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Jalna district
Satavahana ruins in Rohilagad
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionAurangabad
HeadquartersJalna
Area
 • Total7,687 km2 (2,968 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,959,046
 • Density209/km2 (540/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Tehsils1. Jalna 2. Ambad, 3. Bhokardan, 4. Badnapur, 5. Ghansawangi, 6. Partur, 7. Mantha, 8. Jafrabad
Lok Sabha1. Jalna (shared with Aurangabad district) 2. Parbhani (shared with Parbhani district)
Websitejalna.gov.in

Jalna district (Marathi pronunciation: [d͡ʒaːlnaː]) is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in western India. Jalna town is the district headquarters. The district is part of Aurangabad division.

Geography

The district is situated in central Maharashtra, in the north of the Marathwada region—one of eight districts—as part Aurangabad division, and is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district, on the east by Parbhani district and Buldhana district, on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district.

The district occupies an area of 7,687 square kilometres (2,968 sq mi).[1] The range of geographical latitudes and longitudes of the district is from 19.01' N to 21.03'N and from 75.04'E to 76.04'E, with gently to moderately sloping topography. The Northern part of the district is occupied by the Ajanta and Satmala hill ranges.

Rivers and lakes

The Godavari River flows along the southern boundary of the district, from west to east. The Purna River, one of the major tributaries of the Godavari, also flows through the district. The Dudhana, the principal tributary of the Purna, and the Kelana and the Girija, also tributaries of the Purna, as well as the Gulati and the Kundlika—which has been dammed to create the Ghanewadi Reservoir, which provides water to Jalna city—are other rivers draining the district.

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901356,096—    
1911427,615+1.85%
1921363,765−1.60%
1931465,592+2.50%
1941521,222+1.14%
1951569,324+0.89%
1961720,141+2.38%
1971893,498+2.18%
19811,026,252+1.39%
19911,359,589+2.85%
20011,607,391+1.69%
20111,959,046+2.00%
source:[2]

Jalna was formerly a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad. After Indian independence in 1947, it became part of Aurangabad district. On 1 May 1981, the present district was formed from Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad and Ambad talukas of Aurangabad district and Partur taluka of Parbhani district.[3]

Divisions

The district was formed during the term of chief minister Abdul Rehman Antulay. The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Jalna and Partur. These are further divided into eight talukas: Jalna, Ambad, Bhokardan, Badnapur, Ghansavangi, Partur, Mantha and Jafrabad. There is a total of 970 villages in the district.

The district has five constituencies of Maharashtra State Vidhan Sabha ( Legislative Assembly):

While Partur and Ghansawangi are part of Parbhani (Lok Sabha constituency), the other three are part of the Jalna (Lok Sabha constituency).

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Jalna district has a population of 1,959,046,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 237th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 255 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi).[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.84%.[4] Jalna has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 73.61%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute 13.90% and 2.16% of the population respectively.[4]

Religions in Jalna district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
76.80%
Muslims
14.00%
Buddhists
7.79%
Christians
0.64%
Other or not stated
0.77%

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 76.16% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 9.16% Urdu, 7.09% Hindi and 4.46% Lambadi as their first language.[8]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Home". Jalna. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  2. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. ^ "Introduction". Jalna district. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011 - Jalna" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lesotho1,924,886
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. New Mexico – 2,059,179
  7. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  8. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  9. ^ Deo N S (2012). Darul Majanine, Jalna to Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda Hyderabad: The Forgotten History, Research Aaj Tak Vol.1 No.4 (Sept-Dec 2012).

Coordinates: 19°50′N 75°53′E / 19.833°N 75.883°E / 19.833; 75.883