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Gondia district
Forest in Nagzira
Forest in Nagzira
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Map
Gondia district
Coordinates (Gondia): 21°27′41″N 80°11′29″E / 21.46139°N 80.19139°E / 21.46139; 80.19139
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionNagpur
HeadquartersGondia
Tehsils1. Gondia, 2. Goregaon, 3. Tirora, 4. Arjuni Morgaon, 5. Deori, 6. Amgaon, 7. Salekasa, 8. Sadak Arjuni
Government
 • BodyGondia Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterAatram Dharamraobaba Bhagwantrao
(Cabinet Minister)
 • President Zilla ParishadPankaj Rahangdale
 • District collectorNayana A. Gunde (IAS)
 • CEO Zilla ParishadAnil Patil (IAS)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,322,507
 • Density250/km2 (650/sq mi)
 • Urban
11.95%
Demographics
 • Literacy85%
 • Sex ratio999
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 53, NH 543, NH 753, MSH 11, SH 249, SH 266, SH 275, SH 354, SH 366
Average annual precipitation1197 mm
Websitegondia.gov.in

Gondia district (also known as Gondiya, Marathi pronunciation: [ɡon̪d̪iaː]) is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in India. The district headquarter is located at Gondia. The district occupies an area of 5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi) and has a population of 1,322,507 of which 11.95% were urban (as of 2011).[1] The district is part of Nagpur Division. There are 8 Talukas in Gondia District. Gondia Airport is second airport in Vidharbha region and serves city of Gondia.

Geography

Climate

Gondia average temperature

Gondia experiences extreme variations in temperature with very hot summers and very cold winters and has an average relative humidity of 62 per cent. Average recorded rainfall is more than 1,200 mm (47 in) in each rainy season (June to September).

The hottest month is May when daytime high temperatures will generally average 42 °C (108 °F). During the same month, nightly minimum temperatures average around 28 °C (82 °F). In recent times the highest-recorded temperature in May has been 48 °C (118 °F), and the lowest May temperature has been 20 °C (68 °F).

The coolest months are December and January when temperatures will reach highs of around 29 °C (84 °F) and lows of 13 °C (55 °F). The highest-recorded temperature in January was 38 °C (100 °F) and the lowest was 0 °C (32 °F).

Climate data for Gondia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.6
(81.7)
31.1
(88.0)
35.2
(95.4)
43.0
(109.4)
47.0
(116.6)
45.0
(113.0)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
29.3
(84.7)
27.9
(82.2)
34.0
(93.2)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 13.3
(55.9)
15.4
(59.7)
19.6
(67.3)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84.0)
27.4
(81.3)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
21.2
(70.2)
15.2
(59.4)
9
(48)
20.6
(69.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.0
(0.71)
30.7
(1.21)
16.0
(0.63)
16.0
(0.63)
13.7
(0.54)
219.2
(8.63)
503.9
(19.84)
443.5
(17.46)
222.3
(8.75)
66.5
(2.62)
22.9
(0.90)
5.8
(0.23)
1,578.5
(62.15)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901313,952—    
1911366,186+1.55%
1921383,135+0.45%
1931440,170+1.40%
1941514,165+1.57%
1951572,142+1.07%
1961678,740+1.72%
1971854,527+2.33%
1981987,089+1.45%
19911,086,221+0.96%
20011,200,707+1.01%
20111,322,507+0.97%
source:[2]
Religions in Gondiya district (2011)[3]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.25%
Buddhism
9.47%
Islam
1.98%
Other or not stated
1.30%

According to the 2011 census Gondia district has a population of 1,322,507,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[5] or the US state of New Hampshire.[6] This gives it a ranking of 369th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 253 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate during 2001–2011 was 10.13%.[4] Gondiya has a sex ratio of 996 females for every 1,000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 85.41%. 17.08% of the population live in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.31% and 16.20% of the population respectively.[4]

The major hindu castes include Kshatriya Powar, Panwar, Rajput, Brahmin, Kunbi, Teli etc.

Languages

Languages in Gondia district (2011)[7]

  Marathi (73.31%)
  Hindi (10.06%)
  Powari (4.70%)
  Gondi (3.46%)
  Lodhi (2.61%)
  Chhattisgarhi (1.79%)
  'Other' Hindi (1.48%)
  Others (2.59%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 73.31% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 10.06% Hindi, 4.70% Powari, 3.45% Gondi, 2.60% Lodhi and 1.79% Chhattisgarhi as their first language. 1.48% of the population recorded their language as 'Others' under Hindi.[7]

Government and politics

Members of Parliament

Sunil Baburao Mendhe represents Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) for the Bhandara-Gondiya constituency, while Ashok Nete, also a member of Bharatiya Janata Party represents for the Gadchiroli–Chimur constituency.

Guardian Minister

Dharamraobaba Bhagwantrao Aatram is the guardian minister since 4 October 2023. Following is a link of former guardian ministers:-

District magistrate/collector

Nayana A. Gunde is the district magistrate of Gondia since 2019.

Divisions

The district is divided into four sub-divisions, each of which is further divided into talukas. These are:

The district also includes of 556 gram panchayats (village councils), 8 panchayat samitis and 954 revenue village. The Eight municipalities in this district are Gondia, Tirora, Arjuni Morgaon, Deori, Amgaon, Goregaon, Sadak Arjuni, Salekasa.

The district has four Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies: Arjuni Morgaon (Scheduled castes), Gondiya, Tirora and Amgaon (Scheduled tribes). While the first three are part of Bhandara-Gondiya Lok Sabha constituency, the last one is part of Gadchiroli-Chimur (ST) Lok Sabha constituency.[8]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gondia one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[9] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[9]

References

  1. ^ "Census GIS India". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Population by Religion - Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Hand Book – Gondiya" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Mauritius 1,303,717 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Hampshire 1,316,470
  7. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  8. ^ "Districtwise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 18 March 2010. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.