Srikakulam district
Category: Srimukhalingam Temple at Mukhalingam, Ruined Stupa near Salihundam, Kurmanathaswamy temple, Srikurmam, Dolmens near Dannanapeta, Buddhist site at Kalingapatnam
Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
Srikakulam district in Andhra Pradesh
Interactive map outlining district
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
Administrative Divisions
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSrikakulam, Vizianagaram
 • Assembly constituencies08
 • Total4,591 km2 (1,773 sq mi)
 • Total2,191,437
 • Density463/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
  • Rank6th
 • Urban
[3]: 14 
 • Households
 • Sex ratio
1,015 (females per 1,000 males)
 • OfficialTelugu
 • Literates1495381
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Postal Index Number
Area codes+91–8942
ISO 3166 codeIN-AP
Vehicle registrationAP–39 (from 30 January 2019)[4]

Srikakulam district is one of the twenty-six districts of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, located in the Uttarandhra region of the state, with its headquarters located at Srikakulam.[5][6] It is one of the six districts, located in the extreme northeastern direction of the state. It was formerly known as Chicacole , and was under Ganjam district till 1936 April 1, then merged under Vizagapatam district . Srikakulam district forms the core area of Kalinga where most of its historical capitals like Kalinganagari, pithunda, Dantapuram are located.


Iron Age megalithic Dolmen at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa


Evidence of early historic man and his activities during the Stone Age and Iron Age have been discovered at Sangamayya Konda and Dannanapeta. The speciality of Dannanapeta Iron Age megalithic site is a large single capstone as a dolmen with 36 ft in length and 14 ft in width and 2 ft thickness. Sailada Hills consists of 36 upright rocks and natural caves used for habitation by Iron Age man in Amudalavalasa mandal of the district.[7]

Jainism and Buddhism

Salihundam Historic Buddhist Remains Site

Evidences of Jain monuments and Buddhist remnants were discovered near Sangamayya Konda. Jain rock beds were discovered at Dannanapeta near Amudalavalasa in the district. Salihundam is a famous Buddhist remnants site on the south bank of River Vamsadhara 5 kilometres west of Kalingapatnam and 18 kilometres from Srikakulam town.[8]

Post Independence

Srikakulam District was carved out in 1950 by bifurcating it from Visakhapatnam District. It remained unaffected in its territorial jurisdiction for some time. But in November 1969 the district lost 63 villages from Saluru Taluk and 44 villages from Bobbili Taluk on account of their transfer to the then newly constituted Gajapathinagaram Taluk of Visakhapatnam District.

In May 1979, the district underwent major territorial changes with the formation of a new district with headquarters at Vizianagaram which involved transfer of Salur, Bobbili, Parvathipuram and Cheepurupalli Taluks to the new district. Srikakulam's culture is a blend of traditional festivals, food, music and theatres.[9]


Srikakulam district occupies an area of 4,591 square kilometres (1,773 sq mi),[10] comparatively equivalent to Trinidad and Tobago.[11] It is within the geographic coordinates of 18°-20’ and 19°-10’ N and 83°-50’ and 84°-50’ E. The district is skirted to a distance by Kandivalasagedda, Vamsadhara and Bahuda at certain stretches of their courses while a line of heights of the great Eastern Ghats run from the northeast. Vizianagaram district and Parvathipuram Manyam district flanks in the south and west while Odisha bounds it on the north and Bay of Bengal on the East. Srikakulam district can be divided into two main distinct natural divisions. A portion of Srikakulam district is plain terrain with intense agriculture and the other is rocky and hilly terrain covered with forests. Some of the Mahendragiri Hills covers Srikakulam district. Most of the forest area of the plain terrain has been damaged by intense agriculture. Kotthuru, Hiramandalam, Pathapatnam, Kalingadal reservoir and some other areas are still covered with dense forests. Srikakulam is 100 km (62 mi) north of Visakhapatnam. It has a population of 2,703,114 of which 10.98% is urban as of 2001. Srikakulam district has the longest coastline (about 193 km (120 mi)) in the state of Andhra Pradesh.

