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Delhi University
Dillī Viśvavidyālaya
Seal
Motto
Niṣṭhā dhṛtiḥ satyam (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
Dedication, Steadfastness and Truth
TypePublic Central University, Institute of Eminence
Established1 May 1922; 102 years ago (1 May 1922)
FounderMaurice Gwyer
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
Endowment433 crore (US$54 million)[1] (2018-2019)
ChancellorVice President of India
Vice-ChancellorYogesh Singh[2][3]
VisitorPresident of India
Academic staff
1,060[4]
Students1,892,000+[4]
Undergraduates120,000+[4]
Postgraduates20,344[4]
3,700[4]
Location, ,
28°41′N 77°13′E / 28.69°N 77.21°E / 28.69; 77.21
CampusUrban
LanguageEnglish
Hindi (de facto)[5]
NewspaperDU Beat[6]
Colours  Purple
MascotElephant (Strength and wisdom)
Websitewww.du.ac.in
Delhi University is located in Delhi
Delhi University
Location in Delhi

Delhi University (DU, ISO: Dillī Viśvavidyālaya), formally the University of Delhi, is a collegiate research central university located in Delhi, India. It was founded in 1922 by an Act of the Central Legislative Assembly and is recognized as an Institute of Eminence (IoE) by the University Grants Commission (UGC). The university has 16 faculties and 86 departments distributed across its North and South campuses, and remaining colleges across the region. It has 91 constituent colleges. Delhi University is one of the largest university systems in the world with over 400,000 students on its campuses and affiliated colleges.[7] The Vice President of India serves as the university chancellor. The university is ranked 11th by National Institutional Ranking Framework 2023.

History

The University of Delhi was established in 1922 was created by act of Central Legislative assembly.[8] Hari Singh Gour served as the university's first Vice-Chancellor from 1922 to 1926.

Only four colleges existed in Delhi at the time, which were affiliated to University of the Punjab at that time:

All of the above colleges were subsequently affiliated to the university. The university initially had two faculties (Arts and Science) and approximately 750 students.

The seat of power in British India had been transferred from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. The Viceregal Lodge Estate became the residence of the Viceroy of India until October 1933, when it was given to the University of Delhi. Since then, it has housed the office of the vice-chancellor and other offices.[9]

When Sir Maurice Gwyer came to India in 1937 to serve as Chief Justice of British India, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Delhi. During his time, postgraduate teaching courses were introduced and laboratories were established at the university.[10] Members of the faculty included Daulat Singh Kothari in Physics and Panchanan Maheshwari in Botany. Gwyer has been called the "maker of the university". He served as Vice-Chancellor until 1950.[11]

The silver jubilee year of the university in 1947 coincided with India's independence, and the national flag was hoisted in the main building for the first time by Vijayendra Kasturi Ranga Varadaraja Rao. In that year there was no convocation ceremony due to the partition of India. Instead, a special ceremony was held in 1948, attended by then Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, as well as by Lord Mountbatten, Lady Mountbatten, Abul Kalam Azad, Zakir Husain and Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar. Twenty-five years later the golden jubilee celebrations of 1973 were attended by the then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi, Satyajit Ray, Amrita Pritam, and M. S. Subbulakshmi.[12]

Present form

The university has grown into one of the largest universities in India. There are 16 faculties, 86 academic departments, 91 colleges spread across the city, with 132,435 regular students (114,494 undergraduates and 17,941 postgraduates). There are 261,169 students in non-formal education programmes (258,831 undergraduates and 2,338 postgraduates). DU's chemistry, geology, zoology, sociology, and history departments have been awarded the status of Centres of Advanced Studies. In addition, a number of the university's departments receive grants under the Special Assistance Programme of the University Grants Commission in recognition of their outstanding academic work.[13]

From the year 2022, DU changed its admission pattern from the 12th percentage mark based to CUET[14] (Central Universities Common Entrance Test). Now it will admit students based on their CUET scores. And the 12th class percentage marks will act as a tie-breaker for students securing the same CUET scores.[15]

DU is one of the most sought-after institutions of higher education in India. It also has one of the highest publication counts among Indian universities.[16]

The annual honorary degree ceremony of the university has been conferred upon several people, which includes film actor Amitabh Bachchan, former Chief Minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit, cartoonist R. K. Laxman, chemist C. N. R. Rao[17] and former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Gordon Brown.[18]

Campus

Main article: List of colleges affiliated to the Delhi University

There are 91 colleges affiliated to the University of Delhi, spread across Delhi. North Campus and South Campus serve as the two main campuses of the university.[19] Zakir Husain Delhi College, which is situated in the central part of New Delhi, is the oldest college in Delhi carrying 327 years of legacy.

