Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai
Seal of the MCGM
Emblem of the Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation
Founded1889; 135 years ago (1889)
Bhushan Gagrani, IAS[3]
Political groups
NDA (166)

I.N.D.I.A. (46)

Unallied (15)

Length of term
5 years
Last election
February 2017
Next election
यतो धर्मस्ततो जय: (Sanskrit)
Where there is Righteousness, there shall be Victory
Meeting place
Municipal Corporation Building, Mumbai
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation

The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC),[4] or Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai (MCGM) is the governing civic body of Mumbai, the capital city of Maharashtra.

Salman Khan Is Now Brand Ambassador of BMC from 2016.

The BMC is India's richest municipal corporation.[5][6] Its annual budget exceeds that of some of India's smaller states. Established under the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act of 1888, the BMC is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city and some suburbs.[7] The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation has been formed with the functions of improving the infrastructure of the town.


The Municipal administration in the erstwhile Bombay existed since 1805. During this period the civic administration was vested in a Court of Petty Sessions. Up to the end of 18th century the administration of Bombay was conducted by the President and Council directly. However, since the Municipal administration had been inefficient, multiple efforts were undertaken by the British administration. The first major change came through in the year 1865 with a Municipal Corporation being established as a Body Corporate and Sir Arthur Crawford was appointed as the first Municipal Commissioner.[8][9]

Thereafter in 1872, after enactment of the Bombay Act No. III of 1872, a regular Corporation was established consisting of 64 elected Corporators who were the rate (tax) payers with the right to vote being restricted to the tax payers only. Sir Pherozeshah Mehta was instrumental in the drafting of the 1872 Act which led to the establishment of the Corporation as seen today. Sir Mehta served as a Municipal Commissioner in 1873 and served as Chairman in 1884–86, and President in 1905 and 1911.[10] Fondly called as the Father of Municipal Government in Bombay, a large statue of Sir Mehta was erected in 1923 in his memory and respect and adorns the Municipal Corporation Building.

The British Administration the Bombay Municipal Corporation Act, 1888 which streamlined the operations of the Corporation by way of better administration and by providing proper responsibilities to its representatives. The Act, with some amendments continue to be in force till date.


The BMC is headed by an IAS officer who serves as Municipal Commissioner, wielding executive power. The Municipal Commissioner is one of the authorities under the Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888. The Municipal Commissioner is head of Executive Wing under section 54 of Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888. The Municipal Commissioner is appointed by Government of Maharashtra under section 54 of Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act, 1888. The Municipal Commissioner is responsible for developing & maintaining civic infrastructure of the city like water supply, roads, storm water, drainage and efficient delivery of various services to the citizens of Mumbai. The Municipal Commissioner deputes various departments to the Additional Municipal Commissioners, Deputy Municipal Commissioners, Assistant Commissioners and various heads of Department in discharge of his functions. The Municipal Commissioner is assisted by Additional Municipal Commissioners, Deputy Municipal Commissioners and Assistant Commissioners.

As of June 2008, all administrative business in the BMC was conducted in Marathi, a decision that sparked controversy,[11] following which the BMC eased its stance and began accepting forms in English.[12]

After the term of the present Corporators expired in March 2022, the State Government appointed the Municipal Commissioner, Mr. Iqbal Chahal, IAS as the Administrator of the Corporation.

City officials
Mayor Vacant
Deputy Mayor Vacant
Municipal Commissioner Bhushan Gagrani[13] 21 March 2024
Administrator Bhushan Gagrani, IAS 21 March 2024


In order to make the administration of the city convenient, it has been divided into seven zones. Further, these seven zones have 3 to 5 wards each. In total, Mumbai has been divided into 24 administrative wards that are ordered alphabetically from Ward A to Ward T. The 24 administrative wards are further divided into 227 civic electoral wards or constituencies. The smallest of the 24 administrative wards is the B-Ward with only 3 electoral wards while the P North-Ward is the largest with 16 electoral wards.

Every electoral ward is led by a Corporator. The Corporator is the in-charge of the electoral ward and is responsible towards its development in general.

As is the case with Legislative Bodies, the Elections for electing the Corporators is held every 5 years. The previous elections were held in 2017. The 2017 elections was the first time 31 candidates contested from a single ward (164). Raghvendra Singh was one of the youngest independent candidate at age 21 to fight the election.[14] Harshad Karkar from Shiv-Sena was the youngest candidate at age 23 to win the Elections in 2017.