Major rivers flowing through the district are River Nagavali, River Vamsadhara, Mahendratanaya, Champavati, Bahuda, Kumbhikota Gedda, Suvarnamukhi, Vegavati, Gomukhi. The Nagavali and Vamsadhara are the major rivers in Srikakulam district. These two river basins together constitute about 5% of the area. The Mahendratanaya and Bahuda rivers are two minor river basins in the district. Others are Benjigedda, Peddagedda, Kandivalasa gedda. Major irrigation projects on these rivers — Vamsadhara Project, Narayanapuram Anicut, Thotapalli Regulator — and some medium projects at Pydigam Project, Onigadda provide a total ayacut of 69,373 acres (280.74 km2).


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Srikakulam district has a population of 2,703,114, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[13] or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 147th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 462 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,200/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 6.38%.[14] Srikakulam has a sex ratio of 1014 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.3%.[15]

Religions in Srikakulam district (2011)[16]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

After reorganization the district had a population of 21,91,437, with a sex ratio of 1014 females to every 1000 males. 373,746 (17.05%) lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 1,85,890 (8.48%) and 94,371 (4.31%) of the population respectively.[15]: 86–89 

Languages of Srikakulam district (2011)[17]

  Telugu (92.34%)
  Odia (6.18%)
  Saora (0.92%)
  Others (0.56%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 92.34% of the population spoke Telugu, 6.18% Odia and 0.92% Sora as their first language.[17]

Household indicators

According to 2007–08, International Institute for Population Sciences,[18] 86.9% had access to electricity, 70.4% had drinking water, 18.5% toilet facilities, and 47.2% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[18] 31.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 90.1% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[18]


Srikakulam (Lok Sabha constituency), Vizianagaram (Lok Sabha constituency)

The seven Assembly segments of Srikakulam Lok Sabha and One Assembly segment of Vijayanagaram Lok Sabha constituency are:

Constituency number Name Reserved for
Lok Sabha constituency
1 Ichchapuram None Srikakulam
2 Palasa None
3 Tekkali None
4 Pathapatnam None
5 Srikakulam None
6 Amadalavalasa None
7 Narasannapeta None
8 Etcherla None Vizianagaram

Cities And Towns

There are one municipal corporation, three municipalities, two nagar panchayats and seven census towns. The municipal corporation in the district is Srikakulam and three municipalities in the district are Amadalavalasa, Ichchapuram, Palasa-Kasibugga. The six census towns are Balaga, Hiramandalam, Narasannapeta, Ponduru, Sompeta, Tekkali.

Largest cities or towns in Srikakulam District
As per the 2011 Census
Rank Division Pop.
1 Srikakulam Srikakulam Division 125,953
2 Palasa Palasa Division 57,507
3 Amudalavalasa Srikakulam Division 39,799
4 Ichchapuram Palasa Division 36,478
5 Tekkali Tekkali Division 28,637
6 Narasannapeta Srikakulam Division 26,280
7 Sompeta Palasa Division 18,778
8 Pathapatnam Tekkali Division 15,954
9 [[(({city_9))}]] [[(({div_9))}]] (({pop_9))}
10 [[(({city_10))}]] [[(({div_10))}]] (({pop_10))}

Administrative divisions

Srikakulam District
Satellite view of Srikakulam district

The district is divided into 3 revenue divisions: Palasa, Srikakulam and Tekkali, which are further subdivided into a total of 30 mandals, each headed by a sub-collector.[19]


The list of 30 mandals in Srikakulam district, divided into 3 revenue divisions, is given below.[20][21]

