Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Āndhra Pradēś Mukhyamantri
Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Incumbent
Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
since 30 May 2019 (2019-05-30)
Chief Minister's Office
StyleThe Honourable (Formal)
Mr./Mrs. Chief Minister (Informal)
StatusHead of Government
AbbreviationCMoAP
Member ofAndhra Pradesh Legislature
Andhra Pradesh Council of Ministers
Reports toGovernor of Andhra Pradesh
SeatAndhra Pradesh Secretariat
AppointerGovernor of Andhra Pradesh
Term lengthAt the confidence of the assembly
Chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]
Inaugural holder
Formation1 November 1956; 67 years ago (1956-11-01)
DeputyDeputy Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
WebsiteGovernment of Andhra Pradesh

The chief minister of Andhra Pradesh is the chief executive of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. In accordance with the Constitution of India, the governor is a state's de jure head, but de facto executive authority rests with the chief minister. Following elections to the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, the state's governor usually invites the party (or coalition) with a majority of seats to form the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly. Given that he has the confidence of the assembly, the chief minister's term is for five years and is subject to no term limits.[1]

Since 1953, there have been 19 chief ministers with the majority of them belonging to the Indian National Congress party. In 1953, Tanguturi Prakasam became the first chief minister of the Andhra state. In 1956, Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy became the first chief minister of Andhra Pradesh post the re-organization of Indian states. The longest-serving chief minister was N. Chandrababu Naidu from Telugu Desam Party, who held the office for over thirteen years across multiple terms while N. Bhaskara Rao from the Congress had the shortest tenure of 31 days. Naidu was also the first chief minister of the state post the bifurcation of Telangana in 2014. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy later became the President of India, while P. V. Narasimha Rao later became the Prime minister of India. There have been three instances of President's rule in Andhra Pradesh, most recently in 2014.

The current incumbent is Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy of the YSR Congress since 30 May 2019.

List of chief ministers

Andhra State

On 1 October 1953, 11 districts in the Telugu-speaking portion of Madras State became the new Andhra State with Kurnool as the capital. [2]

# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Tanguturi Prakasam
(1913–1996)
1 October 1953 15 November 1954 1 year, 45 days 1952
(1st)
Indian National Congress Prakasam Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
President's rule imposed during the period (15 November 1954 – 28 March 1955)[a]
2 Bezawada Gopala Reddy
(1913–1996)
MLA for Atmakur
28 March 1955 31 October 1956 1 year, 217 days 1955
(2nd)
Indian National Congress Gopala Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi

Hyderabad State

Hyderabad State included nine Telugu districts of Telangana, four Kannada districts in Gulbarga division and four Marathi districts in Aurangabad division.After the States reorganisation in 1956, regions west of the red and blue lines merged with Bombay and Mysore States respectively and the remaining part (Telangana) was merged with Andhra State to form United Andhra Pradesh.

# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Mullath Kadingi Vellodi
(1896–1987)
Civil servant
26 January 1950 6 March 1952 2 years, 40 days
(1st)
Independent Vellodi Mir Osman Ali Khan
2 Burgula Ramakrishna Rao
(1899–1967)
MLA for Shadnagar
6 March 1952 31 October 1956 4 years, 239 days 1952
(2nd)
Indian National Congress Burgula

Andhra Pradesh

On 1 November 1956, Government of India enacted the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 by which Hyderabad State ceased to exist with its Gulbarga and Aurangabad divisions merged into Mysore State and Bombay State respectively and remaining Telugu-speaking portion was merged with Andhra State to form the new state of Andhra Pradesh.[4] The state was further bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh and Telangana on 2 June 2014 by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 reducing the seats in the Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly from 294 to 175.[5]

