Karimnagar
Elagandula
Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar
Elgandal Fort in Karimnagar
Nickname: 
City of Granites
Karimnagar is located in Telangana
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Karimnagar (Telangana)
Karimnagar is located in India
Karimnagar
Karimnagar
Karimnagar (India)
Coordinates: 18°26′19.0″N 79°07′43.7″E / 18.438611°N 79.128806°E / 18.438611; 79.128806
Country India
StateTelangana
DistrictKarimnagar
RegionDeccan
Established1905; 119 years ago (1905)
Named forSyed Kareemullah Shah Quadri
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyKarimnagar Municipal Corporation
 • MayorSuneel Rao (BRS)
 • MLASri Gangula Kamalakar[1]
 • MPSri Bandi Sanjay Kumar[2]
Area
 • City40.50 km2 (15.64 sq mi)
Elevation
297 m (974 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3][4]
 • City397,447
 • Rank178th (India)
3rd(Telangana)
 • Density9,800/km2 (25,000/sq mi)
 • Metro
(SUDA)
Demonym(s)Karimnagari, Karimnagaris
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
505001 to 505010
Telephone code91-878-
ISO 3166 codeIN-TG
Vehicle registrationTS–02 / AP-15 (Old Number)[5]
Sex ratio981.4 /
Literacy89.9
Planning agencySatavahana Urban Development Authority (SUDA)
WebsiteKarimnagar Official Website

Karimnagar is also known as Elagandula (Ancient name) is a city and District Headquarters in the Indian state of Telangana. Karimnagar is a major urban agglomeration and third largest city in the state. It is governed by the Municipal Corporation and is the headquarters of the Karimnagar district[6][7] It is situated on the banks of Manair River, which is a tributary of the Godavari River. It is the third largest and fastest growing urban settlement in the state, according to 2011 census. It has registered a population growth rate of 45.46% and 38.87%[citation needed] respectively over the past two decades between 1991 and 2011, which is highest growth rate among major cities of Telangana.[8] It serves as a major educational and health hub for the northern districts of Telangana.[9] It is a major business center and widely known for its agricultural and granite industries, earning the nickname "City of Granites."[10][11]

It has been selected as one of the hundred Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under PM Narendra Modi's flagship Smart Cities Mission by replacing Hyderabad based on the request from the former Chief Minister of Telangana K. Chandrashekar Rao.[12]

Etymology

During the Nizam era, the name Karimnagar was named for a village by an Elgandala Kiladar, Syed Karimuddin.[13]

History

Satavahana dynasty

Kotilingala now in Jagtial district was the first capital of the Satavahana Kingdom (230 BCE–220 CE). Formerly known as Sabbinadu, inscriptions dating to the Kakatiya dynasty by kings Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam provide evidence of the area's rich history.[14]

Archaeological excavations in Pedda Bonkur, Dhulikatta and Kotilingalu show that the area was once ruled by the Satvahanas, Mauryas and Asaf Jahis.[15]

Modern era

It became a district in 1905. It was previously part of princely Hyderabad State and then became part of Hyderabad state in 1948 after the Hyderabad state was annexed into the Indian Union. It then became part of Andhra Pradesh state on 1 November 1956 after merging the Telugu speaking region of Hyderabad state with Andhra state. After almost 6 decades of Telangana statehood movement, on 2 June 2014 it became part of newly formed state of Telangana by Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1901 5,752—    
1911 8,347+45.1%
1921 9,399+12.6%
1931 10,903+16.0%
1941 17,437+59.9%
1951 23,826+36.6%
1961 31,554+32.4%
1971 48,918+55.0%
1981 86,125+76.1%
1991 148,583+72.5%
2001 218,302+46.9%
2011 297,447+36.3%
Source: [16]

Karimnagar has a population of 397,447 within its corporation limits, according to 2011 census, making it the Third largest city in Telangana state. Karimnagar Urban Agglomeration comprising Municipal Corporation and Urban Development authority of 689,985.City out growths include Bommakal (with a population of 9,031), Arepalle (6,987), Alugunur (6,164), Chinthakunta (3,437) and Sitharampur (3,017). Besides these outgrowths, there are many sub-urban areas on the outskirts, which are merged into corporation limits. It is the most densely populated city in Telangana, with a density of 11,114 persons per km2.

