Shankha Ghosh
Ghosh in 2011
Born
Chittapriya Ghosh

(1932-02-05)February 5, 1932
Died21 April 2021(2021-04-21) (aged 89)
Alma materUniversity of Calcutta
Known forBengali literature
TitlePoet
SpousePratima Ghosh (née Biswas)
AwardsPadma Bhushan (2011)
Jnanpith Award (2016)
Sahitya Akademi Award (1977)
SahityaBramha Award (2015) World Forum for Journalists and Writers, Kolkata

Sankha Ghosh (born Chittapriya Ghosh; 5 February 1932 – 21 April 2021)[1][2] was an Indian poet and literary critic.[3] He was born in Chandpur District of the then Bengal Presidency, present day Bangladesh. His ancestral home was at Banaripara Upazila in Barisal District. He spent his childhood and adolescence in Ishwardi Upazila of Pabna District, which was his father's workplace.[4]

Ghosh passed matriculation from Chandraprabha Vidyapitha, Pabna.[4] He got his undergraduate degree in Arts in Bengali from Presidency College, Kolkata in 1951 and subsequently his master's degree from the University of Calcutta in the year 1954.

Career

Ghosh taught at many educational institutions, including Bangabasi College, City College (all affiliated to the University of Calcutta) and at Jadavpur University, Jangipur College, Berhampore Girls' College all in Kolkata and West Bengal. He retired from Jadavpur University in 1992. In 1967, he participated in the International Writing Program's Fall Residency at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, IA. He also taught at Delhi University, the Indian Institute of Advanced Studies at Shimla, and at the Visva-Bharati University. He won many awards including Jnanpith Award in 2016. His pen name was Kuntak.[5] Among the most respected names in contemporary Bengali literature, Ghosh was one of the ‘Pancha Pandavas’— along with Shakti Chattopadhyay, Sunil Gangopadhyay, Binoy Majumdar and Utpal Kumar Basu — who gave a new identity to the Bengali literary world.

Death

Ghosh and his wife tested positive for COVID-19 on 14 April 2021. Later he suffered from several complications and died on 21 April 2021, at his home in Kolkata.[6][7][8] 8 days after poet's death, his wife Pratima Ghosh also died from COVID-19 complications.[9]

Literary contributions

Shankha Ghosh made an immense contribution to the world of Bengali poetry. ‘Days and Nights’, ‘Babar’s Prayer’, ‘Face Covered in Advertisement’, ‘Gandharva Poems’ are his notable books of poetry.Although Shankha Ghosh was initially known as a 'poet', his prose works are numerous. He has combined poetry and prose. He was an eminent Rabindra expert, noting Rabindranath Tagore's 'Ocampore Rabindranath', 'A Amir Awaran', 'Kaler Matra O Rabindra Natak', 'Chhander Baranda' and 'Damini's Song'. ‘Words and Truth’, ‘Urvashir Hasi’, ‘Ahan Sab Alik’ are his other notable prose works. His writings have been studied and popular in Bengali for years. The poetic mind of Shankha Ghosh, its speed is two-way. On the one hand, that mind is always aware of the repercussions of all the socio-political events of the day.Ghosh's sensitive poetry roared against any unjust injustice in the society. We see its expression sometimes in poems written in sharp satire, satirical language. The people of the lower classes, the poor can get the poetry of Shankha Ghosh as a companion to their daily suffering. Shankha Ghosh identifies every inequality of society, every lack of justice with his infallible poems.

Works

Poetics

1. Dinguli rātaguli (Bengali: দিনগুলি রাতগুলি) (1956)

2. Ekhan samaẏa naẏ (Bengali: এখন সময় নয়) (1967)

3. Nihita pātālachāẏā (Bengali: নিহিত পাতালছায়া) (1967)

4. Saṅkha ghōṣēr śrēṣṭha kabitā (Bengali: শঙ্খ ঘোষের শ্রেষ্ঠ কবিতা) (1970)

5. Adima latāgulmamaẏ (Bengali: আদিম লতাগুল্মময়) (1972)

6. Mūrkha baṛa sāmājika naẏa (Bengali: মূর্খ বড় সামাজিক নয়) (1974)

7. Baburēr prārthanā (Bengali: বাবরের প্রার্থনা) (1976)

8. Minibook[ মিনিবুক] (1978)

9. Tumi to temon gaurī na'ō [তুমি তেমন গৌরী নও ](1978)

10. Panjarē dāṛēr Shabda [পাঁজরে দাঁড়ের শব্দ ](1980)

11. Kabitāsangraha -1[ কবিতাসংগ্রহ -১ ] (1980)

12. Praharajōṛā tritāla [ প্রহরজোড়া ত্রিতাল](1982)

13. Mukh ḍhēkē jay Bigyapanē[মুখ ঢেকে যায় বিজ্ঞাপনে ] (1984)

14. Bandhurā māti tarajāẏa [বন্ধুরা মাতি তরজায় ](1984)

15. Dhuma lēgēchē hr̥idakamalē [ধুম লেগেছে হৃদকমলে ](1984)

16. Kabitāsaṅgraha - 2[ কবিতাসংগ্রহ - ২ ] (1991)

17.Lainei chilāma bābā [ লাইনেই ছিলাম বাবা](1993)

