Yuvajana Shramika Rythu Congress Party
Youth, Labour, and Farmer Congress Party
AbbreviationYSRCP or YCP
PresidentY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
SecretaryV. Vijayasai Reddy
Parliamentary ChairpersonV. Vijayasai Reddy
Lok Sabha leaderP. V. Midhun Reddy
Rajya Sabha leaderV. Vijayasai Reddy
FounderY. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
Founded12 March 2011 (11 years ago) (2011-03-12)
Split fromIndian National Congress
HeadquartersPlot no. 13, Suryadevara Township, Tadepalle, Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, India
NewspaperSakshi, Prajanetha
Student wingP Chaitanya
Youth wingByreddy Siddharth Reddy [1]
Women's wingPothula Sunitha
Labour wingP Goutham Reddy
Peasant's wingMVS Nagireddy
IdeologySecularism[2]
Regionalism[3]
Social equality[4]
Economic populism[5]
Political positionCentre-left[6]
Colours Blue (mostly)
White
Green
ECI StatusState party
Seats in Lok Sabha
22 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
9 / 245
Seats in Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
151 / 175
Seats in Andhra Pradesh Legislative Council
33 / 58
Number of states and union territories in government
1 / 31
Election symbol
Ceiling Fan
Party flag
Ysr cp flag.jpg
Website
www.ysrcongress.com/en

The Yuvajana Shramika Rythu Congress Party (YSRCP or YCP; transl. 'Youth, Labour, and Farmer Congress Party')[7] is an Indian regional political party based in the state of Andhra Pradesh.[8] Its [9][10] president Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy[11] serves as the state's chief minister. It is currently the fifth largest party in the Lok Sabha with 22 seats.

Origins

After the sudden death of the then-incumbent Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (YSR) in a helicopter crash in September 2009,[12] his son Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy, the incumbent MP from Kadapa, started an Odarpu Yatra (condolence tour) across Andhra Pradesh, to console the families of those who had committed suicide or died of shock after the death of his father. This tour was not supported by the Congress leadership.[13] Defying the Congress Working Committee's order to call off the tour, Jagan went ahead with the first leg of the "Odarpu Yatra" in the West Godavari and Khammam districts in April 2010.[14]

Meanwhile, Sakshi TV news channel and Sakshi newspaper, which are closely affiliated with YSR and Jagan, had been continuously criticizing the new Chief Minister Konijeti Rosaiah and the Congress leadership at New Delhi. In a special programme on Sakshi TV to mark the 125th anniversary celebrations of the Congress party, a voice-over made remarks on Sonia Gandhi and the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on the "current state of affairs" in the State, which invited anger and protests from the Congress loyalists and increased the gap and friction between Jagan and the Congress loyalists.[15] The channel later deleted those remarks in a re-telecast.[citation needed]

After accusing the Congress of ill-treating him and creating rift in his family by luring his uncle Y. S. Vivekananda Reddy (younger brother of YSR) with a state ministerial berth in the aftermath of the death of his father, Jagan and his mother Y. S. Vijayamma resigned from the Kadapa Lok Sabha and Pulivendula Assembly constituencies respectively and also as members of the Congress in November 2010.[16][9][17] Many Congress leaders loyal to Jagan also quit the Congress and joined the YSR Congress. This resulted in the weakening of the Congress's strength in both the assembly and the Lok Sabha, necessitating by-elections.

Electoral performance

In the ensuing by-elections, the party won most of the vacated seats with record-breaking majorities, with many of the Congress and the Telugu Desam Party (the main opposition) candidates losing their deposits.[18] The party has a strength of 151 members in the 175-member state assembly and 22 members in the Lok Sabha (out of 25 in AP) as the election results declared on 23 May 2019, simultaneously.[19] In March 2012, YSR Congress won the Kovur assembly seat in Nellore district in a by-election.

On 15 June 2012, YSR Congress won the Nellore Lok Sabha seat and 15 of 18 assembly seats in Andhra Pradesh. YSRCP leaders P. Subhash Chandra Bose from Ramachandrapuram constituency of East Godavari district and Konda Surekha from Parkal constituency of Warangal district, both ministers in the YSR cabinet, had switched to YSR Congress party but lost their races.[20]

It lost the 2014 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election to the Telugu Desam Party, which had previously been in opposition to the INC government. One-third of the MLAs who won for the YSR Congress in the 2014 elections had joined the Telugu Desam Party by 2017.[21]

It went for 2019 general elections by appointing Prashant Kishor, a renowned political strategist in Indian elections[22] and emerged as the 5th largest political party in India. It did not contest in Telangana Assembly election 2018.[23]

The party won the 2019 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly election in a landslide, winning 151 of the 175 seats, including a clean sweep of the Kadapa, Kurnool and Nellore districts. It has been in government since 30 May 2019.

