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Visva-Bharati
Biswabharati logo.svg
MottoYatra Visvam Bhavatyekanidam (Sanskrit)
Motto in English
Where the world makes a home in a single nest
TypePublic
Established23 December 1921;
100 years ago
 (1921-12-23)
FounderRabindranath Tagore
AccreditationNAAC
Academic affiliations
ChancellorPrime Minister of India
Vice-ChancellorBidyut Chakrabarty[2]
Academic staff
473 (2022)[3]
Students7,967 (2022)[3]
Undergraduates3,591 (2022)[3]
Postgraduates2,929 (2022)[3]
1,447 (2022)[3]
Location, ,
India

23°40′44″N 87°40′25″E / 23.67889°N 87.67361°E / 23.67889; 87.67361Coordinates: 23°40′44″N 87°40′25″E / 23.67889°N 87.67361°E / 23.67889; 87.67361
CampusRural
1,128.895 acres (456.848 ha)
Websitevisvabharati.ac.in Edit this at Wikidata

Visva-Bharati (Bengali: [biʃːɔbʱaroti]) is a public central university and an Institution of National Importance located in Shantiniketan, West Bengal, India. It was founded by Rabindranath Tagore who called it Visva-Bharati, which means the communion of the world with India. Until independence it was a college. Soon after independence, the institution was given the status of a central university in 1951 by an act of the Parliament.

Overview

The Hindu writes, "Santiniketan in many ways is still quite different compared to other universities in the country. Located at Bolpur in Birbhum district of West Bengal, the university still has the rural trappings that Tagore dreamt of. The classes are still held in the open under the shade of huge mango trees and students and tutors alike still travel by cycles to keep pollution at bay. The old buildings, even those that were made up of mud walls and thatched roofs, are still intact and find a place within the main campus. While some are preserved for historical value, others are functional in all aspects. While for tourists the place could only be place for sight-seeing, the studious and the academically-inclined can easily feel the scholastic vibrations. Many, especially the Bengalis, have deep reverence for the place and take the visit as a pilgrimage to pay their respects to Tagore. Almost every festival, be it the local ‘ Poush mela' or the more universal ‘Raksha Bandhan' or ‘Holi,' is celebrated in its originality by the students, locals and staff on the campus... Tagore visualised it as a ‘seat of learning', and his vision was taken forward by Gandhiji and Jawaharlal Nehru. Both played a stellar role in its becoming a Central University in 1951."[4][5]

History

A 1971 stamp dedicated to the 50th anniversary of Visva-Bharati University, featuring Rabindranath Tagore and university building.
A 1971 stamp dedicated to the 50th anniversary of Visva-Bharati University, featuring Rabindranath Tagore and university building.

The origins of the institution date back to 1863 when Debendranath Tagore was given a tract of land by the zamindar of Raipur, zamindar of Kirnahar and he set up an ashram at the spot that has now come to be called chatim tala at the heart of the town. The ashram was initially called Brahmacharya Ashram, which was later renamed Brahmacharya Vidyalaya. It was established with a view to encouraging people from all walks of life to come to the spot and meditate. In 1901 his youngest son Rabindranath Tagore established a co-educational school inside the premises of the ashram.

From 1901 onwards, Tagore used the ashram to organise the Hindu Mela, which soon became a centre of nationalist activity. Through the early twentieth century the zamindars of Surul (Sarkar Family), another neighbouring village, a few minutes by cycle from the Uttarayan Complex, and the zamindars of Taltore, a village just north of the university town, continued to sell their lands and other properties to the ashram and the college that was being built on this spot. The entire neighbourhood of Purbapalli belonged to the former zamindars of Taltore.

Upasana Griha (prayer hall) in Santiniketan, built by Debendranath Tagore in 1863.
Upasana Griha (prayer hall) in Santiniketan, built by Debendranath Tagore in 1863.

Rabindranath Tagore believed in open air education and had reservations about any teaching done within four walls. This was due to his belief that walls represent conditioning of mind. Tagore did not have a good opinion about the Western method of education introduced by the British in India; on this subject, Tagore and Gandhiji's opinion matched. Tagore once said, "I do not remember what I was taught, I only remember what I learnt." Tagore's idea on education was that every person is genius and that all students may not bloom at the same time. So he devised a new system of learning in Visva-Bharati. He allowed students to continue their course till the student and his teacher both are satisfied.

