University of Johannesburg
University of Johannesburg brand logo
Former names
Randse Afrikaanse Universiteit (Rand Afrikaans University) (1967–2004)
Motto
Diens Deur Kennis (Afrikaans)
Motto in English
Service Through Knowledge
TypePublic university
Established1 January 2005; 17 years ago (2005-01-01)
Academic affiliations
AAU[1]
ACU[2]
FOTIM
SACU[3]
HESA
Universitas 21[4]
ChairmanMike Solomon Teke[5]
ChancellorNjabulo Ndebele[5]
Vice-ChancellorTshilidzi Marwala[5]
Academic staff
2,942[6]
Students51,313[7]
Location, ,
Coordinates: 26°11′0″S 27°59′56″E / 26.18333°S 27.99889°E / -26.18333; 27.99889
CampusAuckland Park Kingsway (APK)
Auckland Park Bunting Road (APB)
Doornfontein (DFC)
Soweto (SWC)
Colours  Orange
  Yellow
  White
NicknameUJ
MascotUniversity of Johannesburg Hoopoe
Websiteuj.ac.za

The University of Johannesburg (UJ) is a public university located in Johannesburg, South Africa. The University of Johannesburg came into existence on 1 January 2005 as the result of a merger between the Rand Afrikaans University (RAU), the Technikon Witwatersrand (TWR) and the Soweto and East Rand campuses of Vista University.[8] Prior to the merger, the Daveyton and Soweto campuses of the former Vista University had been incorporated into RAU. As a result of the merger of Rand Afrikaans University (RAU), it is common for alumni to refer to the university as RAU. The Vice-Chancellor and Principal of UJ is Professor Tshilidzi Marwala who took office on 1 January 2018. Between 2005 and 2017, UJ's Vice-Chancellor and Principal was Prof Ihron Lester Rensburg.[9][10]

The newly emerged institution is one of the largest comprehensive contact universities[8] in South Africa from the 26 public universities that make up the higher education system. UJ has a student population of over 50 000, of which more than 3000 are international students from 80 countries.[11]

History

Early developments

British Rule, 1900s
During the Johannesburg gold rush a number of training institutions were founded to supply skilled labour to the gold mines demands.[12] One of those institutions was Witwatersrand Technical Institute, founded in 1903, with its roots in the Kimberly School of Mines.[12] It eventually became Technikon Witwatersrand in 1979.[12] This institute was based on the British system and the medium of instruction was English. Not only did its policies restrict access to white students only, but it also restricted admission to those who were well versed in the English language. In 2006, the property belonging to the Technikon Witwatersrand was sold by the University of Johannesburg, which had already absorbed the operations of the Technikon Witwatersrand at that stage.[12]

Independence, 1960s
It would take more than half a century before the independence of South Africa from the British, that the newly elected National Party sought to provide education in the Afrikaans language, the third most spoken mother tongue language in South Africa. This led to the foundation of Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) in 1966.[13] At the time of its founding, RAU was the second university to be established in Johannesburg and it was established through an act of parliament as the academic hub for Afrikaners.[13] After the fall of Apartheid in 1994, African students started to become more involved in previously white institutions of higher education.[14] RAU was no exception as for the first time in 1995, it had the largest number of African students in its ranks, followed by the University of the Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and the University of Cape Town.[14]

In 1982, Vista University admitted the first black students in designated urban black settlements across South Africa. It was established in Port Elizabeth.[15] It had seven satellite campuses throughout South African townships, making tertiary education accessible to most African people, and it had its first academic year in 1983.[15]

Recent history

It was envisioned that a modern university would spring from unification, and not separation, as it was enforced in the past. The University of Johannesburg, established on 1 January 2005, is the result of the incorporation of the East Rand and Soweto campuses of Vista University into the Rand Afrikaans University (RAU) (1 January 2004). The merger of the modified RAU and the Technikon Witwatersrand took place on 1 January 2005 thus creating the University of Johannesburg (UJ).

