Sabari River
Sabari river merging into Godavari near Kunavaram
Path of The Sabari [1]
StateOdisha, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh
Physical characteristics
SourceSinkaram hill ranges
 • locationOdisha, India
 • coordinates18°N 82°E / 18°N 82°E / 18; 82
 • elevation1,370 m (4,490 ft)
MouthGodavari River
 • location
Kunavaram, Andhra Pradesh
 • coordinates
17°34′13″N 81°15′37″E / 17.57028°N 81.26028°E / 17.57028; 81.26028
 • elevation
25.3 m (83 ft)
Length418 km (260 mi)
Basin size20,427 km2 (7,887 sq mi)
Basin features
 • leftSileru River, Pateru River

Sabari River is one of the main tributaries of Godavari. It originates from the western slopes of Eastern Ghats in Odisha state from Sinkaram hill ranges at 1374 m MSL.[1] It is also known as Kolab river in Odisha.The Sabari river basin receives nearly 1250 mm annual average rainfall. It forms common boundary between Chhattisgarh and Odisha states. It later enters into Andhra Pradesh to merge with River Godavari.[2] Upper Kolab project, located in Odisha across the Sabari is a major dam project supplying water for irrigation and Hydro power generation.

The 200 km long stretch of the river forming boundary between Chhattisgarh and Odisha drops by 2.25 meters per km length on average. This stretch of the river has substantial hydro electricity generation potential by building medium head (< 20 m) barrages in series to minimize land submergence.[3][4][5] The surplus water of Indravati River in Odisha can also be diverted to Sabari river via Jaura Nallah through which Indravati flood waters naturally overflow into Sabari basin.

Sileru River (known as Machkund in its upper reaches) is the major tributary of Sabari which joins Sabari river at tri-junction boundary point of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Sileru river has huge potential of hydro electricity generation which has been substantially harnessed by constructing Machkund, Balimela, upper Sileru, Donkarayi and lower Sileru hydro power projects.

See also


  1. ^ "Godavari river basin map"
  2. ^ "Sabari in spate". The Hindu. 1 July 2007. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Middle Kolab project, Odisha state". Retrieved 23 July 2013.
  4. ^ "PFR studies of Lower Kolab HE project" (PDF). Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  5. ^ "CDM application for 25 mw Middle and 12 mw Lower Kolab Hydroelectric Projects" (PDF). Retrieved 29 April 2013.