Karimnagar city has a literacy rate of 85.82%, which is highest urban literacy rate in Telangana state. Karimnagar urban agglomeration has a literacy rate of 84.93% which is almost equal to the National Urban average of 85%. The literacy rate for males and females for Karimnagar urban region stood at 91.06% and 78.69% respectively.[17][18]

Religions in Karimnagar[19][failed verification]
Religion Percentage
Hindu
77.1%
Muslim
20.7%
Christian
1.3%
Others
0.9%

Climate

Dense Clouds over LMD Reservoir at Karimnagar

Karimnagar experiences dry inland climatic conditions with hot summers and cool winters.[20] The city of Karimnagar gets most of its rainfall from the Southwest monsoon. The summer season is extremely hot, but temperatures decline with the onset of the monsoons, and the winter season is generally cool. The most popular tourist season is from November to February.

The summer season starts in March and can continue through early June. During this period temperatures range from a minimum of 27 °C to a maximum of 39 °C. The highest recorded temperature in the area is around 48 °C. Nights are much cooler, and the humidity is around 50%. October and November experiences increased rainfall from the Northeast monsoon. During this time, daytime temperatures average around 30 °C. The winter season starts in December and lasts through February. During this time, temperatures range from a minimum of 10 °C to a maximum of 35 °C.

Climate data for Karimnagar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
37
(99)
40
(104)
42
(108)
34
(93)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(88)
32
(90)
29
(84)
28
(82)
33
(91)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 13
(55)
16
(61)
22
(72)
26
(79)
28
(82)
26
(79)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
21
(69)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.3)
8
(0.3)
43
(1.7)
17
(0.7)
41
(1.6)
162
(6.4)
204
(8.0)
126
(5.0)
133
(5.2)
75
(3.0)
48
(1.9)
18
(0.7)
907
(35.8)
Source: Sunmap

Civic administration

Karimnagar Municipal Corporation logo

Karimnagar Municipal Corporation is the civic body that administers the city. It was constituted as a third grade municipality in the year 1952, as a second grade in 1959, first grade in 1984, special grade in 1996, selection grade in 1999 and finally upgraded to corporation in 2005.[13]

The city is served by Karimnagar Police Commissionerate.

Despite of city growing in leaps and bounds, the area of the civic body remaining unaltered. Ever since the municipality was upgraded into corporation in 2005, the merger of adjoining villages on the outskirts with the Corporation was being met with wide opposition from local village authorities.[21][22]

It belongs to the Karimnagar Lok Sabha constituency.

The area is served by TSNPDCL.

Sports

United Karimnagar district has produced many sports persons from the rural level in sports like Karate, Cricket, Kabaddi, Kho-Kho and many other sports. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Sports Complex is the primary sports complex in the city of Karimnagar. The sports complex has a main stadium used for sports like Athletics, Cricket, Football, an indoor stadium, a hockey field, swimming pool, kho-kho grounds, basketball courts. Another indoor stadium was built inside SRR college.

Healthcare

Apollo Hospitals, Karimnagar

Karimnagar has evolved into a major health center for its surrounding districts because it is centrally located to all the nearby Districts and Talukas like Jagtial, Siricilla, Ramagundam, Peddapalli, Mancherial, Siddipet, Komaram Bheem, Manthani, Huzurabad, Jammikunta, Husnabad, Sultanabad, Vemulawada, Korutla, Metpalli, Choppadhandi, Manakondur, Bejjanki, Thimmapur, Dharmapuri, Kodimyal, Malyal, Gangadhara and Kalva Srirampur.

Patients come from all over the surrounding districts. Karimnagar has three medical institutions, Government Medical College, Chalmeda Anand Rao Institute of Medical Sciences, and Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences. There is also a cancer hospital in the city. The Newly opened Mother and Child care hospital is next to the Government hospital. Government Civil Hospital is the dominant medical institution.[23]

Tourism

Lower Manair Dam (LMD) is one of the largest dams in the state of Telangana. LMD is a major tourism spot for people of Karimnagar and the surrounding area. The dam has boating facilities.

Ujwala park and Deer park near LMD are another major part of the city's tourism.

The Karimnagar Cable Bridge has been constructed on Manair River between Housing Board Colony and Sadashivpalli, opened in 2023, it shortens the distance to Warangal by 7 KM.[24][25][26] The bridge is part of the large Manair Riverfront project which has been proposed by the Chief Minister of Telangana after his ministers visited Sabarmati riverfront in Ahmedabad on Sabarmati river.[27]

Culture

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Telugu is the major language spoken in Karimnagar; Urdu is also widely spoken. The typical attire includes the traditional Chira and Pancha, and also modern dress styles. Kurta Pajama is also worn by many. Karimnagar Silver Filigree is one of the local silverware handicrafts.

