Y. S. Jagan Mohan Reddy
Reddy in 2019
17th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh
Assumed office
30 May 2019[1]
GovernorE. S. L. Narasimhan
B. Harichandan
S. Abdul Nazeer
DeputyK. Narayana Swamy
Amzath Basha
Budi Mutyala Naidu
Kottu Sattanarayana
Rajanna Dora Peedika
Preceded byN. Chandrababu Naidu
Member of Legislative Assembly
Andhra Pradesh
Assumed office
19 June 2014[2]
Preceded byY. S. Vijayamma
ConstituencyPulivendula
9th Leader of the Opposition
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
In office
21 May 2014[3] – 29 May 2019
GovernorE. S. L. Narasimhan
Chief MinisterN. Chandrababu Naidu
Preceded byN. Chandrababu Naidu
Succeeded byN. Chandrababu Naidu
1st President of YSR Congress Party
Assumed office
12 March 2011
ChairpersonY. S. Vijayamma
Preceded byPosition Established
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
13 May 2011[4] – 18 May 2014
Preceded byHimself
Succeeded byY. S. Avinash Reddy
ConstituencyKadapa
In office
1 June 2009[5] – 29 November 2010
Preceded byY. S. Vivekananda Reddy
Succeeded byHimself
ConstituencyKadapa
Personal details
Born
Yeduguri Sandinti Jaganmohan Reddy

(1972-12-21) 21 December 1972 (age 51)
Political partyYSR Congress Party
Other political
affiliations
Indian National Congress (until 2011)
Spouse
Y. S. Bharathi
(m. 1996)
Children2
Parents
Relatives
Residence(s)Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Yeduguri Sandinti Jagan Mohan Reddy (born 21 December 1972), also known as Y. S. Jagan or mononymously Jagan, is an Indian politician currently serving as the 17th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. He is the founder and president of the Indian political party, YSR Congress Party (YSRCP). He is also the son of Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh. Her Mother Y. S. Vijayamma, is the chairperson of YSR Congress Party.

Jagan Mohan Reddy started his political career in the Indian National Congress and was elected as the Member of Parliament of Kadapa in 2009.[6] After his father's death due to helicopter crash in 2009, he started Odarpu Yatra (a consoling tour) across the state.[7] He then eventually came out of the Congress Party and established his own party, YSR Congress Party which also matches his father's acronym, YSR.[8]

In 2014 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections, YSRCP won 67 seats and he became the Leader of the Opposition.[9] Five years later, in 2019 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections, he led the party to a landslide victory in the state elections by winning 151 seats of the total 175 assembly segments.[10]

Early life

Jagan Mohan Reddy was born in Christian Reddy family in Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district of Andhra Pradesh to Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy and Y. S. Vijayamma.[11][12] Reddy has a younger sister, Y. S. Sharmila, who is also a politician.[13]

He studied at The Hyderabad Public School up to 12th grade.[12] Tollywood actor Sumanth Kumar Yarlagadda was his best friend at school.[14] He graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree[11][12] from Pragathi Mahavidyalaya Degree and PG college,[image 1] Ram Koti, Hyderabad.[15]

Reddy married Bharathi on 28 August 1996.[11][12] The couple has two daughters, the elder of whom studied undergraduate in London.[11][12]

Business ventures

Reddy first acquired Sandur Power Company Limited (SPCL), a defunct power project from its original promoter M B Ghorpade in 2001.[16] SPCL later invested crores of rupees in other companies and could acquire more businesses. It is headed by his wife, Y. S. Bharathi.[17] Reddy sold his shares in SPCL and moved away from his active direct businesses as he got more involved in politics.[citation needed]

Political career

Reddy's father Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, popularly known as YSR, was a two-time chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, serving from 2004 to 2009. He started his political career campaigning for Indian National Congress during the 2004 elections in Kadapa district.[18] In 2009, he was elected as Member of Parliament from Kadapa Lok Sabha constituency.[18]

Following the death of his father in September 2009, he started efforts to take up the political legacy left by his father. The majority of the legislators favoured him to be appointed as the Chief Minister, but this choice was not approved by party leaders Sonia and Rahul Gandhi.

