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Dr. Ramakanta Panda
Ramakanta Madanmohan Panda

3 April 1954
Damodarpur, Jajpur district, Odisha, India
Alma materSCB Medical College, Cuttack
AIIMS New Delhi
Medical career
ProfessionCardiovascular and Thoracic Surgeon
InstitutionsAsian Heart Institute
Asian Hospitals
Sub-specialtiesCardiac Surgery
Redo Bypass Surgery
AwardsPadma Bhushan

Ramakanta Panda, MCh, is the chief consultant for cardiovascular thoracic surgery and the group CEO of the Asian Heart Institute, a speciality cardiac care hospital under the aegis of Asian Hospitals, at the Bandra-Kurla Complex in Mumbai, India. In 2002, he set up the Asian Heart Institute in India. Panda has performed about 28,000 successful cardiac surgeries as of 2022, including over 1,900 redo bypass surgeries.[1] He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 2010 by the Government of India. Known as "the surgeon with the safest hands" [2] Panda is also one of the world's safest heart surgeons.[3]

In 2009, he led the team that successfully operated on the then-prime minister of India, Manmohan Singh. This was followed by highly complex surgeries on several leaders of Indian politics, such as Lalu Prasad Yadav, Tarun Gogoi, Narasingha Mishra, D Raja, Rajiv Shukla and many others.

Early life and education

Panda was born at Damodarpur village of Jajpur district. The son of a farmer[4] he studied at Binod Bihari High School in Pritipur, Jajpur. He joined SCB Medical College, Cuttack to do his MBBS and proceeded to do a post-graduation in surgery and heart surgery between 1980 and 1985 at AIIMS Delhi, and then to Cleveland Clinic, USA for his fellowship. He has trained under cardiac surgeons like Floyd Loop and transplant specialist Magdi Yacoub, at Harefield Hospital in the UK.[5]

Professional experience

Panda is credited and recognized among his peers as one of the first in India to introduce "total arterial revascularization", as well as being one of the pioneers of "off-pump" bypass surgery, redo bypass surgery and high-risk surgeries.[6]

Breakthrough cases

  1. Man survived 17 blocks in heart through a record number of 12 grafts. Mithalal Dhoka, a businessman from Yadagiri district of Karnataka, had 17 blockages in arteries of his heart. Dr Ramakanta Panda used a record number of 12 arterial grafts to restore blood flow -to fix Dhoka's heart.[7]
  2. A first-of- its -kind surgery performed at AHI -Dipesh Shah suffered from a major heart problem and doctors described his case as 'extremely rare' with a risk of developing permanent infections. But 39-year-old shah's heart valve was successfully repaired without serious repercussions after a first-of-its-kind surgery.[8]
  3. 10-hour-long complicated heart surgery on a 76-year-old man, Jaswantrai Ajmera, with a very weak heart that involved 5 bypass grafts and a valve replacement procedure.[9]
  4. 65-year-old's third bypass surgery at Asian Heart Institute. Having had two bypass surgeries already, 65-year-old Uma Charan Patra did not imagine that he would need yet another bypass surgery to keep his heart beating.[10]
  5. 6 heart procedures performed on Omani citizen undergoing a heart operation for the third time. After having had his heart cut open twice in two different countries, Alriyani was finally gifted a second lease of life by the doctors in the city who performed six procedures on him at a go.[11]
  6. Iraqi boy's rare heart surgery at Asian Heart Institute. A seven-year-old Iraqi boy underwent a successful open heart surgery to fix a hole in his heart.[12]
  7. 6 hour surgery conducted to remove rare heart tumor and correct 3 blocks-62 year old not only suffered from three blockages but also had a tumor growing in his heart [13]
  8. Giant bulge removed from aorta-18 hour surgery saved a 30-year-old with aneurysm of 8.5 cm diameter in artery.
  9. 10 Bypass grafts give man fresh lease of life-10 bypass grafts created to bypass clogged arteries through an eight hour long procedure.[14]
  10. AHI cardiac surgeons use girl's own heart to fix her valve-13 year old was suffering from rheumatic heart, a condition in which the heart valves are damaged.[15]
  11. 67 year old undergoes five times valve replacement surgery-Dr. Ramakanta Panda performed 12 hour long surgery on Saraf who removed the valve that slipped inside her heart chambers. She had undergone 4 times heart operations in the past.[16]

Notable surgeries performed

Panda has performed a number of high-profile cardiac surgeries on members of the Indian government. In January 2009, Panda led the AHI team[17] that operated on[18] Manmohan Singh, the then Prime Minister of India. This successful 'redo bypass', the second for Singh, further cemented Panda's reputation as India's leading cardiac surgeons [19] In 2009 Dr Panda also did a 5 arterial bypass on former parliamentary affairs minister, Mr Rajiv Shukla. In August 2010, Panda operated on Tarun Gogoi, Chief Minister of the north-eastern Indian state of Assam.[20] In January 2014, Panda operated on D. Raja, a leader of the Communist Party of India [21] In June 2014 he operated on Odisha Congress leader and former minister Narasingha Mishra.[22] In August 2014, Panda operated on Lalu Prasad Yadav, ex Railway Minister and a significant politician from the state of Bihar.[23]