Religious worships and festivals

The spring festival of Bathukamma is typical in this region. Other major Hindu festivals celebrated in the region include Ugadi, Sri Ramanavami, Vinayaka Chavithi, Holi, Sri Krishna Janmashtami, Dasara, Deepavali, Sankranti, and Maha Sivaratri. Muslims in this area also celebrate Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Ramadan (ninth month of the Islamic calendar), Laylat al-Qadr (Shab-e-Qadr), Isra and Mi'raj (Shab-e-Meraj), Shab-e-barat (Mid-Sha'ban), Milad-un-Nabi (Mawlid) and Muharram (Day of Ashura). These are usually greeted with great pomp and ceremony. Christians in this area celebrate Christmas and Good Friday.

ISKCON Metpally- Sri Sri Radha Govardhandhari Temple, Raja Rajeshwara Swamy Temple at Vemulawada,[28] Narasimha Temple at Dharmapuri, Jagtial district,[29] Anjaneya Temple at Kondagattu, Jagtial District,[30] and Veerabhadra Temple at Kothakonda Jatara are some of the prominent and famous religious destinations.[31]

Cuisine

See also: Telugu cuisine

Sakinalu a local snack made from rice, gingelly seeds and ajwain during Sankranti festival[32] And Biryani is a common cuisine of the state. Sarvapindi is another traditional snack native to the Telangana state. Kudumulu made with beans and rice flour is another special in Karimnagar.

Economy

The economy of Karimnagar comes from mainly three sectors Agriculture, industry, and services. There are many granite quarries on the city outskirts near Baopet, and many Agro based industries, Paddy and cotton are the major crops produced in Karimnagar. The Lower Manair Dam in Karimnagar has a capacity of 24.5 thousand million cubic feet which can irrigate 4,00,000 acres of land.

Former Information Technology minister of Telangana, KTR laid the foundation stone for an IT hub for the aim of expanding IT to cities like Karimnagar, Warangal, Nizamabad, Khammam and Mahabubnagar. The IT Tower was completed and inaugurated in 2020.[33][34]

Four integrated markets, a central building to accommodate farmers and grocers wishing to sell their food items, are under construction as of the year 2023.[35]

The town has a Walmart, operating as Best Price Flipkart Wholesale.

Transport

Karimnagar railway station
A train halts at the railway station in Karimnagar.
Kothapalli-Manoharabad railway foundation stone being laid

Karimnagar is connected to other major cities and towns by means of road. State Highway 1 which connects with the Hyderabad–Karimnagar–Mancherial Highway coal-belt corridor passes through town. In addition, State highways 7, 10, 11[36] and National Highway 563 which connects Jagtial–Karimnagar–WarangalKhammam.

Airway

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport in Hyderabad is the nearest airport at a distance of 210 km by road. There are three Helipads in the city inside the district collectorate. The other two nearest airports to Karimnagar are Ramagundam Airport and Warangal Airport which are closed, but may be reopened in the future under the UDAN scheme.

Road

Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Bus Station, in the center of the city is the second biggest bus station in the State of Telangana after Hyderabad and Khammam bus stations.[37]

72 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations were approved for Karimnagar in 2023 and will operate under the Private Public Partnership model.[38]

Railway

Karimnagar railway station provides rail connectivity to the city, located on the Peddapalli–Nizamabad section of New Delhi–Chennai main line. It is under the jurisdiction of Secunderabad railway division of the South Central Railway zone.

Karimnagar is connected to cities like Mumbai with a weekly Super fast express, Hyderabad with Kachiguda passenger daily, Tirupati with a biweekly super fast express and Nizamabad with a DEMU train.[39] In October 2023, the Karimnagar-Nizamabad MEMU was extended up to Bodhan.[40]

The Kothapalli-Manoharabad railway line will reduce the travel time from Karimnagar to Hyderabad.[41] It is scheduled to be completed by 2025.[42] The Manoharabad - Siddipet portion of the line was inaugurated on 3 October 2023.[43]

In 2023, construction work began at the railway station to add a second and third platform, part of the Amrit Bharat Station Scheme, a modernization and expansion effort by the government.[44]

Media

The Telugu News publishers in the city are Maithri Channel, Eenadu, Andhra Jyothy. Apart from the local language, there are also English papers such as The Hans India.

Education

Karimnagar is a major education center in North-western Telangana. There are many schools and intermediate colleges in the city. Karimnagar has Technology institutes,[45] medical colleges,[46] law colleges.

