|Formed||15 August 1947|
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Headquarters||Shastri Bhawan, |
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road,
|Annual budget||₹104,278 crore (US$14 billion) (2022–23)|
|Deputy Ministers responsible|
The Ministry of Education (abbr. MoE; formerly the Ministry of Human Resource Development from 1985 to 2020) is a ministry of the Government of India, responsible for the implementation of the National Policy on Education. The Ministry is further divided into two departments: the Department of School Education and Literacy, which deals with primary, secondary and higher secondary education, adult education and literacy, and the Department of Higher Education, which deals with university level education, technical education, scholarships, etc.
The current education minister is Dharmendra Pradhan, a member of the Council of Ministers. India had the Ministry of Education since 1947. In 1985, Rajiv Gandhi government changed its name to Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and with the public announcement of newly drafted "National Education Policy 2020" by the Narendra Modi government, Ministry of Human Resource Development was renamed back to Ministry of Education.
See also: National Policy on Education
The new National Education Policy 2020 was passed on 29 July 2020 by the Union Council of Ministers. The NEP 2020 replaced the existing National Policy on Education, 1986. Under the NEP 2020, the name of the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) was changed to Ministry of Education (MoE). Numerous new educational institutes, bodies and concepts were legislated under NEP 2020.
The Department of School Education and Literacy is responsible for the development of school education and literacy in the country.
Main article: Department of Higher Education (India)
The Department of Higher Education is in charge of secondary and post-secondary education. The department is empowered to grant deemed university status to educational institutions on the advice of the University Grants Commission (UGC) of India, under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission (UGC) Act, 1956. The Department of Higher Education takes care of one of the largest higher education systems of the world, just after the United States and China. The department is engaged in bringing world-class opportunities of higher education and research to the country so that Indian students are not found lacking when facing an international platform. For this, the government has launched joint ventures and signed MoUs to help the Indian students benefit from world opinion. The technical education system in the country can be broadly classified into three categories – Central Government funded institutions, State Government/State-funded institutions & Self-financed institutions. The 122 Centrally funded institution of technical and science education are as under: List of centrally funded technical institutions: IIITs (25), IITs (23), IIMs (20), IISc Bangalore, IISERs (7 - Berhampur, Bhopal, Kolkata, Mohali, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Tirupati), NITs (31), NITTTRs (4), and 9 others (SPA, ISMU, NERIST, SLIET, IIEST, NITIE & NIFFT, CIT)[clarification needed]
The department is divided into eight bureaus, and most of the work of the department is handled through over 100 autonomous organisations under these bureaus.
The main objectives of the Ministry are:
MHRD’s Innovation Cell, now renamed as MoE's Innovation Cell, was established in Aug 2018 by Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) at All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to systematically foster the culture of innovation, entrepreneurship and startups in all major Higher Education Institutions in India. Abhay Jere was appointed as first Chief Innovation Officer.
In April 2016, Ministry of Human Resource Development published the first list of rankings of Indian colleges under National Institutional Ranking Framework. The entire ranking exercise involved NBA, All India Council for Technical Education, UGC, Thomson Reuters, Elsevier and INFLIBNET (Information & Library Network) centre. The ranking framework was launched in September 2015. All 122 centrally-funded institutions – including all central universities, IITs and IIMs – participated in the first round of ranking.
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Prime Minister||Party|
|1||Maulana Abul Kalam Azad||15 August 1947||22 January 1958||10 years, 160 days||Jawaharlal Nehru||Indian National Congress|
|2||K. L. Shrimali[a]||22 January 1958||31 August 1963||5 years, 221 days|
|3||Humayun Kabir||1 September 1963||21 November 1963||81 days|
|4||M. C. Chagla||21 November 1963||13 November 1966||2 years, 357 days||Nehru|
Lal Bahadur Shastri
|5||Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed||14 November 1966||13 March 1967||119 days||Indira Gandhi|
|6||Triguna Sen||16 March 1967||14 February 1969||1 year, 335 days|
|7||V. K. R. V. Rao||14 February 1969||18 March 1971||2 years, 32 days|
|8||Siddhartha Shankar Ray||18 March 1971||20 March 1972||1 year, 2 days|
|9||S. Nurul Hasan[b]||24 March 1972||24 March 1977||5 years, 0 days|
|10||Pratap Chandra Chunder||26 March 1977||28 July 1979||2 years, 124 days||Morarji Desai||Janata Party|
|11||Karan Singh||30 July 1979||14 January 1980||168 days||Charan Singh||Indian National Congress (Urs)|
|12||B. Shankaranand||14 January 1980||17 October 1980||277 days||Indira Gandhi||Indian National Congress|
|13||Shankarrao Chavan||17 October 1980||8 August 1981||295 days|
|14||Sheila Kaul[c]||10 August 1981||31 December 1984||3 years, 143 days||Indira Gandhi|
|15||K. C. Pant||31 December 1984||25 September 1985||268 days||Rajiv Gandhi|
|16||P. V. Narasimha Rao
(Minister of Human Resource Development)
|25 September 1985||25 June 1988||2 years, 274 days||Rajiv Gandhi|
|17||P. Shiv Shankar||25 June 1988||2 December 1989||1 year, 160 days|
|18||V. P. Singh||2 December 1989||10 November 1990||343 days||V. P. Singh||Janata Dal
|19||Raj Mangal Pande||21 November 1990||21 June 1991||212 days||Chandra Shekhar||Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)|
|20||Arjun Singh||23 June 1991||24 December 1994||3 years, 184 days||P. V. Narasimha Rao||Indian National Congress|
|(16)||P. V. Narasimha Rao||25 December 1994||9 February 1995||47 days|
|21||Madhavrao Scindia||10 February 1995||17 January 1996||341 days|
|(16)||P. V. Narasimha Rao||17 January 1996||16 May 1996||120 days|
|22||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||16 May 1996||1 June 1996||16 days||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|23||S. R. Bommai||5 June 1996||19 March 1998||1 year, 287 days||H. D. Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
|24||Murli Manohar Joshi||19 March 1998||22 May 2004||6 years, 64 days||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|25||Arjun Singh||22 May 2004||22 May 2009||5 years, 0 days||Manmohan Singh||Indian National Congress|
|26||Kapil Sibal||29 May 2009||29 October 2012||3 years, 153 days|
|27||M. M. Pallam Raju||30 October 2012||26 May 2014||1 year, 208 days|
|28||Smriti Irani||26 May 2014||5 July 2016||2 years, 40 days||Narendra Modi||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|29||Prakash Javadekar||5 July 2016||30 May 2019||2 years, 329 days|
(Minister of Education from 29-Jul-2020 onwards)
|30 May 2019||7 July 2021||2 years, 38 days|
|31||Dharmendra Pradhan||7 July 2021||Incumbent||360 days|
|Minister of state||Portrait||Term||Prime Minister||Political Party|
|Ram Shankar Katheria||9 November 2014||5 July 2016||1 year, 239 days||Narendra Modi||Bharatiya Janata Party|
|Mahendra Nath Pandey||5 July 2016||3 September 2017||1 year, 60 days|
|Upendra Kushwaha||9 November 2014||11 December 2018||4 years, 32 days||Rashtriya Lok Samta Party|
|Satya Pal Singh||3 September 2017||30 May 2019||1 year, 269 days||Bharatiya Janata Party|
(Minister of State For Education from 29 July 2020 onwards)
|31 May 2019||7 July 2021||2 years, 37 days|
|Subhas Sarkar||8 July 2021||Incumbent||359 days|
|Rajkumar Ranjan Singh|
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link).