# Portrait Chief Minister
(Lifespan)
Constituency
Term of office Election
(Term)
Party Government Appointed by
(Governor)
1 Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(1913–1996)
MLA for Srikalahasti
1 November 1956 11 January 1960 3 years, 71 days 1955
(1st)
Indian National Congress Neelam I Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi
1957
(2nd)
Neelam II
2 Damodaram Sanjivayya
(1921–1972)
MLA for Kurnool
11 January 1960 12 March 1962 2 years, 60 days Sanjivayya Bhim Sen Sachar
(1) Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(1913–1996)
MLA for Dhone
12 March 1962 21 February 1964 1 year, 346 days 1962
(3rd)
Neelam III
3 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy
(1909–1994)
MLA for Narasaraopet
21 February 1964 30 September 1971 7 years, 221 days Kasu I Satyawant Mallannah Shrinagesh
1967
(4th)
Kasu II Pattom A. Thanu Pillai
4 Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao
(1921–2004)
MLA for Manthani
30 September 1971 10 January 1973 1 year, 102 days 1972
(5th)
Narasimha Khandubhai Kasanji Desai
President's rule imposed during the period (11 January 1973 – 10 December 1973)[a]
5 Jalagam Vengala Rao
(1921–1999)
MLA for Vemsoor
10 December 1973 6 March 1978 4 years, 86 days 1972
(5th)
Indian National Congress Jalagam Khandubhai Kasanji Desai
6 Marri Chenna Reddy
(1919–1996)
MLA for Medchal
6 March 1978 11 October 1980 2 years, 219 days 1978
(6th)
Marri I Sharda Mukherjee
7 Tanguturi Anjaiah
(1919–1986)
MLC
11 October 1980 24 February 1982 1 year, 136 days Anjaiah K. C. Abraham
8 Bhavanam Venkatarami Reddy
(1931–2002)
MLC
24 February 1982 20 September 1982 208 days Bhavanam
9 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
(1920–2001)
MLA for Kurnool
20 September 1982 9 January 1983 111 days Kotla I
10 Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
(1923–1996)
MLA for Tirupati
9 January 1983 16 August 1984 1 year, 220 days 1983
(7th)
Telugu Desam Party Rao I
11 Nadendla Bhaskara Rao
(born 1935)
MLA for Vemuru
16 August 1984 16 September 1984 31 days Nadendla Thakur Ram Lal
(10) Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
(1923–1996)
MLA for Tirupati
1984–1985
MLA for Hindupur 1985–1989
16 September 1984 9 March 1985 174 days Rao I Shankar Dayal Sharma
9 March 1985 3 December 1989 4 years, 269 days 1985
(8th)
Rao II
(6) Marri Chenna Reddy
(1919–1996)
MLA for Sanathnagar
3 December 1989 17 December 1990 1 year, 14 days 1989
(9th)
Indian National Congress Marri II Kumudben Joshi
12 Nedurumalli Janardhana Reddy
(1935–2014)
MLA for Venkatagiri
17 December 1990 9 October 1992 1 year, 297 days Janardhana Krishan Kant
(9) Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy
(1920–2001)
MLA for Panyam
9 October 1992 12 December 1994 2 years, 64 days Kotla II
(10) Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao
(1923–1996)
MLA for Hindupur
12 December 1994 1 September 1995 263 days 1994
(10th)
Telugu Desam Party Rao III
13 Nara Chandrababu Naidu
(born 1950)
MLA for Kuppam
1 September 1995 11 October 1999 4 years, 40 days Naidu I
11 October 1999 14 May 2004 4 years, 216 days 1999
(11th)
Naidu II C. Rangarajan
14 Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy
(1949–2009)
MLA for Pulivendla
14 May 2004 20 May 2009 5 years, 6 days 2004
(12th)
Indian National Congress Reddy I Surjit Singh Barnala
20 May 2009 2 September 2009 105 days 2009
(13th)
Reddy II N. D. Tiwari
15 Konijeti Rosaiah
(1933–2021)
MLC
3 September 2009 25 November 2010 1 year, 83 days Konijeti
16 Nallari Kiran Kumar Reddy
(born 1959)
MLA for Pileru
25 November 2010 1 March 2014 3 years, 96 days Kiran E. S. L. Narasimhan
President's rule imposed during the period (1 March 2014 – 7 June 2014)[a][b]
(13) Nara Chandrababu Naidu
(born 1950)
MLA for Kuppam
8 June 2014 30 May 2019 4 years, 356 days 2014
(14th)
Telugu Desam Party Naidu III E. S. L. Narasimhan
17 Yeduguri Sandinti Jagan Mohan Reddy
(born 1972)
MLA for Pulivendla
30 May 2019 Incumbent 4 years, 218 days 2019
(15th)
YSR Congress Party Jagan

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c President's rule may be imposed when the "government in a state is not able to function as per the Constitution", which often happens because no party or coalition has a majority in the assembly. When President's rule is in force in a state, its council of ministers stands dissolved. The office of chief minister thus lies vacant, and the administration is taken over by the governor, who functions on behalf of the central government. At times, the legislative assembly also stands dissolved.[3] Cite error: The named reference "PR" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  2. ^ After 58 years, the state was bifurcated into Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states on 2 June 2014 by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014. After state reorganisation Andhra Pradesh Sasana sabha seats come down from 294 to 175 seats.

References

  1. ^ a b Durga Das Basu. Introduction to the Constitution of India. 1960. 20th Edition, 2011 Reprint. pp. 241, 245. LexisNexis Butterworths Wadhwa Nagpur. ISBN 978-81-8038-559-9. Note: although the text talks about Indian state governments in general, it applies for the specific case of Andhra Pradesh as well.
  2. ^ "Indian Express October 2, 1953". Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  3. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  4. ^ "Seventh Amendment, 1956". Government of India. Retrieved 19 November 2023.
  5. ^ Gazette Notification of commencement (PDF) (Report). Government of India. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
  6. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.
  7. ^ Amberish K. Diwanji. "A dummy's guide to President's rule". Rediff.com. 15 March 2005.