This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Madanapalle" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Madanapalle
Maryada Ramanna Puram
City
Madanapalle town view
Madanapalle town view
Nickname(s): 
Tomato Hub of Andhra Pradesh , Andhra ooty
Madanapalle is located in Andhra Pradesh
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Madanapalle is located in India
Madanapalle
Madanapalle
Coordinates: 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictAnnamayya
Founded bySri Maadanna
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyMadanapalle Municipality, PKMUDA
Area
 • Total56.3 km2 (21.7 sq mi)
Elevation
695 m (2,280 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total180,180
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
517 325,517326,517319
Telephone code+91– 8571
Vehicle registrationAP03
Websitemadanapalle.cdma.ap.gov.in/en

Madanapalle is the largest city in Annamayya district and Rajampet Lok Sabha constituency of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a Selection Grade Municipal City Council . Madanapalle is headquarters of Madanapalle Mandal,Madanapalle revenue division and PKM Urban Development Authority.[3][4]

History

Madanapalle was founded by Sri Maadanna in 1618 AD.[4]

Sir Thomas Munro was first collector of Cuddapah. He constructed a small thatched house at the present Collector's bungalow and visited Madanapalle every summer. Madanapalle (Telugu:మదనపల్లె) or Madanapalle mandal (Mandal code-35), is a mandal HQ, town and a Municipality in Annamayya district of Andhra Pradesh state, India.Legend has it that the name of the town was originally " Maryaada raamanna puram" which has over time, changed into " Madanapalle". In 1850, Madanapalle was developed as subdivision and F.B. Manoly was the first Sub Collector. The town experienced several natural calamities like floods, famines and epidemics.[5]

Rabindranath Tagore translated "Jana Gana Mana" from Bengali to English and also set it to western musical notations in Madanapalle. [6] The notes were provided by Tagore himself.[7] The national anthem was written by Rabindranath Tagore as early as in 1911 and was sung at the annual session of the Indian National Congress at Calcutta on 27 December that year.

Geography

It is located at an average elevation of 695 m (2,280 ft) above mean sea level.[8]

Madanapalle is located at 13°33′N 78°30′E / 13.55°N 78.50°E / 13.55; 78.50.[9]

There are 21 villages in this mandal:

  1. Chinnathippasamudram (CTM)
  2. Kasiraopeta
  3. Kothavaripalle
  4. Pothapolu
  5. Venkappakota
  6. Bandameeda kammapalle
  7. Kollabylu
  8. Ponnetipalem
  9. Chippili
  10. Pappireddipalle
  11. Kammapalle
  12. Basinikonda
  13. Pamaiahgaripalle
  14. Molakaladinne
  15. Valasapalle
  16. Madanapalle (rural)
  17. Ankisettipalle
  18. Vem palle
  19. Malepadu
  20. Penchupadu
  21. Theneegalavaripalle
Climate data for Madanapalle
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.4
(92.1)
34.9
(94.8)
35
(95)
32.1
(89.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.1
(86.2)
29.9
(85.8)
28.6
(83.5)
26.8
(80.2)
25.7
(78.3)
30.4
(86.6)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.8
(62.2)
19.4
(66.9)
22.2
(72.0)
23.6
(74.5)
22.8
(73.0)
21.8
(71.2)
21.8
(71.2)
21.2
(70.2)
20.2
(68.4)
17.8
(64.0)
15.6
(60.1)
19.9
(67.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
2
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
28
(1.1)
61
(2.4)
51
(2.0)
81
(3.2)
73
(2.9)
111
(4.4)
143
(5.6)
54
(2.1)
32
(1.3)
643
(25.4)
[citation needed]

Source : Climate[10]

Madanapalle has mild to warm summers with average high temperatures of 30 to 35 °C (86 to 95 °F). Temperatures do not exceed 40 °C (104 °F) and winters are cold with temperatures between 7 and 15 °C (45 and 59 °F). Usually summer lasts from March to June, with the advent of rainy season in June, followed by winter which lasts till the end of February.[citation needed]

Demographics

Religions in Madanapalle
Religion Percent
Hindus
73.05%
Muslims
24.83%
Christians
1.66%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.08%), not stated (0.22%) and other (.10%)

As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 180,180. The total population constitute, 90,700 males, 89,480 females and 13,448 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 81.40% with 99,486 literates, significantly higher than the national average of 73.00%.[11]

Governance

Civic administration

The municipality was formed on 1 April 1961 and is spread over an area of 14.20 km2 (5.48 sq mi).[1] There are 35 election wards represented by a councilor.[4] Madanapalle urban agglomeration is spread over an area of 23.44 km2 (9.05 sq mi).[3] Its constituents include the municipality of Madanapalle, the out growths of Ankisettipalle, Chippili, Pamaiahgaripalle, Papireddipalle, Venkappakota, Basinikonda, Kollabylu, Ponnetipalem and Madanapalle (rural).[12]

Politics

Madanapalle is an Assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh and the constituency number is 164 in Rajampet Lok Sabha constituency.

Economy

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

The economy is based on agriculture and main products include tomato, mango, groundnut, tamarind. Madanapalle is the biggest tomato market in Asia. [13] The tomatoes from here are supplied to the most of the southern states & some of the northern states of India.[14]

It is also famous for silk and silk products like saris and other casuals. The quality of silk product is recognizable. You can purchase silk sarees here at production cost. These are supplied to all major cities in South India including Bengaluru, Chennai and all silk product towns for sales.[15]

Transport

Madanapalle is very well connected by road and rail. There are three Bus terminals in Madanapalle. State owned APSRTC buses run to different parts of the district, state and interstate – Bengaluru (KA), Kolar (KA), Chintamani (KA) and Chennai (TN), Vellore (TN).

