Khammam district
Erradibba Stupa in Nelakondapalli
Khammam Fort
Coal handling ropeway, Pamulapalli
Location in Telangana
Location in Telangana
Map
Khammam district
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
HeadquartersKhammam
Mandalas21
Government
 • District collectorSri V.P.Gautham I.A.S.,
 • Parliament constituencies1
 • Assembly constituencies10
Area
 • Total4,361 km2 (1,684 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,401,639
 • Density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
 • Urban
316,828
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationTS 04[1]
Websitekhammam.telangana.gov.in


Khammam district is a district in the eastern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The city of Khammam is the district headquarters. The district shares boundaries with Suryapet, Mahabubabad, Bhadradri districts and with Eluru and NTR districts.

History

Paleolithic man probably roamed around the areas of lower Godavari valley[2] and the surroundings of Bhadrachalam, Kothagudem, Wyra, Sathupalli and Paloncha Taluks in the district. Prehistoric rock paintings were found near Neeladri konda[3] near Lankapalli of Sathupalli Taluk.

Megalithic Dolmens were found at Janampet of Pinapaka Taluk.[4] Megalithic site on the campus of Government Degree college in Khammam has yielded pottery and skeletal remains.[5] Kistapuram[6] and Padugonigudem[7] villages in Gundala Taluk of the district were rich in Megalithic cultural remnants explored and discovered recently.

The southern parts of Khammam district flourished as famous Buddhist centers along with Amaravathi and Vijayapuri along the rivulets Munneru, Wyra and Murredu. Important Buddhist sites in the district are Nelakondapalli, Mudigonda, Aswaraopeta and Karukonda[8] near Kothagudem.

Post Independence

Khammam town which was the seat of Taluk Administration was a part of the larger Warangal district, till 1 October 1953. Six taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Paloncha, Kothagudem and Burgampadu were carved out as a new district with Khammam as headquarters. On 1 November 1956, Hyderabad state was dissolved, and Khammam district became part of Andhra Pradesh.

In 1959, Bhadrachalam revenue division consisting of Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godavari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability. Aswaraopeta was also part of West Godavari District up to 1959. In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was carved out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 three new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Aswaraopeta and Manuguru by bifurcating Khammam, Kothagudem and Burgampadu taluks respectively.

In the year 1985, following the introduction of the mandal system, the district has been divided into 46 mandals, under four Revenue Divisions – Khammam, Kothagudem, Paloncha and Bhadrachalam.

On 2 June 2014, Khammam together with nine other districts became the new state of Telangana, which was separated from Andhra Pradesh. On 11 July 2014, the Lok Sabha approved a bill transferring seven mandals of Khammam district (Kukunoor, Velairpadu, Bhurgampadu, Chintoor, Kunavaram, Vararamachandrapuram and Bhadrachalam) back to Andhra Pradesh, in order to facilitate the Polavaram Irrigation project.[9][10]

Geography

Khammam district occupies an area of 4,361 square kilometres (1,684 sq mi). It is surrounded by Suryapet district and Mahabubabad district to the west, Bhadradri Kothagudem district to the east, NTR district to the south and east, and Eluru district to the east.[11]

Demographics

Religion in Khammam district (2011)[12]
Hinduism
92.29%
Islam
6.49%
Christianity
0.98%
Other or not stated
0.24%

As of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 1,401,639. Mahabubabad has a sex ratio of 1005 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 65.95%. 139,614 (9.96%) were under 6 years of age. 316,828 (22.60%) lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes made up 279,319 (19.93%) and 199,342 (14.22%) of the population respectively.[13]

At the time of the 2011 census, 83.09% of the population spoke Telugu, 10.21% Lambadi and 5.54% Urdu as their first language.[14]

Administrative divisions

Khammam was part of Warangal District until 1953

The district has two revenue divisions of Kallur and Khammam. These are sub-divided into 21 mandals.[11][15] V.P. Gautham is the present collector of the district.

Mandals

Mandals of Khammam district

The mandals of Chinturu, Kunavaram, Nellipaka and Vararamachandrapuram were added to East Godavari district based on Polavaram ordinance.[16]

The list of 21 mandals in Khammam district under 2 revenue divisions are:

  1. Kalluru revenue division
    1. Enkuru
    2. Kalluru
    3. Penuballi
    4. Sathupalli
    5. Thallada
    6. Vemsoor
  2. Khammam revenue division
    1. Bonakal
    2. Chintakani
    3. Kamepalli
    4. Khammam (rural)
    5. Khammam (urban)
    6. Konijerla
    7. Kusumanchi
    8. Madhira
    9. Mudigonda
    10. Nelakondapalli
    11. Raghunadhapalem
    12. Singareni
    13. Tirumalayapalem
    14. Wyra
    15. Yerrupalem

Politics

Khammam district comprises 5 Assembly constituencies and 1 Lok Sabha constituency.

Constituency number Name Reserved for
Parliament
112 Khammam None Khammam
113 Palair None
114 Madhira SC
115 Wyra ST
116 Sathupalli SC

Economy

In 2006 the Indian government named Khammam one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[17] It is one of the districts in Telangana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[17]

Notable personalities

This section includes a list of references, related reading, or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please help to improve this section by introducing more precise citations. (February 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

References

  1. ^ "Vehicle Registration Codes For New Districts In Telangana". sakshipost.com.
  2. ^ Paleolithic History of Godavari valley. 1984.
  3. ^ Murty, M. L. K. (2003). Comprehensive History and Culture of Andhra Pradesh: Pre- and protohistoric ... ISBN 9788125024750.
  4. ^ "Archeological Survey of India".
  5. ^ Sridhar, P (4 June 2012). "Excavation throws light on burial practices of megalithic age". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  6. ^ Sridhar, P. (22 February 2012). "Three megalithic sites discovered". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  7. ^ "3,000-year-old megalithic site discovered in Khammam". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 22 April 2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2011.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation (Amendment) Bill, 2014" Accessed 13 July 2014 [1]
  10. ^ "Protests against Centre, Andhra Pradesh in Khammam over Polavaram Bill". Deccan Chronicle, 12 July 2014. Accessed 13 July 2014. [2]
  11. ^ a b "New districts". Andhra Jyothy.com. 8 October 2016. Archived from the original on 25 December 2018. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Population by Religion - Andhra Pradesh". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ "Know your district Plan your district - Khammam" (PDF). trac.telangana.gov.in. Telangana State Remote Sensing Applications Centre.
  14. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Andhra Pradesh". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  15. ^ "Administrative Map of Khammam District". Khammam District. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Ordinance on Polavaram project promulgated". The Hans India. Hyderabad. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2015.
  17. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.