  1. Palasa revenue division
    1. Ichchapuram
    2. Kaviti
    3. Sompeta
    4. Kanchili
    5. Palasa
    6. Mandasa
    7. Vajrapukotturu
    8. Nandigama
  2. Srikakulam revenue division
    1. Srikakulam
    2. Gara
    3. Amadalavalasa
    4. Ponduru
    5. Sarubujjili
    6. Burja
    7. Narasannapeta
    8. Polaki
    9. Etcherla
    10. Laveru mandalLaveru
    11. Ranastalam
    12. Ganguvarisigadam
    13. Jalumuru
  3. Tekkali revenue division
    1. Tekkali
    2. Santha Bommali
    3. Kotabommali
    4. Pathapatnam
    5. Meliaputti
    6. Saravakota
    7. Kothuru
    8. Hiramandalam
    9. Lakshminarasupeta

Erstwhile Talukas

Before Formation of Mandals, Administration was done through Taluka system. Erstwhile Talukas in district is given below.

In 1978, the number of talukas in Srikakulam district was increased from 14 to 19. Later in 1985, 19 Talukas were divided into 60 mandals, out of which 14 talukas were in Srikakulam further bifurcated into 38 Mandals.

S.No. Erstwhile Talukas

in 1971

Newly Formed Talukas

in 1978

Newly Formed Mandals

in 1985

1 Srikakulam Srikakulam Srikakulam, Gara,
Amadalavalasa Amadalavalasa, Burja [part], Sarubujjili,
2 Palakonda Palakonda Palakonda, Vanagara, Burja [part], Seethampeta,
Rajam Veeraghattam, Regidi, Rajam, Santhakaviti,
3 Pathapatnam Pathapatnam Pathapatnam, Kothuru [part], Hiramandalam[part], Saravakota, Meliaputti, Tekkali [part],
Hiramandalam Hiramandalam[part], Bhamini, Kothuru [part], Lakshminarsupeta
4 Narasannapet Narasannapet Narasannapet, Polaki [part],
Kotabommali Kotabommali [part], Polaki [part], Jalumuru, Santhabommali [part],
5 Tekkali Tekkali Tekkali [part], Kotabommali [part], Santhabommali [part], Nandigam [part], Varjapukothuru [part]
Palasa Palasa, Nandigam [part], Varjapukothuru [part],
6 Sompeta Sompeta Sompeta, mandasa,
7 Ichchapuram Ichchapuram Ichchapuram, Kaviti,
8 Cheepurupalle Ranasthalam Ranasthalam, Laveru,
Ponduru Ganguvari sigadam, Pondhuru, Etcherla,
***Cheepurupalle [New Vizianagaram] Vizianagaram District
9 Bobbili ***Bobbili [New Vizianagaram]
10 Salur ***Salur [New Vizianagaram]
11 Parvathipuram ***Parvathipuram [New Vizianagaram]

Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies

There are three Parliamentary Constituencies and 10 assembly constituencies in Srikakulam district. Parliamentary constituencies include Srikakulam, Araku, and Vizianagaram.[22]

The 10 Assembly Constituencies are Amadalavalasa, Rajam, Tekkali, Ichchapuram, Palasa, Narasannapeta, Palakonda, Pathapatnam, Srikakulam and Etcherla.

Municipalities in District

S.No. City / Town Civic Status of Town No.of



Formation year

2011 Census Population 2001 Census Population 1991 Census Population 1981 Census Population 1971 Census Population 1961 Census Population 1951 Census Population
1 Srikakulam Municipal Corporation 50 1856 1,37,944 1,17,320 88,883 68,145 45,179 35,071 24,212
2 Palasa-Kasibugga Municipality Grade - 2 31 2000 57,507 49,899 33,057 23,737 17,439 -- --
3 Amadalavalasa Municipality Grade - 2 27 1987 39,799 37,931 34,395 18,005 13,842 -- --
4 Ichapuram Municipality Grade - 3 23 1986 36,493 32,662 29,564 19,152 15,850 12,961 11,390



