University of Delhi
University of Delhi.png
Seal of the University of Delhi
Latin: Universitas Delliae
MottoNishtha Dhriti Satyam (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
Dedication, Steadfastness and Truth
TypeCentral
Established1922; 100 years ago (1922)
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
Endowment433 crore (US$54 million)[1]
ChancellorVice President of India
Vice-ChancellorProf. Yogesh Singh[2][3]
VisitorPresident of India
Academic staff
1,060[4]
Students1892000+[4]
Undergraduates120000+[4]
Postgraduates20,344[4]
3,700[4]
Location,
India

28°41′N 77°13′E / 28.69°N 77.21°E / 28.69; 77.21Coordinates: 28°41′N 77°13′E / 28.69°N 77.21°E / 28.69; 77.21
CampusUrban
Colours  Purple
MascotElephant
Websitewww.du.ac.in Edit this at Wikidata

Delhi University (DU), formally the University of Delhi, is a collegiate central university located in New Delhi, India. It was founded in 1922 by an Act of the Central Legislative Assembly and is recognized as an Institute of Eminence (IoE) by the University Grants Commission (UGC). As a collegiate university, its main functions are divided between the academic departments of the university and constituent colleges. Consisting of three colleges, two faculties, and 750 students at its founding, the University of Delhi has since become India's largest institution of higher learning and among the largest in the world. The university has 16 faculties and 86 departments distributed across its North and South campuses, and remaining colleges across the region. It has 91 constituent colleges. The Vice President of India serves as the university chancellor.



History

The University of Delhi was established in 1922 as a unitary, teaching and residential university by an Act of the then Central Legislative Assembly of the British India.[5] Hari Singh Gour served as the university's first Vice-Chancellor from 1922 to 1926. Only four colleges existed in Delhi at the time: St. Stephen's College founded in 1881, Hindu College founded in 1899, Zakir Husain Delhi College (then known as The Delhi College), founded in 1792 and Ramjas College founded in 1917, which were subsequently affiliated to the university. The university initially had two faculties (Arts and Science) and approximately 750 students.

The seat of power in British India had been transferred from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. The Viceregal Lodge Estate became the residence of the Viceroy of India until October 1933, when it was given to the University of Delhi. Since then, it has housed the office of the vice-chancellor and other offices.[6]

When Sir Maurice Gwyer came to India in 1937 to serve as Chief Justice of British India, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Delhi. During his time, postgraduate teaching courses were introduced and laboratories were established at the university.[7] Members of the faculty included Daulat Singh Kothari in Physics and Panchanan Maheshwari in Botany. Gwyer has been called the "maker of university". He served as Vice-Chancellor until 1950.[8]

The silver jubilee year of the university in 1947 coincided with India's independence, and the national flag was hoisted in the main building for the first time by Vijayendra Kasturi Ranga Varadaraja Rao. In that year there was no convocation ceremony due to the partition of India. Instead, a special ceremony was held in 1948, attended by then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, as well as by Lord Mountbatten, Lady Mountbatten, Abul Kalam Azad, Zakir Husain and Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar. Twenty-five years later the golden jubilee celebrations of 1973 were attended by then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi, Satyajit Ray, Amrita Pritam and M. S. Subbulakshmi.[9]

Present form

The university has grown into one of the largest universities in India. There are 16 faculties, 86 academic departments, 91 colleges spread across the city, with 132,435 regular students (114,494 undergraduates and 17,941 postgraduates). There are 261,169 students in non-formal education programmes (258,831 undergraduates and 2,338 postgraduates). DU's chemistry, geology, zoology, sociology and history departments have been awarded the status of Centres of Advanced Studies. In addition, a number of the university's departments receive grants under the Special Assistance Programme of the University Grants Commission in recognition of their outstanding academic work.[10]

From the year 2022 DU changed its admission pattern from the 12th percentage mark based to CUET[11] (Central Universities Common Entrance Test). Now it will admit students based on their CUET scores. And the 12th class percentage marks will act as a tie-breaker for students securing the same CUET scores.[12]

DU is one of the most sought-after institutions of higher education in India. It also has one of the highest publication counts among Indian universities.[13]

The annual honorary degree ceremony of the university has been conferred upon several people, which includes film actor Amitabh Bachchan, former Chief Minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit, cartoonist R. K. Laxman, chemist C. N. R. Rao[14] and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Gordon Brown.[15]

Campus

Main article: List of colleges affiliated to the Delhi University

There are 91 colleges affiliated to the University of Delhi, spread across Delhi. North Campus and South Campus serve as the two main campuses of the university.[16] Zakir Husain Delhi College, which is situated in the central part of New Delhi, is the oldest college in Delhi carrying 300 years of legacy.