Six months after his father's death, he began an odarpu yatra (condolence tour), as promised earlier, to go and meet the families of those alleged to have either committed suicide or suffered ill health on the news of his father's death. The Congress party's central leadership directed him to call off his odarpu yatra, an order which he defied leading to a fallout between the high command and himself. He went ahead with the yatra, stating that it was a personal matter.[19]

2010–2014: Founding of YSR Congress Party

Following the fallout with the Congress party high command, on 29 November 2010, he resigned from Kadapa Lok Sabha constituency and has also quit the party. His mother, Vijayamma, has also resigned from Pulivendula Assembly constituency and has quit the party as well.[20] He announced on 7 December 2010 from Pulivendula that he would be starting a new party within 45 days.[21] In March 2011, he announced that he would launch the new party, named YSR Congress Party, at Jaggampeta, East Godavari district.[22] Later, his party went to by-polls in Kadapa district and won almost all the seats with a huge majority.[23] Reddy, as the president of YSR Congress, faced by-election from the Kadapa constituency and won by a large margin of 545,043 votes.[24] His mother has also won the Pulivendula Assembly constituency by 85,193 votes against Y. S. Vivekananda Reddy.[25]

2014–2019: Leader of opposition and Padayatra

In 2014, the YSR Congress Party was a pre-poll favourite among most analysts and psephologists.[26] But, the YSRCP has lost the 2014 elections, winning only 67 of 175 seats in the state assembly, with 45% of vote share.[27] The Telugu Desam Party vote share went up to 47% and the 2% gap led to the defeat of YSRCP.[26]

As a leader of the Opposition in Assembly and YSR Congress Party's president, Reddy launched his 3,000-km-long walkathon named Praja Sankalpa Yatra, popularly called padayatra, on 6 November 2017 at Idupulapaya in Kadapa district.[28][29] YSR Congress party coined a slogan "Raavali Jagan, Kaavali Jagan" (transl. Jagan should come. We want Jagan.) for the foot march that took him across 125 Assembly segments all over the state in 430 days and ended on 9 January 2019.

Reddy while boarding a flight to Hyderabad was attacked with a cock fighting knife in the VIP Lounge of Visakhapatnam Airport on 25 October 2018.[30] He received a lacerated injury on his shoulder and had to undergo a surgery.[31]

2019–present: Chief Minister

Reddy with Prime Minister Narendra Modi

In the 2019 National and State election held in April and May 2019, YSR Congress Party swept the polls and won 151 of the total 175 assembly seats and 22 of the 25 Lok Sabha seats in Andhra Pradesh. He took oath as the Chief Minister on 30 May 2019.[32] His chief ministership has been marked by a slew of welfare schemes such as Jagananna Amma Vodi, Navaratnalu.[33] Jagananna Amma Vodi provides financial assistance for mothers or guardians from the Below Poverty Line, to educate their children.[34][35] Navaratnalu is a collection of nine welfare schemes covering farmers, women, medical and health, education and Special Category Status.[33] He scrapped the plans for a new capital at Amaravati, proposed by the former TDP government, and has proposed three different capitals for the judicial, administrative and legislative branches at Kurnool, Amaravati and Visakhapatnam respectively.[36] The proposal resulted in widespread protests by the farmers of Amaravati.[37] The Andhra Pradesh High Court in a March 2022 ruling directed the Government of Andhra Pradesh to continue developing Amaravati and adjudicated that the government "lacked the competence to make any legislation for shifting, bifurcating or trifurcating the capital".[38]

As of April 2023, it was reported by the Association for Democratic Reforms that he was the richest Chief Minister in India, with a total assets of 510 crore.[39][40][41]

