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Jalgaon
City
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation Building
Nickname(s): 
Banana City, Gold City
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon in Maharashtra,India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (India)
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (Earth)
Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711Coordinates: 20°59′53″N 75°34′00″E / 20.997984°N 75.566711°E / 20.997984; 75.566711
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • BodyJalgaon Municipal Corporation
 • MayorJayshree Mahajan(Shivsena)
Area
 • Total68.78 km2 (26.56 sq mi)
 [1]
Dimensions
 • Length17.4 km (10.8 mi)
 • Width14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Elevation
216 m (709 ft)
Population
 (2021)[2]
 • Total577,000
 • RankIndia: 63rd
Maharashtra: 8th
 • Density8,400/km2 (22,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Jalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0257
Vehicle registrationMH-19
Literacy Rate77.22%
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in western India. The city is located in northern Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarter of the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is known as "Banana City of India" as the region contributes approximately two-thirds of Maharashtra's banana production.[3] Jalgaon is also famous for its massive production of gold jewellery and because of that Jalgaon is also known as Gold city of Maharashtra.[4]

Jalgaon city is about 225 meters above sea level. The Girna River flows through the western part of the city. Jalgaon is the city in Khandesh region. In 1906 Khandesh was divided in East Khandesh and West Khandesh then Jalgaon became the headquarter of East Khandesh District.[5] East Khandesh covering the territory that is now Jalgaon District. After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State and Later in 1960 it became part of Maharashtra State.

Tourist attractions

Gandhi Teerth is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Jalgaon City. It is a research institution and museum based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. It was established on 25 March 2012 by Gandhi Research Foundation. [6]

Transport

Jalgaon airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[7] The Jalgaon Municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[8] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[9] The then President of India, Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[10] Jalgaon has two flights one for Mumbai and one for Ahemdabad operated by Trujet airlines.

The city is served by Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the region to New Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata.

Education

Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University
Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University

North Maharashtra University is located 8 km away from the city center. Prominent Under/post-graduate colleges in city are Mooljee Jetha College and Nutan Maratha College. Engineering and polytechnic colleges include School of Computer Science at NMU, University Department of Chemical Technology at NMU, Government College of Engineering, Government Polytechnic, Shram Sadhana Bombay Trust's College Of Engineering and G. H. Raisoni College of Engineering and Management.[citation needed]

Jalgaon has two medical colleges – Government Medical College and Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon.[11]

Climate

Jalgaon has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) owing to the rain shadow of the Western Ghats. There are three seasons: the sweltering, arid “hot” season from March to mid-June, the hot, steamy “wet” under the monsoon from mid-June to September, and the hot, dry “cool” season from October to February.

Climate data for Jalgaon City (1981-2010, extremes 1969-2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
41.2
(106.2)
43.9
(111.0)
47.2
(117.0)
48.4
(119.1)
46.6
(115.9)
43.9
(111.0)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
39.5
(103.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.4
(97.5)
48.4
(119.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91.0)
37.6
(99.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
32.7
(90.9)
30.4
(86.7)
34.7
(94.5)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
18.6
(65.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.8
(58.6)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39.0)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.8
(65.8)
17.1
(62.8)
12.3
(54.1)
9.5
(49.1)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
1.6
(0.06)
4.5
(0.18)
2.6
(0.10)
10.8
(0.43)
145.5
(5.73)
207.0
(8.15)
195.0
(7.68)
116.2
(4.57)
45.5
(1.79)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
746.5
(29.39)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 6.9 12.3 10.9 6.6 2.7 0.6 0.3 42.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 40 33 25 21 25 47 67 74 62 43 38 41 43
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[12][13]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[14]

Economy

The economy of Jalgaon city is mostly depends on agriculture, manufacturing, industrial and service sectors.

Some major industries in city

1. Gold : Jalgaon is known for its massive production of gold jewellery. Gold of Jalgaon is supposed to be of the purest form. There are more than 25,000 goldsmiths working in gold jewellery manufacturing in the city. As a result, Jalgaon city came to be known as the Gold City.

2. Pulse : There are many pulse (Daal) mills in Jalgaon city. because of that Jalgaon is known for its large scale of pulse marketing.

3. PVC : Jalgaon manufactures many PVC products, viz. pipes & fittings, irrigation systems. Alongside PVC, some producers produce products in parallel materials like PE and HDPE also.

4. Cotton : Areas of Jalgaon district and surroundings contributes a major role in cotton production.

5. PP mats : Jalgaon city also has many factories which manufactures PP mats on a large scale.

6.Edible Oil :There are many edible oil manufacturers in Jalgaon city.

Other industries in Jalgaon city include plastic products, chemical products, food products, food processing, paper products, saw mills, cosmetics, electrical components.

Notable people

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See also

References

  1. ^ "Jalgaon City Municipal Corporation". www.jcmc.gov.in. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Jalgaon, India Metro Area Population 1950-2021". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". The Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  4. ^ "Jalgaon Tourism, Jalgaon Travel Guide - Cleartrip". Cleartrip Tourism. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  6. ^ "Gandhi Teerth, Jalgaon | Gandhi Tourist Places". www.mkgandhi.org. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  8. ^ "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  9. ^ "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  10. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Government medical college & Hospital of Jalgaon". gmcjalgaon.com. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Station: Jalgaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 347–348. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M143. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 5 April 2020.