University of Mumbai
A graphic depicting the official coat of arms of the University of Mumbai
Former name
University of Bombay (1857-1995)
MottoŚīlavṛttaphalā Vidyā (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
The Fruit of Learning is Character and Righteous Conduct
TypePublic University
Established18 July 1857; 166 years ago (1857-07-18)
Founder
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
UGC
AIU
ChancellorGovernor of Maharashtra
Vice-ChancellorDr. Ravindra D Kulkarni
Students7,579[1]
Undergraduates1,459[1]
Postgraduates5,638[1]
Location, ,
India

18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E / 18.97500°N 72.82583°E / 18.97500; 72.82583
CampusUrban
All Campuses: 250 acres (1,000,000 m2)[2]
Colours  Saffron[3]
Websitemu.ac.in

The University of Mumbai (previously University of Bombay) is a public state university in Mumbai. It is one of the largest university systems in the world with over 549,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges.[4][5] As of 2013, the university had 711 affiliated colleges.[6] Ratan Tata is the appointed head of the advisory council.[7]

History

In accordance with "Wood's despatch", drafted by Sir Charles Wood in 1854, the University of Bombay was established in 1857 after the presentation of a petition from the Bombay Association to the British colonial government in India.[8] The University of Mumbai was modelled on similar universities in the United Kingdom, specifically the University of London.[8]: 188 

The first departments established were the Faculty of Arts at Elphinstone College in 1835 and the Faculty of Medicine at Grant Medical College in 1845.[8] Both colleges existed before the university was founded and surrendered their degree-granting privileges to the university. The first degrees awarded in 1862 were Bachelor of Arts and Licentiate in Medicine.[8] Medical schools such as Sindh Medical School in Hyderabad, Sindh were affiliated with the university as well.

Cornelia Sorabji, who later studied law at Somerville College becoming Oxford's first female law student and India's first female advocate, was the university's first female graduate in 1888.[9][10]

Until 1904, the university only conducted examinations, awarded affiliations to colleges, developed curricula, and produced guidelines for colleges developing curricula.[8] Teaching departments, research disciplines, and post-graduate courses were introduced from 1904, and several additional departments were established. After India achieved independence in 1947, the functions and powers of the university were reorganized under The Bombay University Act of 1953.[11] The name of the university was changed from University of Bombay to University of Mumbai in 1996.[12]

In 1949, student enrolment was 42,272 with 80 affiliated colleges. By 1975, these numbers had grown to 156,190 and 114 respectively.[8]

Kalina Campus

Examination processes were made more efficient by the introduction of online delivery of question papers for examinations, and assessment of answer books by scanning at remote examination centres. The academic depository of the university was started in collaboration with CDSL in 2015. The university is the first university in the country to start an academic depository.[13]

Library

University Library at the Fort Campus.

Main article: University Library, Mumbai

Rajabai Clock Tower

Rajabai Clock Tower, located at the Fort campus, was built in 1878.

One of Mumbai's landmarks, the Rajabai Clock Tower, was completed in the 1870s and houses the University of Mumbai's library. Sir George Gilbert Scott modeled the Rajabai Clock Tower on the clock tower of the Palace of Westminster in London.[17] Local businessman Premchand Roychand contributed to the cost of construction and named the tower in memory of his mother, Rajabai. The tower is 85 m (280 ft) tall and has five storeys. At a height of 9.1 m (30 ft) from the ground, there are eight statues representing the Indian castes. The tower clock is reported to have played 16 tunes including "Rule Britannia", "God Save the Queen", "Home! Sweet Home!" and "A Handel Symphony".[18] On the initiative of the then Vice-Chancellor, Rajan Welukar, the first phase of restoration of Rajabai Clock Tower started in 2013 and was completed in May 2015. Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) gave a Rs 4 crore grant for this phase of the restoration project.[19]

Convocation Hall

Main article: Convocation Hall, University of Mumbai

Affiliated colleges

Its jurisdiction extends over 7 districts - Mumbai City district, Mumbai Suburban district, Palghar district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district.[20][21]

Prominent institutes

Several departments of the University of Mumbai are a part of vocational institutions and are not located on the four Mumbai campuses. These include the departments of Medicine and Medical Research located in many prominent hospitals in Mumbai, such as the Tata Memorial Hospital, Bombay Hospital and G.S. Medical College and King Edward Memorial Hospital. The Department of Medicine at Tata Memorial Hospital is now[when?] affiliated to the Homi Bhabha National Institute.