Embezzlement charges

On 27 May 2012, Reddy was arrested by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) on embezzlement charges. CBI summoned Reddy for allegedly amassing huge assets through illegal means by using his father's office, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, when he was the chief minister. CBI and ED has also summoned 58 companies of investing in Reddy's businesses, for the favours they allegedly received in the form of mining leases, allotments of projects.[42] His judicial custody was extended repeatedly as the investigation proceeded.[43][44][45] The Supreme Court of India dismissed his Bail petition on 4 July 2012,[46][47] 9 August 2012, 7 November 2012,[48] 9 May 2013,[49] 13 May 2013.[50][51]

The YSR Congress Party and Reddy's family have been alleging a political conspiracy behind Reddy's investigations.[52][53] While in jail, Reddy started a hunger strike opposing the United Progressive Alliance's decision to endorse the creation of a separate Telangana state. After 125 hours of indefinite hunger strike, his sugar levels and blood pressure were down. He was moved to Osmania General Hospital for treatment.[54][55][56] His mother, Vijayamma, was also on hunger strike protesting the formation of Telangana.[57] After his release, Reddy called for a 72-hour bandh protesting the formation of Telangana.[58] Both Reddy and his mother resigned from their legislatures opposing the decision favouring the formation of Telangana.[59]

Other works

Reddy founded the Telugu daily newspaper Sakshi and the television channel Sakshi TV.[60] He also served as the chief promoter of Bharathi Cements.[61]

References

  1. ^ https://www.wionews.com/india-news/the-metoric-rise-of-ys-jaganmohan-reddy-222617
  2. ^ https://www.indiaherald.com/Politics/Read/60119/Spotted-YS-Jagan-taking-oath-in-AP-Assembly
  3. ^ https://www.business-standard.com/article/politics/jagan-elected-leader-of-ysr-legislature-party-114052101261_1.html
  4. ^ https://m.economictimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/jaganmohan-reddy-won-kadapa-lok-sabha-seat-by-a-huge-margin/articleshow/8308577.cms
  5. ^ https://www.myneta.info/ls2009/index.php?action=show_candidates&constituency_id=157
  6. ^ Sarma, V. Ramu (28 November 2021). "Y S Jaganmohan Reddy's political journey". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  7. ^ "Defiant Jagan begins Odarpu yatra". The Indian Express. 9 July 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  8. ^ "Jaganmohan Reddy acquires YSR Congress Party from worker".
  9. ^ Pioneer, The. "Mere 1.68% difference of votes did Jagan's party in". The Pioneer. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
  10. ^ India TV, Madhu Rao (25 May 2019). "Jagan records highest victory margin in Andhra polls". www.indiatvnews.com. Retrieved 8 December 2022.
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  60. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.((cite news)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  1. ^ "Pragathi Mahavidyalaya, Koti, Hyderabad". Photo, 29 March 1994. Pragathi Mahavidyalaya, A1-JMR Register Sr. No. 4734/A - B.Com First Class Student - College Leaving Certificate, 1994.
Lok Sabha Preceded byY. S. Vivekananda Reddy Member of Parliamentfor Kadapa 2009–2014 Succeeded byY. S. Avinash Reddy Political offices Preceded byN. Chandrababu Naidu Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh 30 May 2019 – Present Incumbent Party political offices Preceded byParty did not exist Leader of the YSR Congress Party in the 15th Lok Sabha 2011–2014 Succeeded byMekapati Rajamohan Reddy
Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy family
Y. S. GangammaY. S. Venkat ReddyY. S. Mangamma
Y. S. Chinna KondareddyY. S. Pedda KondareddyY. S. SugunammaY. S. Prabhudas ReddyY. S. RatnammaY. S. Raja ReddyY. S. JayammaY. S. Purushottam ReddyY. S. Mary PuneetammaY. S. Kamalamma
Y. S. Rajasekhara ReddyY. S. VijayammaY. S. Sudheekar ReddyY. S. VidhyaJayaY. S. Ravindranath ReddyY. S. Vivekananda ReddyY. S. Soubhagyamma
Y. S. SharmilaBro. M. Anil KumarY. S. Jagan Mohan ReddyY. S. BharathiY. S. Viranica ReddyManchu VishnuY. S. SuneethaNarreddy Rajasekhar Reddy