This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Education in Andhra Pradesh" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

As per the 2011 census of India, Andhra Pradesh (post reorganisation) has an overall literacy rate of 67.35% (males 74.77%, females 59.96%),[1] significantly lower than the overall national average of 74.04%.[2] Among the Indian states and union territories, it stands at 32nd position.[3] There were a total of 29,859,982 literates: 16,549,514 males and 13,310,468 females. In terms of district-wise literates, united East Godavari has the most with 3,348,077 and united Vizianagaram has the least with 1,238,388.[1] The government also implements fee reimbursement scheme for the economically backward sections of the state.[4]

Primary and secondary education

An elementary school at Chittoor
An elementary school at Chittoor

The School Education Department of Andhra Pradesh, the largest department of the state, manages and regulates schools in various districts of the state.[5] The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools.[6][7] These schools are categorized as urban, rural and residential schools.[8] As per the child info and school information report (2018–19), there were a total of 7,041,568 students,[9] enrolled in 62,063 schools respectively.[10] As per the students appeared for the Secondary School Certificate exam (2005), a majority of the students preferred Telugu and English as the medium of instruction. While, Urdu, Odia, Tamil, Kannada and Hindi were opted by a few.[11]

The Andhra Pradesh Board of Secondary Education (Directorate of Government Examinations) administers the Secondary School Certificate (SSC) examination.[12] For the 2019 SSC exam, more than 6 lakh students have appeared and recorded an overall pass percentage of 94.88%, a little increase from 94.48% of the previous year.[13] In terms of district-wise pass percentage, East Godavari stood at the top with 98.19% and Nellore at the bottom with 83.19%.[14] Schools which recorded a 100% pass percentage were 5,464, out of 11,000.[15]

The state initiated education reforms in 2020 by creating six types of schools namely satellite foundation school (pre primary), foundational schools (pre primary - class II), foundational school plus (pre primary - class V) and pre High school (class III - class VII/VIII) and high school (class III - Class X) and high school plus (class III - Class XII).[16] Transition to English medium education in all government schools started in the academic year 2020-2021 is expected to reach completion by 2024-25. 1000 government schools are affiliated to CBSE in the year 2022-23 as an initial step and the bilingual text books was adopted to ease the transition.[17] The state government is going ahead with English medium based on the parents survey despite protests and courtcases.[18] The state initiative is being funded in part by loan from World Bank to the tune of 250M$ over 2021-2026 through "Supporting Andhra's Learning Transformation" (SALT) project to improve the learning outcomes of children upto class II level.[19]

Technical education

Technical education under the state control consists of Polytechnic and ITI for which admissions are centralised and conducted online.[20] [21] There are 85 government and aided, 175 private polytechnics in the state.[22]

Higher education

Further information: List of institutions of higher education in Andhra Pradesh

Agriculture University, Guntur

There are 169 government degree colleges and 55 private aided degree colleges in the state. 66 government colleges and 48 private aided colleges have valid NAAC grades. State has achieved 35.1% gross enrollment ratio, gender parity index of 0.84 as per AISHE 2019-20.[22] AP state council of higher education organises various entrance tests for different streams and conducts counselling for admissions.[23]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Statistical Abstract Andhra Pradesh, 2018" (PDF). CORE Dashboard. Gollapudi, Vijayawada: Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Government of Andhra Pradesh. p. II. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 July 2020. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Literacy Rate – 7+years (%)". NITI Aayog, (National Institution for Transforming India), Government of India. Archived from the original on 8 June 2019. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  3. ^ "In literacy, Telangana stands 35th among 36 states and Union Territories". Deccan Chronicle. Hyderabad. 11 September 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
  4. ^ "AP govt holds discussion over fee reimbursement issue". The Times of India. 13 August 2012. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2014.
  5. ^ "School Education". AP State Portal. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  6. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan. Hyderabad: School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2016. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  7. ^ "Constitution of Working Groups" (PDF). Commissioner and Director of School Education. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 October 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  8. ^ Nagaraju, M. T. V. (2004). Study Habits Of Secondary School Students. Discovery Publishing House. p. 75. ISBN 9788171418930. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Student Information Day Wise Status Report". Commissionerate of School Education. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  10. ^ "School Information". Commissionerate of School Education. Archived from the original on 6 June 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Statistics of SSC 2015 Results". Board of Secondary Education Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  12. ^ Sharma, Sanjay (14 May 2019). "AP 10th Results 2019: Andhra Pradesh Board SSC results declared @, girls outshine boys – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  13. ^ Team, BS Web (14 May 2019). "AP SSC Result 2019 declared on,; 94.88% pass". Business Standard India. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  14. ^ "AP SSC Result 2019 declared, 94.88% students pass; check at". New Delhi. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  15. ^ "AP SSC Result 2019 declared, 94.88% students pass; check at". Business Today. New Delhi. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
  16. ^ DOP 2023, p. 12.
  17. ^ "Andhra Pradesh first state to adopt CBSE system for governme". Times of India. 7 November 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  18. ^ "Andhra schools' transition from Telugu to English medium has roots in the far past". The federal. 19 May 2022. Retrieved 25 April 2023.
  19. ^ Program Appriasal document -SALT (PDF). World Bank. 20 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Polytechnic common entrance test home page". Retrieved 23 May 2023.
  21. ^ "Industrial Training Institutes - MIS". Retrieved 23 May 2023.
  22. ^ a b DOP 2023, p. 13-14.
  23. ^ "AP state council for higher education home page". APSCHE. Retrieved 25 April 2023.


DOP (2023). Socio Economic Survey 2022-23 (PDF). Government of AP.