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Jalgaon
-
City
Clockwise- Jalgaon's skyline, Khandesh Central mall, Municipal council building
Nickname: 
Banana city
Jalgaon is located in Maharashtra
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon in Maharashtra,India
Jalgaon is located in India
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (India)
Jalgaon is located in Earth
Jalgaon
Jalgaon
Jalgaon (Earth)
Coordinates: 21°00′14″N 75°34′05″E / 21.004°N 75.568°E / 21.004; 75.568
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKhandesh
DistrictJalgaon
Government
 • TypeMunicipal corporation
 • BodyJalgaon Municipal Corporation
 • MayorJayshree Mahajan(Shivsena)
Area
 • Total98 km2 (38 sq mi)
 [1]
Dimensions
 • Length17.4 km (10.8 mi)
 • Width14.3 km (8.9 mi)
Elevation
216 m (709 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total650,000
 • RankIndia: 93rd
Maharashtra: 13th
 • Density6,600/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
DemonymJalgaonkar
Language
 • OfficialMarathi
 • SpokenKhandeshi (Ahirani)[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0257
Vehicle registrationMH-19
Literacy Rate77.22%
Websitewww.jalgaon.nic.in

Jalgaon (pronunciation) is a city in Maharashtra, India. The city is located in North Maharashtra in the subregion of Khandesh, and serves as the administrative headquarters of its namesake district, the Jalgaon district. The Girna river flows from the western part of the city. Jalgaon is colloquially known as the "Banana city of India" as the region's (Jalgaon district) farmers grow approximately two-thirds of Maharashtra's banana production.[4]

According to Abul Fazal (Gladwin's AineAkbari 1157), the name Khandesh is derived from the "Khan" title given by Ahmad-I of Gujarat (1411-1443) to Malik Nasir, the second of the Faruki kings. According to some sources, the name comes from the Khandava forest of Mahabharat. The Mahabharat mentions Yuvanshava, the ruler of Toranmal (Nandurbar district) as fighting with the Pandavas. The rock temples and caves at Nashik and Ajanta show that during the first three centuries AD, Khandesh was under the rulers who patronized Buddhism. Thereafter, it was ruled by Saptavananas, Andhrabhrityas, Virsen (Ahir King), Yawan dynasty, Chalukyas, Yadavs and then Alaud-din Khilji, Mohammad Tughlak, Malik Raja Malik Nazir, the Nizam of Hyderabad, and subsequently the Marathas ruled the region.

The former Khandesh which was controlled by the Faruqui dynasty of Burhanpur, was than well established by the Maratha Royal named Tulajirao Bhoite and became Jalgaon. The Bhoite rulers built a mansion there which is now recognized as Bhoite Gadhi. In the 18th century, Khandesh was captured by British troops from the Holkar regime with Dhule as the headquarters. Robert Gill was the first officer of British East India Company in the Khandesh District with headquarters in Dhule.In 1906 Khandesh was divided between East Khandesh and West Khandesh, and Jalgaon became the headquarters of East Khandesh district.[5] After the 1956 reorganisation of India's states, East Khandesh became part of Bombay State and later in 1960 it became part of Maharashtra.[6]

Transport

Jalgaon's airport was built in 1973 by the Public Works Department.[7] The Jalgaon municipal council took over its operations in April 1997 and handed it over to the Maharashtra Airport Development Company in April 2007.[8] The Government of Maharashtra signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Airports Authority of India (AAI) to upgrade the existing airfield in July 2009.[9] Pratibha Patil, then president of India, laid the foundation stone for the development and expansion of the Jalgaon airport in June 2010.[10] Jalgaon offers flights to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kolhapur, Nashik and Nanded operated by Trujet airlines.[11]

The city is served by the Jalgaon Junction railway station. The railway connects the city to major cities like New Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Panvel, Chennai, Agra, and Lucknow.[12]

Education

Kaviyatri Bahinabai North Maharashtra University

North Maharashtra University is located 8 km away from thecity's center. Prominent under/post-graduate colleges in thecity are Mooljee Jetha College and Nutan Maratha College.

Jalgaon has two medical colleges, Government Medical College and Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College and Hospital, Jalgaon.[13] and the Government Ayurved College, Jalgaon providing the knowledge of Ayurveda. [14]

Climate

Jalgaon has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) owing to the rain shadow of the Western Ghats. There are three seasons in Jalgaon: the sweltering and arid "hot" season from March to mid-June, the hot and steamy "wet" under the monsoon from mid-June to September, and the hot and dry "cool" season from October to February. In Jalgaon District, the average annual rainfall is around 690 mm and the temperature can range from 10 to 48 degrees Celsius, making it a diverse climate with scorching summers of up to 45 degrees Celsius.[15]