The integration of these institutions – with seemingly more differences that similarities, offers UJ a unique identity and character, which serves to bridge the chasms that previously divided South Africa. Indeed, no other university in South Africa truly represents the rainbow nation like University of Johannesburg.[8]

The incorporation and merger was part of a series of major programmes which restructured higher education in South Africa; a result of the National Plan for Higher Education (2001). Consequently, this meant there was a reduction from 36 universities and technikons to 22 higher education institutions. South Africa now has 11 traditional universities, five universities of technology and six comprehensive institutions.

Logo and brand identity
The University of Johannesburg distinguishes itself from its previous institutions as a new, adaptable and progressive institution. Early on it was decided that UJ did not want a coat of arms and motto, as are custom with other tertiary educational institutions in South Africa. The administration decided rather to opt for a logo and brand identity. An internal competition was held where current students could put forward their proposals. In the interim, the previous motto of the Rand Afrikaans University "Diens Deur Kennis" (Afrikaans for Service Through Knowledge) was maintained.[citation needed][16]

The design by Joey Hifi was chosen as the official logo of the university. Present in the design are two hoopoos upupa africana. The hoopoo is the official mascot of the UJ Sports Bureau.[17]

Campuses

University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park Campus
University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park Campus

UJ has four campuses: the Auckland Park Kingsway, Auckland Park Bunting Road, Doornfontein and Soweto campuses – all located in the metropolitan area of the City of Johannesburg.

University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus
University of Johannesburg, Doornfontein Campus

The university comprises a built-up area in excess of 45,000m2 and the facilities available at the respective campuses include:

UJ owns an island in the Vaal River, formerly known as RAU Island.

Auckland Park, Kingsway

APK, is the largest and most populated campus of the University of Johannesburg. It is also the seat of the administration and governance body of the university. The campus was formerly the only educational campus of the Rand Afrikaans University. The campus gets its name from a major Johannesburg road, Kingsway Avenue, that runs along the north-east side of the campus. The roads that form the boundary of the campus are (clock-wise) University Road, Ditton Avenue, Ripley Road, Hampton Avenue, Studente Avenue, Akademie Road and Perth Road. Although the official name of the campus implies that it is in Auckland Park, it actually falls just out of that suburb by one street. It is technically in the suburb of Rossmore with the first-year parking lot bordering the suburb of Melville, Gauteng.[citation needed]

Auckland Park, Bunting Road

The ABP was originally a campus of the Technikon Witwatersrand. Uniquely, the campus is an enclosed section of a suburb. The main thoroughfare of the suburb is Bunting Road. The name Bunting Road, according to the City of Johannesburg archives is derived from a subspecies of bird and not the decorative banner it is currently associated with. It houses the Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture.

Doornfontein

Soweto

The East Rand Campus (ERC) was temporarily closed halfway through 2007 pending proposed redevelopment of the campus, provisionally planned for reopening in 2009.

Organisation and administration

This section needs expansion with: the structure of the administration, current leadership, budget, relationship with a board of trustees or regents, student government, endowment information, and academic divisions of the college/university.. You can help by adding to it. (July 2013)

The Senate is the body responsible for academic matters at the university and is mainly made up of full professors and heads of departments. By law, the Senate is accountable to the university's Council for all the teaching, learning, research and academic functions of the institution and all other functions delegated or assigned to it by the Council.[18]

The UJ Senate currently comprises about 250 members under the chairperson-ship of Vice-Chancellor Prof Tshilidzi Marwala. The Registrar is the Secretarial of the UJ Senate. The UJ's main shareholder is the Department Of Higher Education and Training - which at the present moment is led by Minister Blade Ndzimande

Academic profile

Admission and registration

As it is a common practice with all South African universities, South African applicants to the University of Johannesburg are required to apply in advance for admission into their preferred course by no later than the end of September.[19] Therefore, prospective South African matriculants must apply for their preferred course of study before the completion of their matric year. As of 2013, the University of Johannesburg has adopted a "no walk-in" policy and therefore, prospective and current students are required to apply for admission and complete their registration online.[20]

International students have to comply with a specialised admission process and must apply for admission into their preferred course by no later than the end of September.[19]

Registration for undergraduates and postgraduates takes place before the commencement of the academic year. New registrations for qualifying matriculants takes place in January shortly after the matric results are released.[21]

Teaching and degrees

Undergraduate teaching takes place over the duration of four terms or two semesters during the course of the year. Some subjects are taught throughout the duration of the year known as year-long subjects and other subjects are taught over the course of two terms or one semester. Some subjects have prerequisites such as a requirement for a student to complete a specific course or subject/s before they are permitted to continue with a related subject.

