Mumbai City district
2012 Gateway Of India.jpg
South Bombay Harbour (18407488365).jpg
Ferry boats moored at Gateway of India 02.jpg
Chaitya Bhoomi Stupa 02.jpg
Dharavi India.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Gateway of India, South Bombay Harbour, Chaitya Bhoomi, Dharavi, Taj Mahal Palace Hotel
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Mumbai city district
Coordinates: 18°58′N 72°49′E / 18.96°N 72.82°E / 18.96; 72.82Coordinates: 18°58′N 72°49′E / 18.96°N 72.82°E / 18.96; 72.82
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
DivisionKonkan
Government
 • BodyBrihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
 • Guardian MinisterAslam Ramzan Ali Shaikh
(Cabinet Minister Mha)
 • Mayor
 • District Collector
  • Shri Rajeev D. Nivatkar (IAS)
 • Municipal Commissioner & Administrator
 • MPs
Area
 • Total157 km2 (61 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,085,411
 • Density20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Sex ratio840
Literacy89.2%
Websitehttps://mumbaicity.gov.in/

Mumbai City District is a district of Maharashtra in Konkan Division. As a city district, it has no headquarters or subdivisions. It, along with the Mumbai Suburban District, makes up the metropolis of Mumbai. This area is called the "Island City" or South Mumbai or Old Mumbai. It extends from Colaba in the south to Mahim and Sion in the north. The city has an area of 157 km2 (61 sq mi) and a population of 3,085,411.[1]

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901721,776—    
1911893,481+2.16%
19211,073,685+1.85%
19311,087,191+0.13%
19411,401,059+2.57%
19512,329,020+5.21%
19612,771,933+1.76%
19713,070,378+1.03%
19813,285,040+0.68%
19913,174,889−0.34%
20013,338,031+0.50%
20113,085,411−0.78%
source:[2]

Main article: History of Mumbai

See also: South Mumbai

The city of Mumbai came in light in the year 150 CE through the geographical work of renowned geographer, Ptolemy. The city, consisting of several islands, was then ruled by native Agris and Kolis. These natives ruled the islands up to 1345. Thereafter, Mumbai's rulers changed through history until Islamic rulers conquered what is now Maharashtra and conquered some of the islands in 1534. Subsequently, sultan of Gujarat took over all the islands, which were then conquered by the Portuguese.

Following the continued support of England in the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, stemming from the Anglo-Portuguese Treaty of 1373 and on the accession of a Catholic monarch in 1660, in 1661 the island of Mumbai was given to the British as part of a Royal Dowry, on the occasion of the marriage of King Charles II of England with the Portuguese Princess Infanta Catherine of Braganza. The island of Mumbai, was then to remain part of British Raj until 15 August 1947, when it became an autonomous dominion. Initially, Charles II entrusted the administration of Mumbai to the East India Company.

By a Royal Charter under the Regulation XIX of 1827, passed by the British Government, the Collector of Mumbai was made the Chief Controlling Authority of the Revenue Administration of Mumbai. The Collector of Mumbai enjoyed vast authority under the Mumbai Land Revenue Act 1876 which was repealed by the Maharashtra Land Revenue Code 1966.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Mumbai City district has a population of 3,085,411,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Mongolia[4] or the US state of Iowa.[5] This gives it a ranking of 115th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 19,652 inhabitants per square kilometre (50,900/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -7.57%.[1] Mumbai City has a sex ratio of 832 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 89.21%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 7.13% and 0.81% of the population respectively.[1]

Religions in Mumbai City district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
60.73%
Muslims
25.06%
Jains
5.38%
Buddhists
4.35%
Christians
2.74%
Other or not stated
1.74%

Hindus are in majority in the district, while Muslims are a quarter of the population. Jains are 5% of the population, while Buddhists are close behind with 4%. Christians are nearly 3% while other religions (mainly Parsi) are around 30,000.

Languages in Mumbai City district (2011)[7]

  Marathi (35.96%)
  Hindi (22.98%)
  Urdu (13.53%)
  Gujarati (11.34%)
  Tamil (2.93%)
  Marwadi (2.57%)
  Telugu (2.37%)
  Konkani (1.38%)
  Bengali (1.31%)
  Others (5.63%)

Marathi is the official and most spoken language of the district. However being one of the largest cities in the country, Mumbai has attracted speakers of a large number of languages. Other languages with significant number of speakers in the district include Hindi, Urdu, Gujarati, and Tamil. At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 35.96% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 22.98% Hindi, 13.53% Urdu, 11.34% Gujarati, 2.93% Tamil, 2.57% Marwadi, 2.37% Telugu, 1.38% Konkani and 1.31% Bengali as their first language.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Mumbai City District Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Census Organization of India. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  2. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  3. ^ a b "District Census 2011 - Mumbai" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Mongolia 3,133,318 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. N Iowa 3,046,355
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  7. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.