Universities

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ https://legislature.telangana.gov.in/assemblymemprofile
  2. ^ https://www.india.gov.in/my-government/indian-parliament/sanjay-kumar-bandi
  3. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality". Karimnagar Municipal Corporatio. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  5. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook – Karimnagar" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 12, 364. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  7. ^ "Karimnagar District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 50, 110. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Skewed Urban Development in Telangana". Economic and Political Weekly. 50 (23): 7–8. 5 June 2015.
  9. ^ "Welcome to Telangana Focus.com". Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
  10. ^ Dayashankar, K.M. (13 June 2015). "Industrial policy a shot in the arm for Karimnagar". The Hindu.
  11. ^ Padala, Santosh (15 May 2016). "Granite factories flourish in Karimnagar". Deccan Chronicle.
  12. ^ "Karimnagar replaces Hyderabad in Smart City plan". The Hindu. 17 June 2016.
  13. ^ a b "About Karimnagar | Karimnagar Corporation". mckarimnagar.in. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  14. ^ "About Karimnagar District".
  15. ^ "Tourism in Karimnagar". Tourism Karimnagar. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  16. ^ "Page Redirection". data.gov.in. 21 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Karimnagar Metropolitan Urban Region Population 2011–2019 Census". www.census2011.co.in.
  18. ^ "Primary Census Abstract Data Tables".
  19. ^ "Karimnagar City Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh". census2011.co.in.
  20. ^ Weather conditions/Climate in the city of Karimnagar. Mustseeindia.com.
  21. ^ Staff Reporter (17 May 2011). "Opposition to merger of villages into civic body". The Hindu.
  22. ^ "10 Karimnagar villages to be merged with Corporation". The Hindu. 21 January 2006.
  23. ^ Major hospitals in Karimnagar. Ekarimnagar.com.
  24. ^ "KTR likely to inaugurate Karimnagar cable bridge on April 14". 24 March 2023.
  25. ^ "Minister instructs authorities to expedite works for inauguration of cable-stayed bridge by January 2023". 8 November 2022.
  26. ^ "K T Rama Rao shares stunning photos of Karimnagar cable bridge that is set to open today". 21 June 2023.
  27. ^ "₹410-cr. Manair riverfront project within one and a half years". The Hindu. 26 July 2022.
  28. ^ vemulawada, Lord shiva. "temple". Vemulawada Temple.
  29. ^ Temple, Sri Laxmi Narasimha Swamy. "Narasimha Swamy Temple". www.srilakshminarasimha.org/.
  30. ^ TEMPLE, Sri Anjaneya Swamy. "JAI Hanuman". www.kondagattu.org/index1.htm. Temple Developers.
  31. ^ "Welcome Sri Veerabadra Swamy Devasthanam, Kothakonda Temple.org, Bheemadevarapalli mandal in Karimnagar district". kothakondatemple.org.
  32. ^ Dayashankar, K. m (14 January 2015). "Sakinalu's aroma hangs in the air". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  33. ^ "KT Rama Rao to inaugurate Karimnagar IT Tower".
  34. ^ Bureau, NewsTAP (16 December 2023). "Minister Sridhar Babu wants IT to expand to Warangal, Karimnagar, Khammam, Nizamabad". www.newstap.in. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  35. ^ "Telangana: Karimnagar to have four integrated markets". 15 March 2023.
  36. ^ Dyashankar, K. M. (20 June 2013). "For State Highway-1, double is trouble". The Hindu. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  37. ^ "Bus Stations". TSRTC. Archived from the original on 10 June 2016. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  38. ^ "EV charging stations to come up in Karimnagar". 3 September 2023.
  39. ^ "Evolution of Guntur Division" (PDF). South Central Railway. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  40. ^ "Four train services extended, to be flagged off from Telangana on October 9 - the New Indian Express".
  41. ^ "Age-old wait ends; Siddipet, Sircilla & Gajwel set for rail connectivity".
  42. ^ "Railway line completed between Gajwel – Kodakandla. Pipa News". 28 October 2022.
  43. ^ Geetanath, V. (28 September 2023). "PM to commission two new railway lines in Telangana". The Hindu.
  44. ^ "PM Modi to virtually launch modernisation work on 21 railway stations in TS". The Hindu. 2 August 2023.
  45. ^ https://www.vgsek.ac.in/
  46. ^ https://caims.org/
  47. ^ Satavahana University. Satavahana.ac.in.