Institute of Chemical Technology (then known as the University Department of Chemical Technology, UDCT), was originally a department of MU, which later gained the status of a university.[22][third-party source needed]

Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute, then known as the Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute, founded in 1887, was the first Engineering Institute of the University of Mumbai.[23] Thadomal Shahani Engineering College was the first Engineering college in the University of Mumbai to start courses in Computer Engineering, Information Technology, Electronics Engineering and Biomedical Engineering.[citation needed]

Libraries

The Fort campus library.

Jawaharlal Nehru Library (JNL) is the central library, located on the campus at Kalina. As of May 2019, it desperately needs restoration.[24]

Vice-chancellors

Notable alumni

Main article: List of University of Mumbai alumni

Rankings

University and college rankings
General – international
QS (World) (2023)[26]800–1000
QS (Asia) (2023)[27]301–350
Times (World) (2023)[28]1201–1500
Times (Asia) (2022)[29]351–400
Times (Emerging) (2022)[30]351–400
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2023)[31]96
NIRF (Universities) (2023)[32]56

Internationally, the University of Mumbai was ranked 741-750 in the QS World University Rankings of 2024[26] and 101–150 in Asia.[27] It was ranked 1201–1500 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2023,[28] 351–400 in Asia in 2022[29] and in the same band among emerging economies.[30]

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked it 56th among universities in India in 2020.[32].It also ranked 96th overall in 2023[31]

Partner universities

Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) have been signed with University of Amsterdam, University of Bath, Liverpool Hope University, Toronto Metropolitan University, IESEG School of Management, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin University, Nankai University in China and Edith Cowan University in Australia.[33]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "University Student Enrollment Details". www.ugc.ac.in. Archived from the original on 16 October 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  2. ^ "Campus". Archived from the original on 2 March 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Mumbai University – Colours". Archived from the original on 6 December 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  4. ^ "Mumbai University records 60% rise in students - Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 21 March 2011. Archived from the original on 16 January 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Mumbai University records 60% rise in students" : DNA – Daily News and Analysis newspaper article, Monday, 21 March 2011.
  6. ^ With 811 colleges, Pune varsity 2nd largest in country Archived 19 October 2015 at the Wayback Machine The Times of India newspaper article : 4 November 2013
  7. ^ "Ratan Tata to head Mumbai University's first advisory council". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Aroon Tikekar (2006). The Cloister's Pale: A Biography of the University of Mumbai (2nd ed.). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7991-293-5.
  9. ^ First lady – Moneylife Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ "University strengthens ties with India". Cherwell. 13 December 2012. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014.
  11. ^ Ṭikekara, Aroon (2006). The Cloisters Pale (2nd ed.). Mumbai: Popular Prakashan. p. 327. ISBN 978-817991293-5.
  12. ^ Government of Maharashtra Gazette 4 September 1996
  13. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.cdslindia.com. Archived (PDF) from the original on 31 January 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  14. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (21 May 2019). "Varsity officials inspect dilapidated library". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  15. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (13 May 2019). "In Mumbai University's Jawaharlal Nehru Library, no peace of mind". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 1 September 2019.
  16. ^ "Alkesh Dinesh Mody Institute". Mu.ac.in. Archived from the original on 12 February 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  17. ^ "Rajabai Tower Mumbai: Tourist Attractions in Mumbai". Mumbailocal.Net. 7 November 2010. Archived from the original on 4 May 2011. Retrieved 11 May 2011.
  18. ^ "Clocktower chimes". Deccan Herald. 22 April 2017. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 26 November 2020.
  19. ^ "Mumbai's iconic Rajabai Clock Tower reopens after renovation". Archived from the original on 23 June 2015. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  20. ^ "About SJCEM – St. John College of Engineering & Management". Archived from the original on 13 August 2023. Retrieved 13 August 2023.
  21. ^ "University Of Mumbai". Mumbai University - English. 7 March 2014. Archived from the original on 13 August 2023. Retrieved 13 August 2023.
  22. ^ "ICT Mumbai". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  23. ^ "Directorate of Technical Education, Maharashtra State, Mumbai". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
  24. ^ Karangutkar, Suyash (13 May 2019). "In Mumbai University's Jawaharlal Nehru Library, no peace of mind". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 9 August 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  25. ^ "Hon'ble Vice Chancellor". mu.ac.in. 22 July 2014. Archived from the original on 1 May 2018. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  26. ^ a b "QS World University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 June 2022.
  27. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 November 2022.
  28. ^ a b "World University Rankings 2023". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  29. ^ a b "Asia University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  30. ^ a b "Emerging Economies University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  31. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  32. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 5 June 2023.
  33. ^ "Indian students should consider studying in China". Hindustan Times. 29 November 2011. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2012.