The teaching terms usually coincide with Gauteng public school terms though can change as the university administration sees fit.

Undergraduate programme
Once a high school student has passed their Matric examinations obtaining an NQF level 5 qualification and meeting the minimum requirements of their chosen undergraduate programme the student may pursue a bachelor's degree, Advanced Diploma, Post Graduate Certificate or B-tech which are set to be completed within three years for most faculties however, there are sometimes options to extend ones undergraduate programme usually by an extra year. Once a graduate has passed all of the requisite modules for their degree, the graduate will obtain a degree certificate (NQF level 7) with all the rights and privileges conferred on them by the university in accordance with the National Qualifications Framework (NQF).[22]

The University of Johannesburg also offers undergraduate Higher Certificates and Advanced National (vocational) Certificates (NQF level 5) as well as National Diplomas and Advanced certificates (NQF level 6) which usually require fewer than three years to complete.

Graduate programme
Once an undergraduate has obtained their undergraduate bachelor's degree, Advanced Diploma, Post Graduate Certificate or B-tech, the undergraduate may wish to pursue further education and research by obtaining a post-graduate degree. The South African Qualifications Authority (SAQA) is a statutory body, regulated in terms of the National Qualifications Framework Act[23] that governs the National Qualification Framework (NQF) where an undergraduate may progress to further levels of education. The highest level the university may confer on a student is an NQF level of 10, also known as a PhD. The progression from one NQF level to the next after obtaining a bachelor's degree, advanced diploma, post-graduate certificate or B-tech is the following:

Scholarships and financial support

There are many opportunities for students studying at the University of Johannesburg to receive financial support. One of the primary methods in which a student may receive financial support is as a result of a students academic performance at the end of their matriculation year. This type of financial support is known as an academic merit bursary that is only awarded to students who observe the stringent "M-score" academic requirements of such support.[24] The academic merit bursary offers up to 100% payment of tuition fees and an additional stipend amount to qualifying applicants.

An alumni bursary is offered to qualifying postgraduate students that may be applied for in the applicants respective faculty offices.[25] Postgraduate students may apply for funding through the National Research Foundation (NRF) that offers up to 100% payment of tuition fees and an additional stipend amount to qualifying applicants.

Alternative funding includes applying for funding through the National Student Financial Aid Scheme (NSFAS) as well as through applying for funding through external sponsorship bursaries.[25]

Rankings and reputation

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[26]401-500 (2019)
QS World[27]439 (2021)

Collaborations

Libraries, collections and museums

This section needs expansion with: Information related to libraries, collections and museums and persons involved is needed.. You can help by adding to it. (July 2013)
  • The Kingsway Library[29] serves the Kingsway campus (APK) and contains an extensive selection of research literature spread over seven levels. It is located at the main entrance to the Kingsway campus in the vicinity of the administrative department of the campus.
  • Bunting Road Campus Library
  • Doornfontein Campus Library
  • Soweto Campus Library
  • Research

    NRF rated researchers[30]
    People
    A-rated 6
    B-rated 37
    C-rated 99
    P-rated 1
    Y-rated 33
    Total 176

    The University of Johannesburg has a large research compendium, with researchers in various fields and research focus areas. The university has 176 rated researchers, six of whom are NRF "A-rated" researchers, internationally recognised in their fields.[8]

    Research centres

    Below is a list of all the research centres at the University of Johannesburg with information regarding their efforts, breakthroughs and other information where applicable.

    Research focus areas

    Below is a list of the spread of the NRF rated researchers per faculty as at April 2013.[48]

    Faculties

    The University of Johannesburg is composed of eight faculties.