Khadi weaving at Ponduru, Srikakulam district

The gross district domestic product (GDDP) of the district is 19,942 crore (US$2.5 billion) and it contributes 3.8% to the gross state domestic product (GSDP). For FY 2013–14, the per capita income at current prices was 57,174 (US$720). The primary, secondary and tertiary sectors of the district contribute 4,855 crore (US$610 million), 4,114 crore (US$520 million) and 10,973 crore (US$1.4 billion) respectively.[24]

Tribal communities such as the Saora and Jatapus still practise the traditional podu system of cultivation.[25]

Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, a major pharmaceutical company, is at Pydibhimavaram.


APSRTC bus depot locations

The total road length of state highways in the district is 959 km (596 mi).[26] Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation runs bus services to all the major cities and towns of the state from the district. Major railway stations in the district include Amudalavalasa, Srikakulam Road railway station, Palasa railway station ( major station) Naupada, Ichchapuram and Sompeta etc.


The district is renowned for the brassware products namely, Budithi Bell and Brass Craft, which are made at Budithi village. These are registered as geographic indication from Andhra Pradesh.[27]

The district has many people from fields like film industry, music, art and architecture etc. Among the notable people are Vaddadi Papaiah, J. V. Somayajulu, Gidugu Venkata Ramamoorty, Sarat babu, LV Revanth(Indian idol), Rao Ramesh, Rao gopala Rao, Sai kumar, Pingali Nagendrarao, and Kalipatnam Ramarao.[citation needed]


Kodi Rammurthy Naidu (body builder), Karnam Malleswari (Olympic medalist), Pujari Sailaja in weight lifting are famous people from the district.


The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[28][29] As per the school information report for the academic year 2015–16, there are 3,875 schools. They include, 55 government, 2,833 mandal and zilla parishads, 1 residential, 573 private, 14 model, 32 Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), 85 municipal and 282 other types of schools.[30] The number of students enrolled in primary, upper primary and high schools of the district is 371,472.[31]

The only university in the district is Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University, Srikakulam[32] and medical colleges are Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences in Srikakulam town, GEMS—Great Eastern Medical Speciality and Hospital in Ragolu village.


There are seven temples under the management of Endowments Department.[33]

Trust controlled Temples Temple Mandal Village
1 Sri Kodanda Rama Swamy Temple SRIKAKULAM BALAGA (RURAL)
2 Sri Maninageswara Swamy Temple SRIKAKULAM KALLEPALLE
3 Sri Kothamma Ammavari Temple KOTABOMMILI KOTABOMMILI
4 Sri Neelamani Durga Ammavari Temple PATHAPATNAM PATHAPATNAM
5 Sri Yendala Mallikarjuna Swamy Temple TEKKALI RAAVI VALASA
6 Sri Hatakeswara Swamy Temple SRIKAKULAM Singupuram
7 Sri kurmam Temple GARA SRI KURMAM
8 Sri Suryanarayana Swamy Temple ARASAVELLI ARASAVELLI

Important Commodities Produced / Manufactured in the District

Following are the towns & villages with respective commodities produced across the district.[34]

S# Town Commodities
1 Srikakulam Jute, Bricks, Iron Articles
2 Palasa Cashew Nuts, Coir Ropes, Sugar
3 Ichchapuram Coir Ropes, Bricks, Stone Carving
4 Sompeta Cashew Nuts, Baskets
5 Hiramandalam Groundnut Oil
6 Tekkali Aluminium Moulding
7 Amadalavalasa Sugar
8 Narasannapeta Jaggery
9 Balaga Jute, Bricks
10 Ponduru Textiles, Ground Nut

Notable people


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  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  14. ^ "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  15. ^ a b "District Census Hand Book – Srikakulam" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  16. ^ "Population by Religion - Andhra Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  17. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Andhra Pradesh". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  18. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
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  34. ^[bare URL PDF]