Arjun Munda
Arjun Munda.jpg
Minister of Tribal Affairs
Assumed office
30 May 2019
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byJual Oram
2nd Chief Minister of Jharkhand
In office
11 September 2010 – 8 January 2013
GovernorM. O. H. Farook
Syed Ahmed
DeputyHemant Soren
Sudesh Mahto
Preceded byPresident's Rule
Succeeded byPresident's Rule
In office
12 March 2005 – 14 September 2006
GovernorSyed Sibtey Razi
Preceded byShibu Soren
Succeeded byMadhu Koda
In office
18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005
GovernorRama Jois
Ved Marwah
Syed Sibtey Razi
Preceded byBabulal Marandi
Succeeded byShibu Soren
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
23 May 2019
Preceded byKaria Munda
ConstituencyKhunti
President, Archery Association of India
Assumed office
30 May 2019
Preceded byVijay Kumar Malhotra
Member of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
In office
2010 - 2014
Preceded byMangal Singh Soy
Succeeded byDashrath Gagrai
In office
2000 - 2009
Preceded byoffice established
Succeeded byMangal Singh Soy
Member of Bihar Legislative Assembly
In office
1995 - 2000
Succeeded byoffice abolished
ConstituencyKharsawan
Personal details
Born (1968-05-03) 3 May 1968 (age 54)
Krangajhar, Jamshedpur,
Bihar (now Jharkhand), India
NationalityIndian
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Meera Munda
Children3
Residence(s)Jamshedpur / New Delhi
Websitearjunmunda.in

Arjun Munda (born 3 May 1968) is an Indian politician. He is the current Minister of Tribal Affairs in the Second Modi ministry. He is a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party. He was also Chief Minister of Indian state of Jharkhand. He has also served as a member of parliament having been elected to the 15th Lok Sabha from the Jamshedpur constituency in the 2009 parliamentary elections. The BJP's central leadership also appointed him a National General Secretary of the party recognising his strong credentials as a popular mass leader and his significant contributions in strengthening the party in his state.

He lost his den to the JMM's Dashrath Gagrai by 11,966 votes in Kharasawan for 14 years in a 2014 state assembly election.[1]

Early life

Arjun Munda was born on 3 May 1968 in Khrangajhar, Jamshedpur to a religious family of Ganesh and Saira Munda.[citation needed] After completing high school education in the Jamshedpur area, he graduated from Ranchi University and went on to earn a PG Diploma in Social Sciences from Indira Gandhi National Open University.[2]

Political career

He began his political career in his teens during early 1980s when he joined the Jharkhand movement spearheaded by Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) which sought to create a separate state for tribals from the southern regions of Bihar. A hardcore believer in the welfare of indigenous people of his region he felt passionate about the issue and took an active part in the movement. Soon his political influence grew due to his inclusive philosophy and he was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly from Kharsawan constituency in 1995 on a JMM ticket.

NDA strongly espoused the cause of Jharkhand and made a promise that if elected they would create the tribal state of Jharkhand. Munda was attracted to BJP's ideology[3] of selfless nation building and sacrifice. He believed in its policy of championing the cause of Jharkhand and joined BJP. He was elected again to the Bihar Assembly in 2000 elections contesting on a BJP ticket from his old constituency of Kharsawan that he had been nurturing for many years. After Jharkhand's formation, he was elected to the Jharkhand Assembly from the same constituency in 2005 and again in the 2011 bye-election after assuming responsibility as the CM in September 2010.

When NDA government came to power in 1999 under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee it kept its promise and created Jharkhand along with Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh as three new States of the Indian Union. Munda became the Tribal Welfare Minister in the 1st Babulal Marandi-led NDA coalition government of Jharkhand which was carved out from Bihar on 15 November 2000. As welfare minister, he crafted many policies and programs to ameliorate a lot of the poor and downtrodden. His vision, his work ethic, and his performance matrix soon catapulted him to the top leadership grade and his popularity and support base soared meteorically. His inclusive philosophy and his commitment to Jharkhand's high growth and development put him in the CM's chair in 2003 at the young age of 35 when he was chosen as the consensus candidate to lead the State in the aftermath of Babulal Marandi's divisive domicile policy.[4][5][6][7]

He took the oath as Union minister in Narendra Modi's second cabinet on 30 May 2019 and became the Minister of Tribal Affairs.[8]

Major achievements

Arjun Munda defused the tension that was created due to the "Domicile movement"[9] in 2001–2002 and insisted that every citizen of India had the fundamental right granted by the Indian Constitution to live and work in any part of the country.

During his tenure, Jharkhand got the 1st Lokayukta and the State successfully conducted the 34th National Games in 2011.

A 32-year-long jinx was broken[clarification needed] when Jharkhand scripted history by conducting panchayat elections and empowered PRIs for participatory governance.

His government introduced an e-tender system in government contracts to bring transparency and efficiency and to provide equal opportunity in the procurement process.

He also took initiatives for setting up of new power plants with a view to making Jharkhand a power surplus state.

He introduced some of the famous welfare schemes and programs that were later emulated by other Indian states, such as:[10]

Personal life

An avid golfer, Munda is also interested in promoting archery at national and international levels. He plays flute and almost all tribal musical instruments widely used in the area. He has 3 sons.[12]

A multi-linguist, he speaks English, Hindi, Bengali, Odia, and several tribal languages and dialects of the region like Santhali, Mundari, Ho, Oraon and others.

References

  1. ^ "BJP gets clear majority in Jharkhand; Arjun Munda loses election". The Indian Express. 23 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2015.
  2. ^ Former Jharkhand CM Arjun Munda gets tribal affairs ministry
  3. ^ Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  4. ^ Jharkhand's crisis Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  5. ^ Dangerous divide Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  6. ^ Domicile debacle still haunts Babulal Marandi Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  7. ^ Agitation for domicile policy in Jharkhand Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  8. ^ "PM Modi allocates portfolios. Full list of new ministers", Live Mint, 31 May 2019
  9. ^ "Jharkhand domicile policy kicks off a storm". The Economic Times. 22 July 2002. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  10. ^ "Development in Jharkhand Under Arjun Munda". India Today. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
  11. ^ "Jharkhand launches Ladli Laxmi Yojna". igovernment.in. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Arjun Munda | National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
Lok Sabha Preceded byKariya Munda Member of Parliamentfor Khunti 2019 – Present Succeeded byIncumbent Political offices Preceded byBabulal Marandi Chief Minister of Jharkhand 18 March 2003 – 2 March 2005 Succeeded byShibu Soren Preceded byShibu Soren Chief Minister of Jharkhand 12 March 2005 – 8 September 2006 Succeeded byMadhu Koda Preceded byPresident's rule Chief Minister of Jharkhand 11 September 2010 – 8 January 2013 Succeeded byPresident's rule Preceded byJual Oram Minister of Tribal Affairs 30 May 2019 – Present Succeeded byIncumbent