Panda has also performed many successful cardiac surgeries that are widely recognised to have been extremely complex and challenging.[24] The most recent one was on 56-year-old Omani citizen Qassin Nasser Sultan Alriyani, who was gifted a second lease of life when Dr Panda performed six life saving procedures at a go on his heart. After having had his heart cut open twice in two different countries, Alriyani was "finally literally snatched back from death by the cardiac surgeons at Asian Heart Institute (AHI), Mumbai."[25] In 2016, Dr Panda successfully operated on Puspa Saraf who underwent a 5th time operation to replace the aortic valve and Ascending Aorta.[16]


On World Heart Day he addressed the country and spoke on why taking statins, as efficacious as they can be, should not replace living healthily in the battle against heart disease.[26][27][28][29]

Konark Cancer Foundation

Along with Neurosurgeon B. K. Misra and former Police Commissioner of Mumbai Arup Patnaik, he set up the Konark Cancer Foundation for patients coming to the Tata Memorial Hospital for cancer treatment, providing them with financial support of up to INR 1 lac per patient, logistical support such as finding food and shelter for their attendants, providing other voluntary support, collecting and donating blood, medications and prosthesis. Around 10,000 patients and their families have been benefited since its inception.[30][31]


In January 2010, Panda was awarded the Padma Bhushan, the third highest civilian award in India by Pratibha Patil, the president of India. Panda has also been conferred with a degree of doctorate in science (honorius causa) from Utkal University, Orissa and Utkal Ratna by the Oriya Sahitya Samaj.[32][6]

The Central Board of Taxes, government of India, has awarded him the Rashtriya Samman Patra twice, for being one of the highest taxpayers in India.[33][2]

He was nominated to the AIIMS governing body.[34]


  1. ^ "Express Healthcare September, 2014 by Indian Express". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  2. ^ a b "The Tribune, Chandigarh, India - Opinions". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  3. ^ Dr. Ramakanta Panda. "Medgate today Magazine, Bi-Monthly Magazine". Archived from the original on 2015-10-04. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  4. ^ "Medgate today Magazine, Bi-Monthly Magazine". Archived from the original on 2016-05-29. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  5. ^ Mohanty, Debabrata. "The boy who trekked 16 km to school grew up to be the Prime Minister of India's surgeon". Indian Express. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 November 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "Man survives 17 blocks in heart - Times of India". 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  8. ^ "A first-of-kind surgery". 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  9. ^ "76-year-old stable after complicated heart surgery". Mumbai Mirror. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  10. ^ "65-year-old rearing to go after third bypass surgery | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 2010-02-20. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  11. ^ "Omani back from death after 6 heart procedures at a go - Times of India". 2013-06-19. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  12. ^ "Iraqi boy undergoes rare heart surgery | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 2010-05-29. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  13. ^ "Six-hour surgery to remove rare heart tumour, 3 blocks | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  14. ^ "Man gets fresh lease of life with 10 bypass grafts at a go - Times of India". 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  15. ^ "One graft successfully performed on Manmohan Singh". The Hindu. Chennai, India. January 24, 2009.
  16. ^ "Oriya Doctor Ramakanta Panda leading PM Singh's bypass surgery, Odisha Current News, Odisha Latest Headlines". 2009-01-24. Archived from the original on 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  17. ^ "Singh is King: Redo-Heart Bypass Surgery on Manmohan a Success". 2009-01-24. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  18. ^ "Top docs wrestled over Assam CM's surgery - Times of India". 2010-08-09. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  19. ^ "CPI leader D Raja discharged after bypass surgery | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 2014-01-07. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  20. ^ "Odisha Congress leader undergoes bypass surgery - Times of India". 2014-06-01. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  21. ^ "RJD chief Lalu Prasad Yadav undergoes successful cardiac surgery, condition stable | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". 2014-08-27. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  22. ^ "Best Cardiac Surgeon in India | Asianheartinstitute". Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  23. ^ "Arrow Times Media » PM's heart surgeon brings Omani patient back from the dead, performs 6 heart procedures at a go". Archived from the original on 31 December 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  24. ^ "'Indians at high risk of small dense cholesterol' - Times of India". 2014-02-16. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  25. ^ "2015 resolution: Sweat the small stuff". 29 December 2014. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  26. ^ ( [1]
  27. ^[dead link]
  28. ^ Shelar, Jyoti (April 11, 2017). "Ex-Mumbai police chief now helps cancer patients". The Hindu – via
  29. ^ "About – konark".
  30. ^ "Ravenshaw revokes decision to confer honoris causa on business honcho - Times of India". Retrieved 2016-08-10.
  31. ^ "Interview with Dr Ramakant Panda of Asian Heart Institute - Moneylife". Archived from the original on 9 July 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  32. ^ "LEAD A FULFILLING LIFE POST CARDIAC SURGERY". IndiaPRwire. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2015.