At Visva-Bharati, if a course demanded by a student is not available, then the university will design a course and bring teachers for that course. The university would not be bothered by the consideration of whether there is a demand for the course.

Campus

Visva-Bharati University is located about 170 km (110 mi) by road from Kolkata in the twin towns of Santiniketan and Sriniketan, in the district of Birbhum, West Bengal. The nearest railway station is Bolpur (Santiniketan) on the Eastern Railway, the domestic air terminal is Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport, Durgapur and the international air terminal is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, Kolkata. The institute's buildings and departments are scattered among the two towns.[6][7]

The twin towns of Santiniketan and Sriniketan are surrounded by Bolpur to the north, Kheya to the south, Surul to the east and Prantik to the west. The towns and the university are not far from the river Kopai which flows to the south.

Satellite campus

In 2018 at a cultural program in Indonesia, former officiating VC Sabuj Kali Sen in her tenure told to former MHRD Shri, Ramesh Pokhriyal Tagore’s connection with Ramgarh. He was immediately interested. On 8 July 2020 he Official announced to build the new campus at Ramgarh in Nainital district.[8] She recalled, The University later responded to his suggestion and prepared the proposal.[9] The Uttarakhand government has handed over 45 acres of land to the university free of cost to set up a campus. The university is keen to start five schools of studies at its first satellite centre in Nainital's Ramgarh from July 2022, Until the campus is ready, the university will function from a temporary campus. Ramgarh was one of Tagore's favourite holiday destinations, where he purchased a bungalow on a hilltop. Around 10 acres, on which the bungalow stands, is also likely to be given to the university, which plans to turn it into a museum to showcase Tagore's work. the centre would begin functioning with around 650 students in five schools of studies: language, art & culture, Himalayan studies, social science and public policy & good governance. "All the schools would be multi-disciplinary,"[10]

Organisation and administration

Governance

The high officials of the university include the paridarshaka (visitor), pradhana (rector), acharya (chancellor), and the upacharya (vice-chancellor). The paridarshaka of this university is the president of India, the pradhana is the governor of West Bengal while the acharya is the prime minister. The samsad or University Court is the supreme authority of the University and has the power to review the acts of the Karma Samity (Executive Council) and the Siksha Samity (Academic Council). The Executive Council is the highest executive body of the University. The Academic Council is the highest academic body of the University and is responsible for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examination within the university. It has the right to advise the Executive Council on all academic matters. The university is run by its Karma Samity (Executive Council) which is chaired by the acharya. The institutes and departments are located in both Santiniketan and Sriniketan.[11]

List of All Vice-Chancellors
No. Name
1. Rathindranath Tagore
2. Kshitimohan Sen
3. Probodhchandra Bagchi
4. Indiradebi Chaudhurani
5. Satyendranath Bose
6. Kshitishchandra Choudhuri
7. Sudhiranjan Das
8. Kalidas Bhattacharya
9. Pratulchandra Gupta
10. Surajit Chandra Sinha
11. Amlan Dutta
12. Nemaisadhan Basu
13. Ashin Dasgupta
14. Sabyasachi Bhattacharya
15. Dilipkumar Sinha
16. Sujitkumar Basu
17. Rajat Kanta Ray
18. Sushanta Dattagupta
19. Bidyut Chakrabarty (Present)

Institutes and centres

The university is divided into institutes, centres, departments and schools. The respective departments are included in the institutes. The university's programmes dealing with its rich cultural heritage, as well as art and dance education, are funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India.

Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan
Kala Bhavan, Santiniketan

Schools

Academics

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
CWUR World[31]1134 (2020-21)
USNWR Global[32]=756 (2021)
University rankings
General – India
NIRF (Overall) (2020)[33]69
NIRF (Universities) (2020)[34]50

The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) ranked Visva-Bharati 69th overall in India[33] and 50th among universities in India.[34] According to Best Global Universities 2020 ranking produced by U.S. News & World Report, Visva- Bharati ranked 4th among Indian universities.[35]

Library

Visva-Bharati Library was established in 1901, at the time of foundation of the Brahmacharya Asrama at Santiniketan by Rabindranath Tagore. Presently, Visva-Bharati Library System has a Central Library, 12 Sectional libraries attached with Cheena-Bhavana, Siksha-Bhavana, Patha-Bhavana, Darshan Sadan, Hindi-Bhavana, Sangit-Bhavana, Palli Sangathan Vibhaga, Vinaya-Bhavana, Rabindra-Bhavana, Palli Siksha Bhavana, Kala-Bhavana and Siksha-Satra. Moreover, around 30 Seminar Libraries are in operation attached to different departments.

