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Jalgaon
City
Khandesh Central.jpg
Jalgaon Municipal Corporation.jpg
Jalgaon Airport.jpg
Architchture on the Changdev Temple walls Muktainagar Dist Jalgaon P1220210 (22).JPG
Spotted owlet 1 @ Yawal Wildlife Sanctuary.jpg
Palash-flame of forest 01.jpg
Sambhar-32.JPG
Jalgaon City Municipal Corporation Building, Khandesh Central Mall, Jalgaon Airport, Changdev Temple, Yawal Wildlife Sanctuary
Nickname: 
Banana city
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon in Maharashtra,India
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (India)
Jalgaon is located in Earth
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (Earth)
Coordinates: 21°00′14″N 75°34′05″E / 21.004°N 75.568°E / 21.004; 75.568Coordinates: 21°00′14″N 75°34′05″E / 21.004°N 75.568°E / 21.004; 75.568
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • BodyJalgaon Municipal Corporation
 • MayorJayshree Mahajan(Shivsena)
Area
 • Total70 km2 (30 sq mi)
 [1]
Dimensions
 • Length17.4 km (10.8 mi)
 • Width14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Elevation
216 m (709 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total650,000
 • RankIndia: 63rd
Maharashtra: 8th
 • Density9,300/km2 (24,000/sq mi)
DemonymJalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0257
Vehicle registrationMH-19
Literacy Rate77.22%
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon (pronunciation ) is a city in Maharashtra, India. The city is located in North Maharashtra, and serves as the administrative headquarters of its namesake district, the Jalgaon district. Jalgaon is colloquially known as the “Banana City of India" as the region's (Jalgaon district) farmers grow approximately two-thirds of Maharashtra's banana production.[3]

The Girna river flows from the western part of the city. Jalgaon is situated in the Khandesh region of North Maharashtra. In 1906 Khandesh was divided between East Khandesh and West Khandesh, and Jalgaon became the headquarters of East Khandesh district.[4] After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State and later in 1960 it became part of Maharashtra.[5]

Transport

Jalgaon’s airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[6] The Jalgaon municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[7] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[8] Pratibha Patil, then president of India, laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[9] Jalgaon offers flights to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolhapur, Nashik and Nanded operated by Trujet airlines.[10]

The city is served by the Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the city to major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Jaipur, Chennai, Agra, and Lucknow.[11]

Education

Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University
Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University

North Maharashtra University is located 8 km away from the city center. Prominent under/post-graduate colleges in the city are Mooljee Jetha College and Nutan Maratha College.

Jalgaon has two medical colleges, Government Medical College and Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon.[12]

Climate

Jalgaon has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) owing to the rain shadow of the Western Ghats. There are three seasons in Jalgaon: the sweltering and arid “hot” season from March to mid-June, the hot and steamy “wet” under the monsoon from mid-June to September, and the hot and dry “cool” season from October to February.

Climate data for Jalgaon City (1981-2010, extremes 1969-2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
41.2
(106.2)
43.9
(111.0)
47.2
(117.0)
48.4
(119.1)
46.6
(115.9)
43.9
(111.0)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
39.5
(103.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.4
(97.5)
48.4
(119.1)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91.0)
37.6
(99.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
32.7
(90.9)
30.4
(86.7)
34.7
(94.5)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
18.6
(65.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.8
(58.6)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39.0)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.8
(65.8)
17.1
(62.8)
12.3
(54.1)
9.5
(49.1)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
1.6
(0.06)
4.5
(0.18)
2.6
(0.10)
10.8
(0.43)
145.5
(5.73)
207.0
(8.15)
195.0
(7.68)
116.2
(4.57)
45.5
(1.79)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
746.5
(29.39)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 6.9 12.3 10.9 6.6 2.7 0.6 0.3 42.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 40 33 25 21 25 47 67 74 62 43 38 41 43
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[13][14]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[15]

Tourist attractions

Gandhi Teerth is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Jalgaon City. It is a research institution and museum based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. It was established on 25 March 2012 by the Gandhi Research Foundation.[16]

Shree Jagatguru Ved Maharshi Vyas Muni Mandir
Shree Jagatguru Ved Maharshi Vyas Muni Mandir
Manudevi Temple Vicinity
Manudevi Temple Vicinity

Guru Purnima festival at Maharishi Krishna Dvaipayana Vedvysa Temple in Yawal is also a popular pilgrimage destination. It is visited by pilgrims from within Jalgaon and neighboring states like Madhya Pradesh. The temple is located at the confluence of the river Hadkhai-Khadkai also known previously as River Harita and Sarita. Vyasa was invited by the sage Lomasha to perform a sacrifice for the Pandavas after their incognito exile. It is one of the main three temples of Vyasa, the others being Vyas Chatti, Badrinath and Vyas Kashi Temple.[17]

Temple of Chandika Devi
Temple of Chandika Devi
Mudhai Devi Temple
Mudhai Devi Temple

Other ancient pilgrim places and tourist destination include,

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jalgaon City Municipal Corporation". www.jcmc.gov.in. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Where is Jalgaon, Information about Jalgaon, Where is Jalgaon, Located, Places to Visit". www.majorcitiesofworld.com. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". The Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  4. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  5. ^ "History | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  6. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  7. ^ "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  8. ^ "MADC - Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  9. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Domestic airlines in India | Domestic airline tickets Booking". www.trujet.com. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  11. ^ "How to Reach | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Government medical college & Hospital of Jalgaon". gmcjalgaon.com. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Station: Jalgaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 347–348. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M143. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  16. ^ "Gandhi Teerth, Jalgaon: Gandhi Tourist Places". www.mkgandhi.org. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  17. ^ "Programs in Yaval Vyasa Temple". Lokmat.
  18. ^ "Sant Muktabai Temple". templesofindia.org. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  19. ^ "Unapdev Hot Water Fountain".
  20. ^ "Padmalaya", Wikipedia, 29 September 2021, retrieved 26 January 2022
  21. ^ "Shree Kshetra Padmalaya".
  22. ^ tojsiab. "पांडुरंग सदाशिव साने इतिहास देखें अर्थ और सामग्री - hmoob.in". Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  23. ^ "A forgotten genius: State ignores restoration of Keki Moos". Mumbai Mirror.