The Corporators among themselves are to elect a Mayor who is the First Citizen of Mumbai. Mayors have two distinct roles- the decorative role of representing and upholding the dignity of the city and the functional role of presiding over the deliberations of the Corporation. As the presiding authority at the Corporation Meetings, his/her role is confined to the four corners of the Corporation Hall. The decorative role, however, extends far beyond the city and the country to other parts of world. This is seen whenever a foreign dignitary or a V.V.I.P. visits the city and the State Government invites the Mayor to receive the honored guest on behalf of the Citizens. Thus, when the Mayor receives or sees the guest off, he does it on behalf of all the citizens of Mumbai. Similarly, when the Mayor accords a civic reception or presents a civic address to a Monarch, or a President or a Prime Minister of any country, he does so in the name of the Mumbai Municipal Corporation and the citizens of Mumbai. In such situations, the Mayor is seen as the First Citizen. Mayor is also given a place of prominence at Civic, Government and other social functions. The term of the office of the Mayor is 2.5.

Finances and Revenue sources

BMC is one of the richest municipal corporations in Asia.[15] In ten years, the Corporation allocated ₹2.19 lakh crore for the city, higher than the 10-year budget of some Indian states.[16] The BMC Annual Budget of ₹52,619.07 for the year 2023-2024 was the first instance that the budget estimate for the BMC to cross ₹50,000 crores in its history.[17]

The following are the Income sources for the Corporation from the Central and State Government.[18][19][20]

Controversies and Criticism

The BMC has been criticized and classified as one of the most corrupt municipal corporations. Despite being the richest municipal body, the BMC has been indirectly involved in crumbling infrastructure of Mumbai.

Following the floods of Mumbai on 26 July 2005, an investigation revealed that the BMC had rejected a plan of overhauling the sewage system of Mumbai to enhance the capacity of carrying stormwater and prevent the city from flooding. Furthermore, the BMC also allowed encroachment and destruction of mangroves, which was a contributing factor.

The BMC has been criticized for corruption and incompetence over filling potholes on several major roads, besides not being able to build pothole free roads.[21] Every year, shoddy work done by BMC has led to potholes appear and cause significant impact to traffic flow.[22]

The BMC has been censured for not providing infrastructure for bicyclists, as well as demolishing existing tracks which were constructed "illegally".[23] Due to insufficient infrastructure, bicyclists face severe safety hazards, as several citizens utilize bicycles for short commutes.[24] Furthermore, the BMC has collaborated with Mumbai Police to collect fines from bicyclists if riders are found pedaling on certain prohibited roads and flyovers within the city limits, which is illegal as bicyclists cannot be penalized under the Motor Vehicles Act.[25]

Several officers of BMC have been involved in demanding bribes from the general public. Following several complaints, the anti-corruption bureau has been involved in arresting and catching several BMC officials for accepting bribes.[26] The BMC has also faced flak and ire from residents for not taking action against hawkers and illegal encroachments, which impacts safety of pedestrians as they are forced to walk on roads.[27]

On 19 July 2017, Malishka Mendonsa, a popular radio jockey of Red FM, released a parody video on YouTube targeting BMC for incompetence in dealing potholed roads. In response to the video, the BMC and Shiv Sena slammed her and sent a notice for defamation with a penalty of Rs 10,000.[28] As a result of the notice, several political parties criticized the BMC and Shiv Sena for intolerance towards criticism, with Shiv Sena corporators sending a notice of Rs. 500 cr (Rs. 5 billion) against the RJ.[29]

The BMC has faced ire from citizens as well as media personnel for serving the political elite on several occasions, especially the ruling party Shiv Sena. Following actress Kangana Ranaut's criticism of Uddhav Thackeray and his Government for mishandling the death of Sushant Singh Rajput in September 2020, the BMC demolished a portion of her house on the orders of Shiv Sena leaders; following the demolishion, the Bombay High Court criticized the BMC and ruled in her favour, noting that BMC acted with malice and ordered the BMC to pay compensation to Ranaut.[30]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, the BMC allegedly granted contracts for procuring medical kits to Sujit Patkar, a close aid of Shiv Sena leader Sanjay Raut, which led to investigation that uncovered a big scam.[31] Former mayor Kishori Pednekar was also found to be involved in the scam.[32]

The BMC has faced outrage and widespread condemnation for incompetence and negligence by the public and media during the reconstruction of Gokhale bridge. In February 2024, following completion of the construction, road users who started commuting on the bridge saw that there was a huge gap in linking the bridge to the Barfiwala Flyover - the previous bridge was linked to this flyover. [33] Following criticism and defamatory social media reels from the general citizens, the BMC issued a press statement and said that it never intended to connect the two flyovers in its first phase of reconstruction.[34]


Revenue from taxes

Following is the Tax related revenue for the corporation.

