This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Ministry of Tribal Affairs" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (September 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article relies excessively on references to primary sources. Please improve this article by adding secondary or tertiary sources. Find sources: "Ministry of Tribal Affairs" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Ministry of Tribal Affairs
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersMinistry of Tribal Affairs
Shastri Bhawan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad Road
New Delhi,110011
New Delhi
Annual budget6,000 crore (US$750 million) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Vibhu Nayyar, Secretary, IAS
Websitetribal.gov.in

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs (MOTA) is an Indian Government ministry charged with overall development of Scheduled Tribe communities of India by providing them education, scholarships, grants to create more health infrastructure in tribal communities, preservation of Tribal Culture & languages and direct cash transfer schemes to economically backward tribal families.

History

The ministry was set up in 1999 after the bifurcation of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (India) to have a more focused approach on the integrated socio-economic development of the Scheduled Tribes (STs), the most underprivileged of the Indian Society.[2] Before the formation of the ministry the tribal Affairs was being handled by different ministries which were:

  1. As a Division of the Ministry of Home Affairs known as Tribal Division since after independence up to September 1985.
  2. Ministry of Welfare: From September 1985 to May 1998.
  3. Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment from May 1998 to September 1999.

Functions of the Ministry

  1. Tribal Welfare-Planning, Policy formulation, Research and Training.
  2. Tribal development including scholarships to STs.
  3. Promotion of voluntary efforts in development of STs.
  4. Administrative Ministry with respect to matters concerning Scheduled Areas.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs is the Nodal Ministry for overall policy, planning and coordination of programmes of development for Scheduled Tribes.

Organisations

Ministry has one Commission, One Public Sector Undertaking and one Co-operative Society under its administrative control, namely :

  1. National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)
  2. National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation (NSTFDC)
  3. Tribal Co-operative Marketing Federation of India (TRIFED)

Cabinet Ministers

The Minister of Tribal Affairs is the head of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs and one of the cabinet ministers of the Government of India.[3]

No. Portrait Minister
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Political party Ministry Prime Minister
From To Period
1 Jual Oram
(born 1961)
MP for Sundargarh
13 October
1999
22 May
2004
4 years, 222 days Bharatiya Janata Party Vajpayee III Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2 Paty Ripple Kyndiah
(1928–2015)
MP for Shillong
23 May
2004
22 May
2009
4 years, 364 days Indian National Congress Manmohan I Manmohan Singh
3 Kantilal Bhuria
(born 1950)
MP for Ratlam
29 May
2009
12 July
2011
2 years, 44 days Manmohan II
4 Kishore Chandra Deo
(born 1947)
MP for Araku
12 July
2011
26 May
2014
2 years, 318 days
(1) Jual Oram
(born 1961)
MP for Sundargarh
26 May
2014
30 May
2019
5 years, 4 days Bharatiya Janata Party Modi I Narendra Modi
5 Arjun Munda
(born 1968)
MP for Khunti
31 May
2019
Incumbent 4 years, 269 days Modi II

Ministers of State

No. Portrait Minister
(Birth-Death)
Constituency
Term of office Political party Ministry Prime Minister
From To Period
1 Faggan Singh Kulaste
(born 1959)
MP for Mandla
22 November
1999
22 May
2004
4 years, 182 days Bharatiya Janata Party Vajpayee III Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2 Rameshwar Oraon
(born 1947)
MP for Lohardaga
6 April
2008
22 May
2009
1 year, 46 days Indian National Congress Manmohan I Manmohan Singh
3 Tushar Amarsinh Chaudhary
(born 1965)
MP for Bardoli
28 May
2009
19 January
2011
1 year, 236 days Manmohan II
4 Ranee Narah
(born 1965)
MP for Lakhimpur
28 October
2012
26 May
2014
1 year, 210 days
5 Mansukhbhai Vasava
(born 1957)
MP for Bharuch
26 May
2014
5 July
2016
2 years, 40 days Bharatiya Janata Party Modi I Narendra Modi
6 Jasvantsinh Sumanbhai Bhabhor
(born 1966)
MP for Dahod
5 July
2016
30 May
2019
2 years, 329 days
7 Sudarshan Bhagat
(born 1969)
MP for Lohardaga
3 September
2017
30 May
2019
1 year, 269 days
8 Renuka Singh Saruta
(born 1964)
MP for Sarguja
31 May
2019
7 December
2023
4 years, 190 days Modi II
9 Bishweswar Tudu
(born 1965)
MP for Mayurbhanj
7 July
2021
Incumbent 2 years, 232 days
10 Bharati Pawar
(born 1978)
MP for Dindori
7 December
2023
Incumbent 79 days

Initiatives

Van Dhan Samajik Doori Jagrookta Abhiyaan

Amidst the COVID-19 crisis in May 2020 the TRIFED, a cooperative body under Ministry of Tribal Affairs registered under Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act launched this scheme in order to educate the tribals in COVID related safety measures. Nationwide and state specific webinars were organised in order to bring awareness on the issue. The Ministry also revised Minimum Support Price (MSP) for Minor forest products (MFP) to be procured from the tribals under MSP for MFP scheme meanwhile promoting door to door procurement and sale through mobile vans. The program was launched in association with UNICEF.[4]

Swasthya portal

Ministry of tribal affairs launched the Swasthya portal, which will act as one stop solution for matters related to health and nutrition status of the Scheduled Tribes. The Ministry's centre of excellence for knowledge management in health and nutrition will manage the portal and it will be hosted on National Informatics Centre cloud.[5]

Going online as leaders program (GOAL)

The Ministry had partnered with Facebook to launch "GOAL" program which aims at training 5000 tribal youths through digital education in order to make them emerge as the village level digital young leaders of their community. The scheme includes distribution of mobile phones for the promotion of digital literacy and to narrow the digital divide among various section of population.[5]

ALEKH

It is an e-newsletter launched by the Ministry in order to showcase the efforts of various stakeholders which are involved in improving the health and wellbeing of tribal population. It will be launched on quarterly basis.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS : DEMAND NO. 96" (PDF). Indiabudget.gov.in. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Welcome to Ministry of Tribal Affairs". Archived from the original on 29 April 2012.
  3. ^ ORGANISTIONAL CHART, MINISTRY OF TRIBAL AFFAIRS
  4. ^ "Webinar on "Van Dhan Scheme: learnings for post COVID-19" organized by DST, Rajasthan in association with TRIFED, M/O Tribal Affairs". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Launch of Tribal Health & Nutrition Portal – 'Swasthya' and Opening of National Overseas Portal & National Tribal Fellowship Portal". Press Information Bureau. Retrieved 2 September 2020.