University of Mumbai
A graphic depicting the official coat of arms of the University of Mumbai
Former name
University of Bombay (1857-1995)
MottoŚīlavṛttaphalā Vidyā (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
The Fruit of Learning is Character and Righteous Conduct
Established18 July 1857; 165 years ago (1857-07-18)
  • Dr. Bhau Daji Lad
  • John Wilson
  • Jugonnath Sunkersett
Academic affiliations
ChancellorGovernor of Maharashtra
Vice-ChancellorDr. D.T. Shirke
Location, ,

18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583Coordinates: 18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
All Campuses: 250 acres (1,000,000 m2)[2]
Colours  Saffron[3]
University of Mumbai wordmark.svg

The University of Mumbai is a collegiate, state-owned, public research university in Mumbai.

The University of Mumbai is one of the largest universities in the world.[4] As of 2013, the university had 711 affiliated colleges.[5] Ratan Tata is the appointed head of the advisory council.[6]


In accordance with "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854, the University of Bombay was established in 1857 after the presentation of a petition from the Bombay Association to the British colonial government in India.[7] The University of Mumbai was modelled on similar universities in the United Kingdom, specifically the University of London.[7]: 188 

The first departments established were the Faculty of Arts at Elphinstone College in 1835 and the Faculty of Medicine at Grant Medical College in 1845.[7] Both colleges existed before the university was founded and surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.[7] Medical schools such as Sindh Medical School in Hyderabad, Sindh were affiliated with the university as well.

Cornelia Sorabji, who later studied law at Somerville College becoming Oxford's first female law student and India's first female advocate, was the university's first female graduate in 1888.[8][9]

Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula, and produced guidelines for colleges developing curricula.[7] Teaching departments, research disciplines, and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904, and several additional departments were established. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were reorganized under The Bombay University Act of 1953.[10] The name of the university was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai in 1996.[11]

In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.[7]

Kalina Campus

Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning at remote examination centres. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository.[12]


University Library at the Fort Campus.
University Library at the Fort Campus.

Main article: University Library, Mumbai

Rajabai Clock Tower

Rajabai Clock Tower, located at the Fort campus, was built in 1878.
Rajabai Clock Tower, located at the Fort campus, was built in 1878.

One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower, was completed in the 1870s and houses the University of Mumbai's library. Sir George Gilbert Scott modeled the Rajabai Clock Tower on the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London.[16] Local businessman Premchand Roychand contributed to the cost of construction and named the tower in memory of his mother, Rajabai. The tower is 85 m (280 ft) tall and has five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including "Rule Britannia", "God Save the Queen", "Home! Sweet Home!" and "A Handel Symphony".[17] On the initiative of the then Vice-Chancellor, Dr. Rajan Welukar, the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower started in 2013 and was completed in May 2015. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) gave a Rs 4 crore grant for this phase of the restoration project.[18]

Convocation Hall

Main article: Convocation Hall, University of Mumbai

Affiliated colleges

Its jurisdiction extends over 7 districts -Mumbai City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Palghar,Raigad,Ratnagiri,Sindhudurg,Thane .

Prominent institutes

Several departments of the University of Mumbai are a part of vocational institutions and are not located on the four Mumbai campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in many prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital. The Department of Medicine at Tata Memorial Hospital is now[when?] affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.

Institute of Chemical Technology (then known as the University Department of Chemical Technology, UDCT), was originally a department of MU, which later gained the status of a university.[19][third-party source needed]

Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, then known as the Victorial Jubilee Technical Institute, founded in 1887, was the first Engineering Institute of the University of Mumbai.[20] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.[citation needed]


The Fort campus library.
The Fort campus library.

Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located on the campus at Kalina. As of May 2019, it desperately needs restoration.[21]


Notable alumni

Main article: List of University of Mumbai alumni


University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2023)[23]1001–1200
QS (Asia) (2023)[24]301–350
Times (World) (2023)[25]1201–1500
Times (Asia) (2022)[26]351–400
Times (Emerging) (2022)[27]351–400
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2020)[28]95
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[29]65

Internationally, the University of Mumbai was ranked 1001–1200 in the QS World University Rankings of 2023[23] and 301–350 in Asia.[24] It was ranked 1201–1500 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2023,[25] 351–400 in Asia in 2022[26] and in the same band among emerging economies.[27]

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it 65th among universities in India in 2020.[29]

Partner universities

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Toronto Metropolitan University, IESEG School of Management, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin University, Nankai University in China and Edith Cowan University in Australia.[30]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "University Student Enrollment Details". Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Campus".
  3. ^ "Mumbai University - Colours".
  4. ^ "Mumbai University records 60% rise in students" : DNA – Daily News and Analysis newspaper article, Monday, 21 March 2011.
  5. ^ With 811 colleges, Pune varsity 2nd largest in country The Times of India newspaper article : 4 November 2013
  6. ^ "Ratan Tata to head Mumbai University's first advisory council". The Times of India.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Aroon Tikekar (2006). The Cloister's Pale: A Biography of the University of Mumbai (2nd ed.). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-293-5.
  8. ^ First lady – Moneylife Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ "University strengthens ties with India". Cherwell. 13 December 2012. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
  10. ^ Ṭikekara, Aroon (2006). The Cloisters Pale (2nd ed.). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 327. ISBN 978-817991293-5.
  11. ^ Government of Maharashtra Gazette 4 September 1996
  12. ^ "Data" (PDF).
  13. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (21 May 2019). "Varsity officials inspect dilapidated library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  14. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (13 May 2019). "In Mumbai University's Jawaharlal Nehru Library, no peace of mind". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  16. ^ "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net. 7 November 2010.
  17. ^ "Clocktower chimes". Deccan Herald. 22 April 2017.
  18. ^ "Mumbai's iconic Rajabai Clock Tower reopens after renovation".
  19. ^ "ICT Mumbai". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  20. ^ "Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra State, Mumbai". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  21. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (13 May 2019). "In Mumbai University's Jawaharlal Nehru Library, no peace of mind". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  22. ^ "Hon'ble Vice Chancellor". 22 July 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  23. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 June 2022.
  24. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 November 2022.
  25. ^ a b "World University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  26. ^ a b "Asia University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  27. ^ a b "Emerging Economies University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  28. ^ "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  29. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  30. ^ "Indian students should consider studying in China". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.