Jagdish Bhagwati
Jagdish N. Bhagwati Professor Jagdish pa Columbia University talar vid invigningen av Nordiskt globaliseringsforum i Riksgransen 2008-04-02.jpg
Born (1934-07-26) July 26, 1934 (age 88)
CitizenshipUnited States[1][2][3]
Spouse(s)Padma Desai
InstitutionColumbia University
Indian Statistical Institute
Delhi School of Economics
MIT
Sydenham College
FieldInternational economics, globalization, free trade
School or
tradition
Neoclassical economics
Alma materUniversity of Mumbai (B.A.)
St John's College, Cambridge (B.A.)
MIT (Ph.D.)
Doctoral
advisor
Charles P. Kindleberger[4]
Doctoral
students
Gene Grossman[5]
Caroline Freund
InfluencesRobert Solow
AwardsPadma Vibhushan

Jagdish Natwarlal Bhagwati (born July 26, 1934) is an Indian-born naturalized American economist and one of the most influential trade theorists of his generation.[1][2][3] He is a University Professor of economics and law at Columbia University and a Senior Fellow in International Economics at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has made significant contributions to international trade theory and economic development. He is widely regarded as the intellectual father of the Indian economic reforms of 1991. He is the only professor in American academia to have a chair named after him while he was still teaching at the university. He is one of only 10 scholars who hold the title of University Professor at Columbia University.[6] Bhagwati is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Order of the Rising Sun, Padma Vibhushan, Frank Seidman Distinguished Award in Political Economy and the Freedom Prize of Switzerland.[7]

In 2014, the Financial Times called him “one of the most outstanding economists of his generation never to have won the Nobel Prize”. This view is shared by his peers including Nobel Prize winning economist Paul Krugman :- "The crucial point for me is that people didn’t understand at all clearly how distortions in a trading economy relate to policy before Jagdish spelled it out. Once he did, it became so clear that it was hard to believe that someone had to point it out. In my view, that makes his work Nobel-worthy."[8]

Early years and personal life

Bhagwati was born in 1934, into a Gujarati family in the Bombay Presidency during the British Raj. He is the son of Indian judge Natwarlal H. Bhagwati and the brother of P. N. Bhagwati, former Chief Justice of India and also of S.N. Bhagwati, an eminent neurosurgeon who served as the president of the Neurological Society of India.

Bhagwati attended St. Xavier’s High School and received a BCom from Sydenham College, Mumbai He then traveled to England to study at St. John's College, Cambridge, receiving a second BA at Cambridge (in economics) in 1956. Between 1957 and 1959 he studied at Nuffield College, Oxford. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1967 for a thesis titled "Essays in International Economics," supervised by Charles P. Kindleberger. He has also received honorary degrees from the University of Sussex and Erasmus University, as well as others.

Bhagwati is married to Padma Desai, also a Columbia economist and Russia-specialist; they have one daughter. Bhagwati and Desai's joint 1970 OECD study India: Planning for Industrialization was a notable contribution at the time.[9]

Career

The External Affairs Minister, Shri K. Natwar Singh presenting Pravasi Bhartiya Samman to the Internationally Renowned Economist and Professor of Columbia University, USA, Prof. Jagdish Bhagwati in New Delhi on February 24, 2005.jpg
Professor Jagdish Bhagwati, of Columbia University (8957848771).jpg

After completing his PhD, Bhagwati returned to India in 1961, first to teach briefly at the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, and then as professor of international trade at Delhi School of Economics at the University of Delhi, from 1962 to 1968. He then returned to American academia and from 1968 until 1980, Bhagwati was the Ford International Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[10]

From 1980 he taught economics at Columbia University, where he was Arthur Lehman Professor of Economics and Professor of Political Science and later University Professor, Economics and Law. He is one of the only 10 scholars who hold the title of University Professor at Columbia University.

Bhagwati is a Senior Fellow of the Council on Foreign Relations in New York and is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. He currently serves on the Academic Advisory Board of Human Rights Watch (Asia) and on the board of scholars of the Centre for Civil Society.

He has held several important positions internationally, including special adviser to the United Nations on globalization, economic policy adviser to Arthur Dunkel-the director-general of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and external adviser to the World Trade Organization. He has also worked as a member of group appointed by the director-general of the WTO on the future of the WTO.

He was also a member of the advisory committee to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan on the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, an economic program accelerating economic co-operation and integration among African countries.

In May, 2004, Bhagwati was one of the experts who took part in the Copenhagen Consensus project.

