North Maharashtra
Geographical Region
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
Districts1] Nashik
2] Dhule
3] Nandurbar
4] Jalgaon
LanguagesMarathi
DivisionNashik Division
Government
 • BodyGovernment of Maharashtra
Area
 • Land40,497 km2 (15,636 sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)

North Maharashtra or Uttar Maharashtra is a geographical region in the Maharashtra state of India. It comprises the Nashik, Dhule, Nandurbar, and Jalgaon districts.[1] It borders the state of Gujarat to the northwest, also Paschim Maharashtra to the south and Konkan to the west, Vidarbha & Marathwada regions of Maharashtra to the east.

History

Chalukya kings ruled the southern part of region during ancient times.[2][full citation needed] The 160 sq. meters fort in Parola is believed that once belong to the father of Queen of Jhansi.[3] On 13 March 1795 Marathas defeated Nizam of Ahmadnagar and Dhule District became part of Maratha Kingdom.[3]: 6–8 

In 1956, Dhule became part of new established Bombay state and in 1960, after formation of Maharashtra, it became a part of Maharashtra.

Geography

In the summer season, the temperature in the region climbs to over 44 °C.[4]

Rivers

This region has Godavari river at Nashik, Tapi, and Panjhara rivers in Dhule, and Narmada river in Nandurbar District.[5]

Dams

Jalgaon District has Hatnur dam on Tapti River. It also has Garbardi dam near Pal hill station, and Waghur dam near Jamner town. Nashik District has Gangapur and Nandur-Madheshwar dams on Godavari river.[6]

Crops

Jowar, Cotton, Lentils, Chickpeas, and Wheat

Rice, Jowar, Groundnuts, Onions, Wheat, Sugarcane, and Grapes

Cotton, Jowar, Groundnuts, Lentils, Wheat, and Chickpeas

Rice, Jowar, Groundnuts, Maize, Chickpeas, and other various lentils are some crops that farmers usually grow here.[7]

Economy

The economy of the region relies on agriculture and common variety of crops include cotton, sugarcane, lentils, maze, bananas, peas and wheat. Jalgaon District is informally called as "Banana Capital of India". The district is the largest producer of bananas in Maharashtra and grows the world's seventh largest banana crop.[8]

Nashik District is also a leader in grapes production; only Niphad and Dindori talukas are ahead of Nashik in grapes growing in this part of North Maharashtra.[9]

Educational facilities

North Maharashtra University serves the Dhule, Nandurbar and Jalgaon districts, Its headquarters is located in Jalgaon.[10][11]

Culture

Marathi poet Bahinabai Chaudhari was born in Bhadli village near Bhusawal in Jalgaon District. Poet Balkavi Thombre and Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar, writers of many acclaimed poetry works by scholars of Marathi literature, were both from the region. Thombre was born in Jalgaon District and was considered a child prodigy. Shirwadkar also was a prominent novelist, his play Natsamrat is considered as epic work of literature in the Maharashtra state. Although Khandesh in northern Maharashtra is now part of Maharashtra, its culture is similar to that of North Indian culture.

References

  1. ^ Sonawane, Santosh. "Harmonized growth of North Maharashtra". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  2. ^ lib.pune.ac.in
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2011" (PDF). District Census Handbook Jalgaon. XII-8: 1. 31 May 2014 – via CensusIndia.gov.in.
  4. ^ Sonawane, Dinesh. "उत्तर महाराष्ट्र तापला, पारा ४४ अंशांवर; पावसाची शक्यता". Latest Marathi News, Marathi News Paper, Breaking News In Marathi, Marathi Batmya Live.
  5. ^ Nathe, Sanjay (2017). Kantrati Gramsevak (in Marathi). Medical square, Hanumangar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, PIN- 440024, India: Nathe Publication Limited. pp. 32, 43, 44. ISBN 978-93-85369-97-1.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  6. ^ Nathe, Sanjay (2017). Kantrati Gramsevak (in Marathi). Medical square, Hanumangar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, PIN- 440024, India: Nathe Publication Limited. p. 32. ISBN 978-93-85369-97-1.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  7. ^ Nathe, Sanjay (2017). Kantrati Gramsevak (in Marathi). Medical square, Hanumangar, Nagpur, Maharashtra, PIN- 440024, India: Nathe Publication Limited. pp. 42–43. ISBN 978-93-85369-97-1.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location (link)
  8. ^ "The story of Jalgaon district in Maharashtra as the 'new' banana republic". The Indian Express. July 16, 2015.
  9. ^ "Grape production likely to dip by 25% - Times of India". The Times of India.
  10. ^ "उत्तर महाराष्ट्र विद्यापीठाला बहिणाबार्इ चौधरींचं नाव". Maharashtra Times (in Marathi). Retrieved 2021-03-05.
  11. ^ "Area of Implementation". www.nmu.ac.in. Retrieved 2021-03-05.