18. Gāndharva kabitāguccha[ গান্ধর্ব কবিতাগুচ্ছ ] (1994)

19.Saṅkha ghōṣēr nirbācita prēmēr kabitā[ শঙ্খ ঘোষের নির্বাচিত প্রেমের কবিতা] (1994)

20. Mini kabitār boi[মিনি কবিতার বই ] (1994)

21. Saber uparē śāmiẏānā [ শবের উপরে শামিয়ানা](1996)

22.Chhandēr bhitarē ēto andhakār [ ছন্দের ভিতরে এত অন্ধকার](1999)

23. Jol'i pāṣāṇ hoẏē āchē [ জলই পাষাণ হয়ে আছে ](2004)

24. Samasta khatēr mukhē pali [ সমস্ত ক্ষতের মুখে পলি ](2007)

25. Māṭikhōm̐ṛā purōnō karōṭi[ মাটিখোঁড়া পুরোনো করোটি] (2009)

26. Gōṭādēśajōṛā ja'ughara [ গোটাদেশজোড়া জউঘর ](2010)

27. Hāsikhuśi mukhē sarbanāś[ হাসিখুশি মুখে সর্বনাশ] (2011)

28. Prati praśnē jēgē ōṭhē bhiṭē [ প্রতি প্রশ্নে জেগে ওঠে ভিটে](2012)

29.Bahus Various stabdha paṛē āchē[বহুস্বর স্তব্ধ পড়ে আছে ] (2014)

30.prēmēra kabitā [প্রেমের কবিতা ](2014)

31 . śaṅkha ghōṣēra kabitāsaṅgraha[শঙ্খ ঘোষের কবিতাসংগ্রহ ] (2015)

32. śuni nīraba ciṯkāra[ শুনি নীরব চিৎকার ] (2015)

33. ē'ō ēka byathā upaśama [এও এক ব্যথা উপশম ](2017)

Prose

1. kālēra mātrā ō rabīndranāṭak [ কালের মাত্রা ও রবীন্দ্রনাটকএ](1969)

2. niḥśabdēra tarjanī[ নিঃশব্দের তর্জনী ] (1971)

Awards

References

  1. ^ Pharida Kabira (1986). Pañcāsa Bacharera Premera Kabitā: Bāṃlādeśa O Paścimabāṃlāra Kabitāra Panḍulipi Saṃkalana (in Bengali). Signorinā. p. 82.
  2. ^ "Sankha Ghosh - Biographical Sketch [Parabaas Translation]". Parabaas. Retrieved 5 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Sankha Ghosh, 1932-". Library of Congress, New Delhi Office. 11 January 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  4. ^ a b কবি শঙ্খ ঘোষ আর নেই. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 20 April 2021. Retrieved 27 September 2022.
  5. ^ "Acclaimed Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh to get 2016 Jnanpith Award". Daily News Analysis. 23 December 2016. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Celebrated Bengali poet Sankha Ghosh dies of Covid at 89 in Kolkata". India Today. 21 April 2021. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Legendary Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh dies of COVID". Frontline. 21 April 2021.
  8. ^ Atri, Mitra (21 April 2021). "Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh passes away due to Covid-19 complications". The Indian Express.
  9. ^ প্ৰয়াত শঙ্খ ঘোষেৰ স্ত্ৰী, কবিৰ প্ৰয়াণেৰ ৮ দিনেৰ মাথায় জীবনাবসান প্ৰতিমাদেবীৰ. Hindustan Times (in Bengali). 29 April 2021. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  10. ^ a b "Bengali poet Shankha Ghosh chosen for Jnanpith Award". Hindustan Times. 23 December 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Sahitya: Akademi Awards". sahitya-akademi.gov.in. Retrieved 4 January 2017.
  12. ^ "Saraswati Samman for Shankha Ghosh". The Tribune. 6 February 1999. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  13. ^ Kumar, Kuldeep (14 December 2018). "Shankha Ghosh: A gifted and sensitive writer". The Hindu.
  14. ^ "Jnanpith award for veteran poet Shankha Ghosh". The Times of India. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.