North Campus

Faculty of Arts
Faculty of Arts

The North Campus hosts the three founding colleges of the university. It now has the School of Open Learning, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Law, and 13 colleges including Kirori Mal College, Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce, Lady Irwin College, Daulat Ram College, Hansraj College, Hindu College, Indraprastha College for Women, Mata Sundri College for Women, Lakshmibai College, Miranda House, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College, Ramjas College, St. Stephen's College, Shri Ram College of Commerce, Satyawati College, Shyam Lal College. The campus also houses centres for graduate study and research, which include the Cluster Innovation Centre, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi School Of Journalism[17] and the Ambedkar Center for Biomedical Research (ACBR).

South Campus

The South Campus was opened in 1973 as part of the university's expansion plan. It moved to its present location on Benito Juarez Marg, near Dhaula Kuan, in 1984, and covers 69 acres. Its constituent colleges include , Aryabhatta College, Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, Gargi College, Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College, Jesus and Mary College, Ramanujan College, Maitreyi College, Motilal Nehru College, Motilal Nehru College Evening, Ram Lal Anand College, Sri Venkateswara College, Lady Shri Ram College, the Delhi College of Arts and Commerce, the Institute of Home Economics, the College of Vocational Studies, Sri Aurobindo College, Kamala Nehru College, Dyal Singh College, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing.

Hostel facilities

Some colleges of Delhi University offer hostel facilities to students but this facility is limited to a specific number of colleges. The allotment of hostels[18] is also done on a merit basis. Only 20 colleges of Delhi University provide hostel facilities to students.

Organisation and administration

Governance

The President of India is the Visitor, the Vice President of India is the Chancellor and the Chief Justice of India is the Pro-Chancellor of the university. The Court, the Executive Council, the Academic Council and the Finance Committee are the administrative authorities of the university.[19]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks at the University of Delhi, India 19 July 2009
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks at the University of Delhi, India 19 July 2009

The University Court is the supreme authority of the university and has the power to review the acts of the Executive Council and the Academic Council. The Executive Council is the highest executive body of the university. The Academic Council is the highest academic body of the university and is responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examination within the university. It has the right to advise the Executive Council on all academic matters. The Finance Committee is responsible for recommending financial policies, goals, and budgets.

Colleges

Main article: List of colleges affiliated to the Delhi University

Though the colleges are all constituent to the University of Delhi, as it is a collegiate university, depending upon the funding Delhi Colleges broadly fall into three categories:

The colleges maintained by universities get 100% deficit maintenance grant while the colleges run by trusts get 95% deficit grants.[20]

The university has 65 colleges that have liberal courses in humanities, social sciences and science. Twenty-five of these colleges is affiliated with the South Campus while the others are to the North Campus. The total number of colleges under the university is 77 if the colleges that run professional courses are included. Some colleges also offer evening courses.[21] The university includes an undergraduate management college 'Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies, which is ranked as the best B-school in the country at this level, by India Today.[22]

Faculties

Faculty of Mathematical Sciences
Faculty of Mathematical Sciences

The University of Delhi's 86 academic departments are divided into 16 faculties.

In the past, the Faculty of Technology offered courses in Engineering and Technology. The faculty earlier included the Delhi College of Engineering, before it was transformed into the Delhi Technological University and Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology before it was transformed into the Netaji Subhas University of Technology.[24]

Affiliated faculties

The University of Delhi has two affiliated faculties:

Centres and institutes

There are about 28 centres and institutes at DU. These are divided into four categories:

Postgraduate centres

Centres

Recognised institutes

Affiliated institutions

Academics

Courses

There are 240 courses available at the university for undergraduate (UG) and post-graduate (PG).[39]

There are a total 201 courses offered by Delhi University like MBBS, BTech etc. Courses are mainly classified under the three faculties of the central university, including arts, commerce and science.[40]

The university offers 70 post-graduate degrees. DU also offers MPhil in about 28 subjects.[41] In addition to these, it offers 90+ Certificate courses and 28 Diplomas. There are 15 Advanced Diplomas offered in various languages. The university offers PhD courses, which may be awarded by any faculty of the university under ordinance VI-B.[42] But, speciality and super speciality medical degrees like DM, DCh etc., could only be awarded by the faculty of medical sciences.[43] Due to lack of surety in quality of legal education, The Bar Council of India has issued a notification asking Delhi University (DU) to shut down law courses offered in evening shift at its colleges.[44]

Rankings

University rankings
General – international
ARWU (2020)[45]601-700
QS (World) (2021)[46]501–510
QS (Asia) (2020)[47]67
QS (BRICS) (2019)[48]42
Times (World) (2021)[49]601–800
Times (Asia) (2020)[50]155
Times (Emerging) (2020)[51]147
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2022)[52]23
NIRF (Universities) (2022)[53]13
The Week (Universities) (2019)[54]3
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[55]8
Law – India
The Week (2019)[56]4

Internationally, the University of Delhi was ranked 501–510 in the QS World University Rankings of 2022.[57] The same rankings ranked it 77 in Asia in 2022.[58] and 42 among BRICS nations in 2019.[48] It was ranked 801–1000 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2022,[59] 155 in Asia[50] and 147 among Emerging Economies University Rankings in 2020.[51] In 2022, it ranked 585 overall among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings.[60] In India, it was ranked 19th overall by the National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2021[61] and 12th among universities and ranked 13th overall by NIRF in 2022.[62]