    Art, Design and Architecture

    The Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture (FADA)[49] offers programmes in eight creative disciplines.

    FADA is home to the following departments:

    College of Business and Economics

    The University of Johannesburg's College of Business and Economics (CBE) was launched on 1 July 2017. The college emerged from the former Faculty of Management and the former Faculty of Economic and Financial Sciences. It has succeeded in helping a lot of students academically and is preferred by many SA students

    Education

    The faculty of Education's research focus areas include ecologists of learning to ecologists of practice, learning to be a teacher – towards learner outcomes in schools, discourse and performative practice of teachers in language literacy and communication, keystone species in the science and mathematics classrooms of two schools, teachers building practice as community counselors, teachers and tools: crafting technology education in practice, teacher identity and the culture of schools, Information and communication technology in schools, Values and human rights in education, and aggression in secondary schools in South Africa.[6]

    Engineering and the Built Environment

    The faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment's research focus areas include civil engineering materials research, chromium steels, control and image processing, industrial electronics technology, manufacturing, mineral processing and technology, optical communications, process optimization of thermodynamic systems, small-scale mining and minerals, speech and signal processing, telecommunications, unmanned aerial vehicles, water research.[6]

    Health Sciences

    The faculty of Health Sciences' research focus areas include Laser Research, optometrics science, Water and Health Research.[6] There is also a big department for sport studies which includes sport psychology, sport management, sport communication, sport development and sport science. It houses the following departments (some of which serve as the best in the country):

    Humanities

    The faculty of Humanities' research focus areas include social development in Africa, sociological research, culture and languages in Africa, African-European studies, and the study of democracy.[6]

    Law

    The faculty of Law's research focus areas include the study of economic crime, private international law in Africa, banking law, international law in Africa, international and comparative labour and social security law, and sport law.[6]

    Science

    The faculty of Science's research focus areas include nanotechnology, energy and sustainable development, aquatic eco-toxicology, and economic geo-metallurgy.[6]

    The faculty currently has 11 departments: Academy of Computer Science and Software Engineering; Biochemistry; Biotechnology and Food Technology; Botany and Plant Biotechnology; Chemical Sciences; Geography, Environmental Management & Energy Studies; Geology; Physics; Pure and Applied Mathematics; Statistics; and Zoology.[58]

    Traditions and student activities

    The University of Johannesburg has a students' representative council (SRC) referred to as the UJSRC,[59] as well as an SRC for each of the four campuses.[59] The UJSRC consists of eight members, two members per campus, and they are elected by the student bodies of each campus. The UJSRC represents all UJ students, addressing issues and concerns which are of relevance to the whole student body.[59] Each individual campus has its own Campus SRC which is elected from members of that particular campus' student body. The powers and functions of Campus SRCs are delegated to them by the UJSRC and Campus SRCs consist of ten members.[59]

    The most outstanding UJSRC president was Tshireletso Mati in 2019. Tshireletso became president of the UJSRC following a victory for the EFF Students Command at three of the university's four campuses.[60]

    Media and societies

    The University of Johannesburg has a radio station that airs on its campuses called UJFM which aims to reflect the demographics of the university by airing content that is relevant to the target market.[61] In April 2010, UJFM moved to the Bunting Road Campus where it has access to more professional, state of the art equipment.[61] UJFM operates on a frequency of 95.4FM.[61]

    The university also has its own student newspaper, the UJ Observer.[62] The purpose of the paper is to act as a communication medium for the student community with the goal of providing information to the student community, investigating issues of importance to the student community, and reflecting debates about current affairs on the various campuses of the university.[62] The UJ Observer also offers journalism students a practical platform to learn and develop journalistic and managerial skill sets.[62] However, students do not necessarily have to be journalism students to be a members of the UJ Observer's editorial team. The paper operates on all of the campuses of the University of Johannesburg.[62]

