The University of Madras, established 1857, is one of the three oldest modern state universities in India, the others being the University of Calcutta and the University of Mumbai.
The University of Madras, established 1857, is one of the three oldest modern state universities in India, the others being the University of Calcutta and the University of Mumbai.

The higher education system in India includes both private and public universities. Public universities are supported by the Government of India and the state governments, while private universities are mostly supported by various bodies and societies. Universities in India are recognised by the University Grants Commission (UGC), which draws its power from the University Grants Commission Act, 1956.[1] In addition, 15 Professional Councils are established, controlling different aspects of accreditation and co-ordination.[2]

The types of universities include:

As of 4 March 2022, these four types of universities total 1026 universities together. There are universities of some kind in each of the 28 states of India as well as five of the eight union territories: Chandigarh, Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Puducherry. The state with the most universities is Rajasthan with 85 universities, and Rajasthan has also by far the most private universities, 52 in number.[10] Tamil Nadu is the state with the most deemed universities, numbering 28,[8] and West Bengal has the most state universities, 35.[5] Delhi has seven central universities, the largest number of all the states and territories.[4]

Also not listed are institutes which are under the control of the professional councils, without an approval of the UGC, e.g. Agricultural Universities, which are under the control of the Agricultural Education Division of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), one of the professional councils.[12][13]

The University Grants Commission (UGC) has also maintains a list fake Universities operating in India. UGC has said that these 24 self-styled, unrecognised institutions functioning in contravention of the UGC Act have been declared as fake and are not entitled to confer any degrees.[14] As of 7 October 2020, the list contains 24 institutions.[15]

Universities by state and type

The table below is correct as of November 2021.

State Central
universities
[4]
State
universities
[5]
Deemed
universities
[8]
Private
universities
[10]
Total
Andhra Pradesh (list) 3 25 4 6 38
Arunachal Pradesh (list) 1 0 1 8 10
Assam (list) 2 17 1 6 26
Bihar (list) 4 18 1 7 30
Chandigarh (list) 0 1 1 0 2
Chhattisgarh (list) 1 16 0 15 32
Delhi (list) 7 10 9 0 26
Goa (list) 0 1 0 1 2
Gujarat (list) 1 28 3 50 82
Haryana (list) 1 20 6 24 51
Himachal Pradesh (list) 1 7 0 17 25
Jammu and Kashmir (list) 2 9 1 0 12
Jharkhand (list) 1 11 1 16 29
Karnataka (list) 1 34 14 20 69
Kerala (list) 1 15 3 0 19
Ladakh (list) 0 1 0 0 1
Madhya Pradesh (list) 2 24 1 40 67
Maharashtra (list) 1 25 21 21 68
Manipur (list) 3 3 0 4 10
Meghalaya (list) 1 0 0 9 10
Mizoram (list) 1 0 0 1 2
Nagaland (list) 1 0 0 4 5
Odisha (list) 1 21 3 8 33
Puducherry (list) 1 0 1 0 2
Punjab (list) 1 14 2 17 34
Rajasthan (list) 1 24 8 52 85
Sikkim (list) 1 2 0 4 7
Tamil Nadu (list) 2 22 28 4 56
Telangana (list) 3 17 3 5 28
Tripura (list) 1 1 0 1 3
Uttar Pradesh (list) 6 31[note 1] 9 32 78
Uttarakhand (list) 1 11 3 21 36
West Bengal (list) 1 35 2 11 49
Total 54 443 126 403 1026

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The list[5] includes a serial numbering which goes up to 444. However, the list erroneously includes "U.P. King George's University of Dental Science" (#381) which was reabsorbed into King George's Medical University (#372) in 2007.[6]

References

  1. ^ "University Grants Commission Act, 001956" (PDF). Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Professional Councils". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Central Universities". mhrd.gov.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b c "Consolidated list of Central Universities as on 31.03.2021" (PDF). UGC. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "List of State Universities as on 04.03.2022" (PDF). University Grants Commission. 4 March 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Faculty of Dental Sciences Education Overview". King George's Medical University. Retrieved 1 August 2017.
  7. ^ "Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IISST) Thiruvananthapuram Declared as Deemed to be University". Union Human Resource Development Ministry, Press Information Bureau. 14 July 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c "List of Institutions Which Have Been Declared as Deemed To Be Universities as On 30 November 2021" (PDF). ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 30 November 2021. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2022. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
  9. ^ "Listing of Homi Bhabha National Institute as deemed university". ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
  10. ^ a b c "List of (Private) Universities as on 04.03.2022" (PDF). www.ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 4 March 2022. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 April 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  11. ^ "Autonomous Bodies – Higher Education". education.nic.in. Union Human Resource Development Ministry. Archived from the original on 17 December 2010. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
  12. ^ "Agricultural Education Division | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  13. ^ "Universities | Indian Council of Agricultural Research". icar.org.in. Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 11 August 2011.
  14. ^ "UGC releases list of 24 fake universities". pib.nic.in (Press release). University Grants Commission. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2019.
  15. ^ "State-wise List of fake Universities as on October, 2020". www.ugc.ac.in. University Grants Commission. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 16 July 2021.