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Kariya Munda
Kariya Munda.jpg
Deputy Speaker of the Lok Sabha
In office
8 June 2009 – 18 May 2014
SpeakerMeira Kumar
Preceded byCharanjit Singh Atwal
Succeeded byM. Thambidurai
Minister of Non-Conventional Energy Sources
In office
9 January 2004 – 22 May 2004
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded byVilas Muttemwar
Minister of Coal
In office
29 January 2003 – 9 January 2004
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byUma Bharti
Succeeded byMamta Banerjee
Minister of Agro & Rural Industries
In office
1 September 2001 – 29 January 2004
Prime MinisterAtal Bihari Vajpayee
Preceded byVasundhara Raje
Succeeded bySangh Priya Gautam
Minister of state for Steel & Mines
In office
14 August 1977 – 28 July 1979
Prime MinisterMorarji Desai
MinisterBiju Patnaik
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
In office
2009–2019
Preceded bySushila Kerketta
Succeeded byArjun Munda
ConstituencyKhunti
In office
1989–2004
Preceded bySimon Tigga
Succeeded bySushila Kerketta
ConstituencyKhunti
In office
1977–1980
Preceded byNiral Enem Horo
Succeeded byNiral Enem Horo
ConstituencyKhunti
Member of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly
In office
2005–2009
Preceded byconstituency created
Succeeded bySawan Lakra
ConstituencyKhijri
Personal details
Born (1936-04-20) 20 April 1936 (age 86)
Anigara village, Khunti district, Bihar Province, (now in Jharkhand), British India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
Spouse
Sunanda Devi
(m. 1967)
Children2 sons, 3 daughters
Parents
  • Hadwa Munda (father)
  • Chambri Devi (mother)
Residence(s)Anigara village, Khunti district, Jharkhand
EducationM.A.
Alma materRanchi University
AwardsPadma Bhushan 2019
Signature
Source: [1]

Kariya Munda (born 20 April 1936) is an Indian politician and the former Deputy Speaker of the 15th Lok Sabha. He has been a former minister in the Government of India, in the Governments led by the Janata Party in 1977 and by Bhartiya Janata Party, from 1999 onwards.

Early life

Munda was born in Khunti district, near the State capital of Ranchi of Jharkhand state in India. Khunti is among the pre-dominantly tribal belt in the central-eastern part of India. Incidentally, the village 'Ulihatu' near Khunti, is also the birthplace of the legendary, great tribal leader called Birsa Munda. Munda passed his M.A. examination from Ranchi University, in Anthropology, a subject which also predominantly studies about the tribals in India and elsewhere.

Political career

Lok Sabha elections

Munda was 1st elected to the 6th Lok Sabha in 1977 from Khunti constituency in Bihar state (presently, in Jharkhand state). He was re-elected to the Lok Sabha in 1989, 1991, 1996, 1998, 1999, and 2009 from the same constituency of Khunti. In between, he was also elected and served as MLA to the Legislative Assemblies of Bihar and later, Jharkhand. Needless to say, being a Representative of the people so repetitively, he has been equally popular among all sections of the society.

He has inducted into the Morarji Desai government in 1977 and given the portfolio of Steel Ministry, in the capacity as the Minister of State. He was a cabinet minister in the ministry headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, including the famous stint in the 13 days' government in 1999 and afterward. He has now been among the senior leaders of Bharatiya Janata Party, rising from the days of the 'Jansangh' and have witnessed many ups and downs in Indian politics, particularly since the days of emergency.

He was one of the candidates in the race to become first Chief Minister of Jharkhand at the time of its establishment in November 2000 but lost of Babulal Marandi and become the Minister for Agro and Rural Industries from September 2001 to January 2003 and Minister of Coal and Non-Conventional Energy Sources in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's third cabinate.[1][2][3][4]

In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, he lost Khunti seat to Sushila Kerketta of Indian National Congress. He won the Khijri Vidhan Sabha seat in 2005 Jharkhand Legislative Assembly election.

During 15th Lok Sabha, Munda was unanimously elected Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha. He won the Khunti constituency for the 7th time in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.

Pathalgadi movement against tribal land law amendments

Main article: Pathalgadi movement

In 2016–2017, the Raghubar Das ministry was seeking amendments to the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act, 1908, and the Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act, 1949. These two original laws had safeguarded the rights of the tribal communities on their land. According to the existing laws the land transactions could only be done between the tribals. The new amendments gave the tribals the right to allow the government to make commercial use of the tribal land and to take the tribal land on lease. The proposed bill amending the existing law had been approved by the Jharkhand Legislative Assembly. The bills were sent to Murmu for approval in November 2016.[5][6]

The tribal people had strongly objected to the proposed law. During the Pathalgardi rebellion, protests were held against the proposed amendments to the tenancy acts.[7] In one incident the protests turned violent and the tribals abducted the security detail of BJP MP Karia Munda. Police responded with violent crackdown on the tribals, that caused the death of a tribal man. Criminal cases were filed against more than 200 people including the tribal rights activist Father Stan Swamy. Murmu, was criticized for her soft stand on police aggression against tribals during the movement. Being a tribal herself, Murmu was expected to speak up to the government in support of the tribals but it did not happened, and instead she appealed to the Pathalgarhi agitation leaders to repose faith in the constitution.[5]

Murmu had received total of 192 memorandums against the amendments in the bill.[5] Then opposition leader Hemant Soren had said that the BJP government wanted to acquire tribal land through the two amendment Bills for the benefit of corporates. Opposition parties Jharkhand Mukti Morcha, the Congress, the Jharkhand Vikas Morcha and others had put intense pressure against the bill.[7] On 24 May 2017, Murmu relented and refused to give assent to the bills and returned the bill to the state government along with the memorandums she had received. The bill was later withdrawn in August 2017.[5]

2019 Lok Sabha elections

He was one of the few elderly leaders of Bharatiya Janata Party who was denied a ticket for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.[8]

Notes

  1. ^ "Munda meets Vajpayee: PTI". The Rediff. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Vajpayee ruffles feathers with reshuffle". The Rediff. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Dissent breaks out in BJP's Jharkhand unit". The Rediff. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  4. ^ "BJP Jharkhand unit divided over CM issue". The Rediff. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d "Tribal activists expect Droupadi Murmu to be assertive as President". www.telegraphindia.com. 23 June 2022. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Explained: What is the Pathalgadi movement, and what is JMM govt's stand on it?". The Indian Express. 23 December 2020. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  7. ^ a b Tewary, Amarnath (13 April 2018). "The Pathalgadi rebellion". The Hindu. Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  8. ^ Joshua, Anita (9 June 2009). "Karia Munda is Deputy Speaker". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 30 March 2010.

References