North Campus

Faculty of Arts

The North Campus hosts the three founding colleges of the university. It now has the School of Open Learning, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Law, and 16 colleges including Kirori Mal College, Lady Irwin College, Daulat Ram College, Hansraj College, Hindu College, Indraprastha College for Women, Mata Sundri College for Women, Lakshmibai College, Miranda House, Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College, Ramjas College, St. Stephen's College, Swami Shardhanand College, Shri Ram College of Commerce, Satyawati College, Shyam Lal College. The campus also houses centres for graduate study and research, which include the Cluster Innovation Centre, Delhi School of Economics, Delhi School of Journalism[20] and the Ambedkar Center for Biomedical Research (ACBR).

South Campus

The South Campus was opened in 1973 as part of the university's expansion plan. It moved to its present location on Benito Juarez Marg, near Dhaula Kuan, in 1984, and covers 69 acres. Its constituent colleges include, Aryabhatta College, Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College, Gargi College, Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College, PGDAV College, Jesus and Mary College, Ramanujan College, Maitreyi College, Motilal Nehru College, Motilal Nehru College Evening, Ram Lal Anand College, Sri Venkateswara College, Lady Shri Ram College, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College, the Delhi College of Arts and Commerce, the Institute of Home Economics, the College of Vocational Studies, Sri Aurobindo College, Kamala Nehru College, Dyal Singh College, Shaheed Bhagat Singh College and Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing.

Hostel facilities

Some colleges of Delhi University offer hostel facilities to students, but this facility is limited to a specific number of colleges. The allotment of hostels is also done on a merit basis. Only 20 colleges of Delhi University provide hostel facilities to students.[21]

Organisation and administration

Governance

The President of India is the Visitor, the Vice President of India is the Chancellor and the Chief Justice of India is the Pro-Chancellor of the university. The Court, the Executive Council, the Academic Council and the Finance Committee are the administrative authorities of the university.[22]

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton speaks at the University of Delhi, India 19 July 2009

The University Court is the supreme authority of the university and has the power to review the acts of the Executive Council and the Academic Council. The Executive Council is the highest executive body of the university. The Academic Council is the highest academic body of the university and is responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education, and examination within the university. It has the right to advise the Executive Council on all academic matters. The Finance Committee is responsible for recommending financial policies, goals, and budgets.

Colleges

Main article: List of colleges affiliated to the Delhi University

Though the colleges are all constituent to the University of Delhi, as it is a collegiate university, depending upon the funding Delhi Colleges broadly fall into three categories:

The colleges maintained by universities get 100% deficit maintenance grants while the colleges run by trusts get 95% deficit grants.[23]

The university has 65 colleges that have liberal courses in humanities, social sciences, and science. Twenty-five of these colleges are affiliated with the South Campus while the others are to the North Campus. The total number of colleges under the university is 77 if the colleges that run professional courses are included. Some colleges also offer evening courses.[24] The university includes an undergraduate management college 'Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies, which is ranked as the best B-school in the country at this level, by India Today.[25]

Name Established Location/Campus
Aditi Mahavidyalaya 1994 North Campus
Zakir Husain Delhi College 1696
Daulat Ram College 1960
Hindu College 1899
Hansraj College 1948
Indraprastha College for Women 1924
Kirori Mal College 1954
Miranda House 1948
Ramjas College 1917
St. Stephen's College 1881
Shaheed Sukhdev College of Business Studies 1987
Shri Ram College of Commerce 1926
Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Khalsa College 1951
School of Open Learning 1962
Swami Shraddhanand College 1967
Vallabhbhai Patel Chest Institute 1949
Acharya Narendra Dev College 1991 South Campus
Aryabhatta College 1973
Atma Ram Sanatan Dharma College 1959
Delhi College of Arts and Commerce 1987
Jesus and Mary College 1968
Maitreyi College 1967
Motilal Nehru College 1964
Motilal Nehru College (Evening) 1965
Ram Lal Anand College 1964
Sri Venkateswara College 1961
College of Vocational Studies 1972
Delhi Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 1964
Deshbandhu College 1952
Dyal Singh College 1959
Gargi College 1967
Institute of Home Economics 1961
Kamala Nehru College 1964
Lady Shri Ram College for Women 1956
P.G.D.A.V. College 1957
P.G.D.A.V. College (Evening) 1958
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur College of Nursing [26] 1946
Ramanujan College 2010
Sri Aurobindo College 1972
Sri Aurobindo College (Evening) 1984
Shaheed Bhagat Singh College 1967
Shaheed Bhagat Singh College (Evening) 1973
Dyal Singh Evening College 1958
Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College 1916 Central Campus
College of Art 1942
Janki Devi Memorial College 1959
Lady Hardinge Medical College 1916
Lady Irwin College 1932
Mata Sundri College for Women 1967
Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences 2003
Maulana Azad Medical College 1956
Sri Guru Nanak Dev Khalsa College 1973
Zakir Husain Delhi College 1792
Zakir Husain Delhi College (Evening) 1958
Maharaja Agrasen College 1994 East Delhi
Maharshi Valmiki College of Education 1996
Shaheed Rajguru College of Applied Sciences for Women 1989
Shyam Lal College 1964
Shyam Lal College (Evening) 1969
Vivekananda College 1970
Nehru Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital 1967 South Delhi
Bhim Rao Ambedkar College 1991 North East Delhi
University College of Medical Sciences 1971
Bharati College 1971 West Delhi
Deen Dayal Upadhyaya College 1990
Indira Gandhi Institute of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 1987
Kalindi College 1967
Rajdhani College 1964
Shivaji College 1961
Shyama Prasad Mukherji College 1969
Keshav Mahavidyalaya 1994 North West Delhi
Lakshmibai College 1965
Satyawati College 1972
Satyawati College (Evening) 1973
Sri Guru Gobind Singh College of Commerce 1984
Bhagini Nivedita College 1993 South West Delhi
Lady Irwin College 1932
Bhaskaracharya College of Applied Sciences 1995

