Amaravati is located in Andhra Pradesh
Location of Amaravati in Andhra pradesh, India
Amaravati is located in India
Amaravati (India)
Coordinates: 16°32′28″N 80°30′54″E / 16.541°N 80.515°E / 16.541; 80.515
StateAndhra Pradesh
Founded byNara Chandrababu Naidu[1] (2014)
 • TypePlanning Agencies
 • BodyAmaravati Development Corporation Limited, APCRDA
 • Metropolis217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi)
 • Metro8,352.69 km2 (3,224.99 sq mi)
 • Metropolis103,000
 • Metro5.8 million
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
520 xxx, 521 xxx, 522 xxx
Area codeTelephone numbers in India
Vehicle registrationAP-07 , AP-08, AP-09,10,11,12
Official languagesTelugu
WebsiteAmaravati official website

Amaravati is the de facto capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[6] The planned city is located on the southern banks of the Krishna river in Guntur district, within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, being built on a 217 sq km riverfront designed to have 51% of green spaces and 10% of water bodies.[2][7][8] The word "Amaravati" derives its name from the historical Amaravathi Temple town, the ancient capital of the Telugu Rulers of the Satavahana dynasty.[9] The foundation stone was laid on 22 October 2015, at Uddandarayunipalem area by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi.[10] The metropolitan area of Guntur and Vijayawada are the major conurbations of Amaravati.[11]

As of October 2016, the majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are now functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad.[12] Since April 2016, the office of the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh started its operations from Velagapudi. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.[13]


The word Amaravati translates as the place for immortals.[9][14]


Stone carvings of Amaravathi Kings

The present capital area has its own historical significance of having recorded its first ever legislation 2,200 years ago.[15] As per the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act (2014), Hyderabad became the capital of the then newly formed state of Telangana, post bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh. However, Hyderabad would remain as the joint capital of both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. Hence, Amaravati is thus being built to serve as the capital of Andhra Pradesh.[16]


The foundation for the city was laid at Uddandarayunipalem on 22 October 2015. The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi; the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu; the Chief Minister of Telangana, Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao; the Japanese minister for economy trade and industry, Yosuke Takagi; and the Singaporean Minister for Trade and Industry, S. Iswaran laid the foundation for the city.[10][17] The region was once ruled by Vasireddy Venkatadri Naidu, who was the first king to have built a planned city in southern India.[18]


The city is being built in Guntur district, on the banks of the Krishna River. The city will be 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south-west of Vijayawada and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north of Guntur.[19]


Secretariat complex during Independence Day, 2017
Map showing Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, spread across Guntur and Krishna districts


Amaravati is an Urban Notified Area and its urban development and planning activities are undertaken by the Amaravati Development Corporation Limited[20] and Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority (APCRDA).[21] The Andhra Pradesh Secretariat at Velagapudi is the administrative block for the employees of the state government.[22]


The APCRDA has its jurisdiction over the city and its the conurbation covering Andhra Pradesh Capital Region.[23] The capital city is spread over an area of 217.23 km2 (83.87 sq mi),[24] and will comprise villages (including some hamlets) from three mandals viz., Mangalagiri, Thullur and Tadepalle.[25] While, the seed capital is spread over an area of 16.94 km2 (6.54 sq mi).[26]

The table below lists the denotified villages and hamlets under their respective mandals, which became a part of the capital city.[2]

Mandal name Settlements
Thullur mandal Abbarajupalem, Ainavolu, Ananthavaram, Borupalem, Dondapadu, Kondarajupalem (de-populated), Lingayapalem (including Modugulankapalem hamlets), Malkapuram, Mandadam (Tallayapalem hamlets), Nekkallu, Nelapadu, Pitchikalapalem, Rayapudi, Sakhamuru, Thulluru, Uddandarayunipalem, Velagapudi, Venkatapalem
Mangalagiri mandal Krishnayapalem, Nidamarru, Kuragallu (including Nerukonda hamlets), Nowlur (including Yerrabalem & Bethapudi hamlets)
Tadepalle mandal Penumaka, Tadepalle (M) (Part) (Nulakapet, Dolas Nagar etc.), Undavalli


Language and Religion

the Amaralingeswara Temple in the Amaravathi temple town

The residents of Amaravati are predominantly Telugu people speaking communities. Telugu is the official language of the city. Hindus form a very large majority.[27] There are also Muslims, Christian, communities. The iconic Amaralingeswara Temple, and the Amaravathi Mahachaitya in the Amaravati heritage complex.[28][29][30]

Economy and Infrastructure

The State government has initiated the Singapore-based Ascendas-Singbridge and Sembcorp Development consortium for the capital city construction. The new capital city’s infrastructure will be developed in 7-8 years in phases, at an estimated cost of ₹33,000 crore. ₹7,500 crore from Hudco, $500 million from the World Bank and ₹2,500 crore from the Indian Government, of which ₹1,500 crore has been granted.[31]

Nine themed cities consisting of Finance, Justice, Health, Sports, Media, and Electronics; including Government buildings designed by Norman Foster, Hafeez Contractor, Reliance Group, and NRDC-India will be built within the city.[32][33][34] Pi Data Centre, 4th largest of its kind in Asia, with an investment of 600 crore (US$75 million) and Pi Care Services, a healthcare BPO were inaugurated at Mangalagiri IT park.[35][36] HCL Technologies, an IT firm would set up one of its centres in Amaravati.[37][38]

BRS Medicity with an investment of $1.8 billion to come up in Amaravati.[39][40] Mangalagiri Sarees and Fabrics produced in Mangalagiri mandal,[41] a part of the state capital, were registered as one of the geographical indications from Andhra Pradesh.[42]


SRM University, AP and Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT-AP) had already begun the classes in their respective campus in Amaravati.[43][44] Amrita University, Amity and Indo-UK Institute of Health (IUIH) in collaboration with the King’s College, London are among the others to set up their campus.[45][46][47][48]


A Road Roller working on an arterial road in Amaravati


The buses operated by APSRTC from Pandit Nehru Bus Station and NTR bus station, connects the city with Vijayawada and Guntur respectively.[49][50] Two new depots, North and South of APSRTC are proposed to be constructed in the city.[51] Auto rickshaws also operate for shorter distances in the capital city area.[52] The Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway, supported by Kurnool and Kadapa Feeder Roads is an ongoing greenfield expressway project, which would provide faster road access from the districts of Anantapur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kurnool and Prakasam to Amaravati.[53][54] The Amaravati seed capital road is an arterial road under construction to access the core capital area from National Highway 16.[55] The Vijayawada-Amaravati road connects the city with Vijayawada.[56]


A proposed Amaravati highspeed circular railway line would connect the city with the nearby cities of Vijayawada, Guntur and Tenali,[57] extending up to a length of 105 km (65 mi) with an estimated cost of 10,000 crore (US$1.3 billion).[58]

A view of Seed Access Road


The Vijayawada International Airport at Gannavaram serves the capital region by providiing air connectivity to destinations across the country.[59]


Amaravati to get India's first Hyperloop transport. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) signs an historic Agreement with the Government of the Indian State of Andhra Pradesh to connect the city centers of Amaravati and Vijaywada. The route would turn a trip of over one hour into a 6 minute ride[60]


Cricket is the most popular sports of this region. ACA International Cricket Stadium (or Andhra Cricket Association International Cricket Stadium) is a cricket stadium under construction at Nowlur, Mangalagiri mandal, part of the state capital.[61][62]

mana amaravati App

Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh inaugurated mana amaravati app to have all government services integrated in one app.[63][64] Applications are available in IOS and Android versions.

See also


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