The Faculty of Law was ranked fourth in India by The Week's "Top Law Colleges in 2019."[56]

Sports

Delhi University Stadium is a rugby sevens stadium, situated within the North Campus. Spread over 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft), the stadium has a seating capacity of 2,500 permanent and 7,500 temporary seats. Construction began in 2008 and the stadium was inaugurated in July 2010, ahead of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[63] It also includes a training area for netball, boxing, women's wrestling and athletics.[64][65]

After the games the stadium was handed over to the university by Commonwealth Games Organising Committee, there after in 2011, the university initiated an upgrade plan, to create a multi-purpose arena with both outdoor and indoor facilities.[66] The university opened access to these facilities in late 2011.[67]

Student life

Students union

Delhi University Students Union, generally abbreviated as DUSU, is a students' union at the University of Delhi. It is an elected body.

Notable alumni and faculty

Main articles: List of Delhi University people and List of Vice-chancellors of the University of Delhi

Notable alumni

Notable alumni in Indian politics include Narendra Modi, 14th Prime Minister of India;[68] lawyer and former Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley;[69] Foreign Secretary of India Vijay Keshav Gokhale;[70][71] former diplomat, writer and Member of Parliament Shashi Tharoor;[72][73][74] the fifth President of India Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed; sixth Chief Minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit; fourth Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and India's first woman Chief Minister Sucheta Kriplani; economist and former leader of the Janata Party Subramanian Swamy; fourteenth and current Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik; industrialist and former Member of Parliament Naveen Jindal; diplomat and Foreign Secretary Jyotindra Nath Dixit; former Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission Montek Singh Ahluwalia; former Minister of State for Corporate and Minority Affairs Salman Khurshid; former Former Union HRD Minister Kapil Sibal; former Minister of Information and Broadcasting Ambika Soni; former Union Minister for Disinvestment Arun Shourie;[75] former Chief Minister of Delhi and Governor of Rajasthan Madan Lal Khurana; former MLA of Lakhipur Rajdeep Goala; and president of Jawaharlal Nehru University Students' Union Aishe Ghosh.

DU has educated numerous foreign politicians and heads of state and government including State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi, third President of Malawi Bingu wa Mutharika, former Prime Minister of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala, sixth President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq,[76] and two former Prime Ministers of Bhutan, Sangay Ngedup, and Khandu Wangchuk.

DU has also produced a large number of major actors and actresses of Indian cinema and theatre including Amitabh Bachchan, Shah Rukh Khan, Manoj Bajpayee, Konkona Sen Sharma, Anurag Kashyap, Arjun Rampal, Imran Zahid, Neha Dhupia, Sakshi Tanwar, Mallika Sherawat, Imtiaz Ali, Huma Qureshi,[77] Siddharth, Sushant Singh Rajput, Shriya Saran, Vishal Bhardwaj, Sandhya Mridul, Aditi Rao Hydari, Shekhar Kapur, Nimrat Kaur, Kabir Khan, Aditi Arya and Sidharth Malhotra. The CWE wrestler Shanky Singh had also pursued B.Com. from Maharaja Agrasen College of Delhi University.

Notable DU alumni in poetry and literature include the Sahitya Akademi Award winning dramatist and playwright Harcharan Singh, the Urdu poet Akhtar ul Iman, and the writers Vikram Seth, Anita Desai, Amitav Ghosh, Kunzang Choden, Upamanyu Chatterjee, Ali Sardar Jafri, and the Padma Vibhushan recipient Khushwant Singh.

Notable alumni in the sciences include physicist Archana Bhattacharyya,[78] theoretical physicist Pran Nath, SLAC physicist Jogesh Pati[79] particle physicist Amitava Raychaudhuri, astrophysicist Vinod Krishan,[80] chemists Charusita Chakravarty and Anil Kumar Tyagi,[81] engineer and "father of the pentium processor" Vinod Dham, mathematician Eknath Prabhakar Ghate, astrophysicist Sangeeta Malhotra, engineer Yogi Goswami, neurosurgeon B. K. Misra[82]

Notable alumni in the humanities and social sciences include professor of economics at Harvard University Gita Gopinath; economist and Senior Vice-president and Chief Economist of the World Bank Kaushik Basu; historians Arundhati Virmani, Ramnarayan Rawat, Upinder Singh and Usha Sanyal; professor of anthropology at Johns Hopkins University Veena Das; Kathak dancer Uma Sharma; Bharatnatyam dancer Geeta Chandran and gender rights activist Meera Khanna.[83][84]

Notable academics

Notable faculty members of DU include eminent historians like R. S. Sharma and Ramachandra Guha; recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Amartya Sen; former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh; economist and a key architect of the Five-Year Plans of India Sukhamoy Chakravarty;[85] senior fellow for international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations and professor of economics at Columbia University Jagdish Bhagwati;[86] and Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan, a leading woman figure in the Pakistan Movement and wife of the first Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan.[87]

See also

References

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