Kumuram Bheem Asifabad district
Statue of Komaram Bheem at Jodeghat
Statue of Komaram Bheem at Jodeghat
Location of Kumuram Bheem Asifabad district
Country India
StateTelangana
HeadquartersAsifabad
Mandalas15
Government
 • District collectorSri Rahul Raj, IAS
 • Parliament ConstituenciesAdilabad
 • Assembly constituenciesAsifabad,Sirpur
 • MPSoyam Bapu Rao
Area
 • Total4,878 km2 (1,883 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total515,812
 • Density110/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Urban
86,984(16.86%)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTS 20
Major highwaysNH 63
Websiteasifabad.telangana.gov.in

Kumuram Bheem Asifabad district is a district in the Indian state of Telangana. The town of Asifabad is its district headquarters and kagaznagar as its largest town.[1] It is named after Gond tribal leader Kumuram Bheem. It was earlier part of Adilabad district and it became a new district in 2016.[2] The district share boundaries with Adilabad, Nirmal, Mancherial districts and with the state boundary of Maharashtra. It is the second most backward district in India, according to the 2018 NITI Aayog ranking.[3]

History

The predominantly tribal region around the town of Asifabad was ruled by many dynasties like the Kakatiyas, Mauryas, Satavahanas, Chalukyas, Qutub Shahis ,Asaf Jahis and Gonds. In the early 20th century, the district was known as Jangam and Asifabad served as its headquarters. In 1905, the district was merged into the neighbouring Adilabad district. In 1913, Asifabad was made as headquarters of the district prior to the status being lost to Adilabad town in 1941. Following the creation of Telangana state, the districts were re-organized in 2016. As a result, Asifabad district was again carved from Adilabad district and was renamed after the Gond martyr Komaram Bheem.[2][4]

Geography

The district is spread over an area of 4,300 square kilometres (1,700 sq mi).[5] Hills dominate the western part of the district and Pranhita river runs parallel to the east.

It is home to endangered species of vultures which have made Palarapu rocks their home in the forests of Bejjur. The Sirpur forest is also home to tigers and other wild animals. Cotton and Paddy are the major crops grown in this area.

Demographics

Religion in Komaram Bheem district (2011)[6]
Hinduism
89.05%
Islam
8.17%
Buddhism
1.52%
Christianity
0.44%
Other or not stated
0.82%

As of the 2011 Census, the district has a population of 515,812. Komaram Bheem district has a sex ratio of 998 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 56.72%. 66,206 (12.84%) were under 6 years of age. 86,984 (16.86%) lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 81,596 (15.82%) and 133,627 (25.91%) of the population respectively.[7][8]

Languages of Komaram Bheem district (2011)[9]

  Telugu (37.36%)
  Marathi (27.85%)
  Gondi (12.48%)
  Urdu (7.27%)
  Lambadi (3.73%)
  Bengali (3.51%)
  Kolami (3.05%)
  Koya (2.53%)
  Hindi (1.46%)
  Others (0.76%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 37.36% of the population spoke Telugu, 27.85% Marathi, 12.48% Gondi, 7.27% Urdu, 3.73% Lambadi, 3.51% Bengali, 3.05% Kolami, 2.53% Koya and 1.46% Hindi as their first language.[9]

Divisions

This district has two revenue divisions; Asifabad and Kagaznagar and is sub-divided into 15 mandals.[5][10] Present MLA of Asifabad constituency is Athram Sakku and Sirpur-T is Koneru Konappa.

Mandals

Komaram Bheem district revenue divisions
S.No. Asifabad revenue division Kagaznagar revenue division
1 Asifabad Kagaznagar
2 Lingapur Penchicalpet
3 Jainoor Bejjur
4 Tiryani Kouthala
5 Wankidi Chintalamanepally
6 Kerameri Dahegaon
7 Sirpur (U) Sirpur (T)
8 Rebbena

Notable people

Places of interest

See also

References

  1. ^ "Names of 6 new districts changed". The Hindu. 22 October 2016. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Komaram Bheem district" (PDF). New Districts Formation Portal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 October 2016. Retrieved 11 October 2016.
  3. ^ Singh, Mahendra K. (29 March 2018). "Part of NCR, Mewat is most backward district". Times of India. Retrieved 9 April 2021.
  4. ^ Singh, S. Harpal (8 October 2016). "Asifabad to become a district again after 75 years". The Hindu. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  5. ^ a b "New districts". Andhra Jyothy.com. 8 October 2016. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  6. ^ "Table C-01 Population By Religious Community: Andhra Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Demography | Kumuram Bheem Asifabad District | India". Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Know your district Plan your district - Komaram Bheem Asifabad" (PDF). trac.telangana.gov.in. Telangana State Remote Sensing Applications Centre.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Andhra Pradesh". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ "Clipping of Andhra Jyothy Telugu Daily – Hyderabad". Andhra Jyothy. Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.