Faculties

Faculty of Mathematical Sciences

The University of Delhi's 86 academic departments are divided into 16 faculties.

In the past, the Faculty of Technology offered courses in Engineering and Technology. The faculty earlier included the Delhi College of Engineering, before it was transformed into the Delhi Technological University and Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology before it was transformed into the Netaji Subhas University of Technology.[28]

Affiliated faculties

The University of Delhi has two affiliated faculties:

Centres and institutes

There are about 28 centres and institutes at DU. These are divided into four categories:

Postgraduate centres

Centres

Recognised institutes

Affiliated institutions

Academics

Courses

There are 240 courses available at the university for undergraduate (UG) and post-graduate (PG).[43]

There are a total 201 courses offered by Delhi University like MBBS, B.Tech. etc. Courses are mainly classified under the three faculties of the central university, including arts, commerce and science.[44]

The university offers 70 post-graduate degrees. DU also offers MPhil in about 28 subjects.[45] In addition to these, it offers 90+ Certificate courses and 28 Diplomas. There are 15 Advanced Diplomas offered in various languages. The university offers PhD courses, which may be awarded by any faculty of the university under ordinance VI-B.[46] But, speciality and super speciality medical degrees like DM, DCh etc., could only be awarded by the faculty of medical sciences.[47] Due to lack of surety in quality of legal education, The Bar Council of India has issued a notification asking Delhi University (DU) to shut down law courses offered in evening shift at its colleges.[48]

Rankings

University rankings
General – international
ARWU (2022)[49]601-700
QS (World) (2023)[50]521–530
QS (Asia) (2023)[51]85
Times (World) (2023)[52]1001–1200
Times (Asia) (2022)[53]201–250
Times (Emerging) (2022)[54]201–250
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2022)[55]23
NIRF (Universities) (2022)[56]13
Outlook India (Universities) (2020)[57]8

Internationally, the University of Delhi was ranked 521–530 in the QS World University Rankings of 2023[50] and 85 in Asia.[51] It was ranked 1001–1200 in the world by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2023,[52] 201–250 in Asia in 2022[53] and at the same band among emerging economies.[54] It was ranked 601–700 in the Academic Ranking of World Universities of 2022.[49]

In India, it was ranked 23 overall by the National Institutional Ranking Framework in 2022[55] and 13 among universities.[56]

Sports

The Delhi University Stadium is a rugby sevens stadium, situated within the North Campus. Spread over 10,000 square metres (110,000 sq ft), the stadium has a seating capacity of 2,500 permanent and 7,500 temporary seats. Construction began in 2008 and the stadium was inaugurated in July 2010, ahead of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.[58] It also includes a training area for netball, boxing, women's wrestling and athletics.[59][60]

After the games the stadium was handed over to the university by Commonwealth Games Organising Committee, there after in 2011, the university initiated an upgrade plan, to create a multi-purpose arena with both outdoor and indoor facilities.[61] The university opened access to these facilities in late 2011.[62]

Notable alumni and faculty

Main articles: List of Delhi University people and List of Vice-chancellors of the University of Delhi

This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. Please improve this article by removing names that do not have independent reliable sources showing they merit inclusion in this article AND are alumni, or by incorporating the relevant publications into the body of the article through appropriate citations. (April 2023)