List of chief ministers

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh

Further information: List of chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Assumed Office Left Office Time in Office Assembly Constituency Ministry
1 Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
(1972–)
30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 104 days 15th Pulivendla Chief Minister

Deputy chief ministers of Andhra Pradesh

No Name Term of office
1. Budi Mutyala Naidu 11 April 2022 Incumbent
2. Rajanna Dora Peedika 11 April 2022 Incumbent
3. Kottu Satyanarayana 11 April 2022 Incumbent
4. K. Narayana Swamy 8 June 2019 Incumbent
5. Amzath Basha Shaik Bepari 8 June 2019 Incumbent

Electoral history

Indian general elections

Vote share in consecutive Lok Sabha elections
2019
2.53%
2014
2.53%
Lok Sabha Elections
Election Year Party leader Seats contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Result
2014 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy 38
9 / 543
Increase 9 2.53% Steady 13,995,435 Others
2019 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy 25
22 / 543
Increase 13 2.53% Steady 15,537,006 Others

State Legislative Assembly elections

Vote share in consecutive Andhra Pradesh Assembly elections
2019
49.95%
2014
27.88%
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Elections[24]
Election Year Party leader Seats contested Seats won Change in seats Percentage of votes Vote swing Popular vote Result
2014 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy 175
70 / 175
Increase 70 27.88% Steady 13,494,076 Opposition
2019 Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy 175
151 / 175
Increase 81 49.95% Increase 27.88% 15,688,569 Government

See also

References

  1. ^ ((cite web| url=https://m.timesofindia.com/city/amaravati/andhra-pradesh-byreddy-siddharth-reddy-named-ysrcp-youth-wing-chief/amp_articleshow/92538613.cms
  2. ^ "Jagan 'appreciates' Modi, but committed to secularism". 30 September 2013.
  3. ^ "About us". YSRC Party. 1 January 2019.
  4. ^ "Ongole: Jagan implementing Ambedkar's ideology". 13 February 2020.
  5. ^ Price, Pamela; Srinivas, Dusi (August 2014). Piliavsky, Anastasia (ed.). "Patronage and autonomy in India's deepening democracy". Cambridge University Press: 217–236. doi:10.1017/CBO9781107296930.011. ISBN 978-1-107-29693-0.
  6. ^ "This is how Jagan Reddy has turned into a political juggernaut in Andhra".
  7. ^ "About the Party". YSR Congress Party. 16 October 2018. Retrieved 13 November 2021.
  8. ^ "Why YSR Congress?". 2011. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  9. ^ a b "'YSR Congress' is now Jagan's party - The Times of India". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 18 January 2020.
  10. ^ "Jaganmohan Reddy split from congress, for own party". The Economic Times. 29 November 2010. Archived from the original on 31 January 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
  11. ^ "Jaganmohan Reddy walks out of jail after 16 months". IndiaToday. 24 September 2013. Archived from the original on 21 January 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  12. ^ "national - News - msn". www.msn.com.
  13. ^ "Defiant Jagan to go ahead with 'Odarpu' yatra - The Times of India". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 22 October 2010.
  14. ^ http://zeenews.india.com/election09/story.aspx?aid=640242[dead link]
  15. ^ With TV attack on Sonia & PM, Jagan signals it’s time to go. Indian Express (2010-11-21). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  16. ^ "Jagan quits Congress, to float 'YSR Congress'". Zee News. 30 November 2010. Archived from the original on 6 March 2019.
  17. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : Jagan is national president of YSR Congress Party. The Hindu (2011-02-22). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  18. ^ "News /National: Jagan quits Congress, Kadapa Lok Sabha seat". The Hindu (2010-11-29). Retrieved on 2011-10-20.
  19. ^ P, Ashish; DelhiJune 6, ey New; June 6, 2018UPDATED; Ist, 2018 15:55. "Sumitra Mahajan accepts resignation of 5 YSRCP MPs". India Today. Archived from the original on 1 July 2019.((cite web)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  20. ^ "Jagan's YSR Congress wins Nellore Lok Sabha, 15 assembly seats". The Times Of India. 15 June 2012.
  21. ^ "Anti-defection Law Ignored as MLAs Jump Ship to TDP, TRS in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana". News18. Archived from the original on 19 January 2021.
  22. ^ NTV Telugu (9 July 2017), YS Jagan Introduces Political Strategist Prashant Kishor @ YSRCP Plenary Meeting 2017 || NTV, retrieved 25 November 2018
  23. ^ "YSRCP not to contest in Telangana elections, Pawan Kalyan still undecided". 11 November 2018.
  24. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Assembly Election Results". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 18 December 2020.