Climate data for Jalgaon City (1981-2010, extremes 1969-2008)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.9
(96.6)
41.2
(106.2)
43.9
(111.0)
47.2
(117.0)
48.4
(119.1)
46.6
(115.9)
43.9
(111.0)
40.4
(104.7)
39.8
(103.6)
39.5
(103.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.4
(97.5)
48.4
(119.1)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91.0)
37.6
(99.7)
41.2
(106.2)
42.4
(108.3)
38.0
(100.4)
32.8
(91.0)
30.8
(87.4)
32.8
(91.0)
34.5
(94.1)
32.7
(90.9)
30.4
(86.7)
34.7
(94.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
13.9
(57.0)
18.6
(65.5)
23.9
(75.0)
26.9
(80.4)
25.9
(78.6)
24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
14.8
(58.6)
11.9
(53.4)
19.9
(67.8)
Record low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39.0)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
19.0
(66.2)
19.3
(66.7)
18.8
(65.8)
17.1
(62.8)
12.3
(54.1)
9.5
(49.1)
5.0
(41.0)
1.7
(35.1)
1.7
(35.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
1.6
(0.06)
4.5
(0.18)
2.6
(0.10)
10.8
(0.43)
145.5
(5.73)
207.0
(8.15)
195.0
(7.68)
116.2
(4.57)
45.5
(1.79)
11.3
(0.44)
2.4
(0.09)
746.5
(29.39)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.9 6.9 12.3 10.9 6.6 2.7 0.6 0.3 42.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 40 33 25 21 25 47 67 74 62 43 38 41 43
Source 1: India Meteorological Department[16][17]
Source 2: Government of Maharashtra[18]

Tourist attractions

Gandhi Teerth is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Jalgaoncity. It is a research institution and museum based on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. It was established on 25 March 2012 by the Gandhi Research Foundation.[19]

Shree Jagatguru Ved Maharshi Vyas Muni Mandir, Manudevi Temple Vicinity, Temple of Chandika Devi, Mudhai Devi Temple.

Guru Purnima festival at Maharishi Krishna Dvaipayana Vedvysa Temple in Yawal is also a popular pilgrimage destination. It is visited by pilgrims from within Jalgaon and neighboring states like Madhya Pradesh. The temple is located at the confluence of the river Hadkhai-Khadkai also known previously as River Harita and Sarita. Vyasa was invited by the sage Lomasha to perform a sacrifice for the Pandavas after their incognito exile. It is one of the main three temples of Vyasa, the others being Vyas Chatti, Badrinath and Vyas Kashi Temple.[20]

Other ancient pilgrim places and tourist destination include,

Demographics

As per Indian government census 2011, the population was 4,60,228 out of this 240590 were males and 219638 were females.

Year Male Female Total Population Change Religion (%)
Hindu Muslim Christian Sikhs Buddhist Jain Other religions and persuasions Religion not stated
2001[24] 193496 175122 368618 77.429 16.915 0.171 0.169 3.238 1.961 0.086 0.030
2011[25] 240590 219638 460228 0.249 76.123 18.271 0.234 0.174 3.207 1.714 0.079 0.199
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.
Graphs are unavailable due to technical issues. There is more info on Phabricator and on MediaWiki.org.

Notable people

Further information: list of people from Jalgaon

See also

References

  1. ^ "Jalgaon City Municipal Corporation". jcmc.gov.in. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Where is Jalgaon, Information about Jalgaon, Where is Jalgaon, Located, Places to Visit". majorcitiesofworld.com. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  3. ^ "About District | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 20 June 2023.
  4. ^ "Banana republic Jalgaon bears fruit". The Indian Express. 18 June 2004. Retrieved 3 January 2011.
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Khandesh, East and West" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 771.
  6. ^ "History | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  7. ^ "Airstrips in Maharashtra". Maharashtra Public Works Department. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
  8. ^ "President inaugurates Jalgaon airport". Newstrackindia.com. 23 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 25 March 2012.
  9. ^ "MADC – Projects". Maharashtra Airport Development Company. Archived from the original on 26 February 2012.
  10. ^ "President lays foundation stone for Jalgaon airport". Zeenews.com. 13 June 2010. Archived from the original on 16 June 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  11. ^ "Domestic airlines in India | Domestic airline tickets Booking". trujet.com. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  12. ^ "How to Reach | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Government medical college & Hospital of Jalgaon". gmcjalgaon.com. 10 April 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  14. ^ "Government ayurved college & Hospital of Jalgaon". gacjalgaon.com. 25 April 2023. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  15. ^ "About District | District Jalgaon, Government of Maharashtra | India". Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  16. ^ "Station: Jalgaon Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 347–348. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  17. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M143. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  18. ^ "Climate". Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  19. ^ "Gandhi Teerth, Jalgaon: Gandhi Tourist Places". mkgandhi.org. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  20. ^ "Programs in Yaval Vyasa Temple". Lokmat.
  21. ^ "Sant Muktabai Temple". templesofindia.org. Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Unapdev Hot Water Fountain".
  23. ^ "Shree Kshetra Padmalaya".
  24. ^ Census India 2001.
  25. ^ Census India 2011.
  26. ^ tojsiab. "पांडुरंग सदाशिव साने इतिहास देखें अर्थ और सामग्री – hmoob.in". Retrieved 26 January 2022.
  27. ^ "A forgotten genius: State ignores restoration of Keki Moos". Mumbai Mirror.