Revenue from non-tax sources

Following is the Non Tax related revenue for the corporation.

See also


  1. ^ "Administrator to run BMC, first time in 40 years". Times of India.
  2. ^ "BMC to be Run by Administrator Sans Mayor After 4 Decades". News18. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Iqbal Chahal appointed as BMC administrator as elections delayed". The Free Press Journal. Retrieved 8 March 2022.
  4. ^ "Welcome to The Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai". Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
  5. ^ "BMC to open green channel for octroi". 3 September 2007. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  6. ^ "Gold & beautiful, News - Cover Story". Mumbai Mirror. Archived from the original on 3 September 2012. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
  7. ^ "BMC-Act-1888.pdf" (PDF). Retrieved 12 January 2013.
  8. ^ admin (2 April 2020). "BrihanMumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)". MeMumbai. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  9. ^ "Municipal Corporation". Retrieved 27 February 2024.
  10. ^ "MyBMC - Welcome to BMC's Website". Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  11. ^ "From today. MCGM will do business only in Marathi". The Times of India. 25 June 2008. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  12. ^ "BMC drops only marathi clause, to accept forms in english". Hindustan Times. 28 January 2012.
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Find out who is contesting from Ward No. 164 in the BMC elections". Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  15. ^ Mishra, Sohit (21 February 2017). "BMC Elections 2017: Complete fact sheet of Asia's richest civic corporation". Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  16. ^ "In 10 years, just 18% of Rs2.19 lakh-crore BMC budget was spent on civic infra". Hindustan Times. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  17. ^ "BMC presents ₹52,620 cr budget for 23-34, no fresh tax levied for Mumbaikars". mint. 4 February 2023. Retrieved 22 December 2023.
  18. ^ Jadhav, Radheshyam (3 December 2020). "Why civic bodies in India need municipal bonds". Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  19. ^ "Municipal corporations under severe strain as revenues sink: RBI Report". Business Today. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  20. ^ "If cities are to deliver better quality life, need to have business models which are sustainable". Financialexpress. 17 May 2022. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  21. ^ "Netizens Give Sholay Spin to Mumbai Potholes as Angry Residents Lash Out at BMC over Damaged Roads". 20 July 2023.
  22. ^ "Shoddy repair of pothole-riddled roads frustrates residents of Bandra, Khar". 20 July 2023.
  23. ^ "BMC starts demolishing portions of cycling track near Powai lake 9 months after HC order". 22 February 2023.
  24. ^ Mead, Nick Van (17 December 2014). "'Nobody cycles across Mumbai.' But why?". The Guardian.
  25. ^ ""Can a Cyclist Run a Red Light in India? [10 Basic Rules Explained]"". 21 November 2021.
  26. ^ "Bribes & premiums, BMC's cash cow, jack up home rates". The Times of India. 30 September 2023.
  27. ^ "Mumbai News: Ghatkopar Residents To Launch Signature Campaign Against BMC's Inaction Over Road Encroachments By Hawkers".
  28. ^ "RJ Malishka-BMC Controversy: Civic Body Slaps Fine Of Rs 10,000 On The Radio Jockey".
  29. ^ "Sena slams RJ for parody on BMC".
  30. ^ "BMC acted with malice to demolish Kangana Ranaut bungalow, must pay for damages, rules Bombay HC".
  31. ^ "BMC Covid scam: Accused's assets worth ₹12 cr attached". The Times of India. 22 December 2023.
  32. ^ "BMC Covid 'scam': EOW books former Mumbai mayor Kishori Pednekar". The Times of India. 5 August 2023.
  33. ^ ""Long Jump?" Meant To Be Linked, 2 Mumbai Flyovers Have A 6-Foot Gap".
  34. ^ "Barfiwala flyover-Gokhale bridge connection was meant for Phase 2'".