Adilabad district
Location of Adilabad district in Telangana
Country India
State Telangana
HeadquartersAdilabad
Tehsils18
Government
 • District collectorSrimati Sikta Patnaik [1]
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies3
Area
 • Total4,153 km2 (1,603 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total708,972
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTS–01[2]
Websiteadilabad.telangana.gov.in
Adilabad District Revenue divisions map
Adilabad District Revenue divisions map

Adilabad district is a district located in the northern region of Telangana, India. It is known as the gateway district to South and Central India.[3] The town of Adilabad is its headquarters.[4] The district share boundaries with Asifabad, Nirmal districts and with the state boundary of Maharashtra.

History

Historically, Adilabad was known as Edlabad during the rule of Qutub Shahis.[5] The district was named for Ali Adil Shah, sultan of Bijapur.

The heavily forested Godavari basin[6] was inhabited during the Mesolithic and Paleolithic periods. Excavations have taken place in the surrounding areas of Luxettipet, Asifabad, Boath, Bhainsa, and Nirmal.[7]

The district was ruled at different times by different dynasties, including the Mauryas, Sathavanas, Katakiyas and Gond Rajas.[8] Some Telugu inscriptions made during the time of the Kakatiya dynasty have been found in the Adilabad District, which indicates the historical importance of the area.

Due to the district's reorganization in October 2016 the erstwhile Adilabad district was divided into four districts: Adilabad district, Komaram Bheem district, Mancherial district, and Nirmal district.[3]

Geography

The Adilabad district is located in the Telangana state of India. It is bordered to the north by Yavatmal district and Chandrapur district of Maharashtra, to the east by Komaram Bheem district, to the southeast by Mancherial district, to the south by Nirmal district, and to the west by Nanded district of the Maharashtra. It occupies an area of 4,153 square kilometres (1,603 sq mi).[4]

Demographics

According to the Census of India, the residual Adilabad district has a population of 708,972, with a ratio of 989 females to 1000 males. The literacy rate is 63.46%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 14.02% and 31.68% of the population respectively.[4][9]

Languages of Adilabad district, 2011

  Telugu (36.50%)
  Marathi (19.67%)
  Gondi (17.23%)
  Urdu (10.23%)
  Lambadi (7.00%)
  Kolami (2.92%)
  Hindi (2.05%)
  Others (4.40%)

In the residual district, 36.50% of the population speaks Telugu, 19.67% Marathi, 17.23% Gondi, 10.23% Urdu, 7.00% Lambadi, 2.92% Kolami and 2.05% Hindi as their first language.[10]

Religions

Badankurti[11] village in Khanapur Mandal of the Adilabad district was explored and remnants of a Buddhist monastery were found on a small island of Godavari river near Badankurthi. The town of Bhainsa was probably related to early Buddhist times, as a pair of carved feet near a mound were found. Islam is also a major religion in Adilabad district[12]

Ethnicities

The major tribal groups in the area are the Adivasis: Gonds, Kolams, Pardhans, and Thotis. Adilabad is also known for Imran the Tree Maker[13]

Economy

In 2006, the Indian government named Adilabad as one of the 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640) in the country.[14] It is one of the districts in the state of Telangana, currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[14]

Administrative divisions

The district is divided into two revenue divisions, Adilabad and Utnoor. These two divisions are sub-divided into 18 mandals.[4] Sikta Patnaik is the current revenue collector for the district.[15]

Mandals

The below table categorizes 18 mandals into their respective revenue divisions in the district:[16]

S.No. Adilabad revenue division Utnoor revenue division
1 Adilabad (urban) Indervelly
2 Adilabad (rural) Narnoor
3 Mavala Gadiguda
4 Gudihatnoor Utnoor
5 Bazarhatnoor
6 Talamadugu
8 Tamsi
9 Bela
10 Boath
11 Jainad
12 Ichoda
13 Neradigonda
14 Sirikonda

See also

References

  1. ^ https://adilabad.telangana.gov.in/
  2. ^ "Vehicle Registration Codes For New Districts in Telangana".
  3. ^ a b "It's raining mandals in divided Adilabad". The Hindu. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d "Adilabad district district" (PDF). Official website of Adilabad district. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Hyderabad State". Atlantic Publishers & Distri. 26 July 1937 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ "Indian Archaeology Journal 1974–75" (PDF). ASI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2012. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  7. ^ "State Archaeology of Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). State Archaeology and Museums of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  8. ^ "History | Adilabad District | India". Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  9. ^ "Demography | Adilabad District | India". Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ "Article about Buddhist Site at Badankurti". The Hindu. 18 May 2011.
  12. ^ "A.P. Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act" (PDF). aparchaeologymuseum. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  13. ^ S. Harpal Singh (19 May 2015). "Adivasi education is still a mirage in Adilabad". The Hindu.
  14. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  15. ^ "K Chandrasekhar Rao appoints collectors for new districts". Deccan Chronicle. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  16. ^ "Clipping of Andhra Jyothy Telugu Daily – Hyderabad". Andhra Jyothy. Retrieved 8 October 2016.