaja Hari Singh

(Monarch)

Independent
2 Sheikh Abdullah  – 5 March 1948 31 October 1951 5 years, 157 days National Conference
31 October 1951 9 August 1953 1st Assembly

(1951 election)

3 Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad Safa Kadal 9 August 1953 25 March 1957 10 years, 125 days Maharaja Karan Singh
25 March 1957 18 February 1962 2nd Assembly

(1957 election)

18 February 1962 12 October 1963 3rd Assembly

(1962 election)

4 Khwaja Shamsuddin Anantnag 12 October 1963 29 February 1964 140 days
5 Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Tankipura 29 February 1964 30 March 1965 1 year, 30 days Indian National Congress

Chief ministers of the state of Jammu and Kashmir (1965–2019)

Colour key for parties

  Awami National Conference
  Indian National Congress
  National Conference
  People's Democratic Party
No[c] Portrait Name Constituency Tenure[4] Assembly Party[d]
1 Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq Tankipura 30 March 1965 21 February 1967 6 years, 257 days 3rd

(1962 election)

Indian National Congress
Amira Kadal 21 February 1967 12 December 1971 4th

(1967 election)

2 Syed Mir Qasim Verinag 12 December 1971 17 June 1972 3 years, 75 days
17 June 1972 25 February 1975 5th

(1972 election)

3 Sheikh Abdullah MLC 25 February 1975 26 March 1977 2 years, 29 days National Conference
Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 26 March 1977 9 July 1977 105 days Dissolved N/A
(3) Sheikh Abdullah Ganderbal 9 July 1977 8 September 1982 5 years, 61 days 6th

(1977 election)

National Conference
4 Farooq Abdullah Ganderbal 8 September 1982 24 November 1983 1 year, 298 days
24 November 1983 2 July 1984 7th

(1983 election)

5 Ghulam Mohammad Shah MLC 2 July 1984 6 March 1986 1 year, 247 days Awami National Conference
Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 6 March 1986 5 September 1986 183 days N/A
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 6 September 1986 7 November 1986 62 days
(4) Farooq Abdullah Ganderbal 7 November 1986 23 March 1987 3 years, 73 days National Conference
23 March 1987 19 January 1990 8th

(1987 election)

Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 19 January 1990 18 July 1990 180 days Dissolved N/A
Vacant
(President's rule)
N/A 19 July 1990 9 October 1996 6 years, 82 days
(4) Farooq Abdullah Ganderbal 9 October 1996 18 October 2002 6 years, 9 days 9th
(1996 election)
National Conference
- Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 18 October 2002 2 November 2002 15 days 10th
(2002 election)
N/A
6 Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Pahalgam 2 November 2002 2 November 2005 3 years, 0 days People's Democratic Party
7 Ghulam Nabi Azad Bhaderwah 2 November 2005 11 July 2008 2 years, 252 days Indian National Congress
Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 11 July 2008 5 January 2009 178 days Dissolved N/A
8 Omar Abdullah Ganderbal 5 January 2009 8 January 2015 6 years, 3 days 11th
(2008 election)
National Conference
Vacant[5]
(Governor's rule)
N/A 8 January 2015 1 March 2015 52 days 12th
(2014 election)
N/A
(6) Mufti Mohammad Sayeed Anantnag 1 March 2015 7 January 2016 312 days People's Democratic Party
Vacant
(Governor's rule)
N/A 7 January 2016 4 April 2016 88 days N/A
9 Mehbooba Mufti Anantnag 4 April 2016 20 June 2018 2 years, 77 days People's Democratic Party
Vacant[6]
(Governor's rule)
N/A 20 June 2018 19 December 2018 182 days Dissolved N/A
Vacant[7]
(President's rule)
N/A 20 December 2018 30 October 2019 314 days

Chief ministers of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir (2019-present)

No[e] Portrait Name Constituency Tenure[4] Assembly Party[d]
Vacant[7]
(President's rule)
N/A 30 October 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 196 days Dissolved N/A

See also

Notes

  1. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  2. ^ This column only names the chief minister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  3. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.
  4. ^ a b This columnister's party. The state government he headed may have been a complex coalition of several parties and independents; these are not listed here.
  5. ^ A parenthetical number indicates that the incumbent has previously held office.

References

  1. ^ "A J&K Primer: From Myth to Reality | Centre for Policy Research". www.cprindia.org. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  2. ^ "From 1965 to 2009, Om Prakash is the eighth chief minister". Hindustan Times. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Chronicle of Important events/date in J&K's political history". www.jammu-kashmir.com. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Prime Ministers and Chief Ministers of Jammu and Kashmir since 1947. General Administration Department, Government of Jammu and Kashmir. Retrieved on 29 April 2014.
  5. ^ Bharti Jain. "Governor's rule imposed in Jammu & Kashmir". The Times of India. 9 January 2015.
  6. ^ "President approves governor's rule in Jammu and Kashmir". The Times of India. 20 June 2018.
  7. ^ a b "President’s Rule Imposed in Jammu and Kashmir". The Quint. 19 December 2018.