Madanapalle Road Railway Station (MPL) is situated on Dharmavarm - Pakala Branch line and all trains stop here. Trains are available here to travel to Guntakal, Tirupati, Vijayawada. Daily trains are available from and to Guntakal & Tirupati. Other nearest Railway Station is Kurabalakota Railway Station where only Passenger trains stop.New Kadapa to Kolar via Madanapalle Railway line is under construction it Kadapa–Bangalore section.In this project planned to Upgrade Madanapalle Road Railway station as Junction and one New Railway station to Madanapalle Town.

Three National Highways and One Major State Highway passes through Madanapalle.

NH 71 - Madanapalle to Naidupeta Via Pileru

NH 42 - Uravakonda to Krishnagiri Via Kuppam

NH 340 - Kadapa to Bangalore.

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[16][17] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.[citation needed]

Madanapalle has long standing educational institutions like Besant Theosophical College,founded by Dr.Annie Besant in 1915.First Degree college in Rayalaseema Region and Rabindranath Tagore translated Jana Gana Mana from Bengali to English,Outside of Calcutta, the song was first sung by the bard himself at a session in Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh on 28 February 1919 when Tagore visited the college and sung the song. The song enthralled the college students while Margaret Cousins, then vice-principal of the college (also an expert in European music and wife of Irish poet James Cousins), both requested Tagore to create an English translation of the song and set down the musical notation to the national anthem which were provided by Tagore himself.[7]

Rishi Valley School, a boarding school, founded by the philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti,[18] [19] Under Management of Krishnamurthy Foundation of India

Zilla Parishad High School, which was founded in 1924, Vasishta School (ICSE, AP State Syllabus) which was founded in 1981.[20]

It also has five engineering colleges:

It also has some notable intermediate colleges like

The government of Andhra Pradesh is planning to establish Government Medical College near Madanapalle and land acquisition has started.[21]

Entertainment

There were many cinema theatres. At this moment, theatres Sai Chitra, Ravi, Sunil, A.S.R, Sree Krishna, Sidhartha, Mini Sidhartha only operating. Madhusudhana, Pancharatna, Avanthi, Usha, Jyothi, Mallikarjuna, Mini Mallikarjuna, Sesh Mahal, Bhavani, M.S.R.(Tarakarama) theatres closed or converted for other business purpose now.

Member Of Legislative Members of Madanapalle (1952-present)

Madanapalle is an assembly constituency in Andhra Pradesh. Member of Legislative's (MLA) of MADANAPALLE from 1952 to till now

S.No Year Party Name Name Ref
1 1952 Communist Party of India (CPI) Dodda Seetharamaiah
2 1955 Indian National Congress (INC) T.G.K. Gupta
3 1962 Communist Party of India (CPI) Dodda Seetharamaiah
4 1967 Indian National Congress (INC) A. Narasingarao
5 1972 Indian National Congress (INC) A. Narasingarao
6 1978 Indian National Congress (INC) G.V. Narayana Reddy
7 1983 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) R. Narayana Reddy
8 1985 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) R. Narayana Reddy
9 1989 Indian National Congress (INC) A. Mohan Reddy
10 1994 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) R. Sagar Reddy
11 1999 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) R. Shobha rani
12 2004 Telugu Desam Party (TDP) Dommalapati Ramesh
13 2009 Indian National Congress (INC) Mohammed Shahjahan Basha
14 2014 YSRCP Thippa Reddy
15 2019 YSRCP Nawaj Bhasha

Notable people

S.No Name Occupation Ref
1 Jiddu Krishnamurti philosopher [22]
2 Rama Prabha actress [citation needed]
3 Bindu Madhavi Tamil film actress [23]
4 Sri Madhukarnath yogi and spiritual teacher [24]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Commissioner & Director of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration & Urban Development Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 23 October 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Andhra Pradesh (India): Districts, Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards – Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
  3. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 19, 21, 58. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c ":: MADANAPALLE Municipality". cdma.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  5. ^ "Indian cyclone abates after killing more than 120 - India | ReliefWeb". reliefweb.int. 17 June 1996. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  6. ^ "Going in search of Tagore". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  7. ^ a b "Home". 1950.
  8. ^ "About Us | Commissioner and Director of Municipal Administration". cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  9. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Madanapalle, India". fallingrain.com.
  10. ^ "Madanapalle climate". en.climate-data.org. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  11. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  12. ^ "Name of Urban Agglomeration and its State constituent Units-2011" (PDF). Census of India. p. 11,22–23. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Madanapalle tomato market losing its sheen?". The Hindu. 4 February 2022.
  14. ^ Kumar, V. Pradeep (2 July 2018). "Tomato glut hits farmers hard". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  15. ^ "Traders expect Rs 30 crore business with rise in demand for Venkatagiri sarees". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  16. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  17. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  18. ^ "Home". mits.ac.in.
  19. ^ "India's Top-ranked Legacy Boarding.Schools". EducationWorld: 138. September 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  20. ^ "Zilla Parishad High School (ZPHS) Madanapalli". veethi.com.
  21. ^ India, The Hans (1 October 2020). "Madanapalli to get government medical college". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  22. ^ "Get acquainted with J Krishnamurti". Hindustan Times. 29 January 2022. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  23. ^ "Bindu Madhavi interview - Telugu Cinema interview - Telugu film actress". www.idlebrain.com. Archived from the original on 24 June 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  24. ^ "'Spiritual evolution is individual'". The Hindu. 28 December 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 12 July 2023.