Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Mangroves W IMG 6896.jpg
Mangroves in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India
Map showing the location of Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary
Map showing the location of Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary
Location of Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh
LocationAndhra Pradesh, India
Nearest cityMachilipatnam
Coordinates15°46′27″N 80°56′39″E / 15.77417°N 80.94417°E / 15.77417; 80.94417Coordinates: 15°46′27″N 80°56′39″E / 15.77417°N 80.94417°E / 15.77417; 80.94417[1]
Area194.81 km2 (48,140 acres)
Governing bodyAndhra Pradesh Forest Department
Mangroves map of Andhra Pradesh
Mangroves map of Andhra Pradesh

Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary and estuary located in Andhra Pradesh, India.[2] It is one of the rarest eco-regions of the world because it harbors vast tracts of pristine mangrove forests. It is believed by conservationists to be one of the last remaining tracts of thick primary mangrove forests of South India, which is rapidly disappearing due to absence of protective measures.[3]

Geography

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The sanctuary is a part of the mangrove wetland in Andhra Pradesh and are located in the coastal plain of Krishna River delta. The Krishna mangroves lie between 15° 2' N and 15° 55' N in latitude and 80° 42'- 81° 01' E in longitude spread across Krishna and Guntur districts of Andhra Pradesh. It includes Sorlagondi Reserve Forest, Nachugunta Reserve Forest, Yelichetladibba Reserve Forest, Kottapalem Reserve Forest, Molagunta Reserve Forest, Adavuladivi Reserve Forest and Lankivanidibba Reserve Forest. They occupy the islands of the delta and the adjacent mainlands of Krishna and Guntur Districts. A part of the mangroves is located far from the main mangrove area. This unconnected regions lies near Machilipatnam on its eastern side and Nakshatranagar on its western side.

Flora and fauna

Sykes's warbler (Hippolais rama) in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary
Sykes's warbler (Hippolais rama) in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary

Some of the tree species in Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary are: Casuarina equisetifolia, Pongamia gladra, Calotropis gigantea, Cassia auriculata, Thespesia populnea, Ipomaea biloba, Spinifex squarrosus, Spinifex littoreus, Pongamia pinnate, Prosopis juliflora, banyan, peepul, margosa, tumma, mango, palmyra.[citation needed]

Fishing cats were recorded between November 2013 and August 2014 at several locations outside Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary.[4]

The sanctuary is home to reptiles including the garden lizard, wall lizard and tortoise.[citation needed]

Snakes

Snakes of the area include:[5]

Common name Formal name Status        Common name Formal name Status
Indian python Python molurus -        Common cobra Naja naja -
Common sand boa Eryx conicus -        Russell's viper Vipera russelli -
John's sand boa Eryx johnii -        Saw-scaled viper Echis carinatus -
Common wolf snake Lycodon aulicus -        Bamboo pit viper Trimeresurus gramineus -
Common kukri snake Oligodon arnensis -        Shaw's wolf snake Lycodon striatus rare
Striped keelback snake Amphiesma stolata -        Twin-spotted wolf snake Lycodon jara rare
Chequered keelback snake Fowlea piscator -        Gunther's racer Argyrogena gracilis rare
Common trinket snake Elaphe helena -        Smooth snake Wallophis brachyura rare
Rat snake Ptyas mucosus -        Painted bronzeback Dendrelaphis pictus rare
Common Indian bronzeback Dendrelaphis tristis -        Condanorus sand snake Psammophis condanarus rare
Common green whip snake / Asian vine snake Ahaetulla nasuta -        Stout sand snake Psammophis longifrons rare
Common cat snake Boiga trigonata -        King cobra Ophiophagus hannah rare
Common krait Bungarus caeruleus -       

The amphibian fauna present in the sanctuary include the common frog, the otter and the saltwater crocodile.

The herbivorous species present are spotted deer, sambar and black buck.

Other species found in the sanctuary are jungle cat, fox and bear.

Avifauna include crested serpent eagle, Indian roller, wagtails and pipits.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Atlas of Mangrove Wetlands of India" (PDF). Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  2. ^ "APFD Website". Forest.ap.nic.in. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
  3. ^ Reddy, P.L. (24 February 2014). "Wetlands Shrink to 17K Acres in Krishna District". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  4. ^ Naidu, A.; Kantimahanti, M.; Kumar, N.P.; Thompson, K.; Sreedhar, S.S. & A. Rao (2015). "Recent records of Fishing Cat and its conservation in coastal South India". Cat News (62): 7–9.
  5. ^ Gupta, Harsh K.; Parasher-Sen, Aloka; Balasubramanian, Dorairajan (2000). Deccan Heritage. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-81-7371-285-2.