Visva-Bharati Central Library
Visva-Bharati Central Library

Visva-Bharati library contains old and rare documents, which include multi-lingual and multi-discipline books, reports, manuscripts, etc. The library also has a number of important collections; mention may be made of the collections of Rabindranath Tagore, Prabodh Chandra.

Guest houses

The university has two guest houses: Ratan Kuthi (named after industrialist Ratan Tata) and Purba Palli Guest House.

Student life

Poush Mela Bazaar, 2012
Poush Mela Bazaar, 2012

Cultural festivals

This university is especially famous for its cultural festivals:

Notable alumni and faculties

Main articles: Notable people associated with Santiniketan and List of Vice-Chancellors of Visva-Bharati University

See also

References

  1. ^ "Association of Commonwealth Universities Membars-Asia". Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Bidyut Chakrabarty takes over as VC of Visva Bharati University 05:46 IST". The Times of India. India. 10 November 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "NIRF 2022" (PDF). Visva Bharati.
  4. ^ Bhattacharjee, Sumit (26 March 2012). "Tagore's Vision of an Institution". Colleges. The Hindu, 26 March 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Visva-Bharati : কেন বন্ধ হতে বসেছিল Visva-Bharati? গান্ধীজির সাহায্যে কিভাবে সঙ্কট দূর করেছিলেন কবিগুরু?". The Bengali Chronicle (in Bengali). 9 February 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Santiniketan". www.visvabharati.ac.in. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  7. ^ "Sriniketan". www.visvabharati.ac.in. Retrieved 27 November 2020.
  8. ^ Jha, Prashant (9 July 2020). "Rabindranath Tagore's Nainital retreat to house Visva Bharati's second campus: Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank". The Times of India 12:12 IST. Archived from the original on 10 July 2020. Retrieved 9 July 2020.
  9. ^ Chakraborty, Snehamoy (8 October 2021). "V-B gears up to set up first satellite campus in Uttarakhand's Ramgarh". The Telegraph (India) 02:11 AM. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  10. ^ Gohain, Manash Pratim; Boral, Someswar (8 January 2022). "Visva-Bharati University gets Uttarakhand land for satellite campus". The Times of India 06:34 IST. Retrieved 8 January 2022.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ "Visva-Bharati Act, 1951". 9 May 1951. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ "Rabindra Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  13. ^ "From Bharmacharyashrama to Visva-Bharati: A Chronicle of Metamorphosis of a Tiny School into an Internationally-Acclaimed Centre of Learning" (PDF). Chapter I, page 2. Visva Bharati. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  14. ^ Rabindranath Tagre – An Interpretation by Sabyasachi Bhattacharya. Penguin Books. 24 May 2017. ISBN 9788184755398. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  15. ^ "Hazariprasad Dwivedi (1907-1979)". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  16. ^ Japanese Studies: Changing Global Profile. page 273. Northern Books / Google. 2010. ISBN 9788172112905. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  17. ^ Japanese Studies: Changing Global Profile. page 261. Northern Books/ Google. 2010. ISBN 9788172112905. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  18. ^ "Nippon Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  19. ^ "Hasina, Modi open Bangladesh Bhavana at Visva-Bharati University in West Bengal". bdnews24.com, 25 May 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  20. ^ "Bangladesh Bhavana inaugurated at Viswa Bharati at Santiniketan". GKToday, 26 May 2015. 26 May 2018. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  21. ^ "Bangladesh Bhavana a symbol of cultural ties". Readers Buzz. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  22. ^ "Siksha Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  23. ^ "B.Sc. Hons – 3 years". Siksha Bhavana. Visva Bharati. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  24. ^ "M.Sc. – 2 years". Siksha Bhavana. Visva Bharati. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  25. ^ "Vidya Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  26. ^ "Vidya Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 20 August 2019.
  27. ^ "Centre for Modern European Languages, Literature and Culture Studies". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  28. ^ "Bhasa Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  29. ^ "Vinaya Bhavana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  30. ^ "Palli Siksha Bhabana". Visva Bharati. Retrieved 9 September 2019.
  31. ^ "World University Rankings 2020-2021". Center for World University Rankingsg. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Best Global Universities Rankings (2021)". U.S. News Education. Retrieved 20 December 2020.
  33. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Overall)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  34. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Universities)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  35. ^ "Best Global Universities, 2020 by U.S. News & World Report".