Notable alumni

Notable alumni in Indian politics include: lawyer and former Minister of Finance Arun Jaitley;[63] Foreign Secretary of India Vijay Keshav Gokhale;[64][65] Minister of External Affairs S. Jaishankar; former diplomat, writer and Member of Parliament Shashi Tharoor;[66][67][68] the fifth President of India Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed; sixth Chief Minister of Delhi Sheila Dikshit; fourth Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and India's first woman Chief Minister Sucheta Kriplani; economist and former leader of the Janata Party Subramanian Swamy; fourteenth and current Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik; industrialist and former Member of Parliament Naveen Jindal; diplomat and Foreign Secretary Jyotindra Nath Dixit; former Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission Montek Singh Ahluwalia; former Minister of State for Corporate and Minority Affairs Salman Khurshid; former Former Union HRD Minister Kapil Sibal; former Minister of Information and Broadcasting Ambika Soni; former Union Minister for Disinvestment Arun Shourie;[69] former Chief Minister of Delhi and Governor of Rajasthan Madan Lal Khurana; former MLA of Lakhipur Rajdeep Goala; and president of Jawaharlal Nehru University Students' Union Aishe Ghosh.

DU has educated numerous foreign politicians and heads of state and government including State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi, third President of Malawi Bingu wa Mutharika, former Prime Minister of Nepal Girija Prasad Koirala, sixth President of Pakistan Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq,[70] and two former Prime Ministers of Bhutan, Sangay Ngedup, and Khandu Wangchuk.

DU has also produced a large number of major actors and actresses of Indian cinema and theatre including Amitabh Bachchan, Shah Rukh Khan, Manoj Bajpayee, Konkona Sen Sharma, Anurag Kashyap, Arjun Rampal, Imran Zahid, Neha Dhupia, Sakshi Tanwar, Mallika Sherawat, Imtiaz Ali, Huma Qureshi,[71] Siddharth, Sushant Singh Rajput, Shriya Saran, Vishal Bhardwaj, Sandhya Mridul, Aditi Rao Hydari, Shekhar Kapur, Deepa Mehta, Nimrat Kaur, Kabir Khan, Aditi Arya and Sidharth Malhotra. The CWE wrestler Shanky Singh had also pursued B.Com. from Maharaja Agrasen College of Delhi University. Singer Papon was also enrolled in Motilal Nehru College

Notable DU alumni in poetry and literature include the Sahitya Akademi Award winning dramatist and playwright Harcharan Singh, the Urdu poet Akhtar ul Iman, and the writers Vikram Seth, Anita Desai, Amitav Ghosh, Kunzang Choden, Upamanyu Chatterjee, Ali Sardar Jafri, and the Padma Vibhushan recipient Khushwant Singh.

Notable alumni in the sciences include physicist Archana Bhattacharyya,[72] theoretical physicist Pran Nath, SLAC physicist Jogesh Pati[73] particle physicist Amitava Raychaudhuri, astrophysicist Vinod Krishan,[74] chemists Charusita Chakravarty and Anil Kumar Tyagi,[75] engineer and "father of the pentium processor" Vinod Dham, mathematician Eknath Prabhakar Ghate, astrophysicist Sangeeta Malhotra, engineer Yogi Goswami, neurosurgeon B. K. Misra,[76] and biomaterials researcher Sanjukta Deb.

Notable alumni in the humanities and social sciences include First Deputy Managing Director of economics at IMF Gita Gopinath; economist and Senior Vice-president and Chief Economist of the World Bank Kaushik Basu; historians Arundhati Virmani, Ramnarayan Rawat, Upinder Singh and Usha Sanyal; professor of anthropology at Johns Hopkins University Veena Das; Kathak dancer Uma Sharma; Bharatnatyam dancer Geeta Chandran; gender rights activist Meera Khanna and IPS officer and politician Kiran Bedi[77][78]

Notable alumni in the field of business include Tesla CFO Vaibhav Taneja, Vinod Khanna, president of the World Bank Ajay Banga and managing director and editor-in-chief of Republic Media Network Arnab Goswami.

Notable academics

Notable faculty members of DU include eminent historians like RS Sharma and Ramachandra Guha; recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences Amartya Sen; former Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh; economist and a key architect of the Five-Year Plans of India Sukhamoy Chakravarty;[79] senior fellow for international economics at the Council on Foreign Relations and professor of economics at Columbia University Jagdish Bhagwati;[80] and Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan, a leading woman figure in the Pakistan Movement and wife of the first Prime Minister of Pakistan Liaquat Ali Khan.[81]

See also

References

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