    Students interested in taking part in charity events can do so via UJ's RAG (Remember and Give) committees, which are voluntary student organizations that raise funds and take part in community relief efforts.[63] It is a tradition at UJ to host a RAG Week during the opening week of the academic year, in which events like musical performances, beauty competitions, fun days and float processions take place to generate funds.[63] However, RAG committees operate throughout the academic year in various activities.[63]

    Registered students have the option to take part in societies at UJ which are divided into four broad kinds of society: academic societies, political societies, religious societies and social societies.[64]

    Athletics, sport, arts and culture

    Athletics and sport

    The university offers many different kinds of sport:

    As with the former RAU, rugby is a large focus of many students. UJ's competitive sport is regulated by the UJ Sports Bureau. Sport education is regulated by the Faculty of Health Science and Department of Sport and Movement Studies.

    UJ has made a name for itself in athletics, hockey, basketball and rowing particularly. 2008 Olympic representative Juan Van Deventer was at the time a student. Several players who competed for the South Africa national basketball team at the 2011 African Basketball Championship in Madagascar were UJ Alumni.[65]

    UJ has numerous sporting venues:

    Arts and culture

    The University of Johannesburg has an arts centre,[66] comprising a 436-seat theatre, an art gallery and rehearsal studios where the UJ Arts Academy rehearses. This academy consists of the University of Johannesburg Choir (conducted by Renette Bouwer and Sidumo Jacobs), the UJ Drama Company, the UJ Dance Company and the UJ Song and Dance Company.

    People

    Students

    UJ enrolled 43,630 undergraduates and 6,280 graduate students in 2011. Women constituted 55 percent of the total student headcount.[6]

    Residence life

    The Student Accommodation & Residence Life division is mainly responsible for the accommodation of approximately 19,000 students in both university owned and managed residences as well as off-campus accredited privately owned accommodation.

    This is a vast division with 35 residences, including the seven day houses, spread over four campuses at the University of Johannesburg.

    Off-campus accommodation's accredited properties are within 2 km of each campus and where they are beyond the prescribed radius; the set condition is that service providers are obliged to provide transport. Additionally, inter-campus transportation is provided for all students residing in off-campus residences and houses. The university offers to all students, a list of accredited off-campus accommodation.[67]

    Faculty and staff

    Notable alumni

    The University of Johannesburg has numerous alumni and faculty members distinguished in their respective fields.

    Main article: List of University of Johannesburg people

    Popular culture

    Notable events

    Controversy

    In 2011 the university decided to suspend ties with Israeli Ben-Gurion University, citing the university's support for the Israeli military. The decision was seen to affect projects in biotechnology and water purification.[69]

    However, two days later, Ihron Rensburg, vice-chancellor and principal of the university issued a statement saying that "UJ is not part of an academic boycott of Israel...It has never been UJ's intention to sever all ties with BGU, although it may have been the intention of some UJ staff members."[70]