In 2006, Bhagwati was a part of the Eminent Persons Group along with Brazilian President Fernando Henrique Cardoso on the future of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). In early 2010, Bhagwati joined the advisory board of the Institute for Migrant Rights in Indonesia.[11]

In 2000, Bhagwati was signatory to an amicus briefing, coordinated by the American Enterprise Institute, with the Supreme Court of the United States to contend that the Environmental Protection Agency should, contrary to a prior ruling, be allowed to take into account the costs of regulations when setting environmental standards.

In January 2004, Bhagwati published In Defense of Globalization, a book in which he argues that globalization, when properly governed, is the most powerful force for social good in the world today. He described how globalization helps the cause of women, reduces child labor and increases literacy. He makes a point that:

... this process [of globalization] has a human face, but we need to make that face more agreeable.

Jagdish Bhagwati was the fictional winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics in The Simpsons episode Elementary School Musical (The Simpsons).

Awards, honors and commentary

Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson, on the occasion of Bhagwati's 70th birthday festschrift conference in Gainesville, Florida in January 2005 said:

I measure a scholar's prolific-ness not by the mere number of his publishings. Just as the area of a rectangle equals its width times its depth, the quality of a lifetime accomplishment must weight each article by its novelties and wisdoms. ... Jagdish Bhagwati is more like Haydn: a composer of more than a hundred symphonies and no one of them other than top notch. ... In the struggle to improve the lot of mankind, whether located in advanced economies or in societies climbing the ladder out of poverty, Jagdish Bhagwati has been a tireless partisan of that globalization which elevates global total-factor – productivities both of richest America and poorest regions of Asia and Africa.[15]

Other awards include the Bernhard Harms Prize (Germany), the Kenan Enterprise Award (United States), the Freedom Prize (Switzerland), and the John R. Commons Award (United States). He has also received honorary degrees from the University of Sussex and Erasmus University, as well as others.[16][17]

Bibliography

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2009)

Books

Articles

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Levy, Philip I.; Barfield, Claude (16 October 2011), Swap: How Trade Works, American Enterprise Institute Press, p. 111, ISBN 978-0-8447-7207-3, For a thorough assessment of the challenges presented by trade and the environment by an author brought up in India but now a U.S. citizen, see Jagdish Bhagwati, In Defense of Globalization (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)
  2. ^ a b Heilemann, John (August 1, 2004). "Gearing Ourselves for Globalization Free trade isn't the cause of the world's ills, says Columbia professor Jagdish Bhagwati. It's the best cure we have for them--if only we can stomach it". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2017. His name may not be immediately familiar, but anyone interested in understanding globalization ought to be acquainted with Jagdish Bhagwati. Born in India, schooled in Britain, and now an American citizen, Bhagwati is an international economist and one of only 10 scholars who hold the title of University Professor at Columbia.
  3. ^ a b Drezner, Daniel W. (August 18, 2004). "Review of "In Defense of Globalization" by Jagdish Bhagwati, New York: Oxford University Press". New York Times. If anyone can rise to this challenge, it should be Jagdish Bhagwati. An esteemed international economist, Bhagwati is a university professor at Columbia and a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations. He has advised the World Trade Organization and the United Nations. Born in India, educated in Britain and now an American citizen, he can claim to understand all points of view.
  4. ^ Bhagwati, Jagdish N. (11 May 1967). Essays in international economics (Thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. hdl:1721.1/61807.
  5. ^ "PDS login". library.mit.edu.
  6. ^ Heilemann, John (August 1, 2004). "Gearing Ourselves for Globalization Free trade isn't the cause of the world's ills, says Columbia professor Jagdish Bhagwati. It's the best cure we have for them--if only we can stomach it". Fortune Magazine. Retrieved 18 March 2017. His name may not be immediately familiar, but anyone interested in understanding globalization ought to be acquainted with Jagdish Bhagwati. Born in India, schooled in Britain, and now an American citizen, Bhagwati is an international economist and one of only 10 scholars who hold the title of University Professor at Columbia.
  7. ^ "Jagdish Bhagwati". American Academy. Retrieved 2022-06-22.
  8. ^ "Finance and Development". Finance and Development | F&D. Retrieved 2022-06-15.
  9. ^ [1] Archived November 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ [2] Archived August 3, 2004, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "The Institute for Migrant Rights". Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  12. ^ "Book of Members, 1780–2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved June 25, 2011.
  13. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  14. ^ "Jagdish N. Bhagwati". www.nasonline.org. Retrieved 2021-12-20.
  15. ^ Paul A. Samuelson. "Jagdish Bhagwati, the wunderkind who became the tireless theorist of international trade" (PDF). Columbia.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2014.
  16. ^ [3] Archived March 6, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ [4] Archived September 27, 2006, at the Wayback Machine