Ajoy Mukherjee
Ajoy Mukherjee commemorated on Indian postage in 2002
3rd Chief Minister of West Bengal
In office
1 March 1967 – 21 November 1967
GovernorPadmaja Naidu
Dharma Vira
Preceded byPrafulla Chandra Sen
Succeeded byPrafulla Chandra Ghosh
In office
25 February 1969 – 30 July 1970
GovernorDharma Vira
Deep Narayan Sinha (acting)
Shanti Swaroop Dhavan
Preceded byPresident's rule
(Prafulla Chandra Ghosh as Chief Minister)
Succeeded byPresident's rule
(himself as Chief Minister)
In office
2 April 1971 – 28 June 1971
GovernorShanti Swaroop Dhavan
Preceded byPresident's rule
(himself as Chief Minister)
Succeeded byPresident's rule
(Siddhartha Shankar Ray as Chief Minister)
Member of West Bengal Legislative Assembly
In office
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byAjoy Malakar
In office
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byPrafulla Chandra Sen
In office
Preceded byAjoy Malakar
Succeeded byBiswanath Mukherjee
Personal details
Born(1901-04-15)15 April 1901
Tamluk, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Tamluk, Purba Medinipur, West Bengal, India)
Died27 May 1986(1986-05-27) (aged 85)
Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Political partyIndian National Congress (R)
Other political
Bangla Congress
Indian National Congress
AwardsPadma Vibhushan (1977)

Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee (15 April 1901 – 27 May 1986) was an Indian independence activist and politician who served three short terms as the Chief Minister of West Bengal. He hailed from Tamluk, Purba Medinipur district, West Bengal.

Ajoy Kumar Mukherjee born in Tamluk, West Bengal, India in 1901, he was one of the leaders of Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar (Tamrlipta National Government), which came into effect on 17 December 1942 during the Quit India Movement, a programme of civil disobedience launched in India in 1942. He was greatly influenced by Swami Vivekananda. Earlier a member of the Indian National Congress, he later became a leader in the Bangla Congress, which co-governed with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) in two United Front governments in the 1960s and 1970s. He held the chief ministerial position in both these governments, from March to November 1967, and again from February 1969 to March 1970.

In the year 1967 Ajoy Mukherjee defeated Prafulla Chandra Sen another Gandhian at Arambagh assembly constituency and became chief minister of West Bengal after Prafulla Chandra Sen. Architect of Ajoy Mukherjee's victory at Arambagh was Narayan Ch Ghosh the then students leader at Arambagh. Narayan Ghosh accompanied Ajoy Mukherjee in a boat for several days to see several flood affected areas in Arambagh & Ghatal subdivision during 1968. People of flood affected areas were enthused by Ajoy Mukherjee for his tireless move to stand for them.

Ajoy Mukherjee with some of his closed colleagues, viz. Pranab Mukherjee etc., joined Indian National Congress leaving Sushil Dhara - his long term associate. He was offered ministerial post at Centre by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, but Ajoy Mukherjee declined, citing about his age and health condition and recommended Pranab Mukherjee for the post, who became State Minister in the Indian Cabinet.

He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan award in 1977 from Government of India.[1]

His brother Biswanath Mukherjee was the husband of Geeta Mukherjee, a communist MP. Ajoy's niece Kalyani (daughter of another brother) was married to Mohan Kumaramangalam and was the mother of Rangarajan Kumaramangalam and Lalitha Kumaramangalam.

Mukherjee died on 27 May 1986 in Calcutta.[citation needed]


  1. ^ "Padm Bibhusan Awardees". My Indian, My Pride. India.gov.in. Retrieved 30 July 2008.
Political offices Preceded byPrafulla Chandra Sen Chief Minister of West Bengal 15 March 1967 – 2 November 1967 Succeeded byPrafulla Chandra Ghosh Preceded byPresident's Rule Chief Minister of West Bengal 25 February 1969 – 19 March 1970 Succeeded byPresident's Rule