    References

    1. ^ "Association of African Universities". Members in Good Standing. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
    2. ^ "Association of Commonwealth Universities". ACU Membership. ACU. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
    3. ^ South African Colleges & Universities Organisation
    4. ^ "Member List". Universitas 21. Retrieved 12 September 2013.
    5. ^ a b c "UJ Governance". www.uj.ac.za. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
    6. ^ a b c d e f g h "UJ Fast Facts" (PDF). University of Johannesburg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
    7. ^ "UJ News Feed". University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
    8. ^ a b c d "Full List of NRF-rated Researchers.pdf" (PDF). University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
    9. ^ "Tshilidzi Marwala appointed as new vice-chancellor and principal of UJ". 25 June 2017.
    10. ^ "UJ appoints new Prof Tshilidzi Marwala as new Vice-Chancellor and Principal".
    11. ^ "About Us". University of Johannesburg.
    12. ^ a b c d "Wits Technikon building to be restored". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    13. ^ a b "Rand Afrikaans University is established - South African History Online". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    14. ^ a b "Black rule hits league tables". Times Higher Education. 26 May 1995. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    15. ^ a b "NMMU - History". Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    16. ^ Evans, Richard. "Latin Mottoes in South African Universities". ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
    17. ^ "UJ IR". ujcontent.uj.ac.za. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
    18. ^ "UJ Governance Documents". University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 23 September 2022.
    19. ^ a b "Application Process". UJ. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
    20. ^ "No 'walk-in' applications for 2013 @ UJ". UJ. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
    21. ^ "2014 Registration at UJ". UJ. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
    22. ^ "South African Qualifications Authority". www.saqa.org.za. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
    23. ^ "NQF History Retrieved 20 December 2011". Archived from the original on 15 February 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2011.
    24. ^ "Merit Bursary Information" (PDF). UJ. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
    25. ^ a b "Bursaries". UJ. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
    26. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2019". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2019.
    27. ^ "QS World Ranking 2021". QS. 2021. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
    28. ^ a b c d "About Us". www.uj.ac.za. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
    29. ^ "Kingsway Library". University of Johannesburg. University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
    30. ^ "UJ has a total of 176 NRF - Rated Researchers as at February 2017" (PDF). University of Johannesburg. Retrieved 18 September 2017.
    31. ^ a b c d "Visual Identities in Art and Design Research Centre | FadaViad University of Johannesburg". braveclients.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
    32. ^ a b c d "University of Johannesburg - Error page". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    33. ^ a b c Faculty of Education. "Centre for Education Practice Research". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Research Centres and Chairs". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    35. ^ "Telecommunications Research Group". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    36. ^ a b c d e "Research Centres and Groups". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    37. ^ "Centre for Culture and Languages in Africa". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    38. ^ Centre for Social Development in Africa (CSDA). "Centre for Social Development in Africa (CSDA)". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    39. ^ Faculty of Humanities - Aandre Wessels. "Centre for Sociological Research". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    40. ^ a b c d "ACDB - Welcome to the African Centre for DNA Barcoding". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    41. ^ "Funding boost for DNA barcoding in South Africa". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    42. ^ a b "Toyota Enviro Outreach 2013: Successful Toyota Enviro Outreach 2013". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    43. ^ a b c d "Centre for Nanomaterials Science Research". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    44. ^ a b c d "PPM Research". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    45. ^ "Welcome to the Faculty of Law". Uj.ac.za. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
    46. ^ "Centre for International Law". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    47. ^ "Centre for Africa-China Studies". Retrieved 3 January 2018.
    48. ^ "Total % NRF Rated Researchers per Faculty as at April 2013". National Research Foundation of South Africa. Retrieved 19 September 2013.
    49. ^ Faculty of Art, Design and Architecture (FADA)
    50. ^ Department of Industrial Design
    51. ^ Department of Architecture
    52. ^ Department of Fashion Design
    53. ^ Department of Graphic Design
    54. ^ Department of Interior Design
    55. ^ Department of Jewellery Design and Manufacture
    56. ^ Department of Multimedia
    57. ^ Department of Visual Art
    58. ^ "Faculty of Science Departments". www.uj.ac.za. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
    59. ^ a b c d "Student Representative Council". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    60. ^ https://www.uj.ac.za/newandevents/Pages/UJ-community-walks-to-silence-gender-based-violence-and-xenophobia.aspx. Retrieved 18 November 2021. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
    61. ^ a b c "UJFM 95.4". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    62. ^ a b c d "Student Newspaper (UJ OBSERVER)". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    63. ^ a b c "RAG (Remember and give)". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    64. ^ "Student Societies". Retrieved 3 July 2015.
    65. ^ "Team South Africa Profile – 2011 FIBA Africa Championship – Roster". FIBA.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
    66. ^ arts centre
    67. ^ "Student Accommodation and Residence Life". 20 September 2017.
    68. ^ "Barack Obama visits Soweto Campus of University of Johannesburg South Africa". Uj.ac.za. Retrieved 15 September 2013.[dead link]
    69. ^ University of Johannesburg votes to sever ties with BGU Jerusalem Post, 24 March 2011
    70. ^ U. of Johannesburg Official: 'UJ Is Not Part of an Academic Boycott of Israel' Matthew Kalman, 25 March 2011

    General references