Kalindi Charan Panigrahi
Born(1901-07-02)July 2, 1901[1]
Biswanathpur, Puri, India [2]
DiedMay 15, 1991(1991-05-15) (aged 89) [2][3]
Alma materRavenshaw College
PeriodEarly 20th century
GenreFiction, Poetry , Drama
Literary movementSabuja Juga
Notable worksMatira Manisha
Notable awardsPadma Bhushan
ChildrenNandini Satpathy
RelativesBhagabati Charan Panigrahi(brother)

Kalindi Charan Panigrahi (2 July 1901 – 15 May 1991) was a noted Odia poet, novelist, story writer, dramatist, and essayist. He is famous for his magnum opus Matira Manisha. He has been awarded Padma Bhushan and Sahitya Akademi award for contribution to Odia literature.

Early life

Kalindi Charan was born on 2 July 1901 at Biswanathpur, Puri District. His father was Swapneswar Panigrahi and mother was Saraswati Panigrahi. His father was a lawyer and freedom fighter. He studied at Puri Zilla School. After completing high school he studied at Ravenshaw College , Cuttack. During which he started his literary career[2][4][5]

Literary life

While he was studying at Ravenshaw college he was founder of a club called "Nonsense Club". He along with his writer friends of the club published a handwritten magazine called “Abakash” which was later renamed to “Shakti Sadhana”. Kalindi Charana Panigrahi, younger brother, Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi, the founder of Marxist trend in Odisha, formed a group in 1920 called "Sabuja Samiti". Two of his writer friends Annada Shankar Ray and Baikuntha Patnaik were also members. They were influenced by the romantic thoughts of Rabindranath Tagore.[6] The word 'sabuja' was inspired from the Bengali magazine Sabujpatra published by Pramatha Chaudhuri. This ushered in a short lived but influential movement in Odia literature called Sabuja Juga.During the life time of this movement, he wrote seven poems for ‘Sabuja Kabita’. His other important works are of the period were ‘Chhuritiye Loda’, ‘Mo Kabita’, ‘Kshyanika Satya’.[7] During the 1930s the progressive Marxist movement was in full swing in Odia Literature.Sabuja movement later gave way to the progressive movement known in Odia as pragati age. Later Kalindi Charana Panigrahi wrote his famous novel Matira Manisha, being influenced by Gandhian thought.

He was for a period, the editor of English Journals, Bhanja Pradipa and Mayurbhanja Chronicle.


His eldest daughter Nandini Satpathy née Panigrahi was born in 1931, who later went on to become the Chief Minister of Odisha.[8]

His younger brother Bhagabati Charana Panigrahi was the founder of Communist Party in Odisha. Bhagabati's great contribution for the Independence of India is underplayed in the history, because he was illegally imprisoned, and slow-poisoned by the British. His grandson Tathagata Satpathy is a politician and a newspaper owner who had been elected to the Parliament of India for four times. His great grandson Suparno Satpathy is a noted columnist, a political leader and an awarded social activist who is the incumbent Chairman of SNSMT as well as the Cidevant Chair of PMSA-Odisha, Government of India

Awards and honours

He was honoured with the fellowship of Sahitya Academy in 1971.[9] In the same year, he was honoured with Padma Bhushan by Government of India.[10] In 1976, Sambalpur University conferred on him an honorary D.Litt. degree.

Major works

His major works include:

The Odia film Matira Manisha (1966) directed by Mrinal Sen is based on his novel of same name.

See also


  1. ^ "Kalindi Charan Panigrahi - News, Events and Complete Information About the State". Odisha 360. 14 January 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b c "କାଳନ୍ଦୀ ଚରଣ ପାଣିଗ୍ରାହୀ ଙ୍କ ଶ୍ରାଦ୍ଧ ଦିବସରେ ଭକ୍ତି ପୁର୍ଣ ଶ୍ରଦ୍ଧାଞ୍ଜଳି -". Aajira Odisha (in Odia). 15 May 2018. Archived from the original on 14 April 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2020. କାଳିନ୍ଦୀ ଚରଣ ପାଣିଗ୍ରାହୀ ଓଡିଶା ର ପୁରୀ ଜିଲ୍ଲାର ବିଶ୍ଵନାଥପୁର ଗ୍ରାମରେ ୧୯୦୧ ମସିହା ଜୁଲାଇ ୨ ତାରିଖରେ ଜନ୍ମ ନେଇଥିଲେ । ତାଙ୍କ ପିତା ସ୍ଵପ୍ନେଶ୍ଵର ପାଣିଗ୍ରାହୀ ଜଣେ ଆଇନଜୀବି ଥିଲେ । ପିତା ଏବଂ ଦୁଇ ଭାଇ ଦିବ୍ୟସିଂହ ଓ ଭଗବତୀ ଚରଣ ସାହିତ୍ୟିକ ଥିଲେ ।
  3. ^ Press Institute of India (1991). Data India. Press Institute of India. p. 448. Retrieved 24 July 2020. Kalindicharan Panigrahi,noted Oriya litterateur and Sahitya Academy winner, died in Cuttack on May 25 at the age of 91.
  4. ^ Nayak, Subash (August–September 2013). "Kalandi Charan Panigrahi: A Story Teller of Eminence(1901-1991)". Orissa Review. LXX (1–2): 94–96. Archived from the original on 30 April 2021. Retrieved 24 July 2020.
  5. ^ Pāṇīgrāhī, K. (1976). Glimpses on Art and Literature, Orissa. Cuttack Students Store. p. 101. Archived from the original on 9 November 2023. Retrieved 24 July 2020. He studied at the Puri Zila School and graduated from Ravenshaw College , Cuttack
  6. ^ "Kalindi Charana Panigrahi". orissadiary.com. 2012. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012. Born on July 2nd 1901. Kalindi Charan Panigrahi belongs to Sabuja Gosthi
  7. ^ Paul, Padmaj (25 October 2016). Aesthetic experience in Oriya poetry 1880 to 1947 a philosophical study of the major trends (Thesis). Utkal University. hdl:10603/118472.
  8. ^ "Smt. Nandini Satpathy Memorial Trust Odisha India". snsmt.org. 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012. She was the eldest daughter of Padmabhushan Sh. Kalindi Charan Panigrahi
  9. ^ "Sahitya Academy website – fellowship list". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 16 May 2007.
  10. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2015. Retrieved 21 July 2015.